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Update: Midori-no-wa Project – 2 years of partnership

Since June 2020 Always Pure Organics have been supporting the “Midori-no-wa (Green Circle) project for children with intractable epilepsy in Japan” with Green Zone Japan.

Now supporting 50 participants, ranging in age from 6 months to 28 years old, we’re pleased to update on the project’s success 2 years on and the plans in 2022 and beyond.

Background to the project

The challenging cannabis landscape in Japan is well reported(1) (for further reading see Naoki Miki’s article and as such CBD products have been available on the island only relatively recently – since 2013.

Japan has rates of epilepsy patients of 600,000 – 1million (5-8 people out of 1,000). In the first years following legal availability of CBD, there was no subsequent reporting on the efficacy of CBD in epilepsy symptom management in Japan. Yuji Masataka, MD states that this ‘could be due to the quality of the CBD in these early years, or due to the fact that the cost was prohibitive.’ In order to achieve high enough dosage, the cost was at a prohibitive £40+ a day, meaning it was not readily accessible to most suitable candidates.

Green Zone Japan was formed in July 2017 by Yuji Masataka, MD and Naoko Miki, in response to a need for advocacy within the medical community on the benefits of using the cannabis plant and its derivatives.

Naoko Miki(2) one of the founders explains ‘the need for legal reform is obvious, if Japanese people are to enjoy the many gifts the cannabis plant offers. But in order for politicians to listen, we need more than a small group of advocates. We need doctors to want to use it for their patients. This was why Green Zone Japan (GZJ) was founded in 2017 by my colleague Yuji Masataka, MD, and myself, with the aim of bringing the most up-to-date evidence-based information on medical cannabis to Japanese audiences – particularly medical professionals. As part of its education effort, Green Zone Japan is bringing California-based Project CBD to Japan by creating a Japanese mirror site. Project CBD, a non-profit organisation which has taken a leading role in making the world aware of the potential of CBD and medical cannabis, is a perfect resource to educate Japanese people about CBD within the larger context of medical cannabis.’

In 2018 the parents of a 6-month-old child, diagnosed with intractable epilepsy contacted Dr Masataka after coming across his YouTube film(3). The child had become an inpatient, surgery was unfortunately not an option and other treatments were not working. The parents were researching alternative ways to improve the wellbeing of their child and were looking into the possibility of CBD as an option. Dr Masataka then began contacting CBD companies and requesting samples.

During this initial project, the participant received 18mg/kg doses of CBD, the largest on record in Japan at this time. Following the success of the trial and the subsequent publishing of the findings, the team at Green Zone Japan were more determined than ever to open the project wider and allow more affected children to benefit from CBD in this way, which in turn leverages the advocation of the fantastic results that CBD can contribute to in this and other diseases.

In Partnership with Always Pure Organics

As such, Midori-no-wa (Green Circle) programme for children with intractable epilepsy was formed in June 2020 under Green Zone Japan. As previously discussed, due to the legal landscape of cannabis in Japan, sourcing and importing the product at high enough doses to be therapeutically effective was generally cost-prohibitive for participants. This led Midori-no-wa to seek a special supplier partnership in order maximise the benefits of the project, as well as the reach. Whilst in search for a supplier to help move the project forward, Dr Masataka connected with Chikako Yoshida – Regional Director– Asia, Always Pure Organics and thus began the partnership.

Gavin Ogilvie – CEO Always Pure Organics explains ‘Always Pure Organics supports by providing paediatric patients access to therapeutic level doses of CBD products at well below the market rate, whilst supporting the research and recording of the effects. We do this with the understanding and consent of the patients’ primary doctors so as not to disturb their treatment regimen or to cause adverse drug interactions.’
Initially starting with 30 participants, the numbers benefitting from the partnership programme are now reaching 50+, including a girl of two and a half years whose seizures were completely eliminated by Always Pure Organics’ THC-Free Distillate.

Whilst Dr Masataka’s recent report has been rejected for publication in Japan – as cannabis is still somewhat of a taboo academically in the region-in Europe it is well known and news of the project is widespread, with notable inclusions in the New York Times (4) amongst others. The report is also under submission with Neurology Asia.

Building on Success

With more than 50% of current participants reporting improvements and 10% experiencing significant effects – such as the case of 2 years old girl with West Syndrome. She underwent brain surgery and sadly her seizures continued. Following her participation and use of CBD, she is now seizure-free(5) It is clear the increasing the reach of the project could have life-changing impact on many more sufferers. As a result, the Midori-no-wa Green Zone project have now created PCAT (6) – an extension to the initial programme. PCAT allows the patient’s parents to become ambassadors and help with lobbying the voices of the patients. Similar projects of this kind have been successful in lobbying real change with CBD legislation– such as Realm of Caring(7) in Colorado USA, success that PCAT hopes to replicate from 2022 onwards.

The next phase of the project involves increasing and broadening the scope of diseases and embrace more indications, offering support to a greater number and more diverse range of participants. PCAT will allow not only a strong support network for the families involved, but also leverage the power of the collective to positively influence policies and ultimately allow the benefits of cannabis derived products to more of those in need.

To find out more about how Always Pure Organics can support your business on its CBD journey, or to discuss our bespoke formulations, email info@alwayspureorganics.com, call us on (+44) 0800 9991562 or follow us on LinkedIn , YouTube and Instagram.

REFS:

1. https://www.alwayspureorganics.com/cannabis-hemp-cbd-the-japanese-cannabis-landscape
2. https://www.youtube.com/watchv=bzjoH3XXmYc&list=PLs2sTm5cifQalzplt_evULInghVJQTPvA&index=1
3. https://youtu.be/OgrHgTQOHGs
4. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/10/27/business/cbd-japan-cannabis-marijuana.html
5. https://youtu.be/_vMq44rUhzc
6. https://www.pcat-japan.com/
7. https://realmofcaring.org/

Since June 2020 Always Pure Organics have been supporting the “Midori-no-wa (Green Circle) project for children with intractable epilepsy in Japan” with Green Zone Japan.

Now supporting 50 participants, ranging in age from 6 months to 28 years old, we’re pleased to update on the project’s success 2 years on and the plans in 2022 and beyond.

Background to the project

The challenging cannabis landscape in Japan is well reported(1) (for further reading see Naoki Miki’s article and as such CBD products have been available on the island only relatively recently – since 2013.

Japan has rates of epilepsy patients of 600,000 – 1million (5-8 people out of 1,000). In the first years following legal availability of CBD, there was no subsequent reporting on the efficacy of CBD in epilepsy symptom management in Japan. Yuji Masataka, MD states that this ‘could be due to the quality of the CBD in these early years, or due to the fact that the cost was prohibitive.’ In order to achieve high enough dosage, the cost was at a prohibitive £40+ a day, meaning it was not readily accessible to most suitable candidates.

Green Zone Japan was formed in July 2017 by Yuji Masataka, MD and Naoko Miki, in response to a need for advocacy within the medical community on the benefits of using the cannabis plant and its derivatives.

Naoko Miki(2) one of the founders explains ‘the need for legal reform is obvious, if Japanese people are to enjoy the many gifts the cannabis plant offers. But in order for politicians to listen, we need more than a small group of advocates. We need doctors to want to use it for their patients. This was why Green Zone Japan (GZJ) was founded in 2017 by my colleague Yuji Masataka, MD, and myself, with the aim of bringing the most up-to-date evidence-based information on medical cannabis to Japanese audiences – particularly medical professionals. As part of its education effort, Green Zone Japan is bringing California-based Project CBD to Japan by creating a Japanese mirror site. Project CBD, a non-profit organisation which has taken a leading role in making the world aware of the potential of CBD and medical cannabis, is a perfect resource to educate Japanese people about CBD within the larger context of medical cannabis.’

In 2018 the parents of a 6-month-old child, diagnosed with intractable epilepsy contacted Dr Masataka after coming across his YouTube film(3). The child had become an inpatient, surgery was unfortunately not an option and other treatments were not working. The parents were researching alternative ways to improve the wellbeing of their child and were looking into the possibility of CBD as an option. Dr Masataka then began contacting CBD companies and requesting samples.

During this initial project, the participant received 18mg/kg doses of CBD, the largest on record in Japan at this time. Following the success of the trial and the subsequent publishing of the findings, the team at Green Zone Japan were more determined than ever to open the project wider and allow more affected children to benefit from CBD in this way, which in turn leverages the advocation of the fantastic results that CBD can contribute to in this and other diseases.

In Partnership with Always Pure Organics

As such, Midori-no-wa (Green Circle) programme for children with intractable epilepsy was formed in June 2020 under Green Zone Japan. As previously discussed, due to the legal landscape of cannabis in Japan, sourcing and importing the product at high enough doses to be therapeutically effective was generally cost-prohibitive for participants. This led Midori-no-wa to seek a special supplier partnership in order maximise the benefits of the project, as well as the reach. Whilst in search for a supplier to help move the project forward, Dr Masataka connected with Chikako Yoshida – Regional Director– Asia, Always Pure Organics and thus began the partnership.

Gavin Ogilvie – CEO Always Pure Organics explains ‘Always Pure Organics supports by providing paediatric patients access to therapeutic level doses of CBD products at well below the market rate, whilst supporting the research and recording of the effects. We do this with the understanding and consent of the patients’ primary doctors so as not to disturb their treatment regimen or to cause adverse drug interactions.’
Initially starting with 30 participants, the numbers benefitting from the partnership programme are now reaching 50+, including a girl of two and a half years whose seizures were completely eliminated by Always Pure Organics’ THC-Free Distillate.

Whilst Dr Masataka’s recent report has been rejected for publication in Japan – as cannabis is still somewhat of a taboo academically in the region-in Europe it is well known and news of the project is widespread, with notable inclusions in the New York Times (4) amongst others. The report is also under submission with Neurology Asia.

Building on Success

With more than 50% of current participants reporting improvements and 10% experiencing significant effects – such as the case of 2 years old girl with West Syndrome. She underwent brain surgery and sadly her seizures continued. Following her participation and use of CBD, she is now seizure-free(5) It is clear the increasing the reach of the project could have life-changing impact on many more sufferers. As a result, the Midori-no-wa Green Zone project have now created PCAT (6) – an extension to the initial programme. PCAT allows the patient’s parents to become ambassadors and help with lobbying the voices of the patients. Similar projects of this kind have been successful in lobbying real change with CBD legislation– such as Realm of Caring(7) in Colorado USA, success that PCAT hopes to replicate from 2022 onwards.

The next phase of the project involves increasing and broadening the scope of diseases and embrace more indications, offering support to a greater number and more diverse range of participants. PCAT will allow not only a strong support network for the families involved, but also leverage the power of the collective to positively influence policies and ultimately allow the benefits of cannabis derived products to more of those in need.

To find out more about how Always Pure Organics can support your business on its CBD journey, or to discuss our bespoke formulations, email info@alwayspureorganics.com, call us on (+44) 0800 9991562 or follow us on LinkedIn , YouTube and Instagram.

REFS:

1. https://www.alwayspureorganics.com/cannabis-hemp-cbd-the-japanese-cannabis-landscape
2. https://www.youtube.com/watchv=bzjoH3XXmYc&list=PLs2sTm5cifQalzplt_evULInghVJQTPvA&index=1
3. https://youtu.be/OgrHgTQOHGs
4. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/10/27/business/cbd-japan-cannabis-marijuana.html
5. https://youtu.be/_vMq44rUhzc
6. https://www.pcat-japan.com/
7. https://realmofcaring.org/

TOP TIPS FOR CREATING A LUXURY CBD BRAND

Table of Contents

Top Tips For Creating a Luxury CBD Brand

Table of Contents

Summary

Introduction

Identify Your CBD Niche and Products

Understand the Laws and Regulations Surrounding CBD

Create a Thorough CBD Business Plan

Find A Top Quality CBD Supplier

How To Market Your Brand As Luxury CBD

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

References

Identify Your CBD Niche and Products

A variety of CBD products and hemp leaves laid out on a white marble surface

 

When assessing the overall market prospects, it is wise to get an understanding of the general niches. The most popular ones currently include:

  • CBD infused foods and beverages
  • CBD based cosmetics
  • Supplements and wellness products
  • CBD pet products

The next stage will be examining the product types as closely as possible. Most of them will differ and will be based on the CBD consumption method. Here are the main forms of taking CBD:

  • Drops and sprays – CBD oil is the central ingredient in both these forms. This is a decarboxylated from hemp or hemp flower, which is then mixed with a carrier oil such as MCT oil, hemp seed oil and avocado oil. Drops and sprays often include added flavourings agents and other compounds to improve the taste and smell. However, this can also help add a sense of opulence to the product to appeal to those seeking a higher price tag.

 

  • Pills and capsules – Not everyone is a fan of the distinct taste CBD oils tend to have, so wrapping a dose of CBD in flavoured gelatin or a luxurious soft capsule can make it more digestible. This form of CBD can also attract consumers that prefer this more familiar form of taking supplements rather than sublingual drops.

 

  • CBD vapes and cartridges – Inhalation CBD products are very popular as they offer the fastest bioavailable cannabinoid method out of all the forms. There are plenty of ways to make vapes and cartridges a luxurious product – from the materials the vapes are made out of to the ingredients included in the vape oil. Not to mention all the accessories that go hand in hand with such a product.

 

  • Tinctures – CBD tinctures are made by combining cannabinoids with alcohol or a strong alternative solvent. Extra plant extracts are also added to the tincture to improve the potential effects of the entourage effect. As with drops and sprays, the taste of tinctures can be a little peculiar – tinctures are popular with consumers who want to feel the effects of CBD quickly.

 

  • Topicals and patches – Topicals and patches are a great alternative to taking CBD orally for customers looking to target specific external areas. CBD can be added to high-end skincare products to enjoy not only the benefits of top quality topical applications but also the bonus of CBD properties.

 

  • CBD edibles – Perhaps one of the fastest-growing markets, CBD edibles include popular foods like gummies, sweets, chocolates and even baked goods. This is a fantastic way to market CBD as a delicious wellness treat. Just think of all those who enjoy indulging in posh chocolate truffles and have the option of having them infused with CBD properties. It will make that treat feel slightly less naughty.

Understand the Laws and Regulations Surrounding CBD

A gavel on an Always Pure Organics logo shape

The laws and regulations of your CBD products will vary depending on your location. To understand CBD regulation in the UK, we will need to look at CBD and its origins. The CBD on the UK market mainly derives from either industrial hemp (known by its Latin name as cannabis Sativa) or other strains of the cannabis plant.

Industrial hemp has historically been cultivated for its fibre for making clothing, paper and construction. However, since we now have a better understanding of its safety and therapeutic properties, industrial hemp is also being grown for CBD extraction. CBD is legal in the UK, but the laws and regulations surrounding the selling of this compound are a little complicated.

When importing CBD into the UK, there is no strict requirement as long as the border authorities detect no THC. The THC content will need to be at 0.01% and verified by an accredited ISO lab. Various rules will apply when selling CBD in the UK, depending on the product category. For example, cosmetics require a cosmetic product safety report (CPSR), vape products will need to comply with non-nicotine e-liquid regulations such as those found in the General Products Safety Directive (GDPSD).

When it comes to CBD food and supplements, as of February 2020, all new products on the market require a Novel Food application. Before this date, products on the UK market needed to receive a validated submission or an approved novel food application by the end of March 2020. It is worth noting that it takes a significant amount of capital, time and resources to apply for novel food status or any other kind of licensing relating to CBD or hemp.

A hemp licence is currently not required to sell CBD in the UK, provided there is no THC detected. However, the sale of CBD flowers (also known as buds) is prohibited – even if the THC content is below 0.2% and from an EU approved origin. If you want to sell to EU member states, you need to be aware that each state has its own laws on CBD, and many are more stringent than those in the UK.

Create a Thorough CBD Business Plan

For your brand to have any chance of getting off the ground and being successful, you will need to create a detailed CBD business plan. Risking starting a business without a solid business plan is like driving without mirrors – you can do it, but you may not see a huge obstacle heading your way.

A business plan will also help you navigate and stay informed of changing regulatory policies related to your CBD niche. You will be able to more clearly identify operational priorities and new business opportunities which are being fuelled by market demand. In addition, your business plan is the document any stakeholders and financial supporters will want to see.

The types of information that should go into your business plan include the following:

  • Market analysis – A market analysis aims to give you as much insightful information as possible on your industry size, competitors, customers and other market variables. This will allow you to make informed decisions regarding your CBD product positioning, pricing and overall market strategy.

 

  • Brand name and product range – Describe how your brand name and other brand assets differentiated you from competitors. You should also state which CBD niche you plan to target and why and provide a brief description of your product range. This is a great place to focus on the CBD quality and competitive parameters.

 

  • Financing and projections – Estimate the amount of capital you will require to launch your business and break the figure down by pre-launch investments, inventory purchases, and ongoing monthly costs. It is good to include a little contingency budget for the unplanned expenses that will likely crop up. Then look into how much time and number of sales will need to be made to break even every month. If you plan to self-finance your CBD business, estimate your cash runway – the amount of time your business will remain solvent if you do not make any sales. If you are aiming to secure future investment, there will be the need to prepare more figures. It is a good idea to list out your anticipated expenses vs profits and set targets for cost per acquisition (CPA), average order value (AOV), sales conversion rate, customer retention rate and customer lifetime value (CLV).

 

  • Marketing plan – The marketing plan will detail your strategy for growing awareness around your luxury CBD brand. In addition, it will outline how you plan to acquire new customers and encourage repeat purchases. Your marketing plan is a cornerstone document that should be data-backed, realistic and channel-specific.

Writing a solid marketing plan takes time and research, but this early investment will reduce wasted budget spending and improve marketing results. It will also help you identify which business requirements you need, such as insurance or external specialist support from financial advisors.

Healthy hemp plant being held between two palms

Finding a reliable CBD supplier is perhaps the most important step in creating a luxury brand. When selling CBD, you will need to ensure that the compound is derived from legal hemp plants and not marijuana. Higher quantities of THC are found in marijuana plants, making them illegal in the UK and many other countries. A reputable supplier will have their products lab tested and provide a certificate of analysis (COA) that details the product content. It is a red flag if a supplier cannot offer a COA.

 

In addition to gaining a full understanding and insight into the general product contents, ask to see the result of the following:

 

  • Pesticide testing – You will want to make sure your product is clean and organic

 

  • Microbiological testing – This will show that there is no bacteria or mould inside the CBD sample

 

  • Residual solvents testing – Ensures there are no unwanted chemicals remaining following the CBD extraction process

 

Your product quality has a huge impact on customer satisfaction and your business reputation as a top-quality CBD brand. A CBD consumer study found that 24% of CBD users stated that the product’s ability to generate the desired effect was their primary driver for making a purchase. If your product does not deliver the promised outcomes due to poor content quality, it will be a struggle to secure repeat business.

 

CBD is still a young market, and production remains relatively unregulated. Unfortunately, some fake products do appear on the shelves which contain no CBD. As a new brand, you do not want to end up on the sham side, so do your due diligence when assessing different CBD manufacturers. Go beyond requesting or performing an independent certification of analysis and evaluate potential wholesalers based on the following criteria:

 

  • Their hemp sourcing method and origin
  • The extraction method
  • Reviews and recommendations from other entrepreneurs
  • Pricing
  • Extra services available such as labelling and shipping

How To Market Your Brand As Luxury CBD

Whether you are planning on having a brick and mortar store or being exclusively eCommerce – you will need to focus on digital marketing primarily. Luxury shoppers are spending more time online and on their mobile devices. A report by McKinsey revealed that digital now influences around 80% of all luxury sales.

The strategies outlined below are designed to provide you with some inspiration. However, remember that the best marketing strategies will come from clarifying your goal, breaking it down and brainstorming brand-specific solutions with your team.

  • Utilise visual social networks – When it comes to marketing luxury products of any kind, photos and videos are the best way to evoke aspirational emotions that consumers connect with luxury products and exclusivity. Visual social networks represent a huge opportunity for your CBD brand to raise awareness and advocacy. With CBD, you will need to be incredibly careful what you post, as each social media platform has its own set of regulations. Check their CBD advertising laws as there may be some prohibited types of images or content.

 

  • Build a high-end website – Luxury brand websites tend to be very stylish but can lack on the performance front when it comes to useability. Your brand website will need to combine style with user experience and functionality. The site should be intuitive and make it easy to find the products or information visitors wish to find. It is also worth checking whether your site will need an age verification page for your products.

 

  • Understand the value of good SEO – One of the most influential tools for helping luxury shoppers find products, learn about new brands and make purchases is Google. Strong SEO practices will enable your website to rank well for search terms and capture potential customers.

 

  • Create aspirational content – An effective way to generate traffic and engagement is to create highly visual and aspiration content. Focus on long-form visual content to generate social shares and SEO traffic. Content marketing is often massively underused by CBD brands, so it will give you a competitive advantage.

 

  • Keep building your list – Although email may seem like an outdated marketing channel, email marketing is proven to be an extremely effective eCommerce tool. It can increase customer loyalty and prides an opportunity to keep them updated on new products, deals, and educational blogs. Just be sure to follow the General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR), which came into force in May 2018.

Final Thoughts

The CBD market is a very interesting industry to be a part of and can be a place where you can make a positive impact by supplying consumers with high-quality wellness products. As a CBD company, you will also need to constantly educate the public, partners and any stakeholders about your products, their legality and the absence of THC.

When you look at the CBD industry’s sales prospects, the market is set to swell by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 21.2% from 2021 to 2028. There is also a rising acceptance and use of CBD products due to government approvals – a major factor in the boost in products and sales.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How do you know if CBD is good quality?

A reputable CBD product will always come with a COA. This will mean that the product would have been tested by a third-party laboratory that does not have any stake in the CBD company or product. Customers should have access to a product’s COA so they can review and ensure it does not contain anything which may cause an adverse effect.

Why is CBD so expensive?

One of the primary reasons for CBD being expensive is that it is a new product. Until relatively recently, hemp farming was illegal in many countries, and as it is a crop, it takes time for supply to match the growing demand. CBD extraction is another driving factor for the cost. Currently, the extraction of CBD from hemp biomass is a bottleneck – there is a shortage of processors, and the actual cost of extraction is keeping the pricing up.

What are the consumer indicators of a luxury CBD brand?

CBD consumers choose to become more informed on the wellness products they decide to buy. As a result, they will expect your CBD brand to provide proof of third-party testing, transparency about where their hemp is grown, certified organic, and several dazzling reviews to back up the higher price tag for your luxury product.

Which eCommerce platforms facilitate online CBD stores?

Not every eCommerce platform allows creating an online CBD store due to opaque regulations. Similar to the importance of finding a trustworthy CBD supplier, your technology infrastructure will positively contribute to your brand. The eCommerce platforms that currently offer CBD store features include well-known Shopify, BigCommerce and Shift4Shop.

Does a luxury brand need a special shipping solution?

If you are trying to market to high net worth individuals, they are likely to travel and not live their lives in one permanent location. You will likely want to find a shipping provider that can offer fast delivery times and have the infrastructure to send your products overseas. Be sure to check the legal status of CBD in your customer’s location to ensure it is permitted for use. By creating a comprehensive shipping policy, you can be sure to manage expectations and avoid disappointing your customers.

Is it worth partnering with influencers?

A huge amount of CBD’s popularity comes from the people that publicly talk about their positive experiences. Many celebrities are now outspoken fans, some of whom have even launched their own CBD businesses. It should not be hard to find credible advocates for your brand, and they may be able to help positively promote your brand. Just be sure that anyone you partner with shares your brand values, and all communication stays within the latest regulations.

Can you advertise CBD on Facebook?

It can be challenging for cannabis-based businesses to navigate the advertising policies on Facebook. There are ways to get around Facebook’s ad targeting guidelines, but it is very easy to inadvertently violate the platform’s terms of service. So instead, focus on an educational angle by sharing infographics, thought-invoking articles and promoting your luxury brand image. Whatever you do, steer clear of using cannabis imagery as it will be flagged and taken down before even reaching your target audience.

Who is the primary target audience for CBD?

Regarding who is talking the most about CBD online, there have been some interesting stats uncovered by market analysts. Synthesio has reported that 18 to 35-year-olds are being most vocal. However, an older audience of 45-55-year-olds is also now talking about CBD on the internet. The products being mentioned the most are those that deliver the highest bioavailability – currently vapes and oils.

How are CBD food and food supplements regulated in the UK?

If you are interested in entering the food side of CBD in the UK, there are currently a few stumbling blocks. As of January 2019, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) changed the CBD classification in European law – which placed CBD in the Novel Food Catalogue. All novel foods are subject to Novel Food Regulations, which means that products which fall within this regulation are not markable without prior approval from the Novel Food Catalogue.

Is industrial hemp sustainable?

Sustainability is a major factor for many consumers, and that also applies to their wellness products. Industrial hemp is considered a very sustainable plant as it is resilient, easy to grow and can renew up to three times per year. In addition, it does not need toxic chemicals such as fertilisers and pesticides to grow as it is naturally pest-resistant.

References

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7324885/

https://www.gov.uk/guidance/making-cosmetic-products-available-to-consumers-in-great-britain

https://ec.europa.eu/info/business-economy-euro/product-safety-and-requirements/product-safety/consumer-product-safety_en

https://www.food.gov.uk/business-guidance/regulated-products/novel-foods-guidance

https://daks2k3a4ib2z.cloudfront.net/595e80a3d32ef41bfa200178/59946dd86c6b200001c5b9cb_CBD_-_HelloMD_Brightfield_Study_-_Expert_Report_-_FINAL.pdf#page=22

https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/mckinsey/industries/retail/our%20insights/luxury%20in%20the%20age%20of%20digital%20darwinism/the-age-of-digital-darwinism.ashx

https://gdpr-info.eu/

https://www.grandviewresearch.com/industry-analysis/cannabidiol-cbd-market

https://www.synthesio.com/blog/social-media-consumer-insights-cbd/

Table of Contents

Top Tips For Creating a Luxury CBD Brand

Table of Contents

Summary

Introduction

Identify Your CBD Niche and Products

Understand the Laws and Regulations Surrounding CBD

Create a Thorough CBD Business Plan

Find A Top Quality CBD Supplier

How To Market Your Brand As Luxury CBD

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

References

Identify Your CBD Niche and Products

A variety of CBD products and hemp leaves laid out on a white marble surface

 

When assessing the overall market prospects, it is wise to get an understanding of the general niches. The most popular ones currently include:

  • CBD infused foods and beverages
  • CBD based cosmetics
  • Supplements and wellness products
  • CBD pet products

The next stage will be examining the product types as closely as possible. Most of them will differ and will be based on the CBD consumption method. Here are the main forms of taking CBD:

  • Drops and sprays – CBD oil is the central ingredient in both these forms. This is a decarboxylated from hemp or hemp flower, which is then mixed with a carrier oil such as MCT oil, hemp seed oil and avocado oil. Drops and sprays often include added flavourings agents and other compounds to improve the taste and smell. However, this can also help add a sense of opulence to the product to appeal to those seeking a higher price tag.

 

  • Pills and capsules – Not everyone is a fan of the distinct taste CBD oils tend to have, so wrapping a dose of CBD in flavoured gelatin or a luxurious soft capsule can make it more digestible. This form of CBD can also attract consumers that prefer this more familiar form of taking supplements rather than sublingual drops.

 

  • CBD vapes and cartridges – Inhalation CBD products are very popular as they offer the fastest bioavailable cannabinoid method out of all the forms. There are plenty of ways to make vapes and cartridges a luxurious product – from the materials the vapes are made out of to the ingredients included in the vape oil. Not to mention all the accessories that go hand in hand with such a product.

 

  • Tinctures – CBD tinctures are made by combining cannabinoids with alcohol or a strong alternative solvent. Extra plant extracts are also added to the tincture to improve the potential effects of the entourage effect. As with drops and sprays, the taste of tinctures can be a little peculiar – tinctures are popular with consumers who want to feel the effects of CBD quickly.

 

  • Topicals and patches – Topicals and patches are a great alternative to taking CBD orally for customers looking to target specific external areas. CBD can be added to high-end skincare products to enjoy not only the benefits of top quality topical applications but also the bonus of CBD properties.

 

  • CBD edibles – Perhaps one of the fastest-growing markets, CBD edibles include popular foods like gummies, sweets, chocolates and even baked goods. This is a fantastic way to market CBD as a delicious wellness treat. Just think of all those who enjoy indulging in posh chocolate truffles and have the option of having them infused with CBD properties. It will make that treat feel slightly less naughty.

Understand the Laws and Regulations Surrounding CBD

A gavel on an Always Pure Organics logo shape

The laws and regulations of your CBD products will vary depending on your location. To understand CBD regulation in the UK, we will need to look at CBD and its origins. The CBD on the UK market mainly derives from either industrial hemp (known by its Latin name as cannabis Sativa) or other strains of the cannabis plant.

Industrial hemp has historically been cultivated for its fibre for making clothing, paper and construction. However, since we now have a better understanding of its safety and therapeutic properties, industrial hemp is also being grown for CBD extraction. CBD is legal in the UK, but the laws and regulations surrounding the selling of this compound are a little complicated.

When importing CBD into the UK, there is no strict requirement as long as the border authorities detect no THC. The THC content will need to be at 0.01% and verified by an accredited ISO lab. Various rules will apply when selling CBD in the UK, depending on the product category. For example, cosmetics require a cosmetic product safety report (CPSR), vape products will need to comply with non-nicotine e-liquid regulations such as those found in the General Products Safety Directive (GDPSD).

When it comes to CBD food and supplements, as of February 2020, all new products on the market require a Novel Food application. Before this date, products on the UK market needed to receive a validated submission or an approved novel food application by the end of March 2020. It is worth noting that it takes a significant amount of capital, time and resources to apply for novel food status or any other kind of licensing relating to CBD or hemp.

A hemp licence is currently not required to sell CBD in the UK, provided there is no THC detected. However, the sale of CBD flowers (also known as buds) is prohibited – even if the THC content is below 0.2% and from an EU approved origin. If you want to sell to EU member states, you need to be aware that each state has its own laws on CBD, and many are more stringent than those in the UK.

Create a Thorough CBD Business Plan

For your brand to have any chance of getting off the ground and being successful, you will need to create a detailed CBD business plan. Risking starting a business without a solid business plan is like driving without mirrors – you can do it, but you may not see a huge obstacle heading your way.

A business plan will also help you navigate and stay informed of changing regulatory policies related to your CBD niche. You will be able to more clearly identify operational priorities and new business opportunities which are being fuelled by market demand. In addition, your business plan is the document any stakeholders and financial supporters will want to see.

The types of information that should go into your business plan include the following:

  • Market analysis – A market analysis aims to give you as much insightful information as possible on your industry size, competitors, customers and other market variables. This will allow you to make informed decisions regarding your CBD product positioning, pricing and overall market strategy.

 

  • Brand name and product range – Describe how your brand name and other brand assets differentiated you from competitors. You should also state which CBD niche you plan to target and why and provide a brief description of your product range. This is a great place to focus on the CBD quality and competitive parameters.

 

  • Financing and projections – Estimate the amount of capital you will require to launch your business and break the figure down by pre-launch investments, inventory purchases, and ongoing monthly costs. It is good to include a little contingency budget for the unplanned expenses that will likely crop up. Then look into how much time and number of sales will need to be made to break even every month. If you plan to self-finance your CBD business, estimate your cash runway – the amount of time your business will remain solvent if you do not make any sales. If you are aiming to secure future investment, there will be the need to prepare more figures. It is a good idea to list out your anticipated expenses vs profits and set targets for cost per acquisition (CPA), average order value (AOV), sales conversion rate, customer retention rate and customer lifetime value (CLV).

 

  • Marketing plan – The marketing plan will detail your strategy for growing awareness around your luxury CBD brand. In addition, it will outline how you plan to acquire new customers and encourage repeat purchases. Your marketing plan is a cornerstone document that should be data-backed, realistic and channel-specific.

Writing a solid marketing plan takes time and research, but this early investment will reduce wasted budget spending and improve marketing results. It will also help you identify which business requirements you need, such as insurance or external specialist support from financial advisors.

Healthy hemp plant being held between two palms

Finding a reliable CBD supplier is perhaps the most important step in creating a luxury brand. When selling CBD, you will need to ensure that the compound is derived from legal hemp plants and not marijuana. Higher quantities of THC are found in marijuana plants, making them illegal in the UK and many other countries. A reputable supplier will have their products lab tested and provide a certificate of analysis (COA) that details the product content. It is a red flag if a supplier cannot offer a COA.

 

In addition to gaining a full understanding and insight into the general product contents, ask to see the result of the following:

 

  • Pesticide testing – You will want to make sure your product is clean and organic

 

  • Microbiological testing – This will show that there is no bacteria or mould inside the CBD sample

 

  • Residual solvents testing – Ensures there are no unwanted chemicals remaining following the CBD extraction process

 

Your product quality has a huge impact on customer satisfaction and your business reputation as a top-quality CBD brand. A CBD consumer study found that 24% of CBD users stated that the product’s ability to generate the desired effect was their primary driver for making a purchase. If your product does not deliver the promised outcomes due to poor content quality, it will be a struggle to secure repeat business.

 

CBD is still a young market, and production remains relatively unregulated. Unfortunately, some fake products do appear on the shelves which contain no CBD. As a new brand, you do not want to end up on the sham side, so do your due diligence when assessing different CBD manufacturers. Go beyond requesting or performing an independent certification of analysis and evaluate potential wholesalers based on the following criteria:

 

  • Their hemp sourcing method and origin
  • The extraction method
  • Reviews and recommendations from other entrepreneurs
  • Pricing
  • Extra services available such as labelling and shipping

How To Market Your Brand As Luxury CBD

Whether you are planning on having a brick and mortar store or being exclusively eCommerce – you will need to focus on digital marketing primarily. Luxury shoppers are spending more time online and on their mobile devices. A report by McKinsey revealed that digital now influences around 80% of all luxury sales.

The strategies outlined below are designed to provide you with some inspiration. However, remember that the best marketing strategies will come from clarifying your goal, breaking it down and brainstorming brand-specific solutions with your team.

  • Utilise visual social networks – When it comes to marketing luxury products of any kind, photos and videos are the best way to evoke aspirational emotions that consumers connect with luxury products and exclusivity. Visual social networks represent a huge opportunity for your CBD brand to raise awareness and advocacy. With CBD, you will need to be incredibly careful what you post, as each social media platform has its own set of regulations. Check their CBD advertising laws as there may be some prohibited types of images or content.

 

  • Build a high-end website – Luxury brand websites tend to be very stylish but can lack on the performance front when it comes to useability. Your brand website will need to combine style with user experience and functionality. The site should be intuitive and make it easy to find the products or information visitors wish to find. It is also worth checking whether your site will need an age verification page for your products.

 

  • Understand the value of good SEO – One of the most influential tools for helping luxury shoppers find products, learn about new brands and make purchases is Google. Strong SEO practices will enable your website to rank well for search terms and capture potential customers.

 

  • Create aspirational content – An effective way to generate traffic and engagement is to create highly visual and aspiration content. Focus on long-form visual content to generate social shares and SEO traffic. Content marketing is often massively underused by CBD brands, so it will give you a competitive advantage.

 

  • Keep building your list – Although email may seem like an outdated marketing channel, email marketing is proven to be an extremely effective eCommerce tool. It can increase customer loyalty and prides an opportunity to keep them updated on new products, deals, and educational blogs. Just be sure to follow the General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR), which came into force in May 2018.

Final Thoughts

The CBD market is a very interesting industry to be a part of and can be a place where you can make a positive impact by supplying consumers with high-quality wellness products. As a CBD company, you will also need to constantly educate the public, partners and any stakeholders about your products, their legality and the absence of THC.

When you look at the CBD industry’s sales prospects, the market is set to swell by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 21.2% from 2021 to 2028. There is also a rising acceptance and use of CBD products due to government approvals – a major factor in the boost in products and sales.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How do you know if CBD is good quality?

A reputable CBD product will always come with a COA. This will mean that the product would have been tested by a third-party laboratory that does not have any stake in the CBD company or product. Customers should have access to a product’s COA so they can review and ensure it does not contain anything which may cause an adverse effect.

Why is CBD so expensive?

One of the primary reasons for CBD being expensive is that it is a new product. Until relatively recently, hemp farming was illegal in many countries, and as it is a crop, it takes time for supply to match the growing demand. CBD extraction is another driving factor for the cost. Currently, the extraction of CBD from hemp biomass is a bottleneck – there is a shortage of processors, and the actual cost of extraction is keeping the pricing up.

What are the consumer indicators of a luxury CBD brand?

CBD consumers choose to become more informed on the wellness products they decide to buy. As a result, they will expect your CBD brand to provide proof of third-party testing, transparency about where their hemp is grown, certified organic, and several dazzling reviews to back up the higher price tag for your luxury product.

Which eCommerce platforms facilitate online CBD stores?

Not every eCommerce platform allows creating an online CBD store due to opaque regulations. Similar to the importance of finding a trustworthy CBD supplier, your technology infrastructure will positively contribute to your brand. The eCommerce platforms that currently offer CBD store features include well-known Shopify, BigCommerce and Shift4Shop.

Does a luxury brand need a special shipping solution?

If you are trying to market to high net worth individuals, they are likely to travel and not live their lives in one permanent location. You will likely want to find a shipping provider that can offer fast delivery times and have the infrastructure to send your products overseas. Be sure to check the legal status of CBD in your customer’s location to ensure it is permitted for use. By creating a comprehensive shipping policy, you can be sure to manage expectations and avoid disappointing your customers.

Is it worth partnering with influencers?

A huge amount of CBD’s popularity comes from the people that publicly talk about their positive experiences. Many celebrities are now outspoken fans, some of whom have even launched their own CBD businesses. It should not be hard to find credible advocates for your brand, and they may be able to help positively promote your brand. Just be sure that anyone you partner with shares your brand values, and all communication stays within the latest regulations.

Can you advertise CBD on Facebook?

It can be challenging for cannabis-based businesses to navigate the advertising policies on Facebook. There are ways to get around Facebook’s ad targeting guidelines, but it is very easy to inadvertently violate the platform’s terms of service. So instead, focus on an educational angle by sharing infographics, thought-invoking articles and promoting your luxury brand image. Whatever you do, steer clear of using cannabis imagery as it will be flagged and taken down before even reaching your target audience.

Who is the primary target audience for CBD?

Regarding who is talking the most about CBD online, there have been some interesting stats uncovered by market analysts. Synthesio has reported that 18 to 35-year-olds are being most vocal. However, an older audience of 45-55-year-olds is also now talking about CBD on the internet. The products being mentioned the most are those that deliver the highest bioavailability – currently vapes and oils.

How are CBD food and food supplements regulated in the UK?

If you are interested in entering the food side of CBD in the UK, there are currently a few stumbling blocks. As of January 2019, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) changed the CBD classification in European law – which placed CBD in the Novel Food Catalogue. All novel foods are subject to Novel Food Regulations, which means that products which fall within this regulation are not markable without prior approval from the Novel Food Catalogue.

Is industrial hemp sustainable?

Sustainability is a major factor for many consumers, and that also applies to their wellness products. Industrial hemp is considered a very sustainable plant as it is resilient, easy to grow and can renew up to three times per year. In addition, it does not need toxic chemicals such as fertilisers and pesticides to grow as it is naturally pest-resistant.

References

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7324885/

https://www.gov.uk/guidance/making-cosmetic-products-available-to-consumers-in-great-britain

https://ec.europa.eu/info/business-economy-euro/product-safety-and-requirements/product-safety/consumer-product-safety_en

https://www.food.gov.uk/business-guidance/regulated-products/novel-foods-guidance

https://daks2k3a4ib2z.cloudfront.net/595e80a3d32ef41bfa200178/59946dd86c6b200001c5b9cb_CBD_-_HelloMD_Brightfield_Study_-_Expert_Report_-_FINAL.pdf#page=22

https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/mckinsey/industries/retail/our%20insights/luxury%20in%20the%20age%20of%20digital%20darwinism/the-age-of-digital-darwinism.ashx

https://gdpr-info.eu/

https://www.grandviewresearch.com/industry-analysis/cannabidiol-cbd-market

https://www.synthesio.com/blog/social-media-consumer-insights-cbd/

APO Blog Images V22 APO Blog Images V22 APO Blog Images V22

CBD INTIMACY OIL AND SEXUAL WELLNESS

There has been a surge of interest in sexual wellness in recent years despite it historically being a topic shrouded in controversy, especially with regards to female sexual health. More significance is now being placed on wellness and sexual health; solutions like Always Pure Organic’s CBD Intimacy Oil are appearing in the marketplace to help lessen the orgasm gap and make intimacy easier. Intimacy products are a rapidly growing market sector and by 2023 the worldwide lubricants demand is expected to reach 37.4 million metric tons (Statista, 2021). Our CBD Intimacy Oil was created to fill a gap in this market as it can offer addition lubrication during sex, be used as a massage oil to increase libido, and can also be used as an intimate wash after shaving.

Trying Always Pure Organics’ CBD Intimacy Oil may make physical intimacy more enjoyable for aging women as 17-45% of postmenopausal women have reported finding sex painful. Oestrogen levels fall as women experience menopause which results in dryness and thinning of vaginal tissues and can cause penetrative intercourse to be uncomfortable for many women (North American Menopause society). The intimacy oil has been expertly designed by our formulations specialists and analytical chemists to provide natural support across many areas of intimate care including lubrication, shaving and pain relief.

Additional lubrication or intimacy oils may be able to help ease some of the pain felt during sex, especially if the product contains cannabinoids such as CBD which can interact with the body’s natural endocannabinoid receptors. CBD can bind to either CB1 or CB2 receptors, causing different results depending on the location of the receptor in the body (Medical New Today, 2021). There is evidence to suggest that endocannabinoids may target CB1 receptors in intimate regions of the body to relieve pain, or bind to a CB2 receptor in an immune cell which signals that the body is experiencing inflammation and may help ease this by promoting a state of homeostasis.

The orgasm gap is a term attributed to the distinct disparity of orgasms within couples. Heterosexual women are the demographic having the least orgasms during sex and it could be down to a lack of understanding when it comes to female anatomy and the vulva (Forbes, 2020). As little as 39% of women said that they usually or always experienced orgasm in partnered sex compared to 91% of men (Mintz, 2015).

This gap is reflected across the globe with significantly less women achieving orgasms during sex than their male counterparts; the figure for men (61%) is 28 points higher than the equivalent for women (33%) (Beauchamp, 2015). Always Pure Organics have developed their CBD Intimacy Oil to help decrease the orgasm gap as there is emerging research showing that CBD can ease pain and inflammation when used topically.  When used during sexual encounters this may help more women reach orgasm.

Another influencing factor in sexual health is sexual performance anxiety (SPA), which affects 6-16% of women and severely inhibits sexual desire. SPA is also a challenge that can affect men, with 9–25% of men experiencing the disorder (Pyke, 2020). In men SPA manifests itself through symptoms such as premature ejaculation and psychogenic erectile dysfunction (ED).

There are many factors that can influence SPA, some of which include:

  • Having body image and self-esteem issues.
  • Feeling emotionally disconnected from your partner.
  • Dealing with mental health conditions.
  • A lack of sexual experience.
  • Feeling stressed.
  • Previous negative sexual experiences/trauma.
  • Overconsuming pornographic content (Park, 2016).

Products such as intimacy oil could be effective for topical uses during sex, however, there is also evidence to suggest that edible products such as CBD gummies and tinctures may be effective at alleviating some of the symptoms of sexual performance anxiety. Existing preclinical evidence strongly supports CBD as a treatment for a multitude of stress and anxiety disorders (Blessing, 2015), thus it may be useful as a way for women to combat SPA.

Always Pure Organics’ CBD Intimacy Oil is multi-functional natural solution that may be able to help with the many challenges of intimacy wellness, across all genders and suitable for all bodies aged 18 and over. Introducing this specially formulated product into the bedroom could help enhance sex either by using as a topical solution with intimacy oil or by taking edibles before intercourse. Using CBD during intimate moments could help to relieve pain and stress during sex which would in turn, increase the possibility of orgasm and start to lessen the gap between men and women in the bedroom.

Expertly crafted by our in-house science team, in our ISO Class 7 laboratory, this innovative New Product Development has been created with the end-user in mind, in response to global consumer demand.

Stephanie Cowan, Category Lead for Beauty and Personal Care at Always Pure Organics has worked tirelessly and passionately, spearheading the project. Working closely with our Chief Science Officer, dedicated formulation chemists and analytical chemists to create a truly innovative, natural intimacy oil, designed to a range of intimate wellness difficulties, for all genders.

Stephanie discusses the project below:

“Always Pure Organics’ mission is to make lives better through health, wellness and mindset, at the start of all new product development projects, we gain insight from extensive research to understand clearly the positive impact the product could have on the user’s lives.

At this research and development stage of the process, we are always struck when unearthing yet more potential benefits of this incredible plant. The cannabis plant could offer so many benefits, with more being discovered all the time. As we develop new products we discover yet more fantastic ways to utilise it. Working with the science team on this NPD was no exception, I was genuinely shocked and amazed by the potential benefits of CBD for intimate health, including sexual health, for women’s wellness and indeed for all genders.

The development of our CBD Intimacy Oil and my research throughout the project, enabled me to learn about subjects I had previously had little awareness of. Issues, challenges and obstacles within the wider realm of women’s wellness and sexual health that are still ongoing even in my lifetime. I learned so much about the historical lack of clinical research into many women’s health / wellness and how many of these topics still a taboo for most to speak about openly, subjects  such as periods, sex (all genders), vagina health and menopause etc. I’m so proud to be part of the creation a product that will help endorse the sexual wellness movement, a movement that is continues to gain huge momentum and is very much the topic of the moment. We want to help more discussions happen around these topics and that our new NPD helps many consumers have a high quality, effective CBD intimacy product that could really help them.”

Using CBD during intimate moments could help to relieve pain and stress during sex which would in turn, increase the possibility of orgasm and start to lessen the gap between men and women in the bedroom. There is an increasing demand for these products in the marketplace and by 2023, the worldwide lubricants demand is expected to reach 37.4 million metric tons (Statista, 2021).

Your business can help improve awareness of women’s sexual health, whilst leveraging the huge and growing demand for quality intimacy wellness products, by partnering with Always Pure Organics and ultimately help to decrease the orgasm gap.

To find out more about how Always Pure Organics wellness products can revolutionise your business and to order your samples, get in touch using the Contact Us form below or email info@alwayspureorganics.com.

 

References

https://www.forbes.com/sites/alicebroster/2020/07/31/what-is-the-orgasm-gap/?sh=5c36d0b260f8

Mintz. L (2015) The Orgasm Gap: Simple Truth & Sexual Solutions Psychology Today

Beauchamp. Z (2015) 6 maps and charts that explain sex around the world Vox https://www.vox.com/2014/5/7/5662608/in-different-area-codes

https://www.menopause.org/for-women/sexual-health-menopause-online/sexual-problems-at-midlife/pain-with-penetration#:~:text=As%20estrogen%20levels%20fall%20as,to%20severe%20pain%20during%20sex.

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/endocannabinoid#production

Pyke RE. Sexual Performance Anxiety. Sex Med Rev. 2020 Apr;8(2):183-190 DOI: 10.1016/j.sxmr.2019.07.001

Park BY, Wilson G, Berger J, et al. Is internet pornography causing sexual dysfunctions? A review with clinical reportsBehavioral Sciences. 2016;6(3):17.

Blessing, E. M., Steenkamp, M. M., Manzanares, J., & Marmar, C. R. (2015). Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Anxiety Disorders. Neurotherapeutics : the journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics, 12(4), 825–836. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13311-015-0387-1

https://www.statista.com/statistics/411616/lubricants-demand-worldwide/

There has been a surge of interest in sexual wellness in recent years despite it historically being a topic shrouded in controversy, especially with regards to female sexual health. More significance is now being placed on wellness and sexual health; solutions like Always Pure Organic’s CBD Intimacy Oil are appearing in the marketplace to help lessen the orgasm gap and make intimacy easier. Intimacy products are a rapidly growing market sector and by 2023 the worldwide lubricants demand is expected to reach 37.4 million metric tons (Statista, 2021). Our CBD Intimacy Oil was created to fill a gap in this market as it can offer addition lubrication during sex, be used as a massage oil to increase libido, and can also be used as an intimate wash after shaving.

Trying Always Pure Organics’ CBD Intimacy Oil may make physical intimacy more enjoyable for aging women as 17-45% of postmenopausal women have reported finding sex painful. Oestrogen levels fall as women experience menopause which results in dryness and thinning of vaginal tissues and can cause penetrative intercourse to be uncomfortable for many women (North American Menopause society). The intimacy oil has been expertly designed by our formulations specialists and analytical chemists to provide natural support across many areas of intimate care including lubrication, shaving and pain relief.

Additional lubrication or intimacy oils may be able to help ease some of the pain felt during sex, especially if the product contains cannabinoids such as CBD which can interact with the body’s natural endocannabinoid receptors. CBD can bind to either CB1 or CB2 receptors, causing different results depending on the location of the receptor in the body (Medical New Today, 2021). There is evidence to suggest that endocannabinoids may target CB1 receptors in intimate regions of the body to relieve pain, or bind to a CB2 receptor in an immune cell which signals that the body is experiencing inflammation and may help ease this by promoting a state of homeostasis.

The orgasm gap is a term attributed to the distinct disparity of orgasms within couples. Heterosexual women are the demographic having the least orgasms during sex and it could be down to a lack of understanding when it comes to female anatomy and the vulva (Forbes, 2020). As little as 39% of women said that they usually or always experienced orgasm in partnered sex compared to 91% of men (Mintz, 2015).

This gap is reflected across the globe with significantly less women achieving orgasms during sex than their male counterparts; the figure for men (61%) is 28 points higher than the equivalent for women (33%) (Beauchamp, 2015). Always Pure Organics have developed their CBD Intimacy Oil to help decrease the orgasm gap as there is emerging research showing that CBD can ease pain and inflammation when used topically.  When used during sexual encounters this may help more women reach orgasm.

Another influencing factor in sexual health is sexual performance anxiety (SPA), which affects 6-16% of women and severely inhibits sexual desire. SPA is also a challenge that can affect men, with 9–25% of men experiencing the disorder (Pyke, 2020). In men SPA manifests itself through symptoms such as premature ejaculation and psychogenic erectile dysfunction (ED).

There are many factors that can influence SPA, some of which include:

  • Having body image and self-esteem issues.
  • Feeling emotionally disconnected from your partner.
  • Dealing with mental health conditions.
  • A lack of sexual experience.
  • Feeling stressed.
  • Previous negative sexual experiences/trauma.
  • Overconsuming pornographic content (Park, 2016).

Products such as intimacy oil could be effective for topical uses during sex, however, there is also evidence to suggest that edible products such as CBD gummies and tinctures may be effective at alleviating some of the symptoms of sexual performance anxiety. Existing preclinical evidence strongly supports CBD as a treatment for a multitude of stress and anxiety disorders (Blessing, 2015), thus it may be useful as a way for women to combat SPA.

Always Pure Organics’ CBD Intimacy Oil is multi-functional natural solution that may be able to help with the many challenges of intimacy wellness, across all genders and suitable for all bodies aged 18 and over. Introducing this specially formulated product into the bedroom could help enhance sex either by using as a topical solution with intimacy oil or by taking edibles before intercourse. Using CBD during intimate moments could help to relieve pain and stress during sex which would in turn, increase the possibility of orgasm and start to lessen the gap between men and women in the bedroom.

Expertly crafted by our in-house science team, in our ISO Class 7 laboratory, this innovative New Product Development has been created with the end-user in mind, in response to global consumer demand.

Stephanie Cowan, Category Lead for Beauty and Personal Care at Always Pure Organics has worked tirelessly and passionately, spearheading the project. Working closely with our Chief Science Officer, dedicated formulation chemists and analytical chemists to create a truly innovative, natural intimacy oil, designed to a range of intimate wellness difficulties, for all genders.

Stephanie discusses the project below:

“Always Pure Organics’ mission is to make lives better through health, wellness and mindset, at the start of all new product development projects, we gain insight from extensive research to understand clearly the positive impact the product could have on the user’s lives.

At this research and development stage of the process, we are always struck when unearthing yet more potential benefits of this incredible plant. The cannabis plant could offer so many benefits, with more being discovered all the time. As we develop new products we discover yet more fantastic ways to utilise it. Working with the science team on this NPD was no exception, I was genuinely shocked and amazed by the potential benefits of CBD for intimate health, including sexual health, for women’s wellness and indeed for all genders.

The development of our CBD Intimacy Oil and my research throughout the project, enabled me to learn about subjects I had previously had little awareness of. Issues, challenges and obstacles within the wider realm of women’s wellness and sexual health that are still ongoing even in my lifetime. I learned so much about the historical lack of clinical research into many women’s health / wellness and how many of these topics still a taboo for most to speak about openly, subjects  such as periods, sex (all genders), vagina health and menopause etc. I’m so proud to be part of the creation a product that will help endorse the sexual wellness movement, a movement that is continues to gain huge momentum and is very much the topic of the moment. We want to help more discussions happen around these topics and that our new NPD helps many consumers have a high quality, effective CBD intimacy product that could really help them.”

Using CBD during intimate moments could help to relieve pain and stress during sex which would in turn, increase the possibility of orgasm and start to lessen the gap between men and women in the bedroom. There is an increasing demand for these products in the marketplace and by 2023, the worldwide lubricants demand is expected to reach 37.4 million metric tons (Statista, 2021).

Your business can help improve awareness of women’s sexual health, whilst leveraging the huge and growing demand for quality intimacy wellness products, by partnering with Always Pure Organics and ultimately help to decrease the orgasm gap.

To find out more about how Always Pure Organics wellness products can revolutionise your business and to order your samples, get in touch using the Contact Us form below or email info@alwayspureorganics.com.

 

References

https://www.forbes.com/sites/alicebroster/2020/07/31/what-is-the-orgasm-gap/?sh=5c36d0b260f8

Mintz. L (2015) The Orgasm Gap: Simple Truth & Sexual Solutions Psychology Today

Beauchamp. Z (2015) 6 maps and charts that explain sex around the world Vox https://www.vox.com/2014/5/7/5662608/in-different-area-codes

https://www.menopause.org/for-women/sexual-health-menopause-online/sexual-problems-at-midlife/pain-with-penetration#:~:text=As%20estrogen%20levels%20fall%20as,to%20severe%20pain%20during%20sex.

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/endocannabinoid#production

Pyke RE. Sexual Performance Anxiety. Sex Med Rev. 2020 Apr;8(2):183-190 DOI: 10.1016/j.sxmr.2019.07.001

Park BY, Wilson G, Berger J, et al. Is internet pornography causing sexual dysfunctions? A review with clinical reportsBehavioral Sciences. 2016;6(3):17.

Blessing, E. M., Steenkamp, M. M., Manzanares, J., & Marmar, C. R. (2015). Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Anxiety Disorders. Neurotherapeutics : the journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics, 12(4), 825–836. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13311-015-0387-1

https://www.statista.com/statistics/411616/lubricants-demand-worldwide/

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HOW THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY HAS BECOME CRAFTY WITH TERPENES

Table of Contents

How the Cannabis Industry Has Become Crafty With Terpenes

Table of Contents

Summary

Introduction

Where Do Terpenes Come From?

The Connection Between Scent and Human Sensation

What is Botanical Synergy?

Added Terpenes vs Naturally Occurring

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

References

Summary

It is well known through cannabis research that CBD works far better than when isolated on its own. Terpenes are potent compounds found in plants and offer potential benefits to support overall wellness. They are the compounds that give plants that instantly recognisable smell and taste.

 

Due to volatilisation, the natural terpenes found in cannabis are often lost during the extraction process. CBD manufacturers are getting around this by attempting to mimic the terpenes found in the original hemp plant and reintroduce them using botanicals. Although scientists have been studying terpenes for a long time now, the research is mainly on individual terpenes rather than how they work together.

Introduction

Terpenes, also known as isoprenoids, terpenoids and terps, are the compounds in cannabis that give it that instantly recognisable aroma and flavour. To experience the maximum potential of terpenes, consumers will need to buy full-spectrum CBD as it is made using the whole plant. The theory is that the terpenes found in CBD can work alone or synergistically with other supporting terpenes found from additional natural sources.

Neurologists (scientists who study the brain and nervous system) have been investigating how the terpenes found in cannabis plants and other sources, such as lavender, rosemary, and chamomile, interact with the human body. However, they have barely begun to understand the therapeutic potentials and are yet to truly harness the abilities of the cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. Research is mainly based on the effects of individual terpenes rather than how they can work together.

The vague understanding of how terpenes interact with other compounds found in cannabis is not holding the CBD industry back from exploring terpenes. Many manufacturers are getting creative and introducing potentially complimentary terpenes to try and enhance terpene profiles found in cannabis flowers.

Where Do Terpenes Come From?

Plants naturally produce terpenes to protect themselves from predators or to attract pollinators. Terpenes are the most extensive and diverse group of naturally occurring compounds found in plants. Although they are primarily found in plants, some larger and more complex forms of terpenes such as lanosterol and squalene occur in animals.

Scientists have classified terpenes based on the organisation and quantity of carbon atoms (isoprene units) it contains. Terpenes are empirically observed to be built up from isoprene units which consist of five carbon atoms attached to eight hydrogen atoms – to form C5H8.

The term terpene refers to the naturally occurring compounds obtained from a single isoprene unit and is frequently used interchangeably with ‘terpenoids’ – the oxygenated versions of terpenes. However, the modern usage of the terms has generally become less specific, and isoprenoids are also used to refer to the same.

There are five terpene molecules, each differing in the number of terpene molecules. Below is a list starting from smallest to largest:

  • Monoterpenes (C10H16)
  • Sesquiterpenes (C15H24)
  • Diterpenes (C20H32)
  • Triterpenes (C30H48)
  • Tetraterpenes (C40H64)

When it comes to cannabis plants, each different strain or chemical variety (known as chemovars) has its own unique signature of terpenes and cannabinoids. There are now thousands of different chemovars which have been carefully engineered to contain specific terpenes. For example, Lemon Kush is high in the terpene limonene, which is more commonly found in citrus peels.

The Connection Between Scent and Human Sensation

Women smelling botanical in a glass bottle

 

For years researchers have been interested in the connections between how scent, emotion and memory are intertwined. In literature, the sensory experience that triggers the rush of memories even has its own term – known as the Proustian moment. Neuroscientists have found that smell and memory are closely linked due to the brain’s anatomy.

Taste also plays a role in scent as when you chew, the molecules in the food make their way retro-nasally to your nasal epithelium. So essentially, everything we consider flavour is actually a smell. It is possible to test this theory yourself by pinching your nose when eating something like chocolate, as all you will taste is sweet rather than any flavour.

Smells are managed by the olfactory bulb – a structure in the front part of the brain that transmits information to the other areas of the body’s central command for further processing. The olfactory lobe is also directly connected to the limbic system, the area of the brain that regulates emotions.

It has been found that odour could trigger instantaneous feelings of desire or even fear before you become fully aware of what you are smelling. There is a network of connections with other parts of the brain which give scents a matchless power to evoke detailed and emotionally charged memories.

Smells can also directly affect the behaviour and physiological conditions of the person receiving the odour. Many studies have shown the effect different terpenes have when human subjects are exposed to them. For example, the lavender aroma has been found to slow down reaction times and decrease working memory. Rosemary, on the other hand, has the ability to help enhance performance and become more alert.

Unfortunately, due to the legalities surrounding cannabis, there is a delay in research surrounding the plant’s terpenes and effects on human emotion. There is the commonly known effect of cannabis with high THC content can cause the user to become hungry. A study in mice has found smell has a leading role in why marijuana brings on hunger pangs. The THC binds to the cannabinoid receptors in the brain (CB1s) and inhibits chemical signals that tell us not to eat – making us feel hungry. As scientists know that smell plays a central role in making us hungry, it must be part of the explanation – however, we are yet to discover precisely how it correlates.

What is Botanical Synergy?

A person mixing botanicals in a glass beaker

There is a theory that plant extracts can be combined to create a mixture that compliments each other and our bodies – this is known as botanical synergy. In addition, botanical ingredients tend to be well known for their scent, flavour and potential therapeutic properties.

Botanicals can be extracted from various parts of a plant – including flowers, roots, bark and leaves. The botanical extraction process splits the bioactive compounds from the rest of the plant structure. The method will depend on each plant, but the ultimate goal is to harness the full spectrum of the plant’s botanicals. By extracting the phytochemicals (active compounds within the plant), the is profile closer to that of the whole plant, so it is possible to ensure the best concentration and efficacy of the botanical.

Once the botanical is extracted from the plant, the result is a concentrated oil or liquid solution that is abundant in natural therapeutic properties. Due to the concentrated form, only a tiny amount is needed to experience the potential benefits. The benefits which can be achieved from using botanicals are believed to be endless – as each extract is individual to the plant it was extracted from.

Some of the potential benefits botanical extracts are reputed to provide include:

  • Strengthen and tone immune functions (echinacea)
  • Antioxidants to support cardiovascular functions (green tea)
  • Boost low mood (St. John’s wort)
  • Support good sleep (valerian)
  • Aid with gastrointestinal problems (ginger)

Botanicals have also become an increasingly popular ingredient in CBD products as only a small concentration of each botanical extract is required to experience the potential rewards. This means there is the capacity to combine various plant extracts (including cannabis) to provide a broader range of benefits that support the whole body – bringing us back to the concept of ‘botanical synergy’.

One of the top buzzwords you will hear within the botanical wellness industry is adaptogens. These plants are also classed as botanicals but play a more specific role in supporting the body with various external stresses. Unfortunately, the research on the particular effects adaptogens have on humans is limited, but they have been used as a supplement for hundreds of years.

Added Terpenes vs Naturally Occurring

Scientist holding glass test tubes in a rack next to a green plant

 

Cannabis is rich in terpenes. When CBD is extracted from hemp flowers, it contains a fantastic array of natural properties. However, this process is expensive, and the product will still contain trace amounts of THC – which is illegal in some countries. Many manufacturers extract CBD from the whole plant using ethanol, resulting in most terpenes being lost through volatilisation.

Although the terms are often used interchangeably, it is worth understanding the distinction between terpenes and terpenoids when CBD is concerned. Terpenes are the natural compounds found in the flower of cannabis plants, whereas terpenoids are terpenes that have been chemically altered. Drying and curing cannabis flowers leads to the formation of terpenoids.

Terpenes are often reintroduced into the CBD following extraction to try and imitate the natural terpenes observed in the hemp plant from which it came. Some commonly added terpenes include linalool from lavender and limonene from citrus. Due to the complexities of cannabis strains, some 40 different terpenes at percentages mimic the chemical signature.

Although most terpenes added to CBD products are deemed safe by food standard agencies, there is some concern over the use of terpenes in vaping oils. The concentration of terpenes in vaping oil ranges from 5% to 15% – depending on the preferred end formulation. There is the risk of bad taste and even stinging lips or tongue if the concentration is too high.

Little is known about vaping terpenes or the rate the products may degrade from high heat exposure. Terpenes are known to be highly reactive molecules that isomerise and interact with oxygen. Unfortunately, due to the variability of vape oil composition, it is challenging for scientists to study terpenes within vape products.

There is also a concern over consumers developing allergies to some terpenes. Many allergens in fragrances are terpenes, so great care needs to be given when developing CBD formulations using artificially high amounts of terpenes. To mitigate risk, high-quality CBD producers will aim to replicate the terpenes in cannabis flowers at their naturally occurring ratios.

Many contend that using oil or extracts from cannabis flowers directly is the best way to achieve maximum benefits from the plant. The purest argument is that cannabis should be kept together, and terpenes from other natural sources should not be introduced. However, CBD manufacturers have become increasingly crafty with their use of terpenes. If they match the profiles found in cannabis flowers and the terpenes are analytically known, it should theoretically be the same chemistry from either source – resulting in just as decent effects.

 

The top five natural terpenes which work well with CBD include the following:

  1. Myrcene – Rich, herbal and earthy scent
  2. Linalool – Delicate and floral aroma
  3. Limonene – Citrusy smell like orange and lemon
  4. Pinene – Fresh and earthy scen
  5. Caryophyllene – Spicy and musky smell

Scientists have been studying terpenes for a long time. They have concluded that CBD works more effectively in the presence of terpenes rather than when isolated on its own. Therefore, full-spectrum CBD products would be the better choice for those wanting to use natural cannabis terpenes.

Final Thoughts

The wanted outcome is to have terpenes working holistically with the CBD compound to achieve what is known as the entourage effect. This is the theory that substances in cannabis, like CBD and THC, have synergistic effects that make the overall CBD product more effective.

There is a huge gap in research between how terpenes and CBD react in specific products. Consequently, all products must go through rigorous third-party lab testing to ensure their safety and reduce the risk of adverse effects. Regarding the safety of CBD, it has been found to be well-tolerated, but we need to be careful with potential allergens of added terpenes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the difference between terpenes and terpenoids?

There can be much confusion about the distinction between terpenes and terpenoids. Although they are both organic compounds, the key difference is that terpenes are simple hydrocarbons, whereas terpenoids are modified terpenes – containing different functional groups and oxidised methyl groups. When looking at cannabis plants, terpenes are formed throughout the plant, particularly in the flower’s trichome resin glands. Terpenoids are a type of terpene that have undergone oxidation, also known as drying and curing.

Is CBD a botanical?

CBD is a plant-derived botanical and considered one of the most exciting phytocannabinoid compounds found in cannabis. In addition, there is growing interest in CBD’s wellness applications due to its non-psychoactive properties, low toxicity and high tolerability in humans and other animals. The botanical is extracted from hemp – a particular type of C. Sativa L. This species of cannabis contains moderate to high levels of CBD and very low concentrations of THC. There is less than 0.3% THC in hemp plants used for CBD extraction to adhere to the strict legal regulations.

Are adaptogens the same as botanicals?

Most people will be familiar with botanicals, and although both adaptogens and botanicals derive from plants, they do mean slightly different things. Botanicals are the broader category of terpenes extracted from plants, whereas adaptogens are more specific to the support of stress relief. A lot of research is now being put into this specialised category of botanicals, with a particular interest in ashwagandha (an evergreen shrub that grows in Asia and Africa). CBD is considered an adaptogen, but a lot more controlled studies need to be completed to understand its true effect on humans.

How safe are terpenes to consume?

The terpenes we eat from foods are generally safe, so consuming fruits and plants rich in terpenes can offer some great health benefits. However, terpenes extracted in a pure concentrated form can be dangerous when undiluted. Therefore, it is not good to use any terpene or essential oil directly on the skin or take them directly into the body. Instead, use a diluted form of 5% or less to ensure the terpene does not cause any adverse effects.

What are the most common cannabis terpenes?

In cannabis strains, there are primary and secondary terpenes. The primary terpenes are responsible for how the plant looks, tastes and smells. The secondary terpenes are the underlying substances that provide depth and layers to the plant’s features. The variety of terpenes found in the plant depends on the particular strain. The common primary terpenes found in cannabis include pinene, humulene, limonene and myrcene. The common secondary terpenes include borneol, phytol, eucalyptol and sabinene.

How are terpenes extracted from cannabis?

CBD manufacturers are faced with the challenge of extracting terpenes from the plant material without damaging the fragile and volatile terpenes. The heavier organic compounds found in cannabis are relatively easy to extract using specific temperatures, pressures and organic solvents. Manufacturers will choose a preferred extraction process based on their budget, consumer demand and the desired end product.

The two choices are solvent-based terpene extraction and solventless terpene extraction. Solvent-based terpene extraction methods include CO2 extraction, ethanol extraction, light hydrocarbon extraction and R134a extraction. Solventless terpene extraction involves agitation, heat, and pressure. These methods include steam distillation, hydrodistillation and mechanical terpene extraction.

What are cannabinoid receptors?

Cannabinoids take effect in the body by interacting with cannabinoid receptors found on the surface of cells in different parts of the nervous system. Only two types of cannabinoid receptors have been identified so far – CB1 receptor and CB2 receptor. The CB1 receptors are primarily on the brain and spinal cord nerve cells. However, they have also been found in some peripheral organs and tissues (like the spleen, endocrine gland, white blood cells and sections of the reproductive, gastrointestinal and urinary tracts). The CB2 receptors are located on white blood cells, the tonsils, and the spleen.

Do terpenes make you high?

Coming into contact with terpenes will not directly make you high, but they may have indirect psychoactive effects through an interaction with THC. Some people have reported feeling a little “heady” when around terpenes with strong stimulating aromas. Plants known for their intense smelling terpenes include lavender, eucalyptus, rosemary and sage. For example, walking through a field of lavender can make them feel a bit drowsy, which some people will find relaxing, while others may find it gives them a headache.

When was CBD first extracted from a cannabis plant?

Roger Adams first discovered CBD in 1940 when he managed to isolate CBD and another cannabinoid called CBN from a hemp plant. Although Roger Adams hypothesised about the existence of the psychoactive chemical THC, it was not until 1964 that THC was isolated by Raphael Mechoulam – one of the leading names in cannabis science. Through Mechoulam’s work, the properties of both CBD and THC were identified. It is fascinating that given how THC is more often associated with cannabis, it was actually CBD that was identified first.

How are terpenes used with CBD products?

The majority of CBD extracts are improved by adding or reintroducing terpenes. This is due to CBD distillate and isolates having all their naturally occurring terpenes tripped from them during extraction. Terpenes are carefully formulated with the pure form of CBD to ensure the concentration is at a safe level in the finished product. The types of products terpenes are used with include CBD oil, vape juice, edibles, creams and ointments.

References

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7763918/

https://www.britannica.com/science/isoprenoid

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK55967/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK11158/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7084246/

https://www.intechopen.com/chapters/62573

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3573577/

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1365-2826.2008.01671.x

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/ja01858a058

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7593926/

 

Table of Contents

How the Cannabis Industry Has Become Crafty With Terpenes

Table of Contents

Summary

Introduction

Where Do Terpenes Come From?

The Connection Between Scent and Human Sensation

What is Botanical Synergy?

Added Terpenes vs Naturally Occurring

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

References

Summary

It is well known through cannabis research that CBD works far better than when isolated on its own. Terpenes are potent compounds found in plants and offer potential benefits to support overall wellness. They are the compounds that give plants that instantly recognisable smell and taste.

 

Due to volatilisation, the natural terpenes found in cannabis are often lost during the extraction process. CBD manufacturers are getting around this by attempting to mimic the terpenes found in the original hemp plant and reintroduce them using botanicals. Although scientists have been studying terpenes for a long time now, the research is mainly on individual terpenes rather than how they work together.

Introduction

Terpenes, also known as isoprenoids, terpenoids and terps, are the compounds in cannabis that give it that instantly recognisable aroma and flavour. To experience the maximum potential of terpenes, consumers will need to buy full-spectrum CBD as it is made using the whole plant. The theory is that the terpenes found in CBD can work alone or synergistically with other supporting terpenes found from additional natural sources.

Neurologists (scientists who study the brain and nervous system) have been investigating how the terpenes found in cannabis plants and other sources, such as lavender, rosemary, and chamomile, interact with the human body. However, they have barely begun to understand the therapeutic potentials and are yet to truly harness the abilities of the cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. Research is mainly based on the effects of individual terpenes rather than how they can work together.

The vague understanding of how terpenes interact with other compounds found in cannabis is not holding the CBD industry back from exploring terpenes. Many manufacturers are getting creative and introducing potentially complimentary terpenes to try and enhance terpene profiles found in cannabis flowers.

Where Do Terpenes Come From?

Plants naturally produce terpenes to protect themselves from predators or to attract pollinators. Terpenes are the most extensive and diverse group of naturally occurring compounds found in plants. Although they are primarily found in plants, some larger and more complex forms of terpenes such as lanosterol and squalene occur in animals.

Scientists have classified terpenes based on the organisation and quantity of carbon atoms (isoprene units) it contains. Terpenes are empirically observed to be built up from isoprene units which consist of five carbon atoms attached to eight hydrogen atoms – to form C5H8.

The term terpene refers to the naturally occurring compounds obtained from a single isoprene unit and is frequently used interchangeably with ‘terpenoids’ – the oxygenated versions of terpenes. However, the modern usage of the terms has generally become less specific, and isoprenoids are also used to refer to the same.

There are five terpene molecules, each differing in the number of terpene molecules. Below is a list starting from smallest to largest:

  • Monoterpenes (C10H16)
  • Sesquiterpenes (C15H24)
  • Diterpenes (C20H32)
  • Triterpenes (C30H48)
  • Tetraterpenes (C40H64)

When it comes to cannabis plants, each different strain or chemical variety (known as chemovars) has its own unique signature of terpenes and cannabinoids. There are now thousands of different chemovars which have been carefully engineered to contain specific terpenes. For example, Lemon Kush is high in the terpene limonene, which is more commonly found in citrus peels.

The Connection Between Scent and Human Sensation

Women smelling botanical in a glass bottle

 

For years researchers have been interested in the connections between how scent, emotion and memory are intertwined. In literature, the sensory experience that triggers the rush of memories even has its own term – known as the Proustian moment. Neuroscientists have found that smell and memory are closely linked due to the brain’s anatomy.

Taste also plays a role in scent as when you chew, the molecules in the food make their way retro-nasally to your nasal epithelium. So essentially, everything we consider flavour is actually a smell. It is possible to test this theory yourself by pinching your nose when eating something like chocolate, as all you will taste is sweet rather than any flavour.

Smells are managed by the olfactory bulb – a structure in the front part of the brain that transmits information to the other areas of the body’s central command for further processing. The olfactory lobe is also directly connected to the limbic system, the area of the brain that regulates emotions.

It has been found that odour could trigger instantaneous feelings of desire or even fear before you become fully aware of what you are smelling. There is a network of connections with other parts of the brain which give scents a matchless power to evoke detailed and emotionally charged memories.

Smells can also directly affect the behaviour and physiological conditions of the person receiving the odour. Many studies have shown the effect different terpenes have when human subjects are exposed to them. For example, the lavender aroma has been found to slow down reaction times and decrease working memory. Rosemary, on the other hand, has the ability to help enhance performance and become more alert.

Unfortunately, due to the legalities surrounding cannabis, there is a delay in research surrounding the plant’s terpenes and effects on human emotion. There is the commonly known effect of cannabis with high THC content can cause the user to become hungry. A study in mice has found smell has a leading role in why marijuana brings on hunger pangs. The THC binds to the cannabinoid receptors in the brain (CB1s) and inhibits chemical signals that tell us not to eat – making us feel hungry. As scientists know that smell plays a central role in making us hungry, it must be part of the explanation – however, we are yet to discover precisely how it correlates.

What is Botanical Synergy?

A person mixing botanicals in a glass beaker

There is a theory that plant extracts can be combined to create a mixture that compliments each other and our bodies – this is known as botanical synergy. In addition, botanical ingredients tend to be well known for their scent, flavour and potential therapeutic properties.

Botanicals can be extracted from various parts of a plant – including flowers, roots, bark and leaves. The botanical extraction process splits the bioactive compounds from the rest of the plant structure. The method will depend on each plant, but the ultimate goal is to harness the full spectrum of the plant’s botanicals. By extracting the phytochemicals (active compounds within the plant), the is profile closer to that of the whole plant, so it is possible to ensure the best concentration and efficacy of the botanical.

Once the botanical is extracted from the plant, the result is a concentrated oil or liquid solution that is abundant in natural therapeutic properties. Due to the concentrated form, only a tiny amount is needed to experience the potential benefits. The benefits which can be achieved from using botanicals are believed to be endless – as each extract is individual to the plant it was extracted from.

Some of the potential benefits botanical extracts are reputed to provide include:

  • Strengthen and tone immune functions (echinacea)
  • Antioxidants to support cardiovascular functions (green tea)
  • Boost low mood (St. John’s wort)
  • Support good sleep (valerian)
  • Aid with gastrointestinal problems (ginger)

Botanicals have also become an increasingly popular ingredient in CBD products as only a small concentration of each botanical extract is required to experience the potential rewards. This means there is the capacity to combine various plant extracts (including cannabis) to provide a broader range of benefits that support the whole body – bringing us back to the concept of ‘botanical synergy’.

One of the top buzzwords you will hear within the botanical wellness industry is adaptogens. These plants are also classed as botanicals but play a more specific role in supporting the body with various external stresses. Unfortunately, the research on the particular effects adaptogens have on humans is limited, but they have been used as a supplement for hundreds of years.

Added Terpenes vs Naturally Occurring

Scientist holding glass test tubes in a rack next to a green plant

 

Cannabis is rich in terpenes. When CBD is extracted from hemp flowers, it contains a fantastic array of natural properties. However, this process is expensive, and the product will still contain trace amounts of THC – which is illegal in some countries. Many manufacturers extract CBD from the whole plant using ethanol, resulting in most terpenes being lost through volatilisation.

Although the terms are often used interchangeably, it is worth understanding the distinction between terpenes and terpenoids when CBD is concerned. Terpenes are the natural compounds found in the flower of cannabis plants, whereas terpenoids are terpenes that have been chemically altered. Drying and curing cannabis flowers leads to the formation of terpenoids.

Terpenes are often reintroduced into the CBD following extraction to try and imitate the natural terpenes observed in the hemp plant from which it came. Some commonly added terpenes include linalool from lavender and limonene from citrus. Due to the complexities of cannabis strains, some 40 different terpenes at percentages mimic the chemical signature.

Although most terpenes added to CBD products are deemed safe by food standard agencies, there is some concern over the use of terpenes in vaping oils. The concentration of terpenes in vaping oil ranges from 5% to 15% – depending on the preferred end formulation. There is the risk of bad taste and even stinging lips or tongue if the concentration is too high.

Little is known about vaping terpenes or the rate the products may degrade from high heat exposure. Terpenes are known to be highly reactive molecules that isomerise and interact with oxygen. Unfortunately, due to the variability of vape oil composition, it is challenging for scientists to study terpenes within vape products.

There is also a concern over consumers developing allergies to some terpenes. Many allergens in fragrances are terpenes, so great care needs to be given when developing CBD formulations using artificially high amounts of terpenes. To mitigate risk, high-quality CBD producers will aim to replicate the terpenes in cannabis flowers at their naturally occurring ratios.

Many contend that using oil or extracts from cannabis flowers directly is the best way to achieve maximum benefits from the plant. The purest argument is that cannabis should be kept together, and terpenes from other natural sources should not be introduced. However, CBD manufacturers have become increasingly crafty with their use of terpenes. If they match the profiles found in cannabis flowers and the terpenes are analytically known, it should theoretically be the same chemistry from either source – resulting in just as decent effects.

 

The top five natural terpenes which work well with CBD include the following:

  1. Myrcene – Rich, herbal and earthy scent
  2. Linalool – Delicate and floral aroma
  3. Limonene – Citrusy smell like orange and lemon
  4. Pinene – Fresh and earthy scen
  5. Caryophyllene – Spicy and musky smell

Scientists have been studying terpenes for a long time. They have concluded that CBD works more effectively in the presence of terpenes rather than when isolated on its own. Therefore, full-spectrum CBD products would be the better choice for those wanting to use natural cannabis terpenes.

Final Thoughts

The wanted outcome is to have terpenes working holistically with the CBD compound to achieve what is known as the entourage effect. This is the theory that substances in cannabis, like CBD and THC, have synergistic effects that make the overall CBD product more effective.

There is a huge gap in research between how terpenes and CBD react in specific products. Consequently, all products must go through rigorous third-party lab testing to ensure their safety and reduce the risk of adverse effects. Regarding the safety of CBD, it has been found to be well-tolerated, but we need to be careful with potential allergens of added terpenes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the difference between terpenes and terpenoids?

There can be much confusion about the distinction between terpenes and terpenoids. Although they are both organic compounds, the key difference is that terpenes are simple hydrocarbons, whereas terpenoids are modified terpenes – containing different functional groups and oxidised methyl groups. When looking at cannabis plants, terpenes are formed throughout the plant, particularly in the flower’s trichome resin glands. Terpenoids are a type of terpene that have undergone oxidation, also known as drying and curing.

Is CBD a botanical?

CBD is a plant-derived botanical and considered one of the most exciting phytocannabinoid compounds found in cannabis. In addition, there is growing interest in CBD’s wellness applications due to its non-psychoactive properties, low toxicity and high tolerability in humans and other animals. The botanical is extracted from hemp – a particular type of C. Sativa L. This species of cannabis contains moderate to high levels of CBD and very low concentrations of THC. There is less than 0.3% THC in hemp plants used for CBD extraction to adhere to the strict legal regulations.

Are adaptogens the same as botanicals?

Most people will be familiar with botanicals, and although both adaptogens and botanicals derive from plants, they do mean slightly different things. Botanicals are the broader category of terpenes extracted from plants, whereas adaptogens are more specific to the support of stress relief. A lot of research is now being put into this specialised category of botanicals, with a particular interest in ashwagandha (an evergreen shrub that grows in Asia and Africa). CBD is considered an adaptogen, but a lot more controlled studies need to be completed to understand its true effect on humans.

How safe are terpenes to consume?

The terpenes we eat from foods are generally safe, so consuming fruits and plants rich in terpenes can offer some great health benefits. However, terpenes extracted in a pure concentrated form can be dangerous when undiluted. Therefore, it is not good to use any terpene or essential oil directly on the skin or take them directly into the body. Instead, use a diluted form of 5% or less to ensure the terpene does not cause any adverse effects.

What are the most common cannabis terpenes?

In cannabis strains, there are primary and secondary terpenes. The primary terpenes are responsible for how the plant looks, tastes and smells. The secondary terpenes are the underlying substances that provide depth and layers to the plant’s features. The variety of terpenes found in the plant depends on the particular strain. The common primary terpenes found in cannabis include pinene, humulene, limonene and myrcene. The common secondary terpenes include borneol, phytol, eucalyptol and sabinene.

How are terpenes extracted from cannabis?

CBD manufacturers are faced with the challenge of extracting terpenes from the plant material without damaging the fragile and volatile terpenes. The heavier organic compounds found in cannabis are relatively easy to extract using specific temperatures, pressures and organic solvents. Manufacturers will choose a preferred extraction process based on their budget, consumer demand and the desired end product.

The two choices are solvent-based terpene extraction and solventless terpene extraction. Solvent-based terpene extraction methods include CO2 extraction, ethanol extraction, light hydrocarbon extraction and R134a extraction. Solventless terpene extraction involves agitation, heat, and pressure. These methods include steam distillation, hydrodistillation and mechanical terpene extraction.

What are cannabinoid receptors?

Cannabinoids take effect in the body by interacting with cannabinoid receptors found on the surface of cells in different parts of the nervous system. Only two types of cannabinoid receptors have been identified so far – CB1 receptor and CB2 receptor. The CB1 receptors are primarily on the brain and spinal cord nerve cells. However, they have also been found in some peripheral organs and tissues (like the spleen, endocrine gland, white blood cells and sections of the reproductive, gastrointestinal and urinary tracts). The CB2 receptors are located on white blood cells, the tonsils, and the spleen.

Do terpenes make you high?

Coming into contact with terpenes will not directly make you high, but they may have indirect psychoactive effects through an interaction with THC. Some people have reported feeling a little “heady” when around terpenes with strong stimulating aromas. Plants known for their intense smelling terpenes include lavender, eucalyptus, rosemary and sage. For example, walking through a field of lavender can make them feel a bit drowsy, which some people will find relaxing, while others may find it gives them a headache.

When was CBD first extracted from a cannabis plant?

Roger Adams first discovered CBD in 1940 when he managed to isolate CBD and another cannabinoid called CBN from a hemp plant. Although Roger Adams hypothesised about the existence of the psychoactive chemical THC, it was not until 1964 that THC was isolated by Raphael Mechoulam – one of the leading names in cannabis science. Through Mechoulam’s work, the properties of both CBD and THC were identified. It is fascinating that given how THC is more often associated with cannabis, it was actually CBD that was identified first.

How are terpenes used with CBD products?

The majority of CBD extracts are improved by adding or reintroducing terpenes. This is due to CBD distillate and isolates having all their naturally occurring terpenes tripped from them during extraction. Terpenes are carefully formulated with the pure form of CBD to ensure the concentration is at a safe level in the finished product. The types of products terpenes are used with include CBD oil, vape juice, edibles, creams and ointments.

References

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7763918/

https://www.britannica.com/science/isoprenoid

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK55967/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK11158/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7084246/

https://www.intechopen.com/chapters/62573

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3573577/

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1365-2826.2008.01671.x

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/ja01858a058

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7593926/

 

Grey slate with hemp leaf, peppercorns, cannabis flowers, orange wedges, green hops and pine twig Grey slate with hemp leaf, peppercorns, cannabis flowers, orange wedges, green hops and pine twig Grey slate with hemp leaf, peppercorns, cannabis flowers, orange wedges, green hops and pine twig

THE LIFTING OF THE CBD FLOWER BAN IN FRANCE

 

Table of Contents

The Lifting of the CBD Flower Ban in France

Table of Contents

Summary

Introduction

Why France Banned the Sale of CBD Flowers

How The French CBD Industry Responded

The Temporary Overturned Ban on CBD Flowers

What Does The Future Hold For CBD in France?

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

References

Summary

France has some of the strictest regulations on CBD in Europe. They have continued to legislate based on hypothetical assumptions about the non-psychoactive compound’s risk to public health. The Kanavape ruling has sprung their potentially overzealous laws into the spotlight. The Court of Justice of the European Union is now asking them to remove the CBD flower prohibition until they have scientific data that supports the reason for blocking the free trade of legally produced CBD products.

The arguments for completely lifting the ban on CBD flowers in France are plentiful. It could potentially reduce the risk to public health as CBD products will be tested for quality and safety. In addition, the economic benefits the CBD industry brings are substantial, with hemp flowers representing 50% of the CBD market – equating to nearly €1 billion.

Introduction

France has some of the most hash cannabis laws in the whole of Europe. The plant used to make the non-psychoactive compound CBD has been banned federally in France since 1970. The authorities do not allow cannabis for medicinal use, and most prevalently, there is no distinction in the law between trafficking and personal use.

In recent years, countries across the continent like Italy, Germany, Malta and Luxembourg have legalised cannabis or made steps to draft bills to do so. On the other hand, France keeps its strict stance and goes in the opposite direction. The regulation around CBD and other hemp products is a hot topic in France and amplified following the Kanavape ruling.

This article delves into why the French Government has such a strict stance on cannabis-derived products, the impact on their national CBD industry and what the future may hold for one of Europe’s highest uptake of cannabis users.

Why France Banned the Sale of CBD Flowers

The outside of the Conseil d'Etat building at dusk

In the Kanavape case, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) asked France to review its stringent CBD regulations – specifically the Regulation (arrêté) of 22 August 1990, in response to the free movement of goods principle. As a result, France had to submit a new draft Regulation to the European Commission. The French courts have been giving effect to the European ruling directly despite the legal uncertainty created by the Kanavape situation.

On 31 December 2021, the long-awaited new regulation was published but was not well received. It expressly prohibits the marketing of flowers and leaves of certain varieties of cannabis to consumers – even when the THC content is below the 0.3% threshold.

The French Government had justified this ban due to their opinion of its risks to public health, risks to consumer health, and public safety. There is also the difficulty the French authorities have between distinguishing “narcotic” and “non-narcotic” flowers. On these points, the Conseil d’Etat (the highest French administrative court) argued the reason for their ruling included:

  • “It does not result from the investigation, at the date of this decision, that hemp flowers and leaves with less than 0.30% THC are harmful to health to justify a general and absolute prohibition of their sale to consumers and their use. This percentage being moreover the one retained by the contested regulation itself, in article 1-I, to characterise the plants authorised for cultivation, importation, exportation and industrial and commercial use.”

 

  • “It does not follow either that it is not possible to implement the means to control this percentage, while the means of control are detailed, for the whole of the plant, in the annexe of the regulation, in order to distinguish the leaves and flowers of hemp which, because of their very low THC content, could be regarded as devoid of narcotic properties, within the meaning of Article R. 5132-86 – I of the French code of public health.”

How The French CBD Industry Responded

The adoption of this decree does not solve the French difficulties regarding the status of CBD. As a result, several CBD producers, professional unions and associations have indicated their willingness to challenge this decree before the European authorities. As a result, appeals were brought before the Constitutional Council (“Conseil Constitutionnel”) – particularly around the definition of the criteria for the classification of narcotics.

On 7 January 2021, the government decree banned the sale of raw CBD leaves and flowers as constitutional. Their decision does not tackle the prohibition of the sale and possession of hemp flowers, but instead, it reflected the decree’s constitutionality. The Constitutional Council also declared that cannabidiol based products (including the flower) were not contained in the list of psychotropic substances. They also took the opportunity to preserve two cumulative criteria for defining a drug – “addiction” and “harmful effects on health”.

The Union of CBD professionals filed a summary proceeding before the Council of State on 1 January 2022. They successfully got them to temporarily suspend the enforcement of the decree based on an investigation that demonstrated that hemp flowers and leaves with a 0.3% maximum THC content would be sufficiently damaging to public health to warrant a complete absolute prohibition measure.

The Temporary Overturned Ban on CBD Flowers

Although the 31 December 2021 decree forbids the sale of CBD flowers to consumers (which was a significant setback for the French Cannabis market), it does allow hemp farmers to no longer destroy their flowers and can now extract hemp from all parts of the plant. The industry welcomed this decision and was happy to know that operators could defend the total crop valuation.

This development has seen a united front against the ruling by CBD industry bodies – including The Syndicat du Chanvre (The Professional Hemp Union), the Union des Professionnels du CBD, L630 and many others. In addition, the drug policy reform organisation L630 released a statement highlighting the legal problems that the decree poses. They assert that the legislation “violates constitutionally guaranteed freedom of commerce and industry, and undermines thousands of jobs without serious justification.”

From an economic standpoint, the decree represents a massive loss of revenue. CBD hemp flowers represent 50% of the CBD market, equating to almost €1 billion in business volume. In addition, the ban on the sale of hemp flowers in France could lead to a wave of redundancies within the sector, affecting traders in particular.

The CEO of French Swiss Hemp has also launched a citizen petition to raise awareness of the decree. It currently has over 40,000 signatures as more people understand the impact the prohibition of flower sales has on the entire hemp industry. It seems particularly unjust that other neighbouring counties do not ban the molecule.

One of the most prevalent highlights of the citizen petition is that many people consume CBD flowers for weaning off the psychoactive compound THC. The CBD flower ban would have a detrimental effect on those recovering and could force them to fall back on uncontrolled substances with a high THC content.

A pan-European membership organisation, known as the European Industrial Hemp Association (EIHA), has been vocal about the impacts the decree has had on the industry. They have noted that EU operators have lost part of the market due to the lengthy decision-making process – especially the CBD isolate, as they cannot compete with US prices. In addition, the prohibition of selling flowers will also negatively impact the EU hemp leaf (tea) market, which is entirely legal in the other Member States.

What Does The Future Hold For CBD in France?

 

Hand holding up a paper stencil of a hemp leave in front of a busy shopping street

France has always banned cannabis as a narcotic, but textile and agricultural hemp have been cultivated in the European nation for a long time. This form of hemp has insignificant THC levels but is often high in CBD and other non-addictive cannabinoids. CBD is currently not banned in France and is currently Europe’s largest hemp producer, only second in the world behind China.

It makes economic sense for France to allow more products to be made from CBD, especially considering the explosion of sales and the European law that tolerated the trade-in of CBD. This could be a fantastic opportunity for French agriculture and allow them to expand into the cosmetic and food CBD markets.

French farmers are well aware that the cultivation of hemp opens the doors to making outlets. These crops have the positive attribute of absorbing significant amounts of carbon dioxide and are far more lucrative than other popular crops like wheat. Even the cultivation of textile hemp is currently so controlled in France that farmers have to import the bulk of these hemp requirements to neighbouring countries. Many hope that the French authorities revise these regulations so that the farmers can start enticing trade.

With the CBD market currently representing around €3 billion worldwide annually, Europe should sooner or later represent close to 30% of the global market. Even with France’s strict laws, the market is already estimated at €300 million and could reach €1.5 billion per year in a few years. The industry could even employ at least 100,000 people. There is, however, the big factor that two-thirds of this market is anticipated to come from the marketing of raw leaves and flowers.

The French CBD industry wants the development of a common European approach to CBD-based products. However, they are currently left with some considerable uncertainty as they wait for the final decision on the merits of the lawfulness of the contested decree.

When it comes to the marketing and sale of CBD products in France, it is worth considering the following:

  • Make sure all CBD products you plan to manufacture, sell or distribute are compliant with French and EU regulations.

 

  • If you plan or are distributing CBD products in countries outside of France (or in the other EU Member States), make sure to get clarification on whether or not the products can be imported to France.

 

  • Double-check that all CBD products you are importing comply with EU regulation – and in particular, have been approved as Novel Food by the EU.

 

  • Be cautious that all your advertisements for CBD products do not create any confusion about cannabis and do not make any therapeutic claims.

It is essential to stay up to date with all regulatory changes to understand what is permitted and what is not. The assumption should not be made that what is legal in one country in Europe is also the case in another, even in EU member states.

Final Thoughts

The French state has a history of playing caution with CBD and other hemp-derived products. This caution or reluctance can be difficult for many to understand when faced with the fact that CBD has no apparent danger. However, the safety of CBD goes beyond the options of consumers and the cannabis industry – it is also the position supported by the CJEU.

The conflict in the French CBD market is not new and has been dragging on for years. However, as cannabis has been legalised in some countries like Canada and some States in America, the CBD industry has taken off. Likewise, the public authorities in France have seen a rise in the demand for new well-being hemp products.

There is a strong argument that a substance legally produced on European soil should not be able to be pronounced by another member state based on simple assumptions. For France to impose a future ban on CBD or one of its products, the government must prove that it poses a real risk to public health with a huge amount of solid scientific data backing it. The chances of this being the case are incredibly slim. Since the discovery of the cannabinoid compound in 1963, there has been no significant scientific study that demonstrated addictive, psychoactive effects or any health risk.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How does the CanaVape Case impact the French CBD industry?

In 2014, the French authorities launched legal action against the makers of CanaVape – Antonin Cohen and Sébastien Béguerie of SAS Catlab. CanaVape is made using CBD oil extracted from hemp flowers imported from the Czech Republic. Marseilles Criminal Court gave the pair a 16 month suspended sentence and a €10,000 fine in January 2018. The two makers appealed this verdict to the Aix-en-Provence Court of Appeal, which passed the matter to the CJEU. The CJEU ruled that CBD is not a narcotic, and a member state cannot restrict the free movement of CBD products (even when derived from hemp flowers).

Does CBD apply to the free movement of goods in the EU?

On 19 November 2020, the CJEU published a press release that stated Member States are not allowed to ban the marketing of CBD, which has been lawfully produced in another Member State. This includes products extracted from the whole of the Cannabis sativa plant, not just from the fibre and seeds. However, they do go on to declare that a prohibition can be justified to protect public health, but it can not go beyond what is necessary to attain it. The CJEU requests the French government to provide scientific data that proves CBD is a real risk to public health before imposing a prohibition. If they prohibit the marketing of CBD based on theoretical considerations, the French could be in breach of the EU free movement of goods agreement.

Can you buy CBD in France?

CBD is currently legal in France – however, there are some stringent rules around which sections of the hemp plant can be utilised and permitted strains. For example, only the stems and fibres can be used, and the finished CBD product must contain 0% THC. Therefore, to stay compliant in France, it may be best to purchase products made with CBD isolate. This is because the hemp extracts are thoroughly processed to remove any remaining THC or other cannabis compounds. As with any purchase, make sure the supplier can provide a third-party test certificate so you can check the safety and quality of the compounds.

What lessons could France learn from other countries’ cannabis policies?

The French Government contends that the reason for banning CBD flowers is over the concern for public health and safety. They are struggling to create a regulatory framework that allows for accurate THC monitoring and policing. Other countries’ experiences when opening up opportunities within the cannabis market and working towards legalising the whole plant have seen a decline in criminal activity and allowed for better control over product quality. There is huge consumer demand for cannabis products in France, and by legalising CBD flowers, the authorities would be able to regulate consumption to reduce the health risk. It would also free up a lot of time currently spent by law-enforcement bodies prosecuting cannabis use, allowing them to focus on combating other criminal markets.

What is a CBD hemp flower?

CBD hemp flower, also known as CBD hemp buds or buds, comes from the female hemp plant. As the female plant matures and enters the flowering stage of its lifecycle, it puts more energy into producing flowers covered in sticky compounds called trichomes. The hemp flower is understood to have some of the greatest CBD potential due to the variety of flavours, aromas, and textures it has to offer. As a result, many people decide to use CBD buds instead of oils and other products as they like to get the CBD directly from the source.

Do CBD flowers have a smell and taste?

The smell and taste of CBD flowers are very similar to that of cannabis, as it has many of the same flavonoids and terpenes. With high-quality flowers, the smell and flavour will be very pronounced. To help improve and maintain the buds, they should be stored in an airtight glass jar. Moisture can significantly impact the flavour – however, if they get too dry and crumbly, they will also lack taste. The distinct smell and taste of CBD are not to everyone’s liking. If you would like to enjoy the potential benefits of CBD flower but change the flavour a bit, you can add some citrus peel to the storage jar.

Can you smoke CBD flowers?

Smoking CBD flowers is one of the preferred methods of consumption. It can be smoked in many different ways, similar to cannabis. For example, some CBD flower fans choose to roll it or smoke it in a pipe. Others prefer vaping over smoking as there is more control over the temperature. In addition, having a lower setting means the plant will not get burned and reduces the risk of releasing toxins and carcinogens found in smoke of any kind. Smoking CBD flowers will not produce any psychoactive effects, but some people have reported feelings of relaxation and peacefulness while maintaining a clear head.

How do you make CBD flower tea?

Although smoking is probably the most popular form of using CBD flowers, there are many different ways to consume it. For those who have a preference not to smoke – it can be used to make tea or added to food. To make tea, it is best to grind the buds as finely as possible to allow for optimal flavour and CBD release. The ground flowers are then added to a tea strainer or infuser and into a pan of gently simmering pan of water. Seeping will take around 20 minutes to facilitate the decarboxylation process. CBD flowers are also great to bake with and are excellent in homemade biscuits to go with your special tea.

What is the difference between carboxylation and decarboxylation?

Even when cannabis is raw (carboxylation), it does provide some potential nutritional benefits. However, to enjoy the full benefits cannabis has to offer, the plant needs to be heated (decarboxylation). Decarboxylation refers to the chemical reaction that removes a carboxyl (COOH) group from CBD-A. Carbon dioxide is then released from the plant as a by-product of this reaction. Unfortunately, when making edibles from CBD flowers, it is common to forget to decarboxylate the plant before eating. Use an oven to heat the plant matter and release the activated CBD to avoid this mistake.

What is the difference between CBD flowers and THC flowers?

Although CBD and THC both come from cannabis plants, their effect on the body differs hugely. Unlike THC, which is most prevalent in marijuana, CBD buds are from the female hemp plant with low amounts of THC. The most significant difference between the two compounds is that CBD is non-psychoactive. This is one of the main reasons why many governments have made hemp products with high CBD but low THC content legal for sale and purchase. It can be tricky to distinguish between the two flowers purely by looking at the buds, but when analysing the whole plant. THC bearing plants tend to have broader leaves with a short, dense bush. Hemp plants, on the other hand, are taller with thin leaves.

References

https://curia.europa.eu/juris/document/document.jsf?docid=233925&mode=req&pageIndex=1&dir=&occ=first&part=1&text=&doclang=EN&cid=17576455

https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/jorf/id/JORFTEXT000044793213

https://www.change.org/p/j-denormandie-annulation-de-l-arr%C3%AAt%C3%A9-concernant-l-interdiction-de-la-fleur-de-chanvre

https://eiha.org/

https://curia.europa.eu/jcms/upload/docs/application/pdf/2020-11/cp200141en.pdf

 

Table of Contents

The Lifting of the CBD Flower Ban in France

Table of Contents

Summary

Introduction

Why France Banned the Sale of CBD Flowers

How The French CBD Industry Responded

The Temporary Overturned Ban on CBD Flowers

What Does The Future Hold For CBD in France?

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

References

Summary

France has some of the strictest regulations on CBD in Europe. They have continued to legislate based on hypothetical assumptions about the non-psychoactive compound’s risk to public health. The Kanavape ruling has sprung their potentially overzealous laws into the spotlight. The Court of Justice of the European Union is now asking them to remove the CBD flower prohibition until they have scientific data that supports the reason for blocking the free trade of legally produced CBD products.

The arguments for completely lifting the ban on CBD flowers in France are plentiful. It could potentially reduce the risk to public health as CBD products will be tested for quality and safety. In addition, the economic benefits the CBD industry brings are substantial, with hemp flowers representing 50% of the CBD market – equating to nearly €1 billion.

Introduction

France has some of the most hash cannabis laws in the whole of Europe. The plant used to make the non-psychoactive compound CBD has been banned federally in France since 1970. The authorities do not allow cannabis for medicinal use, and most prevalently, there is no distinction in the law between trafficking and personal use.

In recent years, countries across the continent like Italy, Germany, Malta and Luxembourg have legalised cannabis or made steps to draft bills to do so. On the other hand, France keeps its strict stance and goes in the opposite direction. The regulation around CBD and other hemp products is a hot topic in France and amplified following the Kanavape ruling.

This article delves into why the French Government has such a strict stance on cannabis-derived products, the impact on their national CBD industry and what the future may hold for one of Europe’s highest uptake of cannabis users.

Why France Banned the Sale of CBD Flowers

The outside of the Conseil d'Etat building at dusk

In the Kanavape case, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) asked France to review its stringent CBD regulations – specifically the Regulation (arrêté) of 22 August 1990, in response to the free movement of goods principle. As a result, France had to submit a new draft Regulation to the European Commission. The French courts have been giving effect to the European ruling directly despite the legal uncertainty created by the Kanavape situation.

On 31 December 2021, the long-awaited new regulation was published but was not well received. It expressly prohibits the marketing of flowers and leaves of certain varieties of cannabis to consumers – even when the THC content is below the 0.3% threshold.

The French Government had justified this ban due to their opinion of its risks to public health, risks to consumer health, and public safety. There is also the difficulty the French authorities have between distinguishing “narcotic” and “non-narcotic” flowers. On these points, the Conseil d’Etat (the highest French administrative court) argued the reason for their ruling included:

  • “It does not result from the investigation, at the date of this decision, that hemp flowers and leaves with less than 0.30% THC are harmful to health to justify a general and absolute prohibition of their sale to consumers and their use. This percentage being moreover the one retained by the contested regulation itself, in article 1-I, to characterise the plants authorised for cultivation, importation, exportation and industrial and commercial use.”

 

  • “It does not follow either that it is not possible to implement the means to control this percentage, while the means of control are detailed, for the whole of the plant, in the annexe of the regulation, in order to distinguish the leaves and flowers of hemp which, because of their very low THC content, could be regarded as devoid of narcotic properties, within the meaning of Article R. 5132-86 – I of the French code of public health.”

How The French CBD Industry Responded

The adoption of this decree does not solve the French difficulties regarding the status of CBD. As a result, several CBD producers, professional unions and associations have indicated their willingness to challenge this decree before the European authorities. As a result, appeals were brought before the Constitutional Council (“Conseil Constitutionnel”) – particularly around the definition of the criteria for the classification of narcotics.

On 7 January 2021, the government decree banned the sale of raw CBD leaves and flowers as constitutional. Their decision does not tackle the prohibition of the sale and possession of hemp flowers, but instead, it reflected the decree’s constitutionality. The Constitutional Council also declared that cannabidiol based products (including the flower) were not contained in the list of psychotropic substances. They also took the opportunity to preserve two cumulative criteria for defining a drug – “addiction” and “harmful effects on health”.

The Union of CBD professionals filed a summary proceeding before the Council of State on 1 January 2022. They successfully got them to temporarily suspend the enforcement of the decree based on an investigation that demonstrated that hemp flowers and leaves with a 0.3% maximum THC content would be sufficiently damaging to public health to warrant a complete absolute prohibition measure.

The Temporary Overturned Ban on CBD Flowers

Although the 31 December 2021 decree forbids the sale of CBD flowers to consumers (which was a significant setback for the French Cannabis market), it does allow hemp farmers to no longer destroy their flowers and can now extract hemp from all parts of the plant. The industry welcomed this decision and was happy to know that operators could defend the total crop valuation.

This development has seen a united front against the ruling by CBD industry bodies – including The Syndicat du Chanvre (The Professional Hemp Union), the Union des Professionnels du CBD, L630 and many others. In addition, the drug policy reform organisation L630 released a statement highlighting the legal problems that the decree poses. They assert that the legislation “violates constitutionally guaranteed freedom of commerce and industry, and undermines thousands of jobs without serious justification.”

From an economic standpoint, the decree represents a massive loss of revenue. CBD hemp flowers represent 50% of the CBD market, equating to almost €1 billion in business volume. In addition, the ban on the sale of hemp flowers in France could lead to a wave of redundancies within the sector, affecting traders in particular.

The CEO of French Swiss Hemp has also launched a citizen petition to raise awareness of the decree. It currently has over 40,000 signatures as more people understand the impact the prohibition of flower sales has on the entire hemp industry. It seems particularly unjust that other neighbouring counties do not ban the molecule.

One of the most prevalent highlights of the citizen petition is that many people consume CBD flowers for weaning off the psychoactive compound THC. The CBD flower ban would have a detrimental effect on those recovering and could force them to fall back on uncontrolled substances with a high THC content.

A pan-European membership organisation, known as the European Industrial Hemp Association (EIHA), has been vocal about the impacts the decree has had on the industry. They have noted that EU operators have lost part of the market due to the lengthy decision-making process – especially the CBD isolate, as they cannot compete with US prices. In addition, the prohibition of selling flowers will also negatively impact the EU hemp leaf (tea) market, which is entirely legal in the other Member States.

What Does The Future Hold For CBD in France?

 

Hand holding up a paper stencil of a hemp leave in front of a busy shopping street

France has always banned cannabis as a narcotic, but textile and agricultural hemp have been cultivated in the European nation for a long time. This form of hemp has insignificant THC levels but is often high in CBD and other non-addictive cannabinoids. CBD is currently not banned in France and is currently Europe’s largest hemp producer, only second in the world behind China.

It makes economic sense for France to allow more products to be made from CBD, especially considering the explosion of sales and the European law that tolerated the trade-in of CBD. This could be a fantastic opportunity for French agriculture and allow them to expand into the cosmetic and food CBD markets.

French farmers are well aware that the cultivation of hemp opens the doors to making outlets. These crops have the positive attribute of absorbing significant amounts of carbon dioxide and are far more lucrative than other popular crops like wheat. Even the cultivation of textile hemp is currently so controlled in France that farmers have to import the bulk of these hemp requirements to neighbouring countries. Many hope that the French authorities revise these regulations so that the farmers can start enticing trade.

With the CBD market currently representing around €3 billion worldwide annually, Europe should sooner or later represent close to 30% of the global market. Even with France’s strict laws, the market is already estimated at €300 million and could reach €1.5 billion per year in a few years. The industry could even employ at least 100,000 people. There is, however, the big factor that two-thirds of this market is anticipated to come from the marketing of raw leaves and flowers.

The French CBD industry wants the development of a common European approach to CBD-based products. However, they are currently left with some considerable uncertainty as they wait for the final decision on the merits of the lawfulness of the contested decree.

When it comes to the marketing and sale of CBD products in France, it is worth considering the following:

  • Make sure all CBD products you plan to manufacture, sell or distribute are compliant with French and EU regulations.

 

  • If you plan or are distributing CBD products in countries outside of France (or in the other EU Member States), make sure to get clarification on whether or not the products can be imported to France.

 

  • Double-check that all CBD products you are importing comply with EU regulation – and in particular, have been approved as Novel Food by the EU.

 

  • Be cautious that all your advertisements for CBD products do not create any confusion about cannabis and do not make any therapeutic claims.

It is essential to stay up to date with all regulatory changes to understand what is permitted and what is not. The assumption should not be made that what is legal in one country in Europe is also the case in another, even in EU member states.

Final Thoughts

The French state has a history of playing caution with CBD and other hemp-derived products. This caution or reluctance can be difficult for many to understand when faced with the fact that CBD has no apparent danger. However, the safety of CBD goes beyond the options of consumers and the cannabis industry – it is also the position supported by the CJEU.

The conflict in the French CBD market is not new and has been dragging on for years. However, as cannabis has been legalised in some countries like Canada and some States in America, the CBD industry has taken off. Likewise, the public authorities in France have seen a rise in the demand for new well-being hemp products.

There is a strong argument that a substance legally produced on European soil should not be able to be pronounced by another member state based on simple assumptions. For France to impose a future ban on CBD or one of its products, the government must prove that it poses a real risk to public health with a huge amount of solid scientific data backing it. The chances of this being the case are incredibly slim. Since the discovery of the cannabinoid compound in 1963, there has been no significant scientific study that demonstrated addictive, psychoactive effects or any health risk.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How does the CanaVape Case impact the French CBD industry?

In 2014, the French authorities launched legal action against the makers of CanaVape – Antonin Cohen and Sébastien Béguerie of SAS Catlab. CanaVape is made using CBD oil extracted from hemp flowers imported from the Czech Republic. Marseilles Criminal Court gave the pair a 16 month suspended sentence and a €10,000 fine in January 2018. The two makers appealed this verdict to the Aix-en-Provence Court of Appeal, which passed the matter to the CJEU. The CJEU ruled that CBD is not a narcotic, and a member state cannot restrict the free movement of CBD products (even when derived from hemp flowers).

Does CBD apply to the free movement of goods in the EU?

On 19 November 2020, the CJEU published a press release that stated Member States are not allowed to ban the marketing of CBD, which has been lawfully produced in another Member State. This includes products extracted from the whole of the Cannabis sativa plant, not just from the fibre and seeds. However, they do go on to declare that a prohibition can be justified to protect public health, but it can not go beyond what is necessary to attain it. The CJEU requests the French government to provide scientific data that proves CBD is a real risk to public health before imposing a prohibition. If they prohibit the marketing of CBD based on theoretical considerations, the French could be in breach of the EU free movement of goods agreement.

Can you buy CBD in France?

CBD is currently legal in France – however, there are some stringent rules around which sections of the hemp plant can be utilised and permitted strains. For example, only the stems and fibres can be used, and the finished CBD product must contain 0% THC. Therefore, to stay compliant in France, it may be best to purchase products made with CBD isolate. This is because the hemp extracts are thoroughly processed to remove any remaining THC or other cannabis compounds. As with any purchase, make sure the supplier can provide a third-party test certificate so you can check the safety and quality of the compounds.

What lessons could France learn from other countries’ cannabis policies?

The French Government contends that the reason for banning CBD flowers is over the concern for public health and safety. They are struggling to create a regulatory framework that allows for accurate THC monitoring and policing. Other countries’ experiences when opening up opportunities within the cannabis market and working towards legalising the whole plant have seen a decline in criminal activity and allowed for better control over product quality. There is huge consumer demand for cannabis products in France, and by legalising CBD flowers, the authorities would be able to regulate consumption to reduce the health risk. It would also free up a lot of time currently spent by law-enforcement bodies prosecuting cannabis use, allowing them to focus on combating other criminal markets.

What is a CBD hemp flower?

CBD hemp flower, also known as CBD hemp buds or buds, comes from the female hemp plant. As the female plant matures and enters the flowering stage of its lifecycle, it puts more energy into producing flowers covered in sticky compounds called trichomes. The hemp flower is understood to have some of the greatest CBD potential due to the variety of flavours, aromas, and textures it has to offer. As a result, many people decide to use CBD buds instead of oils and other products as they like to get the CBD directly from the source.

Do CBD flowers have a smell and taste?

The smell and taste of CBD flowers are very similar to that of cannabis, as it has many of the same flavonoids and terpenes. With high-quality flowers, the smell and flavour will be very pronounced. To help improve and maintain the buds, they should be stored in an airtight glass jar. Moisture can significantly impact the flavour – however, if they get too dry and crumbly, they will also lack taste. The distinct smell and taste of CBD are not to everyone’s liking. If you would like to enjoy the potential benefits of CBD flower but change the flavour a bit, you can add some citrus peel to the storage jar.

Can you smoke CBD flowers?

Smoking CBD flowers is one of the preferred methods of consumption. It can be smoked in many different ways, similar to cannabis. For example, some CBD flower fans choose to roll it or smoke it in a pipe. Others prefer vaping over smoking as there is more control over the temperature. In addition, having a lower setting means the plant will not get burned and reduces the risk of releasing toxins and carcinogens found in smoke of any kind. Smoking CBD flowers will not produce any psychoactive effects, but some people have reported feelings of relaxation and peacefulness while maintaining a clear head.

How do you make CBD flower tea?

Although smoking is probably the most popular form of using CBD flowers, there are many different ways to consume it. For those who have a preference not to smoke – it can be used to make tea or added to food. To make tea, it is best to grind the buds as finely as possible to allow for optimal flavour and CBD release. The ground flowers are then added to a tea strainer or infuser and into a pan of gently simmering pan of water. Seeping will take around 20 minutes to facilitate the decarboxylation process. CBD flowers are also great to bake with and are excellent in homemade biscuits to go with your special tea.

What is the difference between carboxylation and decarboxylation?

Even when cannabis is raw (carboxylation), it does provide some potential nutritional benefits. However, to enjoy the full benefits cannabis has to offer, the plant needs to be heated (decarboxylation). Decarboxylation refers to the chemical reaction that removes a carboxyl (COOH) group from CBD-A. Carbon dioxide is then released from the plant as a by-product of this reaction. Unfortunately, when making edibles from CBD flowers, it is common to forget to decarboxylate the plant before eating. Use an oven to heat the plant matter and release the activated CBD to avoid this mistake.

What is the difference between CBD flowers and THC flowers?

Although CBD and THC both come from cannabis plants, their effect on the body differs hugely. Unlike THC, which is most prevalent in marijuana, CBD buds are from the female hemp plant with low amounts of THC. The most significant difference between the two compounds is that CBD is non-psychoactive. This is one of the main reasons why many governments have made hemp products with high CBD but low THC content legal for sale and purchase. It can be tricky to distinguish between the two flowers purely by looking at the buds, but when analysing the whole plant. THC bearing plants tend to have broader leaves with a short, dense bush. Hemp plants, on the other hand, are taller with thin leaves.

References

https://curia.europa.eu/juris/document/document.jsf?docid=233925&mode=req&pageIndex=1&dir=&occ=first&part=1&text=&doclang=EN&cid=17576455

https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/jorf/id/JORFTEXT000044793213

https://www.change.org/p/j-denormandie-annulation-de-l-arr%C3%AAt%C3%A9-concernant-l-interdiction-de-la-fleur-de-chanvre

https://eiha.org/

https://curia.europa.eu/jcms/upload/docs/application/pdf/2020-11/cp200141en.pdf

What is the Most Bioavailable Form of CBD?

Table of Contents

What Is The Most Bioavailable Form of CBD?

Table of Contents

Summary

Introduction

What is CBD bioavailability?

How the Body Processes CBD

Can You  Increase the Bioavailability of CBD?

Factors Contributing to CBD Bioavailability

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

References

Summary

Naturally, consumers will want to get the maximum value out of their wellness products. With an ingredient as unique as CBD, it is no wonder there is a lot of talk about how to maximise bioavailability. For those unfamiliar with the term, bioavailability refers to the ratio of CBD that is absorbed into the bloodstream. Bioavailability is crucial to scientific CBD research as it provides essential data on how cannabinoids engage with the body via different delivery methods and product types.

It has been found that there are some factors CBD users can control to help improve bioavailability. This includes the form in which CBD is taken, dosage, product storage and the addition of beneficial ingredients such as high-fat foods, supplemental herbs and terpenes. Some aspects may be out of our control, such as various health conditions, but with a basic understanding of how CBD works in the body, consumers can get the most out of the natural cannabinoid compounds.

Introduction

CBD plays a dominant role in the wellness industry, and with many products having a high price tag, consumers want to get the most out of their investment. However, this compound’s natural benefits can hugely benefit those wanting to support a healthy lifestyle, and much can be done to help maximise its impacts.

Through a basic understanding of how CBD works on the body, consumers can make additions to support the delivery of cannabinoids – whether that is on the skin surface area or being absorbed into their bloodstream. Of course, how the body processes CBD will be dependent on the form and method of intake.

Official scientific research into CBD and its impacts on the human body is limited. However, we will see this change over time, and the industry will have a much better insight into the endocannabinoid system and how we process cannabinoids. This article explores the science behind bioavailability and what can be done to boost the potential effectiveness of CBD products.

What is CBD bioavailability?

Bioavailability is not a term specific to CBD – it is a scientific phrase used to reference the availability of all drugs and compounds to the body’s cells. In simple terms, it refers to the ratio of a substance that absorbs into the bloodstream.

When it comes to the bioavailability of CBD, its effectiveness is determined by how it reaches the endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system is a series of receptors in the nervous system that interacts with CBD.

The quantity of CBD absorbed and used by your body will depend on your body’s mechanisms for absorption and elimination – known as pharmacokinetics. CBD compounds will also need to stay in your system for long enough to reach the relevant tissues and organs in the body.

Bioavailability is significant to scientific CBD research as it provides vital data on how compounds engage with the body through different delivery methods. In addition, it gives us a better idea of how CBD enters and interacts with the bloodstream.

How the Body Processes CBD

Fingers holding a pipette of CBD oil over a cup of tea with sugar cubes in the APO logo shapes

CBD comes in many different forms to suit the vast array of consumer preferences. The most popular types on the market include tinctures, balms, vapes, gummies, sprays and many more. Each form of CBD has its own benefits, and manufacturers are seeking to increase the bioavailability of their products so consumers can experience the maximum benefits.

Here are some of the methods in which the human body processes CBD and receives the potential benefits of the compound:

  • Edibles – Just like the nutrients we get from healthy foods, when CBD is consumed in the form of an edible, your body processes the compound in your digestive tract. The CBD food product or capsule passes through your stomach and into your liver, where the metabolism occurs. Once it has been metabolised, CBD is released into your bloodstream.

The bioavailability of CBD when ingested is between 13% and 19%. This indicates that if you swallow 20mg of CBD, it will absorb around 3mg or less in your bloodstream. Those wanting a higher bioavailability from their CBD products will likely want to use tinctures instead of gummies, drinks, capsules or soft gels. This is because CBD tinctures are absorbed in your bloodstream more quickly when swallowed.

  • Vapes – Vaping is one of the fastest ways of getting CBD into your bloodstream as it allows the compound to enter your lungs directly. Studies have shown that vaporising CBD can have a bioavailability of up to 56%, which is incredibly high. As a result, CBD vaping is often the preference of those who want to experience a fast compound delivery.

It Is worth pointing out that the temperature at which vaporisation is released impacts the effectiveness. If the CBD vape juices are overheated, some potential therapeutic benefits can be lost and even cause compounds to become hazardous.

  • Oil Drops – Perhaps one of the most traditional ways of taking CBD, you can buy drops that are placed under the tongue. You will need to hold the CBD oil under your tongue for around 60 to 90 seconds while your mouth’s mucous membranes absorb it.

This method of CBD ingestion allows you to bypass the liver and digestive system. Instead, the compound is metabolised via your enzymes. Although sublingually applied CBD gets into your system more quickly than other edible forms – it still has less bioavailability than vaporise CBD.

  • Topicals – The market for CBD topicals has grown hugely over recent years due to their popularity in the beauty and skincare sector. Many CBD topical products are available to try, from facial serums and creams to lip balms and body lotions. However, it may come as a shock to find out that topical use of CBD does not actually cause the compound to reach your bloodstream.

The potential benefits of CBD topical products come from the pores on the skin absorbing the compounds. The CBD is then transferred down to the inner layers of skin, known as your dermis. Although the permeability of skin to CBD is on the low side, some absorption does indeed take place. This is particularly true when the topical product is used liberally on the skin and applied in targeted areas.

Can You Increase the Bioavailability of CBD?

Not everyone likes the same form of CBD and would prefer to do what they can to increase the bioavailability of their chosen product. Here are some of the potential ways to improve the effectiveness of CBD reaching your endocannabinoid system:

  • High Fat Foods – The bioavailability of CBD can be increased when put into high-fat food. CBD is highly soluble in fat, which means the chemical compound can be easily dissolved in fatty oils. These fats and fatty oils can break down large CBD molecules into smaller ones – making the compound more readily absorbable by your body. Some foods which work well with CBD include peanut butter, avocados, almond butter and nuts. It is also possible to dissolve CBD in olive oil, coconut oil, and hemp seed oil, making it simpler for the body to absorb it.

 

  • Nanotechnology and Emulsification – CBD producers now use nanotechnology to create new and exciting CBD products (which are essentially emulsified). The emulsification process breaks down the CBD molecules into smaller ones. Research has found that the tinier and more dispersed the CBD molecules become, the more bioavailable CBD is. This is due to the smaller molecules passing through your system more easily and quickly reaching your bloodstream. Once the CBD has been micronised, it is added to an oil or water-based product.

 

  • Supplemental Herbs – When CBD is consumed with some supplemental herbs, the compound’s bioavailability can increase even more. For example, chamomile flowers are great for preventing CBD from naturally breaking down in your body as it contains the compound apigenin. This compound can also be found in dark chocolate, celery, oregano, parsley and carob. In addition, you can take CBD with spicy peppers as they are rich in capsaicin.

 

  • Piperine – This fantastic compound found in black pepper functions on many levels and can boost CBD absorption. Piperine stimulates the transport molecules in the intestinal lining responsible for transferring CBD through the intestinal membrane and into the bloodstream. Once CBD is absorbed, piperine slows down the enzymes that degrade CBD, giving it more time to reach its target tissue where it gets absorbed and utilised.

 

Many CBD manufacturers are adding piperine into their oral supplements as it has been recorded that there is a sixfold increase in the maximum concentration in the bloodstream compared to the same piperine-free CBD supplement.

One of the most practical additions to increasing the bioavailability of CBD is the use of supplemental terpenes. These are fatty oils that naturally occur in oils derived from almost all kinds of plants. Terpenes are also found to create the aromas and flavours found in herbs, fruits, flowers and other plants. In addition, they are also often used to flavour edibles like sweets and drinks.

Terpenes also occur naturally in hemp plants. They are extracted along with the CBD and other substances to formulate CBD products. All the compounds work together to increase the benefit of each other via a synergistic process called the ‘entourage effect‘. One of the benefits is increased bioavailability when terpenes and CBD are combined. Such terpenes include:

  • Limonene – Found in lemons, lemongrass, and grapefruits.
  • Alpha-pinene – Found in rosemary, juniper, eucalyptus, black pepper, sage, and coniferous trees.
  • Menthol – Found in spearmint, peppermint and eucalyptus.
  • Myrcene – Found in lemongrass, hops and mangoes.
  • Beta-caryophyllene (BCP) – Found in rosemary, lavender and black pepper.
  • Linalool – Found in lavender, bay leaf, coriander and cinnamon.

Factors Contributing to CBD Bioavailability

Internal image of the human chest and digestive system

 

Before delving into the contributing factors of CBD bioavailability, you will first need to become familiar with pharmacokinetics. It is a term used to describe a compound’s absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion. The pharmacokinetics of CBD are subject to many internal and external factors – some of which can be manipulated to work to the advantage of the user.

Some aspects may be out of our control, but the efficiency can be maximised by choosing the most suitable CBD administration. Below are some of the many variable elements of CBD pharmacokinetics:

  • Medical Conditions – Some medical conditions can affect CBD absorption in specific ways. For example, the liver has an essential function in removing CBD to prepare it for exertion from the body. Therefore, if your liver is not fully functioning, it can impact the efficiency and length of time CBD stays in your body. Those with hepatic impairment may find that they have higher concentrations of CBD in their blood, and it takes longer to leave their system than those with healthy liver function.

Neurological health problems can also impact the bioavailability of CBD. One of the major studies was completed on patients with Huntington’s disease, who were given CBD over six weeks. It showed low peak levels of absorption without any beneficial effects.

  • CBD Dosage – It may seem logical that the higher the dose, the better the absorption. This is correct to a certain point, such as with CBD oral sprays. An increase from 5mg to 10mg can double the absorption. It is also the case when increasing the dose from 10mg to 20mg, as it can see results of three-times higher absorption.

However, if users try a high dose of between 400 mg and 800 mg, the absorption rate will no longer rise as they have reached a threshold. This is partly due to the tissues already being saturated and unable to absorb more quantities of CBD.

  • Fasting vs Saturation – As we learned above, CBD is fat-soluble, so it comes as no surprise that the absorption of CBD is much better when you use it with food compared to on an empty stomach. It is three to five times more absorbable, so the next time you administer your CBD, do so with healthy fat sources like avocados, nuts, seeds, or fish high in omega-3 fatty acids.

Food does not only help the CBD dissolve and break down into smaller parts that are easier to absorb – but it also helps slow down the cleaning processes responsible for removing CBD from the body. For example, when taken on an empty stomach, it can take nine times less time to be cleaned out of a system than post-meal or with-meal administration. The presence or absence of food can actually have a more significant effect on the cleaning process than CBD dose levels.

  • Heat Treatment – As consumers are quickly learning, quality is key when it comes to choosing CBD products. Unfortunately, one common error that occurs with low-quality processing methods is the heating of hemp extracts converts the compounds into active but absorbed less effectively.

Final Thoughts

When it comes to determining the most bioavailable form of CBD, it may not be as straightforward as we would like. The rates are constantly affected by various factors – such as how the CBD is made, what form it is taken, the dosage and what it has been supplemented with.

Bioavailability is hugely important to your CBD experience as it affects how your body absorbs the compounds. Taking CBD orally is considered to have the lowest bioavailability level, but on the other hand, you may experience the potential effects of CBD for longer. Similarly, a transdermal application may not offer the highest absorption results, but it is excellent for those looking to target a specific external area on the body.

It comes to personal preference, so although sublingual and inhaling methods offer the fastest bioavailability rates, they may not always be what is best for you. Spend time finding the method which suits your needs and lifestyle.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Why is bioavailability important?

Bioavailability is an important factor for CBD as it is a key indicator of compound absorption. In addition, it represents the administered dose fraction that successfully reaches the systemic circulation when administered – whether that be orally or through any other extravascular dosing route.

Is bioavailability the same as absorption?

Absorption is the movement of CBD from the administration site to the systemic circulation. Bioavailability is the extent to which absorption occurs. In other words, bioavailability is the fraction of the administered drug that reaches the systemic circulation in the unchanged form.

What affects bioavailability?

There are many factors that affect bioavailability, from a person’s age, gender, physical activity, genetic phenotype, stress, and even medical conditions. This is one of the primary reasons why figuring out a CBD dose that is best for each user is crucial to experience the most out of what CBD has to offer.

How does the body metabolise CBD?

When CBD is ingested, it goes through the digestive system and to the stomach. From here, it enters the hepatic portal system, where CBD is transported to the liver. The liver metabolises the CBD molecules in a process called the “first-pass effect”, and then the CBD enters the bloodstream.

Does taking CBD sublingually bypass the liver?

Using the sublingual method to take CBD allows the user to bypass the digestive system and liver metabolism altogether. It then allows the compounds to reach the bloodstream more quickly as they can avoid being broken down by enzymes.

Does topical CBD actually work?

Although topical CBD products do not have the highest bioavailability, they do have their advantages. Topicals can be great for directly targeting specific areas, such as joints, muscles and skin. They can also be beneficial for those who find the taste of CBD unpleasant but still want to experience the potentials the compound has to offer.

How fast does CBD degrade?

The bioavailability of CBD will be at its best when using high-quality products which have been stored properly. Stability tests have indicated that CBD had a maximum degradation due to improper storage. When samples were stored at 37°C for 30 days, they showed average values of up to 20%. Light was also damaging but had a lower effect with average degradation values of up to 15% after 30 days.

What does lipophilic mean?

Lipophilic refers to the capability of a substance to dissolve in lipids or fats. For example, CBD is a highly lipophilic molecule meaning it dissolves easily in the fat content of food. Fats help increase CBD’s solubility, absorption and therefore bioavailability.

How are scientists working towards improving CBD delivery?

The CBD industry is constantly working towards improving bioavailability. One of the main areas of research includes self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS). These entail mixtures of oils, surfactants and solvents that create micro-sized droplets when they come into contact with an aqueous solution – such as in the gut. Due to the small nature of the droplets, it increases the surface area available for the CBD to be dissolved and absorbed.

Can you have too much CBD in your system?

There have not been many studies completed on the toxic levels of CBD. This is due to the ethical standpoint of carrying out such an experiment. However, a 2011 study indicates a toxic dose of CBD falls somewhere around 20,000 mg when taken at once. The consensus among experts is that even in extremely large doses, it is likely to cause some nasty side effects such as diarrhoea, nausea and lethargy – but not death.

References

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4789136/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6275223/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6275223/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2689518/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7558665/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7324885/

https://www.msdmanuals.com/en-gb/professional/clinical-pharmacology/pharmacokinetics/overview-of-pharmacokinetics

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1839644/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7558665/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6720748/

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-60477-6

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22129319/

 

Table of Contents

What Is The Most Bioavailable Form of CBD?

Table of Contents

Summary

Introduction

What is CBD bioavailability?

How the Body Processes CBD

Can You  Increase the Bioavailability of CBD?

Factors Contributing to CBD Bioavailability

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

References

Summary

Naturally, consumers will want to get the maximum value out of their wellness products. With an ingredient as unique as CBD, it is no wonder there is a lot of talk about how to maximise bioavailability. For those unfamiliar with the term, bioavailability refers to the ratio of CBD that is absorbed into the bloodstream. Bioavailability is crucial to scientific CBD research as it provides essential data on how cannabinoids engage with the body via different delivery methods and product types.

It has been found that there are some factors CBD users can control to help improve bioavailability. This includes the form in which CBD is taken, dosage, product storage and the addition of beneficial ingredients such as high-fat foods, supplemental herbs and terpenes. Some aspects may be out of our control, such as various health conditions, but with a basic understanding of how CBD works in the body, consumers can get the most out of the natural cannabinoid compounds.

Introduction

CBD plays a dominant role in the wellness industry, and with many products having a high price tag, consumers want to get the most out of their investment. However, this compound’s natural benefits can hugely benefit those wanting to support a healthy lifestyle, and much can be done to help maximise its impacts.

Through a basic understanding of how CBD works on the body, consumers can make additions to support the delivery of cannabinoids – whether that is on the skin surface area or being absorbed into their bloodstream. Of course, how the body processes CBD will be dependent on the form and method of intake.

Official scientific research into CBD and its impacts on the human body is limited. However, we will see this change over time, and the industry will have a much better insight into the endocannabinoid system and how we process cannabinoids. This article explores the science behind bioavailability and what can be done to boost the potential effectiveness of CBD products.

What is CBD bioavailability?

Bioavailability is not a term specific to CBD – it is a scientific phrase used to reference the availability of all drugs and compounds to the body’s cells. In simple terms, it refers to the ratio of a substance that absorbs into the bloodstream.

When it comes to the bioavailability of CBD, its effectiveness is determined by how it reaches the endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system is a series of receptors in the nervous system that interacts with CBD.

The quantity of CBD absorbed and used by your body will depend on your body’s mechanisms for absorption and elimination – known as pharmacokinetics. CBD compounds will also need to stay in your system for long enough to reach the relevant tissues and organs in the body.

Bioavailability is significant to scientific CBD research as it provides vital data on how compounds engage with the body through different delivery methods. In addition, it gives us a better idea of how CBD enters and interacts with the bloodstream.

How the Body Processes CBD

Fingers holding a pipette of CBD oil over a cup of tea with sugar cubes in the APO logo shapes

CBD comes in many different forms to suit the vast array of consumer preferences. The most popular types on the market include tinctures, balms, vapes, gummies, sprays and many more. Each form of CBD has its own benefits, and manufacturers are seeking to increase the bioavailability of their products so consumers can experience the maximum benefits.

Here are some of the methods in which the human body processes CBD and receives the potential benefits of the compound:

  • Edibles – Just like the nutrients we get from healthy foods, when CBD is consumed in the form of an edible, your body processes the compound in your digestive tract. The CBD food product or capsule passes through your stomach and into your liver, where the metabolism occurs. Once it has been metabolised, CBD is released into your bloodstream.

The bioavailability of CBD when ingested is between 13% and 19%. This indicates that if you swallow 20mg of CBD, it will absorb around 3mg or less in your bloodstream. Those wanting a higher bioavailability from their CBD products will likely want to use tinctures instead of gummies, drinks, capsules or soft gels. This is because CBD tinctures are absorbed in your bloodstream more quickly when swallowed.

  • Vapes – Vaping is one of the fastest ways of getting CBD into your bloodstream as it allows the compound to enter your lungs directly. Studies have shown that vaporising CBD can have a bioavailability of up to 56%, which is incredibly high. As a result, CBD vaping is often the preference of those who want to experience a fast compound delivery.

It Is worth pointing out that the temperature at which vaporisation is released impacts the effectiveness. If the CBD vape juices are overheated, some potential therapeutic benefits can be lost and even cause compounds to become hazardous.

  • Oil Drops – Perhaps one of the most traditional ways of taking CBD, you can buy drops that are placed under the tongue. You will need to hold the CBD oil under your tongue for around 60 to 90 seconds while your mouth’s mucous membranes absorb it.

This method of CBD ingestion allows you to bypass the liver and digestive system. Instead, the compound is metabolised via your enzymes. Although sublingually applied CBD gets into your system more quickly than other edible forms – it still has less bioavailability than vaporise CBD.

  • Topicals – The market for CBD topicals has grown hugely over recent years due to their popularity in the beauty and skincare sector. Many CBD topical products are available to try, from facial serums and creams to lip balms and body lotions. However, it may come as a shock to find out that topical use of CBD does not actually cause the compound to reach your bloodstream.

The potential benefits of CBD topical products come from the pores on the skin absorbing the compounds. The CBD is then transferred down to the inner layers of skin, known as your dermis. Although the permeability of skin to CBD is on the low side, some absorption does indeed take place. This is particularly true when the topical product is used liberally on the skin and applied in targeted areas.

Can You Increase the Bioavailability of CBD?

Not everyone likes the same form of CBD and would prefer to do what they can to increase the bioavailability of their chosen product. Here are some of the potential ways to improve the effectiveness of CBD reaching your endocannabinoid system:

  • High Fat Foods – The bioavailability of CBD can be increased when put into high-fat food. CBD is highly soluble in fat, which means the chemical compound can be easily dissolved in fatty oils. These fats and fatty oils can break down large CBD molecules into smaller ones – making the compound more readily absorbable by your body. Some foods which work well with CBD include peanut butter, avocados, almond butter and nuts. It is also possible to dissolve CBD in olive oil, coconut oil, and hemp seed oil, making it simpler for the body to absorb it.

 

  • Nanotechnology and Emulsification – CBD producers now use nanotechnology to create new and exciting CBD products (which are essentially emulsified). The emulsification process breaks down the CBD molecules into smaller ones. Research has found that the tinier and more dispersed the CBD molecules become, the more bioavailable CBD is. This is due to the smaller molecules passing through your system more easily and quickly reaching your bloodstream. Once the CBD has been micronised, it is added to an oil or water-based product.

 

  • Supplemental Herbs – When CBD is consumed with some supplemental herbs, the compound’s bioavailability can increase even more. For example, chamomile flowers are great for preventing CBD from naturally breaking down in your body as it contains the compound apigenin. This compound can also be found in dark chocolate, celery, oregano, parsley and carob. In addition, you can take CBD with spicy peppers as they are rich in capsaicin.

 

  • Piperine – This fantastic compound found in black pepper functions on many levels and can boost CBD absorption. Piperine stimulates the transport molecules in the intestinal lining responsible for transferring CBD through the intestinal membrane and into the bloodstream. Once CBD is absorbed, piperine slows down the enzymes that degrade CBD, giving it more time to reach its target tissue where it gets absorbed and utilised.

 

Many CBD manufacturers are adding piperine into their oral supplements as it has been recorded that there is a sixfold increase in the maximum concentration in the bloodstream compared to the same piperine-free CBD supplement.

One of the most practical additions to increasing the bioavailability of CBD is the use of supplemental terpenes. These are fatty oils that naturally occur in oils derived from almost all kinds of plants. Terpenes are also found to create the aromas and flavours found in herbs, fruits, flowers and other plants. In addition, they are also often used to flavour edibles like sweets and drinks.

Terpenes also occur naturally in hemp plants. They are extracted along with the CBD and other substances to formulate CBD products. All the compounds work together to increase the benefit of each other via a synergistic process called the ‘entourage effect‘. One of the benefits is increased bioavailability when terpenes and CBD are combined. Such terpenes include:

  • Limonene – Found in lemons, lemongrass, and grapefruits.
  • Alpha-pinene – Found in rosemary, juniper, eucalyptus, black pepper, sage, and coniferous trees.
  • Menthol – Found in spearmint, peppermint and eucalyptus.
  • Myrcene – Found in lemongrass, hops and mangoes.
  • Beta-caryophyllene (BCP) – Found in rosemary, lavender and black pepper.
  • Linalool – Found in lavender, bay leaf, coriander and cinnamon.

Factors Contributing to CBD Bioavailability

Internal image of the human chest and digestive system

 

Before delving into the contributing factors of CBD bioavailability, you will first need to become familiar with pharmacokinetics. It is a term used to describe a compound’s absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion. The pharmacokinetics of CBD are subject to many internal and external factors – some of which can be manipulated to work to the advantage of the user.

Some aspects may be out of our control, but the efficiency can be maximised by choosing the most suitable CBD administration. Below are some of the many variable elements of CBD pharmacokinetics:

  • Medical Conditions – Some medical conditions can affect CBD absorption in specific ways. For example, the liver has an essential function in removing CBD to prepare it for exertion from the body. Therefore, if your liver is not fully functioning, it can impact the efficiency and length of time CBD stays in your body. Those with hepatic impairment may find that they have higher concentrations of CBD in their blood, and it takes longer to leave their system than those with healthy liver function.

Neurological health problems can also impact the bioavailability of CBD. One of the major studies was completed on patients with Huntington’s disease, who were given CBD over six weeks. It showed low peak levels of absorption without any beneficial effects.

  • CBD Dosage – It may seem logical that the higher the dose, the better the absorption. This is correct to a certain point, such as with CBD oral sprays. An increase from 5mg to 10mg can double the absorption. It is also the case when increasing the dose from 10mg to 20mg, as it can see results of three-times higher absorption.

However, if users try a high dose of between 400 mg and 800 mg, the absorption rate will no longer rise as they have reached a threshold. This is partly due to the tissues already being saturated and unable to absorb more quantities of CBD.

  • Fasting vs Saturation – As we learned above, CBD is fat-soluble, so it comes as no surprise that the absorption of CBD is much better when you use it with food compared to on an empty stomach. It is three to five times more absorbable, so the next time you administer your CBD, do so with healthy fat sources like avocados, nuts, seeds, or fish high in omega-3 fatty acids.

Food does not only help the CBD dissolve and break down into smaller parts that are easier to absorb – but it also helps slow down the cleaning processes responsible for removing CBD from the body. For example, when taken on an empty stomach, it can take nine times less time to be cleaned out of a system than post-meal or with-meal administration. The presence or absence of food can actually have a more significant effect on the cleaning process than CBD dose levels.

  • Heat Treatment – As consumers are quickly learning, quality is key when it comes to choosing CBD products. Unfortunately, one common error that occurs with low-quality processing methods is the heating of hemp extracts converts the compounds into active but absorbed less effectively.

Final Thoughts

When it comes to determining the most bioavailable form of CBD, it may not be as straightforward as we would like. The rates are constantly affected by various factors – such as how the CBD is made, what form it is taken, the dosage and what it has been supplemented with.

Bioavailability is hugely important to your CBD experience as it affects how your body absorbs the compounds. Taking CBD orally is considered to have the lowest bioavailability level, but on the other hand, you may experience the potential effects of CBD for longer. Similarly, a transdermal application may not offer the highest absorption results, but it is excellent for those looking to target a specific external area on the body.

It comes to personal preference, so although sublingual and inhaling methods offer the fastest bioavailability rates, they may not always be what is best for you. Spend time finding the method which suits your needs and lifestyle.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Why is bioavailability important?

Bioavailability is an important factor for CBD as it is a key indicator of compound absorption. In addition, it represents the administered dose fraction that successfully reaches the systemic circulation when administered – whether that be orally or through any other extravascular dosing route.

Is bioavailability the same as absorption?

Absorption is the movement of CBD from the administration site to the systemic circulation. Bioavailability is the extent to which absorption occurs. In other words, bioavailability is the fraction of the administered drug that reaches the systemic circulation in the unchanged form.

What affects bioavailability?

There are many factors that affect bioavailability, from a person’s age, gender, physical activity, genetic phenotype, stress, and even medical conditions. This is one of the primary reasons why figuring out a CBD dose that is best for each user is crucial to experience the most out of what CBD has to offer.

How does the body metabolise CBD?

When CBD is ingested, it goes through the digestive system and to the stomach. From here, it enters the hepatic portal system, where CBD is transported to the liver. The liver metabolises the CBD molecules in a process called the “first-pass effect”, and then the CBD enters the bloodstream.

Does taking CBD sublingually bypass the liver?

Using the sublingual method to take CBD allows the user to bypass the digestive system and liver metabolism altogether. It then allows the compounds to reach the bloodstream more quickly as they can avoid being broken down by enzymes.

Does topical CBD actually work?

Although topical CBD products do not have the highest bioavailability, they do have their advantages. Topicals can be great for directly targeting specific areas, such as joints, muscles and skin. They can also be beneficial for those who find the taste of CBD unpleasant but still want to experience the potentials the compound has to offer.

How fast does CBD degrade?

The bioavailability of CBD will be at its best when using high-quality products which have been stored properly. Stability tests have indicated that CBD had a maximum degradation due to improper storage. When samples were stored at 37°C for 30 days, they showed average values of up to 20%. Light was also damaging but had a lower effect with average degradation values of up to 15% after 30 days.

What does lipophilic mean?

Lipophilic refers to the capability of a substance to dissolve in lipids or fats. For example, CBD is a highly lipophilic molecule meaning it dissolves easily in the fat content of food. Fats help increase CBD’s solubility, absorption and therefore bioavailability.

How are scientists working towards improving CBD delivery?

The CBD industry is constantly working towards improving bioavailability. One of the main areas of research includes self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS). These entail mixtures of oils, surfactants and solvents that create micro-sized droplets when they come into contact with an aqueous solution – such as in the gut. Due to the small nature of the droplets, it increases the surface area available for the CBD to be dissolved and absorbed.

Can you have too much CBD in your system?

There have not been many studies completed on the toxic levels of CBD. This is due to the ethical standpoint of carrying out such an experiment. However, a 2011 study indicates a toxic dose of CBD falls somewhere around 20,000 mg when taken at once. The consensus among experts is that even in extremely large doses, it is likely to cause some nasty side effects such as diarrhoea, nausea and lethargy – but not death.

References

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4789136/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6275223/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6275223/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2689518/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7558665/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7324885/

https://www.msdmanuals.com/en-gb/professional/clinical-pharmacology/pharmacokinetics/overview-of-pharmacokinetics

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1839644/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7558665/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6720748/

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-60477-6

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22129319/

 

Woman with tattoos choosing a yellow CBD gummy from a tin Woman with tattoos choosing a yellow CBD gummy from a tin Woman with tattoos choosing a yellow CBD gummy from a tin

The Roots of Cannabis

A brief introduction to the history of cannabis

Cannabis today is a controversial topic, with the plant’s legality varying dependant on place and culture. The plant has had a somewhat tumultuous history so in honour of 4/20, a day well known and celebrated by cannabis enthusiasts across the globe, here is some wider context and history of the cannabis plant.

Cannabis and its purported healing and medicinal benefits has been used for hundreds of years in herbal remedies and recreationally. The first uses of cannabis are attributed to central Asia, western China, or even Egypt, although the exact location is still disputed.

The first documented case of its use dates back to 2800 BC, when it was listed in the Emperor Shen Nung’s pharmacopoeia (History of cannabis, 2022). Cannabis was also used medicinally by the well-known Chinese doctor Hua T’uo who reportedly made use of a hemp and wine recipe called “ma-yo” as an anaesthetic for surgical operations (Russo, 2013).

Cannabis continues to crop up throughout history as both a recreational drug and a key component in medicinal treatments. There is evidence of cannabis being used during 1213 BC to treat glaucoma, inflammation, and cooling the uterus, as well as administering enemas, this was uncovered when cannabis pollen was discovered on the mummy of Ramesses II (Manniche, 1989).

Throughout the renaissance period, cannabis appears more regularly in European history. English Clergyman and Oxford scholar Robert Burton suggests cannabis as a treatment for depression in his influential and still popular 1621 book The Anatomy of Melancholy (Grinspoon, 2005).

Cannabis was very popular until and throughout the 19th century until disappearing from the official Pharmacopoeia at the beginning of the 20th century and reviving again in the new millennium. Its modern history is peculiar since its return, its medical use has been deeply influenced and hampered by economic, social, and ethical issues. These issues are now being reconsidered owing to recently collected scientific evidence about the efficacy and safety of cannabinoid-based drugs (Pisanti, Bifulco, 2017).

In 2019, the revenue of the legal cannabis market in Europe overall was approximately 0.3 billion U.S. dollars. In the coming years, as more European countries legalize cannabis, the market revenue is expected to rise to almost 2.5 billion U.S. dollars in 2024 (Legal cannabis market in Europe 2020-2024 | Statista, 2022). These growing numbers indicate the increasing popularity of CBD and other cannabis products in the European market.

Despite its long history and the many controversies cannabis has caused, the plant is becoming increasingly popular again as society is shifting positively towards more natural remedies and as the many possible benefits of the plant and its extracts are rediscovered. Here at Always Pure Organics we look forward to seeing the social and economic growth that has been long over due for cannabis and we strive to continue to work in partnership with businesses within the industry to bring end consumer the highest quality CBD products.

References

Statista. 2022. Legal cannabis market in Europe 2020-2024 | Statista. [online] Available at: <https://www.statista.com/statistics/1096946/legal-cannabis-market-in-europe-forecast/> [Accessed 11 April 2022].

The University of Sydney. 2022. History of cannabis. [online] Available at: <https://www.sydney.edu.au/lambert/medicinal-cannabis/history-of cannabis.html#:~:text=The%20use%20of%20cannabis%

20originated,father%20of%20Chinese%20medicine)%20pharmacopoeia.> [Accessed 4 April 2022].

Russo, E., 2013. Cannabis and Cannabinoids: Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutic Potential. Routledge, p.37

Manniche. L, 1989 An Ancient Egyptian Herbal University of Texas Press

Grinspoon. L, MD, 2005 History of Cannabis as a Medicine, Statement for hearing by DEA Law Judge

Pisanti, S. and Bifulco, M., 2017. Modern History of Medical Cannabis: From Widespread Use to Prohibitionism and Back. [online] Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. Available at: <https://www.cell.com/trends/pharmacological-sciences/fulltext/S0165-6147(16)30184-5#relatedArticles> [Accessed 4 April 2022].

 

Ready to join the growth?

Contact one of our business executives below to find out more today.

 

A brief introduction to the history of cannabis

Cannabis today is a controversial topic, with the plant’s legality varying dependant on place and culture. The plant has had a somewhat tumultuous history so in honour of 4/20, a day well known and celebrated by cannabis enthusiasts across the globe, here is some wider context and history of the cannabis plant.

Cannabis and its purported healing and medicinal benefits has been used for hundreds of years in herbal remedies and recreationally. The first uses of cannabis are attributed to central Asia, western China, or even Egypt, although the exact location is still disputed.

The first documented case of its use dates back to 2800 BC, when it was listed in the Emperor Shen Nung’s pharmacopoeia (History of cannabis, 2022). Cannabis was also used medicinally by the well-known Chinese doctor Hua T’uo who reportedly made use of a hemp and wine recipe called “ma-yo” as an anaesthetic for surgical operations (Russo, 2013).

Cannabis continues to crop up throughout history as both a recreational drug and a key component in medicinal treatments. There is evidence of cannabis being used during 1213 BC to treat glaucoma, inflammation, and cooling the uterus, as well as administering enemas, this was uncovered when cannabis pollen was discovered on the mummy of Ramesses II (Manniche, 1989).

Throughout the renaissance period, cannabis appears more regularly in European history. English Clergyman and Oxford scholar Robert Burton suggests cannabis as a treatment for depression in his influential and still popular 1621 book The Anatomy of Melancholy (Grinspoon, 2005).

Cannabis was very popular until and throughout the 19th century until disappearing from the official Pharmacopoeia at the beginning of the 20th century and reviving again in the new millennium. Its modern history is peculiar since its return, its medical use has been deeply influenced and hampered by economic, social, and ethical issues. These issues are now being reconsidered owing to recently collected scientific evidence about the efficacy and safety of cannabinoid-based drugs (Pisanti, Bifulco, 2017).

In 2019, the revenue of the legal cannabis market in Europe overall was approximately 0.3 billion U.S. dollars. In the coming years, as more European countries legalize cannabis, the market revenue is expected to rise to almost 2.5 billion U.S. dollars in 2024 (Legal cannabis market in Europe 2020-2024 | Statista, 2022). These growing numbers indicate the increasing popularity of CBD and other cannabis products in the European market.

Despite its long history and the many controversies cannabis has caused, the plant is becoming increasingly popular again as society is shifting positively towards more natural remedies and as the many possible benefits of the plant and its extracts are rediscovered. Here at Always Pure Organics we look forward to seeing the social and economic growth that has been long over due for cannabis and we strive to continue to work in partnership with businesses within the industry to bring end consumer the highest quality CBD products.

References

Statista. 2022. Legal cannabis market in Europe 2020-2024 | Statista. [online] Available at: <https://www.statista.com/statistics/1096946/legal-cannabis-market-in-europe-forecast/> [Accessed 11 April 2022].

The University of Sydney. 2022. History of cannabis. [online] Available at: <https://www.sydney.edu.au/lambert/medicinal-cannabis/history-of cannabis.html#:~:text=The%20use%20of%20cannabis%

20originated,father%20of%20Chinese%20medicine)%20pharmacopoeia.> [Accessed 4 April 2022].

Russo, E., 2013. Cannabis and Cannabinoids: Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutic Potential. Routledge, p.37

Manniche. L, 1989 An Ancient Egyptian Herbal University of Texas Press

Grinspoon. L, MD, 2005 History of Cannabis as a Medicine, Statement for hearing by DEA Law Judge

Pisanti, S. and Bifulco, M., 2017. Modern History of Medical Cannabis: From Widespread Use to Prohibitionism and Back. [online] Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. Available at: <https://www.cell.com/trends/pharmacological-sciences/fulltext/S0165-6147(16)30184-5#relatedArticles> [Accessed 4 April 2022].

 

Ready to join the growth?

Contact one of our business executives below to find out more today.

 

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Distillates and the Beauty Industry

The global cosmetics market was worth approximately 94 billion USD in 2020, despite an estimated 8% drop from the previous year (statista.com, 2022). Skincare products alone made up approximately 42 percent of this, demonstrating absolute dominance of the category while also holding the distinction of being the most profitable. Since the CBD market has experienced enormous growth over the same period, it is no wonder that the overlap between the CBD industry and the cosmetics market is so great. 

Both are highly profitable and rapidly expanding industries. Innovation is key in remaining competitive in both markets and the standards for quality and traceability are incredibly high. The knowledge of the consumers and their focus on natural and organic ingredients requires substantial formulation experience and top-quality raw materials for manufacturers to remain competitive. 

Typically, finished products have been made from CBD isolate and it’s only recently that we’ve seen significant usage of distillate raw materials. This preference for isolate still holds true for CBD cosmetics as most manufacturers consider it the simplest option for adding CBD to a product, without changing the formulation unnecessarily with the addition of extra ingredients. However, now that cosmetic manufacturers are looking to add minor cannabinoids to their formulations, this approach will no longer be sustainable. 

How to accommodate cannabinoids into cosmetic formulations

The first method for including cannabinoids would be to purchase and mix a number of different cannabinoid isolates, which is undesirable in terms of the costs involved It Is also impractical from a formulation standpoint as this would require calculating mass and percentages to ensure you get the desired ratios of cannabinoids, rather than simply adding the necessary mass of CBD.

The alternative solution to the above challenge is to start from a distillate raw material, which naturally contains a variety of cannabinoids. Distillate products typically demonstrate considerable variation in their cannabinoid content, but Always Pure Organics’ dedicated science and formulation team have created a solution by offering a range of Tailor-Made Cannabinoid Distillates. 

Ultimate customisation 

These distillates come with a wide variety of options for cannabinoid content including CBN, CBG and CBD, with specialised ratios of each compound available. This allows for the formulation of cosmetic products with specific ratios of cannabinoids from a single raw material, enabling the creation of products that otherwise would be prohibitively expensive and require extensive formulation experience. By using a raw material that already has the desired ratio of cannabinoids that you want in your end product, uncertainty towards formulating products correctly can be dealt with. 

A further benefit to using cannabinoid distillates rather than isolates as a raw material is in the inclusion of terpenes. Terpenes are common compounds found in a variety of plant species and are often responsible for their distinctive scents. Linalool, for example, is the primary compound that contributes to the scent of lavender and has been purported to have soothing properties, orange terpenes have demonstrated antioxidant effect, while pinene creates the distinctive scent for pine trees and is being investigated for a number of therapeutic effects.

The Cannabis plant is no exception, containing a wide variety of terpene compounds. During the production process for isolate, these compounds are removed, but the distillation process preserves them and as such our tailor-made distillates will naturally contain terpenes in their makeup. These compounds are not only responsible for the scent of cannabinoid extracts but have been hypothesised to contribute to the entourage effect, potentially increasing the effect of any present cannabinoids simply by their presence. There is also the option to commission specialised tailor-made distillates with bespoke terpene content, enhancing these raw materials with flavour and aroma that occurs naturally within the plant. For example, a customised distillate raw material could be formulated with additional linalool to provide a naturally soothing scent that will transfer to the finished product. 

Always Pure Organics has a team of highly experienced and creative formulation experts behind the development of these tailor-made distillates. It’s because of our confidence in their expertise that we can be sure these raw materials are the perfect choice for cosmetics manufacturers looking to expand their range and cater to the developing requirements of a health-conscious market. 

Ensuring consumer confidence is a major focus for Always Pure Organics and one route through which we continually achieve this is the supply of high-quality raw materials to manufacturers. As such, the production of these tailor-made distillates benefits not only the manufacturers who purchase them, but also the market as a whole. We pride ourselves on setting a standard for high quality products that other businesses will need to emulate in order to keep up, especially in an industry as fast moving as that of CBD. 

Cosmetics are a huge market, especially items related to skincare and health. Since CBD is a compound with many purported health benefits, there is increasing overlap between the two industries. With continual demand for innovative cosmetics as well as the CBD market looking to include minor cannabinoids into their wellness routines, the adoption of distillate products was an inevitability. Our range of Tailor-Made Cannabinoid Distillates will set a quality standard to improve the market as a whole, increasing confidence from end-users as they move out of their comfort zone and try minor cannabinoids.

The global cosmetics market was worth approximately 94 billion USD in 2020, despite an estimated 8% drop from the previous year (statista.com, 2022). Skincare products alone made up approximately 42 percent of this, demonstrating absolute dominance of the category while also holding the distinction of being the most profitable. Since the CBD market has experienced enormous growth over the same period, it is no wonder that the overlap between the CBD industry and the cosmetics market is so great. 

Both are highly profitable and rapidly expanding industries. Innovation is key in remaining competitive in both markets and the standards for quality and traceability are incredibly high. The knowledge of the consumers and their focus on natural and organic ingredients requires substantial formulation experience and top-quality raw materials for manufacturers to remain competitive. 

Typically, finished products have been made from CBD isolate and it’s only recently that we’ve seen significant usage of distillate raw materials. This preference for isolate still holds true for CBD cosmetics as most manufacturers consider it the simplest option for adding CBD to a product, without changing the formulation unnecessarily with the addition of extra ingredients. However, now that cosmetic manufacturers are looking to add minor cannabinoids to their formulations, this approach will no longer be sustainable. 

How to accommodate cannabinoids into cosmetic formulations

The first method for including cannabinoids would be to purchase and mix a number of different cannabinoid isolates, which is undesirable in terms of the costs involved It Is also impractical from a formulation standpoint as this would require calculating mass and percentages to ensure you get the desired ratios of cannabinoids, rather than simply adding the necessary mass of CBD.

The alternative solution to the above challenge is to start from a distillate raw material, which naturally contains a variety of cannabinoids. Distillate products typically demonstrate considerable variation in their cannabinoid content, but Always Pure Organics’ dedicated science and formulation team have created a solution by offering a range of Tailor-Made Cannabinoid Distillates. 

Ultimate customisation 

These distillates come with a wide variety of options for cannabinoid content including CBN, CBG and CBD, with specialised ratios of each compound available. This allows for the formulation of cosmetic products with specific ratios of cannabinoids from a single raw material, enabling the creation of products that otherwise would be prohibitively expensive and require extensive formulation experience. By using a raw material that already has the desired ratio of cannabinoids that you want in your end product, uncertainty towards formulating products correctly can be dealt with. 

A further benefit to using cannabinoid distillates rather than isolates as a raw material is in the inclusion of terpenes. Terpenes are common compounds found in a variety of plant species and are often responsible for their distinctive scents. Linalool, for example, is the primary compound that contributes to the scent of lavender and has been purported to have soothing properties, orange terpenes have demonstrated antioxidant effect, while pinene creates the distinctive scent for pine trees and is being investigated for a number of therapeutic effects.

The Cannabis plant is no exception, containing a wide variety of terpene compounds. During the production process for isolate, these compounds are removed, but the distillation process preserves them and as such our tailor-made distillates will naturally contain terpenes in their makeup. These compounds are not only responsible for the scent of cannabinoid extracts but have been hypothesised to contribute to the entourage effect, potentially increasing the effect of any present cannabinoids simply by their presence. There is also the option to commission specialised tailor-made distillates with bespoke terpene content, enhancing these raw materials with flavour and aroma that occurs naturally within the plant. For example, a customised distillate raw material could be formulated with additional linalool to provide a naturally soothing scent that will transfer to the finished product. 

Always Pure Organics has a team of highly experienced and creative formulation experts behind the development of these tailor-made distillates. It’s because of our confidence in their expertise that we can be sure these raw materials are the perfect choice for cosmetics manufacturers looking to expand their range and cater to the developing requirements of a health-conscious market. 

Ensuring consumer confidence is a major focus for Always Pure Organics and one route through which we continually achieve this is the supply of high-quality raw materials to manufacturers. As such, the production of these tailor-made distillates benefits not only the manufacturers who purchase them, but also the market as a whole. We pride ourselves on setting a standard for high quality products that other businesses will need to emulate in order to keep up, especially in an industry as fast moving as that of CBD. 

Cosmetics are a huge market, especially items related to skincare and health. Since CBD is a compound with many purported health benefits, there is increasing overlap between the two industries. With continual demand for innovative cosmetics as well as the CBD market looking to include minor cannabinoids into their wellness routines, the adoption of distillate products was an inevitability. Our range of Tailor-Made Cannabinoid Distillates will set a quality standard to improve the market as a whole, increasing confidence from end-users as they move out of their comfort zone and try minor cannabinoids.

Linkedin Blog 02 Distillates & the Beauty Industry Asset V14 Linkedin Blog 02 Distillates & the Beauty Industry Asset V14 Linkedin Blog 02 Distillates & the Beauty Industry Asset V14

Refs:

(2022) – https://www.statista.com/topics/3137/cosmetics-industry/#dossierKeyfigures

What THC Level, If Any, Should Your CBD Products Contain?

Summary

One of the most important factors to consider for your CBD business is the level of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in your products. This is one of the most highly regulated areas of the CBD industry, specifically in the UK and Europe. There can only be trace amounts of THC in your final CBD products for them to be considered safe for consumers. This article outlines the legally permissible levels of THC and Novel Food regulations, in addition to considering other regulations that must be followed. This includes not marketing your products as medicinal and obtaining a Certificate of Analysis (COA).

What Is CBD?

Put simply, CBD (cannabidiol) is a cannabinoid found in the Cannabis sativa plant. It is also commonly referred to as hemp in the plant. CBD is one of over one hundred other identified cannabinoids, in addition to terpenes and flavonoids. CBD was first discovered back in 1940, and extensive scientific research has been conducted into it since. 

Unlike THC, it has been identified as a non-psychoactive cannabinoid; thus, it can be widely consumed. In terms of the benefits that CBD can bring, a growing body of evidence suggests it can make an ideal natural supplement to many individuals’ everyday lives. For instance, some people combine CBD with their exercise routine, such as combining it with a protein shake following a workout. Others enjoy using CBD as part of their bedtime routine to help promote a sense of calm and peace.

Popular CBD Products

Once the CBD has been extracted from the plant, it needs to be diluted with a natural carrier oil such as coconut or avocado oil before it can be utilised to create a product. There are many different types of CBD products making their impact on UK and EU markets. Some of the most popular include CBD oils, CBD gummies, CBD muscle gel, CBD lotion, CBD edibles and more.

Spectrums of CBD

There are three different spectrums of CBD that are important to understand for your CBD business. CBD isolate contains pure CBD, which can go as high as 99% CBD purity. This type of CBD product will contain no other cannabinoids, terpenes or flavonoids. It provides the consumer with pure CBD. 

On the other hand, broad-spectrum CBD products contain other naturally occurring compounds from the hemp plant, with the exception of THC. Finally, full-spectrum products will contain all of the naturally occurring compounds, including THC. However, the amount of THC these types of products can contain needs to be at a legally permissible amount. 

It is important to note that consumers will place different values on the different spectrums. For instance, individuals who wish to reap the potential benefits of the entourage effect will purchase broad-spectrum or full-spectrum products. This is because the presence of the naturally occurring compounds from the Cannabis sativa plant potentially leads to an improved outcome. This is largely down to the ability of the compounds to work together in synergy. On the other hand, CBD isolate products can appeal to consumers that want to consume a pure form of CBD. This is especially attractive to individuals new to the cannabinoid, particularly as there is no THC, even in trace amounts.

Prior to creating any CBD product, the manufacturer will need to know what spectrum of CBD is required. This is because there are a variety of CBD extraction methods, some popular choices including CO2 extraction and steam distillation. Following the extraction of the cannabis plant material, CBD isolate, full spectrum, and broad-spectrum extracts need to go through a refinement process, often referred to as winterisation. This is particularly important for isolate products, as the extract needs to undergo an intense refinement process to remove all other compounds, with the exception of CBD.

The Legality of CBD in the UK and EU

Scientist in the lab working on quality checking

It’s vital for any CBD business to familiarise itself with the laws and regulations surrounding the sale of CBD products. Here we will examine the key areas, including the legal levels of THC.  

Novel Food

CBD was classified as a Novel Food in Europe back in 2019. The European Commission regards a Novel Food as a food product that was not widely consumed by humans in the EU before 15 May 1997. The term Novel Food is used to describe food that has been newly developed or produced using new production and technology, or food that has been traditionally consumed outside of the EU. 

Under new guidelines, in the UK, it was vital for all established CBD businesses to submit applications by 31st March 2021. This would ensure that their current CBD products were authorised to be sold as Novel Food. 

Further applications can be made after this; however, these products will not be immediately added to the list of validated CBD products. This is due to the extensive application process, as the CBD Novel Food Application (NFA) requires substantial information surrounding the product. This includes the composition of the active ingredients, toxicology and absorption information. If this is approved, then the CBD products can then be legally sold.

The Levels of THC

The levels of THC in your CBD products need to adhere to strict regulations. In the UK, each product container of CBD needs to possess less than 1mg of THC, cannabinol (CBN) and tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV). Cannabis plants (hemp) cultivated and grown in the UK are known to possess low levels of CBD and THC; however, the levels still need to be carefully monitored. 

Furthermore, if you wish to sell in the UK, your CBD product needs to be derived from approved strains. There can be no more than 0.2% of THC in dried weight of hemp. This is considered to only be a trace amount, which should not cause any adverse effects or cause the user to feel intoxicated. Furthermore, the THC should not be able to be easily separated from the final product.

While these rules apply to many other countries in the EU, there are some differences to note regarding levels of THC. For example, in the Czech Republic, CBD products need to contain a maximum of 1% THC to be legally sold. In Lithuania, the product cannot pass the 0.3% limit of THC during the production process. In Italy, CBD products are legally sold if they do not exceed 0.6% during production. Finally, for CBD products to be legally sold in Sweden and Norway, there can be no THC presence, even in trace amounts. 

It is important for CBD businesses to keep up to date with any legislation changes, particularly when it involves the levels of THC, as this directly affects where you can sell your products. This is why utilising a trusted cannabinoid supplier, like Always Pure Organics, can instil you with the confidence you need. You can be assured that our white label CBD products have undergone rigorous testing and all of our full-spectrum CBD products only possess trace amounts of THC. 

Marketing Your Products

Marketing your CBD products is an essential part of your CBD business. However, there are rules that must be adhered to. For example, in the UK, the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) does not regard CBD as a medicinal product. This means that your marketing materials (such as labels and product descriptions) can make no medical claims. If you were to break these regulations, there could be legal consequences for your business. 

Furthermore, keep in mind that accurate labelling of products and being up-front about how your hemp was grown and sourced will put you in good stead with consumers. For CBD to be legally sold in the UK and EU, the hemp needs to be derived from a strain that has been approved by the EU. Some of the most popular countries to import CBD from include Portugal, France and Switzerland.

The Importance of a Certificate of Analysis (COA)

This leads to the importance of the Certificate of Analysis (COA). A CBD supplier should supply you with a COA for every single product. CBD products are typically lab tested to determine their safety and quality.

A COA will provide vital details about a product, including the active ingredients (cannabinoids, flavonoids, terpenes) and their potencies. This is particularly important for the levels of THC, as this is the main deciding factor on the legality of a CBD product. 

Not only do COAs help you feel secure in what you are selling, but it also provides your customers with the confidence that what they are purchasing is above board and safe to consume.

Final Thoughts

There are clear regulations pertaining to THC levels in your CBD products. These need to be followed so that your CBD business can legally sell your products in the UK and EU. If you are looking to jump-start your CBD business, then look no further than Always Pure Organics. We offer a wide range of products, from full-spectrum CBD oil down to white label CBD gummies. You can contact us directly to discuss your products. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD?

CBD is a cannabinoid that was first identified in 1940. It remains one of the most scientifically researched cannabinoids from the Cannabis sativa plant, alongside THC. CBD can be widely consumed due to its non-intoxicating effects, and there are a variety of innovative products hitting the market. This includes CBD oils, lotions, gummies, and more. There are different methods to extract CBD from the plant’s leaves, flowers and stalks. Once this has been achieved, the CBD extract may need to go through a winterisation process to remove any unwanted compounds. For instance, CBD isolate products need to be free of the naturally occurring compounds, in particular THC. The extract is also diluted with a natural carrier oil to ensure it is fit for human consumption.

What are the benefits of CBD?

There are a variety of purported benefits associated with consuming the CBD cannabinoid. For example, the use of topical CBD products may help soothe the skin. Some individuals enjoy the use of CBD skincare products for these reasons, while others use it during their exercise recovery routine as there are CBD infused muscle gels to potentially provide relief. CBD can also be consumed as an all-natural supplement to support your healthy lifestyle. One of the most hassle-free ways to achieve this is via CBD oil, which can be consumed sublingually (underneath the tongue) or combined with food and drink.

What is THC?

THC is the main psychoactive constituent of the cannabis plant. It is the cannabinoid that is responsible for the feeling of intoxication and altering your state of mind. In the majority of EU countries and the UK, there can only be trace amounts of this cannabinoid in any CBD products for them to be legally sold. A COA will be able to confirm the potency of THC. CBD isolate, and broad-spectrum products can contain no THC, while full-spectrum CBD products can contain trace amounts.

Is CBD legal?

The issue of legality differs around the world. However, CBD is legal in the UK and European countries. In the UK, the hemp strain needs to be an EU approved strain, there can only be trace amounts of THC present in the final product, and the THC cannot be separated from it. Furthermore, CBD cannot be marketed as a medicinal product as it is classed as a Novel Food. CBD businesses should also provide a COA for their products so that consumers can assess the ingredients and their potencies. Lab testing ensures that CBD businesses are transparent about their products.

How much THC is legal in CBD oil?

Trace amounts of the THC cannabinoid are legal in CBD products. This means that products cannot exceed 1mg in the UK. However, this can rise to 0.3% and 0.6% in some countries, but these levels of THC cannot be exceeded during the production process. In the UK, individual product containers of CBD cannot possess more than 1mg of THC, CBN or THCV. The same applies to any other type of ingestible CBD product on the market.

Does CBD show up on a drug test?

CBD itself will not appear on a drug test unless the test is specifically testing for the cannabinoid. Trace amounts of THC are legal in full-spectrum CBD products. However, this means that it is possible for an individual to fail a drug test if it picks up on this THC. 

What is a Novel Food?

Novel Food is the term used to describe any food product that was not widely consumed before 15 May 1997. CBD products are classed as a Novel Food, as they were not widely consumed before this time. There is legislation surrounding novel foods in order to determine their safety for consumers. CBD businesses needed to submit their applications by 31 March 2021 to continue selling their products. New applications can be submitted; however, they need to be approved and authorised before you can begin to sell. Here at Always Pure Organics, we ensure that all regulations are complied with. This means that you can apply your energy to running your business, as opposed to stressing about your products.

What happens to THC during CBD extraction?

CBD needs to be extracted from the hemp plant before it can be infused into any product. CBD is extracted from the leaves, stalks and flowers of the hemp plant. When CBD is extracted, so are other cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenes. Therefore, THC will also be extracted. These other compounds are necessary if the final product were to be broad-spectrum, as although it contains no THC, it contains other beneficial compounds. Full-spectrum will include trace amounts of THC. To ensure that the THC is at a legal level, the extract will need to be refined. Also, the cannabis plant can be bred to specially ensure low levels of THC.

What is white label CBD?

If a product is deemed as white label, then it has been sold by retailers marketing the product as their own (with their own branding) but comes from a third-party manufacturer like Always Pure Organics. This CBD manufacturer is an established and trusted business in its own right. There are many advantages for CBD businesses choosing to conduct their company in this way, and there has consequently been a rise in demand for white label CBD products. Always Pure Organics offers CBD businesses high-quality white label CBD products to help you kick-start your business in a cost-effective manner.

What are the benefits of white label CBD?

There are many benefits of white label CBD for your CBD business. For example, it can fast track your business in a cost-effective manner. It can allow you to test out a range of products with your consumer market to see what your customers are most responsive to. Furthermore, it is a great idea for CBD business beginners, as you can be sure that the products you are selling have already undergone rigorous testing and are of high quality. Finally, white label CBD allows you to choose your pricing for your products, ensuring that you can price them competitively. 

 

References

https://www.alwayspureorganics.com/products/cbd-oil-hemp-or-mct-carrier/

https://www.alwayspureorganics.com/products/cbd-gummies/

https://www.alwayspureorganics.com/products/lotions-2/

https://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/novel-food_en

https://www.food.gov.uk/business-guidance/cannabidiol-cbd

https://www.alwayspureorganics.com/

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/mhra-statement-on-products-containing-cannabidiol-cbd

Summary

One of the most important factors to consider for your CBD business is the level of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in your products. This is one of the most highly regulated areas of the CBD industry, specifically in the UK and Europe. There can only be trace amounts of THC in your final CBD products for them to be considered safe for consumers. This article outlines the legally permissible levels of THC and Novel Food regulations, in addition to considering other regulations that must be followed. This includes not marketing your products as medicinal and obtaining a Certificate of Analysis (COA).

What Is CBD?

Put simply, CBD (cannabidiol) is a cannabinoid found in the Cannabis sativa plant. It is also commonly referred to as hemp in the plant. CBD is one of over one hundred other identified cannabinoids, in addition to terpenes and flavonoids. CBD was first discovered back in 1940, and extensive scientific research has been conducted into it since. 

Unlike THC, it has been identified as a non-psychoactive cannabinoid; thus, it can be widely consumed. In terms of the benefits that CBD can bring, a growing body of evidence suggests it can make an ideal natural supplement to many individuals’ everyday lives. For instance, some people combine CBD with their exercise routine, such as combining it with a protein shake following a workout. Others enjoy using CBD as part of their bedtime routine to help promote a sense of calm and peace.

Popular CBD Products

Once the CBD has been extracted from the plant, it needs to be diluted with a natural carrier oil such as coconut or avocado oil before it can be utilised to create a product. There are many different types of CBD products making their impact on UK and EU markets. Some of the most popular include CBD oils, CBD gummies, CBD muscle gel, CBD lotion, CBD edibles and more.

Spectrums of CBD

There are three different spectrums of CBD that are important to understand for your CBD business. CBD isolate contains pure CBD, which can go as high as 99% CBD purity. This type of CBD product will contain no other cannabinoids, terpenes or flavonoids. It provides the consumer with pure CBD. 

On the other hand, broad-spectrum CBD products contain other naturally occurring compounds from the hemp plant, with the exception of THC. Finally, full-spectrum products will contain all of the naturally occurring compounds, including THC. However, the amount of THC these types of products can contain needs to be at a legally permissible amount. 

It is important to note that consumers will place different values on the different spectrums. For instance, individuals who wish to reap the potential benefits of the entourage effect will purchase broad-spectrum or full-spectrum products. This is because the presence of the naturally occurring compounds from the Cannabis sativa plant potentially leads to an improved outcome. This is largely down to the ability of the compounds to work together in synergy. On the other hand, CBD isolate products can appeal to consumers that want to consume a pure form of CBD. This is especially attractive to individuals new to the cannabinoid, particularly as there is no THC, even in trace amounts.

Prior to creating any CBD product, the manufacturer will need to know what spectrum of CBD is required. This is because there are a variety of CBD extraction methods, some popular choices including CO2 extraction and steam distillation. Following the extraction of the cannabis plant material, CBD isolate, full spectrum, and broad-spectrum extracts need to go through a refinement process, often referred to as winterisation. This is particularly important for isolate products, as the extract needs to undergo an intense refinement process to remove all other compounds, with the exception of CBD.

The Legality of CBD in the UK and EU

Scientist in the lab working on quality checking

It’s vital for any CBD business to familiarise itself with the laws and regulations surrounding the sale of CBD products. Here we will examine the key areas, including the legal levels of THC.  

Novel Food

CBD was classified as a Novel Food in Europe back in 2019. The European Commission regards a Novel Food as a food product that was not widely consumed by humans in the EU before 15 May 1997. The term Novel Food is used to describe food that has been newly developed or produced using new production and technology, or food that has been traditionally consumed outside of the EU. 

Under new guidelines, in the UK, it was vital for all established CBD businesses to submit applications by 31st March 2021. This would ensure that their current CBD products were authorised to be sold as Novel Food. 

Further applications can be made after this; however, these products will not be immediately added to the list of validated CBD products. This is due to the extensive application process, as the CBD Novel Food Application (NFA) requires substantial information surrounding the product. This includes the composition of the active ingredients, toxicology and absorption information. If this is approved, then the CBD products can then be legally sold.

The Levels of THC

The levels of THC in your CBD products need to adhere to strict regulations. In the UK, each product container of CBD needs to possess less than 1mg of THC, cannabinol (CBN) and tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV). Cannabis plants (hemp) cultivated and grown in the UK are known to possess low levels of CBD and THC; however, the levels still need to be carefully monitored. 

Furthermore, if you wish to sell in the UK, your CBD product needs to be derived from approved strains. There can be no more than 0.2% of THC in dried weight of hemp. This is considered to only be a trace amount, which should not cause any adverse effects or cause the user to feel intoxicated. Furthermore, the THC should not be able to be easily separated from the final product.

While these rules apply to many other countries in the EU, there are some differences to note regarding levels of THC. For example, in the Czech Republic, CBD products need to contain a maximum of 1% THC to be legally sold. In Lithuania, the product cannot pass the 0.3% limit of THC during the production process. In Italy, CBD products are legally sold if they do not exceed 0.6% during production. Finally, for CBD products to be legally sold in Sweden and Norway, there can be no THC presence, even in trace amounts. 

It is important for CBD businesses to keep up to date with any legislation changes, particularly when it involves the levels of THC, as this directly affects where you can sell your products. This is why utilising a trusted cannabinoid supplier, like Always Pure Organics, can instil you with the confidence you need. You can be assured that our white label CBD products have undergone rigorous testing and all of our full-spectrum CBD products only possess trace amounts of THC. 

Marketing Your Products

Marketing your CBD products is an essential part of your CBD business. However, there are rules that must be adhered to. For example, in the UK, the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) does not regard CBD as a medicinal product. This means that your marketing materials (such as labels and product descriptions) can make no medical claims. If you were to break these regulations, there could be legal consequences for your business. 

Furthermore, keep in mind that accurate labelling of products and being up-front about how your hemp was grown and sourced will put you in good stead with consumers. For CBD to be legally sold in the UK and EU, the hemp needs to be derived from a strain that has been approved by the EU. Some of the most popular countries to import CBD from include Portugal, France and Switzerland.

The Importance of a Certificate of Analysis (COA)

This leads to the importance of the Certificate of Analysis (COA). A CBD supplier should supply you with a COA for every single product. CBD products are typically lab tested to determine their safety and quality.

A COA will provide vital details about a product, including the active ingredients (cannabinoids, flavonoids, terpenes) and their potencies. This is particularly important for the levels of THC, as this is the main deciding factor on the legality of a CBD product. 

Not only do COAs help you feel secure in what you are selling, but it also provides your customers with the confidence that what they are purchasing is above board and safe to consume.

Final Thoughts

There are clear regulations pertaining to THC levels in your CBD products. These need to be followed so that your CBD business can legally sell your products in the UK and EU. If you are looking to jump-start your CBD business, then look no further than Always Pure Organics. We offer a wide range of products, from full-spectrum CBD oil down to white label CBD gummies. You can contact us directly to discuss your products. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD?

CBD is a cannabinoid that was first identified in 1940. It remains one of the most scientifically researched cannabinoids from the Cannabis sativa plant, alongside THC. CBD can be widely consumed due to its non-intoxicating effects, and there are a variety of innovative products hitting the market. This includes CBD oils, lotions, gummies, and more. There are different methods to extract CBD from the plant’s leaves, flowers and stalks. Once this has been achieved, the CBD extract may need to go through a winterisation process to remove any unwanted compounds. For instance, CBD isolate products need to be free of the naturally occurring compounds, in particular THC. The extract is also diluted with a natural carrier oil to ensure it is fit for human consumption.

What are the benefits of CBD?

There are a variety of purported benefits associated with consuming the CBD cannabinoid. For example, the use of topical CBD products may help soothe the skin. Some individuals enjoy the use of CBD skincare products for these reasons, while others use it during their exercise recovery routine as there are CBD infused muscle gels to potentially provide relief. CBD can also be consumed as an all-natural supplement to support your healthy lifestyle. One of the most hassle-free ways to achieve this is via CBD oil, which can be consumed sublingually (underneath the tongue) or combined with food and drink.

What is THC?

THC is the main psychoactive constituent of the cannabis plant. It is the cannabinoid that is responsible for the feeling of intoxication and altering your state of mind. In the majority of EU countries and the UK, there can only be trace amounts of this cannabinoid in any CBD products for them to be legally sold. A COA will be able to confirm the potency of THC. CBD isolate, and broad-spectrum products can contain no THC, while full-spectrum CBD products can contain trace amounts.

Is CBD legal?

The issue of legality differs around the world. However, CBD is legal in the UK and European countries. In the UK, the hemp strain needs to be an EU approved strain, there can only be trace amounts of THC present in the final product, and the THC cannot be separated from it. Furthermore, CBD cannot be marketed as a medicinal product as it is classed as a Novel Food. CBD businesses should also provide a COA for their products so that consumers can assess the ingredients and their potencies. Lab testing ensures that CBD businesses are transparent about their products.

How much THC is legal in CBD oil?

Trace amounts of the THC cannabinoid are legal in CBD products. This means that products cannot exceed 1mg in the UK. However, this can rise to 0.3% and 0.6% in some countries, but these levels of THC cannot be exceeded during the production process. In the UK, individual product containers of CBD cannot possess more than 1mg of THC, CBN or THCV. The same applies to any other type of ingestible CBD product on the market.

Does CBD show up on a drug test?

CBD itself will not appear on a drug test unless the test is specifically testing for the cannabinoid. Trace amounts of THC are legal in full-spectrum CBD products. However, this means that it is possible for an individual to fail a drug test if it picks up on this THC. 

What is a Novel Food?

Novel Food is the term used to describe any food product that was not widely consumed before 15 May 1997. CBD products are classed as a Novel Food, as they were not widely consumed before this time. There is legislation surrounding novel foods in order to determine their safety for consumers. CBD businesses needed to submit their applications by 31 March 2021 to continue selling their products. New applications can be submitted; however, they need to be approved and authorised before you can begin to sell. Here at Always Pure Organics, we ensure that all regulations are complied with. This means that you can apply your energy to running your business, as opposed to stressing about your products.

What happens to THC during CBD extraction?

CBD needs to be extracted from the hemp plant before it can be infused into any product. CBD is extracted from the leaves, stalks and flowers of the hemp plant. When CBD is extracted, so are other cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenes. Therefore, THC will also be extracted. These other compounds are necessary if the final product were to be broad-spectrum, as although it contains no THC, it contains other beneficial compounds. Full-spectrum will include trace amounts of THC. To ensure that the THC is at a legal level, the extract will need to be refined. Also, the cannabis plant can be bred to specially ensure low levels of THC.

What is white label CBD?

If a product is deemed as white label, then it has been sold by retailers marketing the product as their own (with their own branding) but comes from a third-party manufacturer like Always Pure Organics. This CBD manufacturer is an established and trusted business in its own right. There are many advantages for CBD businesses choosing to conduct their company in this way, and there has consequently been a rise in demand for white label CBD products. Always Pure Organics offers CBD businesses high-quality white label CBD products to help you kick-start your business in a cost-effective manner.

What are the benefits of white label CBD?

There are many benefits of white label CBD for your CBD business. For example, it can fast track your business in a cost-effective manner. It can allow you to test out a range of products with your consumer market to see what your customers are most responsive to. Furthermore, it is a great idea for CBD business beginners, as you can be sure that the products you are selling have already undergone rigorous testing and are of high quality. Finally, white label CBD allows you to choose your pricing for your products, ensuring that you can price them competitively. 

 

References

https://www.alwayspureorganics.com/products/cbd-oil-hemp-or-mct-carrier/

https://www.alwayspureorganics.com/products/cbd-gummies/

https://www.alwayspureorganics.com/products/lotions-2/

https://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/novel-food_en

https://www.food.gov.uk/business-guidance/cannabidiol-cbd

https://www.alwayspureorganics.com/

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/mhra-statement-on-products-containing-cannabidiol-cbd

White Label CBD capsules with blog title White Label CBD capsules with blog title White Label CBD capsules with blog title

What You Need to Know About CBD Payment Processing

Summary

The CBD industry can seem overwhelming, especially when it comes to CBD payment processing. For any type of business, there’s a lot to think about, and it’s not always smooth-sailing. Help is at hand, though, as we’ve put together all of the information you might need regarding CBD and CBD payment processing. This article will clarify CBD merchant accounts and what to look for in a CBD payment processing gateway, helping you to find the best payment processor for your business. Keep reading to explore how CBD payment processing can benefit your business.

Introduction

Running a business can be challenging, particularly in the ever-expanding CBD market. While it comes with considerable responsibilities, it can also be extremely rewarding. Setting up a new business venture often leads to some valuable experience.

For CBD businesses, payment processing may not be as simple as you think. There are certain steps involved that should be taken into consideration. This can make all the difference in CBD businesses thriving for success.

At Always Pure Organics, we hope to be of use to our clients, helping companies establish themselves and grow their brand in the cannabis and CBD industry. We’re delighted to share our industry knowledge and expertise with you, supported by worldwide delivery of the purest and highest quality wholesale cannabis and cannabinoid products.

This article covers everything you need to know about CBD payment processing to best prepare you for a prosperous business. So, let’s get started!

The Fundamentals of CBD

CBD, or cannabidiol, is a natural, isolated chemical compound extracted from the leaves and flowers of the Cannabis sativa plant. This plant often referred to as hemp, has two main active ingredients—CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)—and roughly 120 different compounds.

While many CBD products may contain trace amounts of THC, which is well-known for its psychoactive properties, CBD is a non-addictive compound and isn’t responsible for a “high” or state of euphoria. In fact, CBD might inhibit the effects that THC has on the nervous system. It’s alleged that receptors in the body are activated by CBD. This then stimulates the body to produce a variety of different physiological effects.

CBD is gaining popularity in the health and wellness world due to its potentially powerful and nourishing properties. A range of CBD products, including oils and tinctures, edibles, vaporizers, and creams and lotions, are thought to be plausible for anyone seeking to soothe physical discomforts or maintain their wellbeing.

Usually, there aren’t serious side effects or negative drug interactions when taking CBD; however, being aware of the potential risks is important. Minimal side effects may occur, including drowsiness or sedation, diarrhoea and loss of appetite, mood changes, liver injury, and low blood pressure.

CBD interactions with antibiotics, antidepressants, blood thinners, and medications or supplements that have a grapefruit warning may also occur. Keep in mind that CBD and grapefruit both affect enzymes that are necessary for drug metabolism. Consumers should take additional care in these instances and feel free to consult your doctor, who can help you monitor for potential signs of toxicity and side effects.

Understanding CBD Merchant Accounts

A CBD merchant account is a merchant account that’s been specifically approved for use in selling some or all types of CBD products.

One of the main roles of merchant account providers is to assume most of the risk involved in processing credit card payments online. The level of risk involved in different types of businesses is assessed and treated accordingly.

Most of the popular merchant account providers won’t accept merchants selling CBD products, as CBD businesses are considered very high-risk due to CBD’s link to marijuana and the corresponding legal uncertainty. Surprisingly, this even includes many high-risk specialists.

The fact that the cannabinoid is produced by the cannabis plant has caused controversy in different regions around the world, leading to diverse global regulations. Consequently, CBD businesses often find it difficult to secure merchant processing.

When dealing with cannabis products, payment processors need the support of their banks. However, traditional payment processors such as PayPal and Stripe don’t have this support. They’re likely to close a merchant account if there’s any possibility of that business undermining their relationship with a bank. Therefore, instead of handling CBD’s complex legal frameworks, some payment processors choose to avoid any risk.

Fortunately, thanks to specialist CBD merchant account services, this isn’t the be-all and end-all for CBD businesses thanks to specialist CBD merchant account services.

Specialist CBD merchant account services

Very few payment processors and merchant services specialize in high-risk industries. The term ‘high-risk’ is associated with any business or industry that borders on legality and chargebacks.

Under these circumstances, the CBD industry should count itself lucky to have specialist CBD merchant account services available. They provide payment processing solutions that are specifically designed to be suitable for CBD sellers. These CBD payment processing companies have the capability to handle medium- to high-risk businesses.

CBD oil in a dropper along with CBD’s chemical formula

Seeking Out a Reputable Payment Processor

​​A number of payment processors are readily available online, but how do you go about finding these? Not many problems arise with low-risk businesses, but because of the nature of CBD products and the industry, CBD businesses may face difficulties.

Ultimately, it can be harder for business owners to find reputable merchant services that provide payment processing for niche industries like the CBD industry compared to mainstream payment processors.

Choosing a CBD payment processor isn’t a decision to be taken lightly. That’s why we’ve done some of the hard work for you. Below, we’ve listed exactly what you need to look for in a CBD payment processing gateway before opening a CBD merchant account.

What to Look for in a CBD Payment Processing Gateway

1.      High-risk availability

First and foremost, your CBD payment processor must be able to deal with high-risk transactions. This is because the relatively new CBD industry is prone to payment card fraud and chargebacks.

A chargeback is defined as a demand by a credit card provider for a retailer to make good the loss on a fraudulent or disputed transaction.

In the CBD realm, there’s a risk of false or misleading claims and promises to consumers being made; however, unproven health claims are prohibited by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).

Make sure to look for companies that present broad experience in aiding businesses operating within a high-risk sector, as they’ll be willing to take risks associated with these types of transactions.

2.    Easy integrations

Instead of using a CBD merchant processing system that requires you to use their existing platform, choose a company that allows you to easily integrate their CBD credit card processing system with an extensive range of e-commerce software.

This will save you a lot of time, money and effort in the long run, as you won’t have to end up switching to a brand new platform in order to integrate a CBD payment processor.

The most common payment gateway that a large percentage of CBD payment processors use is Application Programming Interface (API) integration, which enables interaction between applications, data, and devices. This kind of payment gateway can be monitored by the business owner and provide you with an insight into how the business looks from a customer’s perspective.

3.    POS availability

Finding a CBD payment processor with point-of-sale (POS) availability will cut down the amount of time spent on administrative duties and the cost of in-office work.

By using processors with POS system integration, you’ll be better assisted in managing both online and offline transactions. Your business’s profitability, intelligence and customer loyalty can be increased with accurate reporting from POS software.

You’ll have ease of access to your sales portal, facilitating you to make improved and more lucrative business choices. Not only that, but you can also control stock input and output from a single location. So, why not take advantage of this type of software? We can assure you that your CBD business will thank you for it!

4.    Low fees with transparent pricing and billing practices

The more well-established CBD payment processor companies may charge a substantial upfront fee from account holders upon registration, but there will also be some that provide their services for an affordable rate or even free of charge.

In the best-case scenario, you’ll be able to afford to pay the specific percentage that your preferred payment gateway will deduct from you for each transaction, and it’ll work well with your profit margins. Acknowledge that debit card transactions may also be less expensive than credit transactions. However, if it doesn’t work for you, then continue your search for a service provider elsewhere.

Other fees to consider when selecting a CBD payment processor include the following:

  • Compliance fees
  • Non-compliance fees
  • Monthly/annual fees
  • Statement fees
  • Terminal fees

Additional fees may also accrue through the likes of chargebacks, so it’s best to confirm this before partnering with CBD merchant processing companies.

5.    Reasonable, short-term contracts

While it’s not always necessary to sign a binding contract in order to do business with a payment processor, it’s wise for you to know what’s reasonable.

Contracts and fees will differ from company to company, so give yourself enough time to contemplate and figure out which payment processor best suits the needs of your CBD company.

Respectable companies should be able to provide sufficient testimonials to back up their claims. It’s advised to avoid companies that can’t deliver this, especially the ones that only establish long-term partnerships.

Additionally, some companies will only offer a partnership under the condition that you pay an early termination fee (ETF) if you decide to go elsewhere. Therefore, if you’re exceptionally interested in the company, prepare to negotiate in this event.

6.    Customer service and support

Understanding your chosen CBD payment processor’s customer service team will be vital when it comes to dealing with online and offline transactions for CBD-related products.

The level of service they provide will reflect on you as a business, so you’ll need to know how they’ll handle any type of situation—whether good or bad. After all, being prepared for the worst-case scenario is more often constructive than not!

Prior to selecting a payment gateway, we recommend asking a team member how fraud protection will minimize the chances of disputes from happening. In cases when disputes do arise, how will the team manage them? The answers you’re given will help you to determine whether the company’s an appropriate fit for you.

Another tip is to try and find a company that offers personalized customer service which caters to the exact needs and wants of the customer. This way, customers can feel more connected to your company and be left with a sense of satisfaction after receiving tailor-made solutions to their problems.

Hiring a customer service team that manages calls and emails at all hours of the day will also be of huge benefit.

A graphical line with a quote in the centre.

Processing Options for CBD Businesses

There are four main processing options for CBD businesses. Get clued up about them below:

1.     Domestic credit card processing

Most CBD business owners seek domestic credit card processing. This is when a payment is made within a country where a bank has issued a client’s credit or debit card, and the client’s merchant account is registered in the same country. There’s usually no currency conversion as the currency is the same.

This processing option may not be worth it for companies who haven’t submitted an application yet and aren’t making at least $200,000 in monthly sales.

2.    Domestic e-check

This alternative payment method is available to brands of all sizes and doesn’t rely on banks. With the help of a payments processor, e-checks use the Automated Clearing House (ACH) to direct debit from a customer’s checking account into a merchant’s business bank account. Transactions are quicker, safer and easier as e-checks are transmitted electronically.

Generally, domestic e-check percentage rates are lower than international processors, but they’re accompanied by additional setup fees and monthly charges.

3.    Offshore credit card processing

Most sized brands have access to this option, especially high-risk businesses in the EU. Whenever CBD regulation tightens, typically so do certain requirements. For example, MasterCard and Visa require a company to have an EU address in order to process their payments through an EU merchant.

Where required, businesses are often able to acquire an offshore merchant account if they’re unable to secure a merchant account in the UK.

4.   Payment terminals

This is a device that interfaces with payment cards to make electronic fund transfers. A payment terminal is also known as a POS terminal, credit card terminal, and Electronic Funds Transfer at Point of Sale (EFTPOS) terminal.

Some credit card payment terminal providers, like GreenBox and Naturepay, allow you to swipe credit cards on location. Dispensaries use these to put money from the swiped card into your bank account.

Always Pure Organics

Always Pure Organics is a white label specialist manufacturer and distributor of CBD products. We deliver pure and high-quality wholesale cannabis and cannabinoid products worldwide, as bulk ingredients, bulk products, white label and bespoke formulation.

We do our best to support, empower and maximize your success as business customers, providing the most client-centric experience in the cannabis industry. Our promise to always be compliant gives you real value as our clients.

Furthermore, we work across the entire supply chain of the CBD industry and can give you a wealth of regulatory and legal expertise, as well as product knowledge and production.

We can help you to create a unique product from scratch with organically grown ingredients and guaranteed concentration. Gain confidence in your product today! Explore our Always Pure Organics range of bulk CBD products, brands, and white label CBD products.

Glass bottles with CBD oil and Your Brand Here label.

Final Thoughts

Evidentially, the CBD industry can be very lucrative, so businesses are putting in more of an effort to meet consumer demand for CBD products.

The use of CBD payment processing can benefit and scale businesses, providing perfectly tailored solutions and ensuring high-risk merchant transactions are dealt with securely. However, you need to know what you’re doing in order to reach or surpass your business goals.

The task of accepting payments is fairly restrictive for CBD sellers. Therefore, making yourself aware of what’s required to conduct CBD business transactions legally is incredibly important when getting involved in such a high-risk sector.

As long as you’re prepared, you can prevent potential financial predicaments and achieve great success with your CBD business. You’ll be giving your customers the opportunity to browse and buy your CBD products with ease.

Always Pure Organics can support you as your company blossoms. Whatever your requirements, we can help. For more information, contact us here.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD oil?

CBD, or cannabidiol, is the second most prevalent active ingredient that’s extracted from the cannabis plant. CBD oil is made by diluting the CBD extract with a carrier oil like coconut, hemp seed, grapeseed, olive or sunflower oil. Unlike broad-spectrum and CBD isolate oils, full-spectrum CBD oil contains THC.

How can I start a CBD business?

The following steps are an easy way to begin building a CBD business: identify your CBD niche and products; understand the laws and regulations around CBD; generate a thorough CBD business plan; organize your business documents; find your CBD supplier; decide between a brick-and-mortar or online business; determine shipping and payment terms; and market your business.

How can I buy CBD products in bulk?

Manufacturers like Always Pure Organics sell CBD products in bulk. In fact, you can buy CBD products in bulk from most wholesale suppliers. You can also take advantage of the other services that we’ve designed to make the process of launching your CBD brand as easy as possible.

What CBD oil companies are best for bulk wholesale marketing?

You’re likely to find high-quality grown hemp from CBD wholesalers that are part of the premium markets. Always Pure Organics only provides the highest quality wholesale cannabis and cannabinoid products to our customers.

What bulk CBD products do Always Pure Organics offer?

We sell pre-produced CBD and cannabinoid products, which include CBG Oil in Hemp Oil, CBD Oil (hemp or MCT Carrier), High Strength Balm, Daily Lotion, Soft Gel Capsules, Pet CBD Oil (hemp Oil or MCT Carrier), and CBD Patches.

Is it costly to buy CBD oil in bulk?

Depending on where you buy from, the quantity, and the price per kilogram, it can be costly to buy CBD oil in bulk. Nevertheless, if you want to buy CBD oil in bulk at a cheaper rate, it’s better to buy CBD in wholesale quantities than it is in retail. You can also make a profit from selling your products when you buy CBD oil in bulk.

What are white label CBD products?

White label CBD products are products manufactured by another company or third party that enable you to put your own brand on the products. You don’t need to experience any of the potential stress that may arise during CBD production. Instead, you can fully focus on developing your brand, increasing sales, and generating high profits.

Does Always Pure Organics sell white label CBD products?

Yes. Our white label CBD products include Pet CBD Oil (hemp Oil or MCT Carrier), CBD Oil (hemp or MCT Carrier), CBG Oil in Hemp Oil, Blood Orange Lotion, Lavender Night Cream, High Strength Balm, Tattoo Aftercare Lotion, CBD Gummies, Daily Lotion, Softgel Capsules, and CBD Patches.

Is there a difference between white label CBD and private label CBD?

Yes. White label CBD products are made by a producer and are sold to multiple retailers. The products are universal, and retailers cannot make alterations in terms of packaging. Private label CBD products are created and sold exclusively to a single retailer. Alterations or enhancements to the product can be made by the seller of private label brands.

What are the top-rated white label CBD?

Our mission at Always Pure Organics is to accelerate the global acceptance of and access to cannabinoids. Therefore, we provide top-rated white label CBD supported by worldwide delivery and efficient logistics.

References

https://medicpro.london/cbd-merchant-account-uk/#:~:text=Specialist%20CBD%20merchant%20account%20services%20provide%20online%20payment%20processing%20solutions,%2D%20to%20high%2Drisk%20businesses

https://www.fda.gov/home

https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbesnycouncil/2019/08/06/four-ways-the-cbd-industry-can-process-payments-post-elavon/?sh=3430b2664001

https://www.mastercard.us/content/dam/mccom/global/documents/mastercard-rules.pdf

Summary

The CBD industry can seem overwhelming, especially when it comes to CBD payment processing. For any type of business, there’s a lot to think about, and it’s not always smooth-sailing. Help is at hand, though, as we’ve put together all of the information you might need regarding CBD and CBD payment processing. This article will clarify CBD merchant accounts and what to look for in a CBD payment processing gateway, helping you to find the best payment processor for your business. Keep reading to explore how CBD payment processing can benefit your business.

Introduction

Running a business can be challenging, particularly in the ever-expanding CBD market. While it comes with considerable responsibilities, it can also be extremely rewarding. Setting up a new business venture often leads to some valuable experience.

For CBD businesses, payment processing may not be as simple as you think. There are certain steps involved that should be taken into consideration. This can make all the difference in CBD businesses thriving for success.

At Always Pure Organics, we hope to be of use to our clients, helping companies establish themselves and grow their brand in the cannabis and CBD industry. We’re delighted to share our industry knowledge and expertise with you, supported by worldwide delivery of the purest and highest quality wholesale cannabis and cannabinoid products.

This article covers everything you need to know about CBD payment processing to best prepare you for a prosperous business. So, let’s get started!

The Fundamentals of CBD

CBD, or cannabidiol, is a natural, isolated chemical compound extracted from the leaves and flowers of the Cannabis sativa plant. This plant often referred to as hemp, has two main active ingredients—CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)—and roughly 120 different compounds.

While many CBD products may contain trace amounts of THC, which is well-known for its psychoactive properties, CBD is a non-addictive compound and isn’t responsible for a “high” or state of euphoria. In fact, CBD might inhibit the effects that THC has on the nervous system. It’s alleged that receptors in the body are activated by CBD. This then stimulates the body to produce a variety of different physiological effects.

CBD is gaining popularity in the health and wellness world due to its potentially powerful and nourishing properties. A range of CBD products, including oils and tinctures, edibles, vaporizers, and creams and lotions, are thought to be plausible for anyone seeking to soothe physical discomforts or maintain their wellbeing.

Usually, there aren’t serious side effects or negative drug interactions when taking CBD; however, being aware of the potential risks is important. Minimal side effects may occur, including drowsiness or sedation, diarrhoea and loss of appetite, mood changes, liver injury, and low blood pressure.

CBD interactions with antibiotics, antidepressants, blood thinners, and medications or supplements that have a grapefruit warning may also occur. Keep in mind that CBD and grapefruit both affect enzymes that are necessary for drug metabolism. Consumers should take additional care in these instances and feel free to consult your doctor, who can help you monitor for potential signs of toxicity and side effects.

Understanding CBD Merchant Accounts

A CBD merchant account is a merchant account that’s been specifically approved for use in selling some or all types of CBD products.

One of the main roles of merchant account providers is to assume most of the risk involved in processing credit card payments online. The level of risk involved in different types of businesses is assessed and treated accordingly.

Most of the popular merchant account providers won’t accept merchants selling CBD products, as CBD businesses are considered very high-risk due to CBD’s link to marijuana and the corresponding legal uncertainty. Surprisingly, this even includes many high-risk specialists.

The fact that the cannabinoid is produced by the cannabis plant has caused controversy in different regions around the world, leading to diverse global regulations. Consequently, CBD businesses often find it difficult to secure merchant processing.

When dealing with cannabis products, payment processors need the support of their banks. However, traditional payment processors such as PayPal and Stripe don’t have this support. They’re likely to close a merchant account if there’s any possibility of that business undermining their relationship with a bank. Therefore, instead of handling CBD’s complex legal frameworks, some payment processors choose to avoid any risk.

Fortunately, thanks to specialist CBD merchant account services, this isn’t the be-all and end-all for CBD businesses thanks to specialist CBD merchant account services.

Specialist CBD merchant account services

Very few payment processors and merchant services specialize in high-risk industries. The term ‘high-risk’ is associated with any business or industry that borders on legality and chargebacks.

Under these circumstances, the CBD industry should count itself lucky to have specialist CBD merchant account services available. They provide payment processing solutions that are specifically designed to be suitable for CBD sellers. These CBD payment processing companies have the capability to handle medium- to high-risk businesses.

CBD oil in a dropper along with CBD’s chemical formula

Seeking Out a Reputable Payment Processor

​​A number of payment processors are readily available online, but how do you go about finding these? Not many problems arise with low-risk businesses, but because of the nature of CBD products and the industry, CBD businesses may face difficulties.

Ultimately, it can be harder for business owners to find reputable merchant services that provide payment processing for niche industries like the CBD industry compared to mainstream payment processors.

Choosing a CBD payment processor isn’t a decision to be taken lightly. That’s why we’ve done some of the hard work for you. Below, we’ve listed exactly what you need to look for in a CBD payment processing gateway before opening a CBD merchant account.

What to Look for in a CBD Payment Processing Gateway

1.      High-risk availability

First and foremost, your CBD payment processor must be able to deal with high-risk transactions. This is because the relatively new CBD industry is prone to payment card fraud and chargebacks.

A chargeback is defined as a demand by a credit card provider for a retailer to make good the loss on a fraudulent or disputed transaction.

In the CBD realm, there’s a risk of false or misleading claims and promises to consumers being made; however, unproven health claims are prohibited by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).

Make sure to look for companies that present broad experience in aiding businesses operating within a high-risk sector, as they’ll be willing to take risks associated with these types of transactions.

2.    Easy integrations

Instead of using a CBD merchant processing system that requires you to use their existing platform, choose a company that allows you to easily integrate their CBD credit card processing system with an extensive range of e-commerce software.

This will save you a lot of time, money and effort in the long run, as you won’t have to end up switching to a brand new platform in order to integrate a CBD payment processor.

The most common payment gateway that a large percentage of CBD payment processors use is Application Programming Interface (API) integration, which enables interaction between applications, data, and devices. This kind of payment gateway can be monitored by the business owner and provide you with an insight into how the business looks from a customer’s perspective.

3.    POS availability

Finding a CBD payment processor with point-of-sale (POS) availability will cut down the amount of time spent on administrative duties and the cost of in-office work.

By using processors with POS system integration, you’ll be better assisted in managing both online and offline transactions. Your business’s profitability, intelligence and customer loyalty can be increased with accurate reporting from POS software.

You’ll have ease of access to your sales portal, facilitating you to make improved and more lucrative business choices. Not only that, but you can also control stock input and output from a single location. So, why not take advantage of this type of software? We can assure you that your CBD business will thank you for it!

4.    Low fees with transparent pricing and billing practices

The more well-established CBD payment processor companies may charge a substantial upfront fee from account holders upon registration, but there will also be some that provide their services for an affordable rate or even free of charge.

In the best-case scenario, you’ll be able to afford to pay the specific percentage that your preferred payment gateway will deduct from you for each transaction, and it’ll work well with your profit margins. Acknowledge that debit card transactions may also be less expensive than credit transactions. However, if it doesn’t work for you, then continue your search for a service provider elsewhere.

Other fees to consider when selecting a CBD payment processor include the following:

  • Compliance fees
  • Non-compliance fees
  • Monthly/annual fees
  • Statement fees
  • Terminal fees

Additional fees may also accrue through the likes of chargebacks, so it’s best to confirm this before partnering with CBD merchant processing companies.

5.    Reasonable, short-term contracts

While it’s not always necessary to sign a binding contract in order to do business with a payment processor, it’s wise for you to know what’s reasonable.

Contracts and fees will differ from company to company, so give yourself enough time to contemplate and figure out which payment processor best suits the needs of your CBD company.

Respectable companies should be able to provide sufficient testimonials to back up their claims. It’s advised to avoid companies that can’t deliver this, especially the ones that only establish long-term partnerships.

Additionally, some companies will only offer a partnership under the condition that you pay an early termination fee (ETF) if you decide to go elsewhere. Therefore, if you’re exceptionally interested in the company, prepare to negotiate in this event.

6.    Customer service and support

Understanding your chosen CBD payment processor’s customer service team will be vital when it comes to dealing with online and offline transactions for CBD-related products.

The level of service they provide will reflect on you as a business, so you’ll need to know how they’ll handle any type of situation—whether good or bad. After all, being prepared for the worst-case scenario is more often constructive than not!

Prior to selecting a payment gateway, we recommend asking a team member how fraud protection will minimize the chances of disputes from happening. In cases when disputes do arise, how will the team manage them? The answers you’re given will help you to determine whether the company’s an appropriate fit for you.

Another tip is to try and find a company that offers personalized customer service which caters to the exact needs and wants of the customer. This way, customers can feel more connected to your company and be left with a sense of satisfaction after receiving tailor-made solutions to their problems.

Hiring a customer service team that manages calls and emails at all hours of the day will also be of huge benefit.

A graphical line with a quote in the centre.

Processing Options for CBD Businesses

There are four main processing options for CBD businesses. Get clued up about them below:

1.     Domestic credit card processing

Most CBD business owners seek domestic credit card processing. This is when a payment is made within a country where a bank has issued a client’s credit or debit card, and the client’s merchant account is registered in the same country. There’s usually no currency conversion as the currency is the same.

This processing option may not be worth it for companies who haven’t submitted an application yet and aren’t making at least $200,000 in monthly sales.

2.    Domestic e-check

This alternative payment method is available to brands of all sizes and doesn’t rely on banks. With the help of a payments processor, e-checks use the Automated Clearing House (ACH) to direct debit from a customer’s checking account into a merchant’s business bank account. Transactions are quicker, safer and easier as e-checks are transmitted electronically.

Generally, domestic e-check percentage rates are lower than international processors, but they’re accompanied by additional setup fees and monthly charges.

3.    Offshore credit card processing

Most sized brands have access to this option, especially high-risk businesses in the EU. Whenever CBD regulation tightens, typically so do certain requirements. For example, MasterCard and Visa require a company to have an EU address in order to process their payments through an EU merchant.

Where required, businesses are often able to acquire an offshore merchant account if they’re unable to secure a merchant account in the UK.

4.   Payment terminals

This is a device that interfaces with payment cards to make electronic fund transfers. A payment terminal is also known as a POS terminal, credit card terminal, and Electronic Funds Transfer at Point of Sale (EFTPOS) terminal.

Some credit card payment terminal providers, like GreenBox and Naturepay, allow you to swipe credit cards on location. Dispensaries use these to put money from the swiped card into your bank account.

Always Pure Organics

Always Pure Organics is a white label specialist manufacturer and distributor of CBD products. We deliver pure and high-quality wholesale cannabis and cannabinoid products worldwide, as bulk ingredients, bulk products, white label and bespoke formulation.

We do our best to support, empower and maximize your success as business customers, providing the most client-centric experience in the cannabis industry. Our promise to always be compliant gives you real value as our clients.

Furthermore, we work across the entire supply chain of the CBD industry and can give you a wealth of regulatory and legal expertise, as well as product knowledge and production.

We can help you to create a unique product from scratch with organically grown ingredients and guaranteed concentration. Gain confidence in your product today! Explore our Always Pure Organics range of bulk CBD products, brands, and white label CBD products.

Glass bottles with CBD oil and Your Brand Here label.

Final Thoughts

Evidentially, the CBD industry can be very lucrative, so businesses are putting in more of an effort to meet consumer demand for CBD products.

The use of CBD payment processing can benefit and scale businesses, providing perfectly tailored solutions and ensuring high-risk merchant transactions are dealt with securely. However, you need to know what you’re doing in order to reach or surpass your business goals.

The task of accepting payments is fairly restrictive for CBD sellers. Therefore, making yourself aware of what’s required to conduct CBD business transactions legally is incredibly important when getting involved in such a high-risk sector.

As long as you’re prepared, you can prevent potential financial predicaments and achieve great success with your CBD business. You’ll be giving your customers the opportunity to browse and buy your CBD products with ease.

Always Pure Organics can support you as your company blossoms. Whatever your requirements, we can help. For more information, contact us here.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD oil?

CBD, or cannabidiol, is the second most prevalent active ingredient that’s extracted from the cannabis plant. CBD oil is made by diluting the CBD extract with a carrier oil like coconut, hemp seed, grapeseed, olive or sunflower oil. Unlike broad-spectrum and CBD isolate oils, full-spectrum CBD oil contains THC.

How can I start a CBD business?

The following steps are an easy way to begin building a CBD business: identify your CBD niche and products; understand the laws and regulations around CBD; generate a thorough CBD business plan; organize your business documents; find your CBD supplier; decide between a brick-and-mortar or online business; determine shipping and payment terms; and market your business.

How can I buy CBD products in bulk?

Manufacturers like Always Pure Organics sell CBD products in bulk. In fact, you can buy CBD products in bulk from most wholesale suppliers. You can also take advantage of the other services that we’ve designed to make the process of launching your CBD brand as easy as possible.

What CBD oil companies are best for bulk wholesale marketing?

You’re likely to find high-quality grown hemp from CBD wholesalers that are part of the premium markets. Always Pure Organics only provides the highest quality wholesale cannabis and cannabinoid products to our customers.

What bulk CBD products do Always Pure Organics offer?

We sell pre-produced CBD and cannabinoid products, which include CBG Oil in Hemp Oil, CBD Oil (hemp or MCT Carrier), High Strength Balm, Daily Lotion, Soft Gel Capsules, Pet CBD Oil (hemp Oil or MCT Carrier), and CBD Patches.

Is it costly to buy CBD oil in bulk?

Depending on where you buy from, the quantity, and the price per kilogram, it can be costly to buy CBD oil in bulk. Nevertheless, if you want to buy CBD oil in bulk at a cheaper rate, it’s better to buy CBD in wholesale quantities than it is in retail. You can also make a profit from selling your products when you buy CBD oil in bulk.

What are white label CBD products?

White label CBD products are products manufactured by another company or third party that enable you to put your own brand on the products. You don’t need to experience any of the potential stress that may arise during CBD production. Instead, you can fully focus on developing your brand, increasing sales, and generating high profits.

Does Always Pure Organics sell white label CBD products?

Yes. Our white label CBD products include Pet CBD Oil (hemp Oil or MCT Carrier), CBD Oil (hemp or MCT Carrier), CBG Oil in Hemp Oil, Blood Orange Lotion, Lavender Night Cream, High Strength Balm, Tattoo Aftercare Lotion, CBD Gummies, Daily Lotion, Softgel Capsules, and CBD Patches.

Is there a difference between white label CBD and private label CBD?

Yes. White label CBD products are made by a producer and are sold to multiple retailers. The products are universal, and retailers cannot make alterations in terms of packaging. Private label CBD products are created and sold exclusively to a single retailer. Alterations or enhancements to the product can be made by the seller of private label brands.

What are the top-rated white label CBD?

Our mission at Always Pure Organics is to accelerate the global acceptance of and access to cannabinoids. Therefore, we provide top-rated white label CBD supported by worldwide delivery and efficient logistics.

References

https://medicpro.london/cbd-merchant-account-uk/#:~:text=Specialist%20CBD%20merchant%20account%20services%20provide%20online%20payment%20processing%20solutions,%2D%20to%20high%2Drisk%20businesses

https://www.fda.gov/home

https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbesnycouncil/2019/08/06/four-ways-the-cbd-industry-can-process-payments-post-elavon/?sh=3430b2664001

https://www.mastercard.us/content/dam/mccom/global/documents/mastercard-rules.pdf

A positive financial graph over white label CBD products. A positive financial graph over white label CBD products. A positive financial graph over white label CBD products.

The Difference Between Distillate and Full-Spectrum CBD

Summary

There are more ways to consume CBD today than ever before. The plant material undergoes diverse methods to extract CBD, resulting in a broader spectrum of CBD products. Whether for trading or personal use, it’s increasingly challenging to decide the best CBD to choose, with more options saturating the market. Nonetheless, it is vital to distinguish between different forms of CBD to help make better purchasing decisions that, in turn, often lead to better CBD experiences for your customers, which translates to a better bottom line. This guide breaks down the different CBD extracts, along with the strengths and weaknesses of each type.

Introduction

Still relatively new to the health and wellness scene, CBD is becoming a household name. It has entered the marketplace in the form of tinctures, capsules, topicals, vapes and infused edibles. What’s more, CBD products are available in various spectrums indicating their chemical formula and distinctive use.

Needless to say, the CBD market has undergone a period of exponential growth in recent years, which doesn’t seem to be stopping any time soon. The global CBD market is expected to manifest a  compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of about 35% between 2021 and 2027, according to new data from Global Market Insights. The market research specialists point to the increasing CBD awareness and the implementation of agricultural programs in Europe and North America as a reason for the substantial growth. As society becomes more open-minded and accepting of CBD, many individuals are turning to its natural wellness benefits.

Moreover, the same market is set to give rise to a series of trends, including the subsequent increase in brick-and-mortar CBD shops, private label CBD companies and online CBD marketplaces. In fact, CBD e-commerce accounts for about 60% of the global sales channels. The intriguing CBD industry has, indeed, prompted many entrepreneurs to explore investing in the CBD business. However, despite its significant opportunities, entering the CBD industry has its own challenges, such as encompassing the constantly evolving legal landscape worldwide.

Business owners looking to get involved in the CBD industry or grow their existing business globally must cultivate a deeper understanding of the products they want to trade. As already noted, CBD products come in different types and formulas that set the threshold for THC content, influencing their legality and ability to travel across regional borders. Important terms like “distillate” and “full-spectrum” are often used to describe CBD products. What’s the difference between the two, and how do retailers know which one is the best to market? This guide answers all your questions to assist you in making better-informed decisions.

CBD oil in a dropper along with CBD’s chemical formula

What Is CBD?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of over 100 chemical compounds known as cannabinoids found in both Cannabis sativa l. and industrial hemp plants. While CBD oil can be extracted from either to create various CBD-infused products, there is a key difference between hemp-based CBD extracts and those derived from traditional Cannabis sativa. Industrial hemp and Cannabis sativa are the same species but display unique cannabinoid profiles. Similarly, CBD extracts from each cultivar will contain different chemical profiles.

Industrial hemp contains a limited amount of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive compound that primarily produces the infamous “high” effect often linked to cannabis consumption. Therefore, it is considered legal under UK law to grow and process hemp plants with a specific license, as long as they contain less than 0.2% THC content. Cannabis, on the other hand, is an abundant source of THC and remains illegal in many parts of the world. Thailand has become the first Asian country to decriminalise the usage of recreational cannabis for personal use.

CBD may offer natural relaxation and other potential wellness benefits without the risk of severe side effects or substance dependence. Individuals can make their CBD experience even better by combining it with a nutritional diet, regular exercise, adequate sleep and other healthy habits.

CBD Extraction Process

There are several steps to take in order to create different CBD product forms. Firstly, the plant material is cultivated and harvested in a timely manner. Cannabinoids, including CBD, are produced abundantly in the resin glands of the hemp’s flower, which is primarily used in CBD extraction. Manufacturers use different extraction methods to convert the raw material into oil. The CBD extracts are essentially separated from the plant waxes and other nonessential components.

To extract the necessary compounds, manufacturers conduct crude extraction. This method requires the use of solvents, such as, carbon dioxide (CO2) or ethanol, to remove cannabinoids from the plant matter. The next step is winterisation. The CBD extract and solvent are combined and stored at a freezing temperature for 24–48 hours. Finally, decarboxylation takes place by heating CBD extracts to make them more concentrated.

The resulting concentrate often contains a higher concentration of CBD than those of the original flower containing all of its naturally occurring components, including terpenes, flavonoids, essential oils and the rest of the cannabinoids. Concentrates typically contain anywhere from 45% to 99.9% pure CBD. They appear in the form of oil, crystal, wax, shatter, crumble or distillate. Once the CBD oil is extracted, it can be used as a concentrate or infused in various products.

Scientist in the lab working on quality checking

What Is CBD Distillate?

The terminology used to describe CBD products can be confusing for experts and novices alike. Manufacturing companies have created various types of CBD to distinguish their brands from the growing competition. That’s why research into the CBD market will often lead you to different terms, such as distillate, isolate, full-spectrum and broad-spectrum, classifying CBD products according to their chemical structures and formulas. These spectrums vary largely in terms of the extraction methods used.

After extraction, CBD distillate undergoes further refinements to create a cannabidiol-dominant formula. Put simply; the hemp plant goes through an extensive method called short-path distillation to preserve a specific subset of compounds, for example, cannabinoids. CBD extracts that contain pure CBD are called isolates. Broad-spectrum CBD extracts, on the other hand, contain all the compounds found in the plant, including terpenes, flavonoids and minor cannabinoids, except for THC.

The process of distillation can be used to either collect almost pure CBD or increase its concentration. During short-path distillation, CBD oil is purified or broken down into its individual compounds by using evaporation and condensation techniques.

Each compound in CBD oil has a lower boiling point than the oil itself. Hence, the solution must be heated under pressure to let the unnecessary compounds boil away and reach a separate condenser or cooling tube. This strategy leaves the desired compounds to further refine into the reservoir and be re-introduced to the final product called CBD distillate.

CBD distillate, in a few words, is a highly-refined CBD extract characterised by a yellow, viscous oil that typically contains up to 80% CBD. However, the reduced distance travelled by the compounds in a short-path distillation also reduces the potential wastage of materials during extraction. This means that CBD distillates may still contain tiny amounts of terpenes, flavonoids and other compounds, depending on the type of product manufacturers want to achieve. CBD distillate is often diluted into hemp seed oil, medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) oil and other carriers to create tinctures, vape oils and other CBD distillate products.

What Is Full-Spectrum CBD?

Full-spectrum CBD undergoes more gentle extraction methods when compared to CBD distillates. Supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2) extraction is the most commonly used method in extracting full-spectrum CBD from the plant because it is generally safe and versatile. This method involves converting carbon dioxide into supercritical liquid through a pressurised chamber device at cold temperatures. Carbon dioxide, in its supercritical form, is an ideal solvent for extracting CBD oil without causing any potential damage to the entire plant material.

The versatility of this method allows manufacturers to keep all of the compounds present in the plant during extraction. As a result, full-spectrum CBD contains every bit of cannabinoids, flavonoids, terpenes, essential oils and other nutrients native to the plant. It also holds trace amounts of THC, in addition to minor cannabinoids.

CBD and THC may be the most researched cannabinoids to date, but they are far from being the only ones. As mentioned previously, there are more than 100 cannabinoids found in the plant, all of which may influence the body in their own unique ways. Here are some of them:

Cannabichromene (CBC)

CBC is a non-intoxicating phytocannabinoid, like CBD. It is the third most abundant cannabinoid, behind CBD and THC. While CBC remains obscure, it is thought to interact with a variety of cannabinoid receptors in the body, including those linked to pain perception. Hemp-derived CBC shares the same legal status as CBD in the United Kingdom and other parts of Europe.

Cannabinol (CBN)

CBN is a THC metabolite, which can be formed as the cannabis plant ages. In some cases, THC degrades into CBN when it is exposed to heat or ultraviolet (UV) light. CBN may retain some of THC’s psychotropic activity, but it is reportedly less psychoactive than THC. Nonetheless, CBN is considered a controlled substance, which means the 1-milligram-per-container limit also applies.

Cannabidivarin (CBDV)

CBDV is a CBD variant, which means it has almost the same chemical structure as CBD. The only difference is the propyl chain it carries. Also, CBDV is more abundant in Cannabis indica strains, particularly Landrace indica and other strains with lower THC levels. Hence, CBDV does not create intoxication when consumed.

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)

THCV has unique chemical properties that set it apart from other minor cannabinoids. Interestingly, it has psychoactive or non-psychoactive effects, depending on its dosage level. Higher doses of THCV can cause energising feelings of euphoria, while lower doses cannot.

In addition to cannabinoids, full-spectrum CBD extracts contain other essential compounds like terpenes and flavonoids. The former are called aromatic compounds that give some plants a unique scent or taste. Terpenes are not just famed for their aroma, but they also contain natural therapeutic properties.

Linalool, for example, is an unsaturated monoterpene that helps regulate mood and sleep patterns. In fact, linalool provides fragrance scents to plants like lavender, rosewood and cinnamon, all of which are commonly used in aromatherapy to promote feelings of calm and wellbeing.

Flavonoids, on the other hand, are responsible for the vivid colours and patterns of some fruits and vegetables. Phytonutrients like flavonoids have long been reported to manifest a range of wellness benefits through cell signalling pathways and potentially antioxidative effects. When combined in one full-spectrum CBD product, the whole plant extracts may offer a complete CBD experience.

The Entourage Effect

Coined by Raphael Mechoulam in 1988, the term “entourage effect” refers to cannabinoids working alongside other plant compounds to create a potentially more favourable effect in the body. Chemist and professor, Mechoulam suggests that the purported entourage effect of full-spectrum CBD has to do with the wholeness of the plant and the sum of its individual components, working in synergy to help promote a state of ideal balance or homeostasis.

Homeostasis occurs when the body maintains a sense of equilibrium, allowing different bodily organs and cells to function smoothly. External factors like germs, bacteria and viruses can cause significant imbalances, which often result in certain illnesses and other signs of poor health.

Fortunately, the body has many systems responsible for regulating homeostasis, of which one is the endocannabinoid signalling system (ECS). The ECS is made up of enzymes, cannabinoid receptors and endocannabinoids—the cannabinoids produced by the human body.

When the body is weak, the endocannabinoids interact with cannabinoid receptors to help activate necessary immune responses and support homeostasis. THC reportedly interacts with the cannabinoid receptors located in the body’s central nervous system and immune system. CBD, however, is thought to influence other numerous receptors, resulting in a broader potential impact on human health. In general, full-spectrum CBD may help optimise many physiological processes due to a wide range of interactions in and outside the ECS.

Final Thoughts: How to Choose the Best Type of CBD?

While looking for the best CBD seems like a chore, understanding a few important things makes the decision-making process quite easier. In conclusion, CBD distillate is a heavily-refined concentrate that yields an ultra-high potency level. Beyond the extraction process, CBD extracts go through further distillation to separate the desired components and create more concentrated products.

Full-spectrum CBD extracts, on the other hand, are a different designation of products. Instead of undergoing refinements that would remove THC, the entire spectrum of cannabinoids is left in the extract to distinguish it from broad-spectrum extracts. This increases the chances of improving the benefits of the entourage effect.

CBD manufacturers like Always Pure Organics custom distil your choice of strength, whether it be full-spectrum, broad-spectrum or isolate, to help create a  bolder experience. The best CBD largely depends on individuals’ tastes and needs. Besides a few basic considerations, it takes a process of trial and error to determine the type of CBD that best matches your brand.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD?

“CBD” stands for cannabidiol. It is one of the most valuable components in cannabis and hemp plants. CBD is currently gaining momentum for its non-intoxicating profile and potentially natural calming effects. It is available in different types, ranging from regular oils and capsules to innovative products, such as topicals, edibles, vapes and even pet food.

What is CBD distillate?

CBD distillate, as the name suggests, is a highly refined CBD extract that has undergone a post-extraction process called distillation. This type of CBD extract is characterised by a yellow, viscous oil that usually contains about 70–80% CBD. CBD distillates may or may not have minor cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and THC, depending on the product.

What is full-spectrum CBD?

Unlike CBD distillate, full-spectrum CBD does not undergo further refinement techniques right after extraction. This strategy is to preserve all of the potential benefits of the whole plant. Full-spectrum CBD is not as pure as CBD distillates because it contains all the plant’s chemical compounds, including cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, essential oils, and a well-regulated amount of THC.

Can full-spectrum CBD get you high?

THC is the primary psychoactive component of the cannabis plant. Using high levels of THC can cause intoxication characterised by significant changes in behaviour, impairments to speech and memory and even loss of consciousness. On the flip side, full-spectrum CBD with lower THC content is not sufficient to alter the mind and, therefore, safe for human consumption.

Is CBD distillate better than full-spectrum CBD?

The two aren’t mutually exclusive. As established earlier in this article, full-spectrum products are characterised as containing some level of THC, while distillate is a general term for extracts created through distillation. Thus, it depends on the individual’s preference and expectation. Some opt-out of any THC in their products, while others prefer to receive all the potential benefits of the entire plant, including THC. In terms of potency, full-spectrum CBD appears to be more practical due to its possible entourage effect. CBD distillates undergo additional post-extraction refinements, which means they likely contain a narrower coverage of plant-based entities than full-spectrum CBD.

How long does CBD extraction take?

Different methods are used to extract CBD, so there is no definite duration for CBD extraction. That depends on the type of method used. Generally, the extraction process can take up to four hours or even an entire night to completely separate CBD extracts from the plant material.

Are CBD extracts sensitive to heat?

Extreme heat reduces the potency level of CBD oil due to chemical reactions, eliminating essential nutrients from the mixture. It’s best to avoid exposing CBD products directly to heat or sunlight to prevent such risks.

What is the difference between hemp seed oil and CBD oil?

While these terms are often used interchangeably, it’s worth noting that hemp seed oil and CBD oil are not the same. Hemp seed oil is mainly derived from hemp seeds. CBD oil, on the other hand, is extracted from the flowers, stems and leaves of the hemp plant. Both products may offer potential health benefits to the body. Still, how they impact the body may vary depending on the receptors they interact with individually.

Is it legal to sell full-spectrum CBD in the UK?

The United Kingdom permits the sale of full-spectrum CBD products in the market, providing they come from hemp plants containing less than 0.2% THC. In addition, the amount of THC in each product container must be below 1 milligram in total. CBD companies in the United Kingdom may advertise CBD as a wellness food supplement.

However, they cannot mention any medical claims in compliance with the Medical Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency or MHRA. On top of that, the hemp used in all CBD products must be sourced from outside the country’s national and regional territories. Most hemp used to make CBD products that are sold in the United Kingdom are grown and harvested in the United States and Europe.

Where can I buy wholesale CBD products?

Always Pure Organics is one of the largest and most trusted white label CBD manufacturers in Europe and the United Kingdom. It is curated to provide only high quality and ethically-sourced CBD products and ingredients, which retailers and private labels can purchase in bulk. The company has its own extraction facility, so you can ensure that all of its products meet legal and quality standards of creation from plant to bottle.

References

https://www.gminsights.com/industry-analysis/cannabidiol-cbd-market

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5741114/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3165946/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5465813/

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1934578X0800300727

https://www.heraldscotland.com/news/19828364.cbd-oil-legal-guide-cbd-oil-uk-laws-2022/

Summary

There are more ways to consume CBD today than ever before. The plant material undergoes diverse methods to extract CBD, resulting in a broader spectrum of CBD products. Whether for trading or personal use, it’s increasingly challenging to decide the best CBD to choose, with more options saturating the market. Nonetheless, it is vital to distinguish between different forms of CBD to help make better purchasing decisions that, in turn, often lead to better CBD experiences for your customers, which translates to a better bottom line. This guide breaks down the different CBD extracts, along with the strengths and weaknesses of each type.

Introduction

Still relatively new to the health and wellness scene, CBD is becoming a household name. It has entered the marketplace in the form of tinctures, capsules, topicals, vapes and infused edibles. What’s more, CBD products are available in various spectrums indicating their chemical formula and distinctive use.

Needless to say, the CBD market has undergone a period of exponential growth in recent years, which doesn’t seem to be stopping any time soon. The global CBD market is expected to manifest a  compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of about 35% between 2021 and 2027, according to new data from Global Market Insights. The market research specialists point to the increasing CBD awareness and the implementation of agricultural programs in Europe and North America as a reason for the substantial growth. As society becomes more open-minded and accepting of CBD, many individuals are turning to its natural wellness benefits.

Moreover, the same market is set to give rise to a series of trends, including the subsequent increase in brick-and-mortar CBD shops, private label CBD companies and online CBD marketplaces. In fact, CBD e-commerce accounts for about 60% of the global sales channels. The intriguing CBD industry has, indeed, prompted many entrepreneurs to explore investing in the CBD business. However, despite its significant opportunities, entering the CBD industry has its own challenges, such as encompassing the constantly evolving legal landscape worldwide.

Business owners looking to get involved in the CBD industry or grow their existing business globally must cultivate a deeper understanding of the products they want to trade. As already noted, CBD products come in different types and formulas that set the threshold for THC content, influencing their legality and ability to travel across regional borders. Important terms like “distillate” and “full-spectrum” are often used to describe CBD products. What’s the difference between the two, and how do retailers know which one is the best to market? This guide answers all your questions to assist you in making better-informed decisions.

CBD oil in a dropper along with CBD’s chemical formula

What Is CBD?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of over 100 chemical compounds known as cannabinoids found in both Cannabis sativa l. and industrial hemp plants. While CBD oil can be extracted from either to create various CBD-infused products, there is a key difference between hemp-based CBD extracts and those derived from traditional Cannabis sativa. Industrial hemp and Cannabis sativa are the same species but display unique cannabinoid profiles. Similarly, CBD extracts from each cultivar will contain different chemical profiles.

Industrial hemp contains a limited amount of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive compound that primarily produces the infamous “high” effect often linked to cannabis consumption. Therefore, it is considered legal under UK law to grow and process hemp plants with a specific license, as long as they contain less than 0.2% THC content. Cannabis, on the other hand, is an abundant source of THC and remains illegal in many parts of the world. Thailand has become the first Asian country to decriminalise the usage of recreational cannabis for personal use.

CBD may offer natural relaxation and other potential wellness benefits without the risk of severe side effects or substance dependence. Individuals can make their CBD experience even better by combining it with a nutritional diet, regular exercise, adequate sleep and other healthy habits.

CBD Extraction Process

There are several steps to take in order to create different CBD product forms. Firstly, the plant material is cultivated and harvested in a timely manner. Cannabinoids, including CBD, are produced abundantly in the resin glands of the hemp’s flower, which is primarily used in CBD extraction. Manufacturers use different extraction methods to convert the raw material into oil. The CBD extracts are essentially separated from the plant waxes and other nonessential components.

To extract the necessary compounds, manufacturers conduct crude extraction. This method requires the use of solvents, such as, carbon dioxide (CO2) or ethanol, to remove cannabinoids from the plant matter. The next step is winterisation. The CBD extract and solvent are combined and stored at a freezing temperature for 24–48 hours. Finally, decarboxylation takes place by heating CBD extracts to make them more concentrated.

The resulting concentrate often contains a higher concentration of CBD than those of the original flower containing all of its naturally occurring components, including terpenes, flavonoids, essential oils and the rest of the cannabinoids. Concentrates typically contain anywhere from 45% to 99.9% pure CBD. They appear in the form of oil, crystal, wax, shatter, crumble or distillate. Once the CBD oil is extracted, it can be used as a concentrate or infused in various products.

Scientist in the lab working on quality checking

What Is CBD Distillate?

The terminology used to describe CBD products can be confusing for experts and novices alike. Manufacturing companies have created various types of CBD to distinguish their brands from the growing competition. That’s why research into the CBD market will often lead you to different terms, such as distillate, isolate, full-spectrum and broad-spectrum, classifying CBD products according to their chemical structures and formulas. These spectrums vary largely in terms of the extraction methods used.

After extraction, CBD distillate undergoes further refinements to create a cannabidiol-dominant formula. Put simply; the hemp plant goes through an extensive method called short-path distillation to preserve a specific subset of compounds, for example, cannabinoids. CBD extracts that contain pure CBD are called isolates. Broad-spectrum CBD extracts, on the other hand, contain all the compounds found in the plant, including terpenes, flavonoids and minor cannabinoids, except for THC.

The process of distillation can be used to either collect almost pure CBD or increase its concentration. During short-path distillation, CBD oil is purified or broken down into its individual compounds by using evaporation and condensation techniques.

Each compound in CBD oil has a lower boiling point than the oil itself. Hence, the solution must be heated under pressure to let the unnecessary compounds boil away and reach a separate condenser or cooling tube. This strategy leaves the desired compounds to further refine into the reservoir and be re-introduced to the final product called CBD distillate.

CBD distillate, in a few words, is a highly-refined CBD extract characterised by a yellow, viscous oil that typically contains up to 80% CBD. However, the reduced distance travelled by the compounds in a short-path distillation also reduces the potential wastage of materials during extraction. This means that CBD distillates may still contain tiny amounts of terpenes, flavonoids and other compounds, depending on the type of product manufacturers want to achieve. CBD distillate is often diluted into hemp seed oil, medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) oil and other carriers to create tinctures, vape oils and other CBD distillate products.

What Is Full-Spectrum CBD?

Full-spectrum CBD undergoes more gentle extraction methods when compared to CBD distillates. Supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2) extraction is the most commonly used method in extracting full-spectrum CBD from the plant because it is generally safe and versatile. This method involves converting carbon dioxide into supercritical liquid through a pressurised chamber device at cold temperatures. Carbon dioxide, in its supercritical form, is an ideal solvent for extracting CBD oil without causing any potential damage to the entire plant material.

The versatility of this method allows manufacturers to keep all of the compounds present in the plant during extraction. As a result, full-spectrum CBD contains every bit of cannabinoids, flavonoids, terpenes, essential oils and other nutrients native to the plant. It also holds trace amounts of THC, in addition to minor cannabinoids.

CBD and THC may be the most researched cannabinoids to date, but they are far from being the only ones. As mentioned previously, there are more than 100 cannabinoids found in the plant, all of which may influence the body in their own unique ways. Here are some of them:

Cannabichromene (CBC)

CBC is a non-intoxicating phytocannabinoid, like CBD. It is the third most abundant cannabinoid, behind CBD and THC. While CBC remains obscure, it is thought to interact with a variety of cannabinoid receptors in the body, including those linked to pain perception. Hemp-derived CBC shares the same legal status as CBD in the United Kingdom and other parts of Europe.

Cannabinol (CBN)

CBN is a THC metabolite, which can be formed as the cannabis plant ages. In some cases, THC degrades into CBN when it is exposed to heat or ultraviolet (UV) light. CBN may retain some of THC’s psychotropic activity, but it is reportedly less psychoactive than THC. Nonetheless, CBN is considered a controlled substance, which means the 1-milligram-per-container limit also applies.

Cannabidivarin (CBDV)

CBDV is a CBD variant, which means it has almost the same chemical structure as CBD. The only difference is the propyl chain it carries. Also, CBDV is more abundant in Cannabis indica strains, particularly Landrace indica and other strains with lower THC levels. Hence, CBDV does not create intoxication when consumed.

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)

THCV has unique chemical properties that set it apart from other minor cannabinoids. Interestingly, it has psychoactive or non-psychoactive effects, depending on its dosage level. Higher doses of THCV can cause energising feelings of euphoria, while lower doses cannot.

In addition to cannabinoids, full-spectrum CBD extracts contain other essential compounds like terpenes and flavonoids. The former are called aromatic compounds that give some plants a unique scent or taste. Terpenes are not just famed for their aroma, but they also contain natural therapeutic properties.

Linalool, for example, is an unsaturated monoterpene that helps regulate mood and sleep patterns. In fact, linalool provides fragrance scents to plants like lavender, rosewood and cinnamon, all of which are commonly used in aromatherapy to promote feelings of calm and wellbeing.

Flavonoids, on the other hand, are responsible for the vivid colours and patterns of some fruits and vegetables. Phytonutrients like flavonoids have long been reported to manifest a range of wellness benefits through cell signalling pathways and potentially antioxidative effects. When combined in one full-spectrum CBD product, the whole plant extracts may offer a complete CBD experience.

The Entourage Effect

Coined by Raphael Mechoulam in 1988, the term “entourage effect” refers to cannabinoids working alongside other plant compounds to create a potentially more favourable effect in the body. Chemist and professor, Mechoulam suggests that the purported entourage effect of full-spectrum CBD has to do with the wholeness of the plant and the sum of its individual components, working in synergy to help promote a state of ideal balance or homeostasis.

Homeostasis occurs when the body maintains a sense of equilibrium, allowing different bodily organs and cells to function smoothly. External factors like germs, bacteria and viruses can cause significant imbalances, which often result in certain illnesses and other signs of poor health.

Fortunately, the body has many systems responsible for regulating homeostasis, of which one is the endocannabinoid signalling system (ECS). The ECS is made up of enzymes, cannabinoid receptors and endocannabinoids—the cannabinoids produced by the human body.

When the body is weak, the endocannabinoids interact with cannabinoid receptors to help activate necessary immune responses and support homeostasis. THC reportedly interacts with the cannabinoid receptors located in the body’s central nervous system and immune system. CBD, however, is thought to influence other numerous receptors, resulting in a broader potential impact on human health. In general, full-spectrum CBD may help optimise many physiological processes due to a wide range of interactions in and outside the ECS.

Final Thoughts: How to Choose the Best Type of CBD?

While looking for the best CBD seems like a chore, understanding a few important things makes the decision-making process quite easier. In conclusion, CBD distillate is a heavily-refined concentrate that yields an ultra-high potency level. Beyond the extraction process, CBD extracts go through further distillation to separate the desired components and create more concentrated products.

Full-spectrum CBD extracts, on the other hand, are a different designation of products. Instead of undergoing refinements that would remove THC, the entire spectrum of cannabinoids is left in the extract to distinguish it from broad-spectrum extracts. This increases the chances of improving the benefits of the entourage effect.

CBD manufacturers like Always Pure Organics custom distil your choice of strength, whether it be full-spectrum, broad-spectrum or isolate, to help create a  bolder experience. The best CBD largely depends on individuals’ tastes and needs. Besides a few basic considerations, it takes a process of trial and error to determine the type of CBD that best matches your brand.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD?

“CBD” stands for cannabidiol. It is one of the most valuable components in cannabis and hemp plants. CBD is currently gaining momentum for its non-intoxicating profile and potentially natural calming effects. It is available in different types, ranging from regular oils and capsules to innovative products, such as topicals, edibles, vapes and even pet food.

What is CBD distillate?

CBD distillate, as the name suggests, is a highly refined CBD extract that has undergone a post-extraction process called distillation. This type of CBD extract is characterised by a yellow, viscous oil that usually contains about 70–80% CBD. CBD distillates may or may not have minor cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and THC, depending on the product.

What is full-spectrum CBD?

Unlike CBD distillate, full-spectrum CBD does not undergo further refinement techniques right after extraction. This strategy is to preserve all of the potential benefits of the whole plant. Full-spectrum CBD is not as pure as CBD distillates because it contains all the plant’s chemical compounds, including cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, essential oils, and a well-regulated amount of THC.

Can full-spectrum CBD get you high?

THC is the primary psychoactive component of the cannabis plant. Using high levels of THC can cause intoxication characterised by significant changes in behaviour, impairments to speech and memory and even loss of consciousness. On the flip side, full-spectrum CBD with lower THC content is not sufficient to alter the mind and, therefore, safe for human consumption.

Is CBD distillate better than full-spectrum CBD?

The two aren’t mutually exclusive. As established earlier in this article, full-spectrum products are characterised as containing some level of THC, while distillate is a general term for extracts created through distillation. Thus, it depends on the individual’s preference and expectation. Some opt-out of any THC in their products, while others prefer to receive all the potential benefits of the entire plant, including THC. In terms of potency, full-spectrum CBD appears to be more practical due to its possible entourage effect. CBD distillates undergo additional post-extraction refinements, which means they likely contain a narrower coverage of plant-based entities than full-spectrum CBD.

How long does CBD extraction take?

Different methods are used to extract CBD, so there is no definite duration for CBD extraction. That depends on the type of method used. Generally, the extraction process can take up to four hours or even an entire night to completely separate CBD extracts from the plant material.

Are CBD extracts sensitive to heat?

Extreme heat reduces the potency level of CBD oil due to chemical reactions, eliminating essential nutrients from the mixture. It’s best to avoid exposing CBD products directly to heat or sunlight to prevent such risks.

What is the difference between hemp seed oil and CBD oil?

While these terms are often used interchangeably, it’s worth noting that hemp seed oil and CBD oil are not the same. Hemp seed oil is mainly derived from hemp seeds. CBD oil, on the other hand, is extracted from the flowers, stems and leaves of the hemp plant. Both products may offer potential health benefits to the body. Still, how they impact the body may vary depending on the receptors they interact with individually.

Is it legal to sell full-spectrum CBD in the UK?

The United Kingdom permits the sale of full-spectrum CBD products in the market, providing they come from hemp plants containing less than 0.2% THC. In addition, the amount of THC in each product container must be below 1 milligram in total. CBD companies in the United Kingdom may advertise CBD as a wellness food supplement.

However, they cannot mention any medical claims in compliance with the Medical Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency or MHRA. On top of that, the hemp used in all CBD products must be sourced from outside the country’s national and regional territories. Most hemp used to make CBD products that are sold in the United Kingdom are grown and harvested in the United States and Europe.

Where can I buy wholesale CBD products?

Always Pure Organics is one of the largest and most trusted white label CBD manufacturers in Europe and the United Kingdom. It is curated to provide only high quality and ethically-sourced CBD products and ingredients, which retailers and private labels can purchase in bulk. The company has its own extraction facility, so you can ensure that all of its products meet legal and quality standards of creation from plant to bottle.

References

https://www.gminsights.com/industry-analysis/cannabidiol-cbd-market

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5741114/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3165946/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5465813/

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1934578X0800300727

https://www.heraldscotland.com/news/19828364.cbd-oil-legal-guide-cbd-oil-uk-laws-2022/

Various CBD white label products on a green background. Various CBD white label products on a green background. Various CBD white label products on a green background.

Poland and the Novel Food Regulation

Cannabis played a critical role in everyday life in Poland for centuries and was used in clothing, weaving, and even food. In more recent times, the hemp industry is thriving once more in Poland, enjoying a hugely successful CBD market and the recent legalisation of medical cannabis. This article unpacks Poland’s landmark decision to bypass the European Union’s CBD Novel Food regulation and why the country is increasingly being considered a critical market for the cannabis industry.

Introduction

Regulations and laws surrounding the cannabis industry are complicated, to say the least. CBD businesses will be aware of this first hand. There are different rules you must follow depending on the country in question. Poland is no exception, and there are various laws to be aware of, including its intriguing stance on the CBD Novel Food regulation presented by the European Union. In this article, we explain the history of Poland’s relationship with cannabis, break down what a Novel Food regulation means, and what choosing to bypass it means for Poland’s CBD industry.

A group shot of CBD products in the middle of the flag of Poland

Poland and Cannabis

It is believed that cannabis first came to Poland in the 15th century. For several centuries, cannabis played an integral role in day-to-day life for many Slavic tribes—including the tribes who settled in Poland—contributing to clothing, weaving and food production. It was also used to ease various health conditions, including toothache and fever. Indeed, hemp became a multi-faceted and essential crop for Poland. Hemp cultivation became a long tradition that survived well into the 20th century.

Poland has conducted a lot of cannabis research over the years, and in 1930, the Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants was created in Poland to study hemp further. This institute is one of the oldest in Europe that researches hemp.

By the 1950s, the tide was changing for cannabis in Poland. Over 50,000 hectares had been used for hemp cultivation until this point. But in 1951, the People’s Republic of Poland legislation classified cannabis as a narcotic. Subsequent legislation made both the production and dealing in it illegal, and unsurprisingly, hemp cultivation declined in the 1950s because of its association with marijuana use. Poland’s once-thriving hemp industry was devastated. However, it wasn’t until 1997 that possession and use of cannabis would be considered crimes.

During the 1990s, hemp was reintroduced once more into Europe, mainly because of its capacity to provide for other industries such as biofuel, fibre, and food. Poland took action to recover its hemp fields and was one of the first countries to revive its hemp industry with much success.

Today, Poland has a thriving cannabis industry. Hemp is now entirely legal in Poland, and marijuana is partially decriminalised. Hemp is classified as any Cannabis sativa plant with a tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content of up to 0.2%. Hemp is entirely legal regarding cultivation, processing and sale under a government-issued license. Hemp-derived products can be bought without a prescription in Poland, and they won’t get the user high. On the other hand, marijuana is any cannabis plant with over 0.2% THC by weight and can get the user high. Recreational use of marijuana is illegal in Poland.

Poland’s prosperous industry has been assisted by the increase in popularity of cannabidiol (CBD), which is believed to possess numerous beneficial qualities to assist general wellbeing. CBD is obtained from the hemp plant’s leaves, stalks, stems and flowers. The European Cannabidiol Market size exceeded USD 1.9 billion in 2020 and is expected to have over 33.5% Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) from 2021 to 2027. Therefore, CBD is predicted to expand and become more popular in the coming years.

CBD tincture and capsule products on top of an array of green cannabis leaves

The European Union and CBD

The European Union (or EU) is a political and economic union between 27 countries, including Poland. The EU was created with the intention of ceasing the frequent, bloody wars between neighbouring countries, which culminated in the Second World War (WWII). It sought to foster economic cooperation and prevent conflict, helping to stabilise and support those within. It was thought to assist with overall contentment in Europe.

A common internal market was created, and the policies supported the free movement of people within the EU and goods, capital and services within this market. It is important to note that EU policies apply to all member states unless they decide to ‘opt out’ or are exempt.

The EU’s official position on CBD is unclear. There have been numerous regulatory updates and changes relating to CBD within the EU over recent years as interest grows and more research is being undertaken into this unique compound. It appears as though the EU is cautiously taking progressive steps to benefit the CBD industry, though these steps have been cumbersome and a long time coming for many within the industry. One of the most significant reform regulations made by the EU is CBD being classified as a Novel Food.

The Novel Food Regulation

In January 2019, CBD for consumption was classed by the European Union as Novel Food in Europe (unless the individual member states choose to opt-out). The European Commission (EC) is the executive branch of the EU and is responsible for several key operations, including proposing legislation, enforcing EU laws and directing its administrative operations.

The EC defines Novel Food as food that humans have not significantly consumed within the EU before May 15th, 1997. This date was when the first Novel Food regulation came into effect. Novel Food can be food that is or has been traditionally consumed outside of the EU or newly developed food. This reform was received with controversy, as it was applied to an already existing industry.

The reason given for this decision was because there was no prior history of CBD used for consumption before May 1997. Consequently, CBD was henceforth made subject to Novel Food regulation and now requires scientific assessment before being approved to guarantee its safety. Furthermore, Novel Food is only authorised for consumption if it abides by the following: it does not present risk to the public, does not mislead the consumer, and is not nutritionally disadvantageous when replacing a similar food.

So what does this mean for a CBD food business within the EU? CBD companies are now required to apply for authorisation of their CBD extracts before they can be placed on the market for consumption. This is the same process as any other consumable listed under Novel Foods and follows the same application format. An essential part of this application is to consider the product’s safety.

For example, toxicological studies need to be provided. However, even if a product meets the validation standard, it does not necessarily mean it will be authorised. Applications are considered on their own merits, but it is believed that directly relevant studies are needed because of the lack of public information on CBD’s safety. The individual consumable CBD products you sell must be included in the application.

Following this application process is the only route to compliance for CBD products. This reform is both a blessing and a curse for the European CBD industry. On the one hand, it is a positive step as, in theory, CBD will be better regulated, helping ensure its safety to consumers. The CBD industry is notoriously poorly regulated, with many poor quality, untrustworthy and untested CBD products available throughout the market.

CBD was not held to high regulatory standards up until the Novel Foods reform, and so this helps with ensuring that CBD products are better considered and studied. Applications for Novel Food status assure consumers of both the safety and quality of consumable CBD products. Furthermore, this status presents CBD with a sense of legitimacy to the overall market, as its safety is being assured.

On the other hand, the clear and overwhelming downside to this regulatory reform is that it causes further obstacles for CBD businesses to face. A long and detailed application process sits between them and the market, and they are forced to justify their products are fit for consumption. But, it cannot be denied that this reform opened the doors to discussion for CBD and helped put this previously doubted compound on a pedestal.

This reform also encouraged further regulation updates regarding CBD, such as the EU’s decision to increase the THC limit to 0.3% in October 2020, an increase from 0.2%. Or at the close of 2020, which saw CBD no longer classed as a Narcotic within the EU. The Novel Food regulation was significant in that it put a spotlight on CBD and forced it to become a talking point.

Poland and the Novel Food Regulation

As previously mentioned, EU law applies to all member states unless they decide to opt-out. It is down to the individual country to decide how stringently Novel Food rulings are enforced or if they are followed at all. Some countries, including Spain and Austria, decided to remove food and drink CBD products from the market entirely until the Novel Foods authorisation. Poland, however, dismissed this regulation entirely, a decision uncommon for most European countries.

Poland has relatively relaxed CBD laws and permits the purchase and use of all forms of CBD products, and foods and beverages are no exception. The main rule practiced by the country is that the THC content of CBD products cannot exceed 0.2%. CBD is legal in Poland, but producers of it cannot advertise it as food. It can, however, be sold as a nutritional supplement (as long as it adheres to the 0.2% THC limit).

Poland’s regulations for CBD are fairly straightforward and allow CBD products online and in-store, providing that it is derived from hemp and does not exceed the THC threshold. Additionally, entrepreneurs and farmers need to apply for a license to grow hemp (with no more than 0.2% THC). There have been no restrictions set regarding hemp processing and allowing the appropriate permit; cultivators can use hemp for numerous purposes, including cosmetics, fibre, food and pharmaceutical products. However, hemp cannot be grown without a license.

Poland’s Legalisation of Medical Cannabis

Poland’s relaxed view regarding the cannabis industry shows no signs of slowing down any time soon, and in recent years have displayed further acceptance. In 2017, Poland legalised medical cannabis. This meant that Polish pharmacists were now allowed to create and distribute pharmaceutical products using cannabis. That said, because the production of medical cannabis is not permitted in Poland, the country is utterly dependent on cannabis imports from Denmark, Germany, and Canada.

Polish pharmacies are, therefore, now allowed to manufacture medicines derived from imported cannabis plants on the condition that they have been authorised by the Office for the Registration of Medical Products. At the time of this landmark decision, the Polish Pharmaceutical Chamber explained that pharmacists would receive specific training on making drugs from cannabis, with the intention of relieving certain specific conditions, including epilepsy and multiple sclerosis (MS).

Poland’s monumental decision to legalise medical cannabis clearly demonstrates its progressive attitude toward the cannabis industry, including the CBD market. Indeed, many people believe that the rest of Europe will swiftly follow in Poland’s determined footsteps and that medical cannabis may be legalised in many other European countries soon.

Understanding Relevant Laws

Running a CBD business can be highly stressful and confusing, especially when laws significantly differ depending on where you are and where you want to sell. It is critical that the relevant laws are observed, or your business could be penalised, and you could be in severe legal trouble. Always Pure Organics not only provides global delivery of the highest-quality wholesale legal cannabis and CBD products, but we also offer regulatory and legal advice to ensure your business is being compliant in an ever-evolving industry.

Contact us for advice on laws and regulations or to attain high-quality legal cannabis products from a leading supplier in the industry.

Final Thoughts

Getting to grips with the various laws and regulations pertaining to the cannabis industry can be a real headache. And, of course, rules and restrictions vary depending on the country in question. Poland has shown evidence of a thriving cannabis industry, assisted by its relaxed stance on the EU’s Novel Food regulation for CBD and the legalisation of medical cannabis.

CBD is considered legal in Poland, providing that it does not exceed the 0.2% THC limit and that the farmer that grows it has the appropriate license. All of this demonstrates that Poland is a country where CBD can be enjoyed and purchased with relative freedom. It is also paving the way for other countries to follow suit in their acceptance of an increasingly popular industry.

A photo of a Polish flag waving in the wind against a blue sky backdrop.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is CBD legal in Poland?

Yes. CBD is legal in Poland, provided that the farmer responsible for growing the hemp plant (from which the CBD must derive) has the appropriate license. Furthermore, the THC limit within the CBD product must follow Polish law, or it is not legal.

What is the THC limit in Poland for CBD?

The THC limit in Poland for CBD is 0.2%. If a product exceeds this amount, it is no longer legal.

Is hemp legal in Poland?

Hemp is defined as any Cannabis sativa plant with a THC content of no more than 0.2%. Hemp is completely legal in terms of cultivation, processing, and sale under a government-issued license. You do not need a prescription to buy a hemp-derived product, and they cannot get the consumer high.

Is marijuana legal in Poland?

Marijuana is considered to be any cannabis plant with more than 0.2% THC by weight. It can get its users high. Recreational use of marijuana is not permitted in Poland, and consequently, marijuana is illegal.

Is medical cannabis legal in Poland?

Yes. In 2017, Poland legalised medical cannabis. It is now allowed to be prescribed by pharmacists to assist with specific health conditions, such as epilepsy and multiple sclerosis (MS). One of the main pitfalls of this decision is that the actual production of medical cannabis is not allowed in Poland. Therefore the country relies on imports from Denmark, Canada, and Germany to receive medical cannabis. Nevertheless, this was a significant decision for the cannabis industry in Poland.

What is the European Union (EU)?

The EU is a union between 27 countries. It was created in the hope of ceasing wars and conflict between countries and aimed to foster economic cooperation to help stabilise the region. The EU has a common internal market and possesses policies to support the free movement of people in the EU and goods, services, and capital within the mutual market. Poland is one of these 27 countries. All policies made by the EU apply to all member states unless they choose to opt-out or are exempt.

What is a Novel Food?

The European Commission has defined Novel Food as food that humans have not significantly consumed within the EU before May 15th, 1997. It qualifies as food that either is or has been traditionally consumed outside of the EU or newly developed food.

What is the CBD Novel Food regulation?

The EU reformed regulation in 2019 to classify CBD as a Novel Food. This proved somewhat controversial within the CBD industry. It meant that complex applications had to be sent off to gain authorisation to sell CBD as a consumable in the EU market.

Is the Novel Food regulation a negative step for the CBD industry in Europe?

The Novel Food regulation is a bit of a double-edged sword. On one side, this updated status means that, in theory, CBD will become better regulated as CBD businesses need to provide detailed information about their products, leading to better safety in the industry. But, the flip side to this is that it is another hurdle for the CBD industry to overcome. It requires going through a laborious and extended application process that has no guarantee of being successful or validated.

Does Poland follow the Novel Food regulation?

Poland is fairly unique in that it chose to bypass the Novel Food regulation presented by the EU. Indeed, numerous countries decided to ban CBD edibles and beverages after the Novel Food regulation was implemented, but Poland did not. It has comparably relaxed CBD laws and allows the purchase and use of all forms of CBD products, including food and beverages, provided that the THC content does not exceed 0.2%.

What other decisions has Poland made regarding the cannabis industry?

Poland made a momentous decision in 2017 to legalise the use of medical cannabis. This is significant as many other European countries have not made this decision. This new law allows pharmacists, after specific training, to make drugs from imported cannabis plants to assist with particular maladies, including epilepsy and multiple sclerosis (MS). This was considered hugely significant and put Poland well-and-truly on the map as a forward-thinking cannabis market.

Where do I go if I need further advice on CBD laws and regulations?

If you are still scratching your head and feel as though you need further guidance regarding the ever-changing laws of the CBD or cannabis industry, Always Pure Organics—a specialist manufacturer and distributor of cannabis-based products—is the place to go. They offer regulatory and legal expertise in the CBD industry. Furthermore, they also offer delivery across the world!

Cannabis played a critical role in everyday life in Poland for centuries and was used in clothing, weaving, and even food. In more recent times, the hemp industry is thriving once more in Poland, enjoying a hugely successful CBD market and the recent legalisation of medical cannabis. This article unpacks Poland’s landmark decision to bypass the European Union’s CBD Novel Food regulation and why the country is increasingly being considered a critical market for the cannabis industry.

Introduction

Regulations and laws surrounding the cannabis industry are complicated, to say the least. CBD businesses will be aware of this first hand. There are different rules you must follow depending on the country in question. Poland is no exception, and there are various laws to be aware of, including its intriguing stance on the CBD Novel Food regulation presented by the European Union. In this article, we explain the history of Poland’s relationship with cannabis, break down what a Novel Food regulation means, and what choosing to bypass it means for Poland’s CBD industry.

A group shot of CBD products in the middle of the flag of Poland

Poland and Cannabis

It is believed that cannabis first came to Poland in the 15th century. For several centuries, cannabis played an integral role in day-to-day life for many Slavic tribes—including the tribes who settled in Poland—contributing to clothing, weaving and food production. It was also used to ease various health conditions, including toothache and fever. Indeed, hemp became a multi-faceted and essential crop for Poland. Hemp cultivation became a long tradition that survived well into the 20th century.

Poland has conducted a lot of cannabis research over the years, and in 1930, the Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants was created in Poland to study hemp further. This institute is one of the oldest in Europe that researches hemp.

By the 1950s, the tide was changing for cannabis in Poland. Over 50,000 hectares had been used for hemp cultivation until this point. But in 1951, the People’s Republic of Poland legislation classified cannabis as a narcotic. Subsequent legislation made both the production and dealing in it illegal, and unsurprisingly, hemp cultivation declined in the 1950s because of its association with marijuana use. Poland’s once-thriving hemp industry was devastated. However, it wasn’t until 1997 that possession and use of cannabis would be considered crimes.

During the 1990s, hemp was reintroduced once more into Europe, mainly because of its capacity to provide for other industries such as biofuel, fibre, and food. Poland took action to recover its hemp fields and was one of the first countries to revive its hemp industry with much success.

Today, Poland has a thriving cannabis industry. Hemp is now entirely legal in Poland, and marijuana is partially decriminalised. Hemp is classified as any Cannabis sativa plant with a tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content of up to 0.2%. Hemp is entirely legal regarding cultivation, processing and sale under a government-issued license. Hemp-derived products can be bought without a prescription in Poland, and they won’t get the user high. On the other hand, marijuana is any cannabis plant with over 0.2% THC by weight and can get the user high. Recreational use of marijuana is illegal in Poland.

Poland’s prosperous industry has been assisted by the increase in popularity of cannabidiol (CBD), which is believed to possess numerous beneficial qualities to assist general wellbeing. CBD is obtained from the hemp plant’s leaves, stalks, stems and flowers. The European Cannabidiol Market size exceeded USD 1.9 billion in 2020 and is expected to have over 33.5% Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) from 2021 to 2027. Therefore, CBD is predicted to expand and become more popular in the coming years.

CBD tincture and capsule products on top of an array of green cannabis leaves

The European Union and CBD

The European Union (or EU) is a political and economic union between 27 countries, including Poland. The EU was created with the intention of ceasing the frequent, bloody wars between neighbouring countries, which culminated in the Second World War (WWII). It sought to foster economic cooperation and prevent conflict, helping to stabilise and support those within. It was thought to assist with overall contentment in Europe.

A common internal market was created, and the policies supported the free movement of people within the EU and goods, capital and services within this market. It is important to note that EU policies apply to all member states unless they decide to ‘opt out’ or are exempt.

The EU’s official position on CBD is unclear. There have been numerous regulatory updates and changes relating to CBD within the EU over recent years as interest grows and more research is being undertaken into this unique compound. It appears as though the EU is cautiously taking progressive steps to benefit the CBD industry, though these steps have been cumbersome and a long time coming for many within the industry. One of the most significant reform regulations made by the EU is CBD being classified as a Novel Food.

The Novel Food Regulation

In January 2019, CBD for consumption was classed by the European Union as Novel Food in Europe (unless the individual member states choose to opt-out). The European Commission (EC) is the executive branch of the EU and is responsible for several key operations, including proposing legislation, enforcing EU laws and directing its administrative operations.

The EC defines Novel Food as food that humans have not significantly consumed within the EU before May 15th, 1997. This date was when the first Novel Food regulation came into effect. Novel Food can be food that is or has been traditionally consumed outside of the EU or newly developed food. This reform was received with controversy, as it was applied to an already existing industry.

The reason given for this decision was because there was no prior history of CBD used for consumption before May 1997. Consequently, CBD was henceforth made subject to Novel Food regulation and now requires scientific assessment before being approved to guarantee its safety. Furthermore, Novel Food is only authorised for consumption if it abides by the following: it does not present risk to the public, does not mislead the consumer, and is not nutritionally disadvantageous when replacing a similar food.

So what does this mean for a CBD food business within the EU? CBD companies are now required to apply for authorisation of their CBD extracts before they can be placed on the market for consumption. This is the same process as any other consumable listed under Novel Foods and follows the same application format. An essential part of this application is to consider the product’s safety.

For example, toxicological studies need to be provided. However, even if a product meets the validation standard, it does not necessarily mean it will be authorised. Applications are considered on their own merits, but it is believed that directly relevant studies are needed because of the lack of public information on CBD’s safety. The individual consumable CBD products you sell must be included in the application.

Following this application process is the only route to compliance for CBD products. This reform is both a blessing and a curse for the European CBD industry. On the one hand, it is a positive step as, in theory, CBD will be better regulated, helping ensure its safety to consumers. The CBD industry is notoriously poorly regulated, with many poor quality, untrustworthy and untested CBD products available throughout the market.

CBD was not held to high regulatory standards up until the Novel Foods reform, and so this helps with ensuring that CBD products are better considered and studied. Applications for Novel Food status assure consumers of both the safety and quality of consumable CBD products. Furthermore, this status presents CBD with a sense of legitimacy to the overall market, as its safety is being assured.

On the other hand, the clear and overwhelming downside to this regulatory reform is that it causes further obstacles for CBD businesses to face. A long and detailed application process sits between them and the market, and they are forced to justify their products are fit for consumption. But, it cannot be denied that this reform opened the doors to discussion for CBD and helped put this previously doubted compound on a pedestal.

This reform also encouraged further regulation updates regarding CBD, such as the EU’s decision to increase the THC limit to 0.3% in October 2020, an increase from 0.2%. Or at the close of 2020, which saw CBD no longer classed as a Narcotic within the EU. The Novel Food regulation was significant in that it put a spotlight on CBD and forced it to become a talking point.

Poland and the Novel Food Regulation

As previously mentioned, EU law applies to all member states unless they decide to opt-out. It is down to the individual country to decide how stringently Novel Food rulings are enforced or if they are followed at all. Some countries, including Spain and Austria, decided to remove food and drink CBD products from the market entirely until the Novel Foods authorisation. Poland, however, dismissed this regulation entirely, a decision uncommon for most European countries.

Poland has relatively relaxed CBD laws and permits the purchase and use of all forms of CBD products, and foods and beverages are no exception. The main rule practiced by the country is that the THC content of CBD products cannot exceed 0.2%. CBD is legal in Poland, but producers of it cannot advertise it as food. It can, however, be sold as a nutritional supplement (as long as it adheres to the 0.2% THC limit).

Poland’s regulations for CBD are fairly straightforward and allow CBD products online and in-store, providing that it is derived from hemp and does not exceed the THC threshold. Additionally, entrepreneurs and farmers need to apply for a license to grow hemp (with no more than 0.2% THC). There have been no restrictions set regarding hemp processing and allowing the appropriate permit; cultivators can use hemp for numerous purposes, including cosmetics, fibre, food and pharmaceutical products. However, hemp cannot be grown without a license.

Poland’s Legalisation of Medical Cannabis

Poland’s relaxed view regarding the cannabis industry shows no signs of slowing down any time soon, and in recent years have displayed further acceptance. In 2017, Poland legalised medical cannabis. This meant that Polish pharmacists were now allowed to create and distribute pharmaceutical products using cannabis. That said, because the production of medical cannabis is not permitted in Poland, the country is utterly dependent on cannabis imports from Denmark, Germany, and Canada.

Polish pharmacies are, therefore, now allowed to manufacture medicines derived from imported cannabis plants on the condition that they have been authorised by the Office for the Registration of Medical Products. At the time of this landmark decision, the Polish Pharmaceutical Chamber explained that pharmacists would receive specific training on making drugs from cannabis, with the intention of relieving certain specific conditions, including epilepsy and multiple sclerosis (MS).

Poland’s monumental decision to legalise medical cannabis clearly demonstrates its progressive attitude toward the cannabis industry, including the CBD market. Indeed, many people believe that the rest of Europe will swiftly follow in Poland’s determined footsteps and that medical cannabis may be legalised in many other European countries soon.

Understanding Relevant Laws

Running a CBD business can be highly stressful and confusing, especially when laws significantly differ depending on where you are and where you want to sell. It is critical that the relevant laws are observed, or your business could be penalised, and you could be in severe legal trouble. Always Pure Organics not only provides global delivery of the highest-quality wholesale legal cannabis and CBD products, but we also offer regulatory and legal advice to ensure your business is being compliant in an ever-evolving industry.

Contact us for advice on laws and regulations or to attain high-quality legal cannabis products from a leading supplier in the industry.

Final Thoughts

Getting to grips with the various laws and regulations pertaining to the cannabis industry can be a real headache. And, of course, rules and restrictions vary depending on the country in question. Poland has shown evidence of a thriving cannabis industry, assisted by its relaxed stance on the EU’s Novel Food regulation for CBD and the legalisation of medical cannabis.

CBD is considered legal in Poland, providing that it does not exceed the 0.2% THC limit and that the farmer that grows it has the appropriate license. All of this demonstrates that Poland is a country where CBD can be enjoyed and purchased with relative freedom. It is also paving the way for other countries to follow suit in their acceptance of an increasingly popular industry.

A photo of a Polish flag waving in the wind against a blue sky backdrop.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is CBD legal in Poland?

Yes. CBD is legal in Poland, provided that the farmer responsible for growing the hemp plant (from which the CBD must derive) has the appropriate license. Furthermore, the THC limit within the CBD product must follow Polish law, or it is not legal.

What is the THC limit in Poland for CBD?

The THC limit in Poland for CBD is 0.2%. If a product exceeds this amount, it is no longer legal.

Is hemp legal in Poland?

Hemp is defined as any Cannabis sativa plant with a THC content of no more than 0.2%. Hemp is completely legal in terms of cultivation, processing, and sale under a government-issued license. You do not need a prescription to buy a hemp-derived product, and they cannot get the consumer high.

Is marijuana legal in Poland?

Marijuana is considered to be any cannabis plant with more than 0.2% THC by weight. It can get its users high. Recreational use of marijuana is not permitted in Poland, and consequently, marijuana is illegal.

Is medical cannabis legal in Poland?

Yes. In 2017, Poland legalised medical cannabis. It is now allowed to be prescribed by pharmacists to assist with specific health conditions, such as epilepsy and multiple sclerosis (MS). One of the main pitfalls of this decision is that the actual production of medical cannabis is not allowed in Poland. Therefore the country relies on imports from Denmark, Canada, and Germany to receive medical cannabis. Nevertheless, this was a significant decision for the cannabis industry in Poland.

What is the European Union (EU)?

The EU is a union between 27 countries. It was created in the hope of ceasing wars and conflict between countries and aimed to foster economic cooperation to help stabilise the region. The EU has a common internal market and possesses policies to support the free movement of people in the EU and goods, services, and capital within the mutual market. Poland is one of these 27 countries. All policies made by the EU apply to all member states unless they choose to opt-out or are exempt.

What is a Novel Food?

The European Commission has defined Novel Food as food that humans have not significantly consumed within the EU before May 15th, 1997. It qualifies as food that either is or has been traditionally consumed outside of the EU or newly developed food.

What is the CBD Novel Food regulation?

The EU reformed regulation in 2019 to classify CBD as a Novel Food. This proved somewhat controversial within the CBD industry. It meant that complex applications had to be sent off to gain authorisation to sell CBD as a consumable in the EU market.

Is the Novel Food regulation a negative step for the CBD industry in Europe?

The Novel Food regulation is a bit of a double-edged sword. On one side, this updated status means that, in theory, CBD will become better regulated as CBD businesses need to provide detailed information about their products, leading to better safety in the industry. But, the flip side to this is that it is another hurdle for the CBD industry to overcome. It requires going through a laborious and extended application process that has no guarantee of being successful or validated.

Does Poland follow the Novel Food regulation?

Poland is fairly unique in that it chose to bypass the Novel Food regulation presented by the EU. Indeed, numerous countries decided to ban CBD edibles and beverages after the Novel Food regulation was implemented, but Poland did not. It has comparably relaxed CBD laws and allows the purchase and use of all forms of CBD products, including food and beverages, provided that the THC content does not exceed 0.2%.

What other decisions has Poland made regarding the cannabis industry?

Poland made a momentous decision in 2017 to legalise the use of medical cannabis. This is significant as many other European countries have not made this decision. This new law allows pharmacists, after specific training, to make drugs from imported cannabis plants to assist with particular maladies, including epilepsy and multiple sclerosis (MS). This was considered hugely significant and put Poland well-and-truly on the map as a forward-thinking cannabis market.

Where do I go if I need further advice on CBD laws and regulations?

If you are still scratching your head and feel as though you need further guidance regarding the ever-changing laws of the CBD or cannabis industry, Always Pure Organics—a specialist manufacturer and distributor of cannabis-based products—is the place to go. They offer regulatory and legal expertise in the CBD industry. Furthermore, they also offer delivery across the world!

Map of Europe with Poland highlighted and the EFSA logo Map of Europe with Poland highlighted and the EFSA logo Map of Europe with Poland highlighted and the EFSA logo

Refs:

Institute of Natural Fibres & Medicinal Plants (iwnirz.pl) () – https://iwnirz.pl/

Europe Cannabidiol Market Size 2021-2027 | Growth Outlook (graphicalresearch.com) () – https://www.graphicalresearch.com/industry-insights/1823/europe-cannabidiol-cbd-market

Why was the EU created? (europa.eu) () – https://eeas.europa.eu/archives/delegations/iceland/evropustofa/en/what-would-you-like-to-know/what-would-you-like-to-know/article/why-was-the-eu-created.html

European Commission (europa.eu) () – https://european-union.europa.eu/institutions-law-budget/institutions-and-bodies/institutions-and-bodies-profiles/european-commission_en

Cannabidiol (CBD) guidance | Food Standards Agency () – https://www.food.gov.uk/business-guidance/cannabidiol-cbd

Medicinal cannabis made legal in Poland – The Pharmaceutical Journal (pharmaceutical-journal.com) () – https://pharmaceutical-journal.com/article/news/medicinal-cannabis-made-legal-in-poland

https://www.nia.org.pl () – https://www.nia.org.pl/

Contact Us | Always Pure Organics () – https://www.alwayspureorganics.com/contact/

Always Pure Organics () – https://www.alwayspureorganics.com/

The Power of Tailor-Made Cannabinoid Distillates

Raw Material at it’s Finest

‘ACCELERATED GROWTH OF THE CBD MARKET PREDICTED TO SURPASS $20,000,000,000+ IN THE USA ALONE BY 2024.’

-Forbes.com

 

Much like Forbes have to say, read any report on the topic of the growth of the CBD industry and it will become apparent that the business is booming. Even during the COVID-19 pandemic (or perhaps because of it) market growth continued, with Forbes reporting almost a 50% increase of demand from 2018 to 2019.

This means that the number of consumers is growing; consumers are spending more and there are more products entering the market as businesses take advantage of the surge in popularity. It’s a fact we know well with the in-house production and Science facility to run.

This of course leads to the development of new products as the market matures and consumers begin looking for new ways to consume CBD. One development that we at Always Pure Organics are excited to see is the move from isolate-based products to those formulated from a distillate base. CBD isolate will always be a crucial part of the market as it is a high purity single compound, but there are advantages to using distillates that explain why there is an industry shift towards their usage as a raw material.

Why should you care?

The first main advantage of using a distillate over an isolate raw material is the inclusion of secondary and tertiary compounds such as terpenes, flavonoids and minor cannabinoids.

Flavonoids often contribute to the taste of certain plant products (blueberries and cocoa powder are both high in flavonoids, for example) and terpenes are responsible for the distinctive smell of a variety of plant species, including pine trees, lavender and cannabis. CBD isolate lacks these compounds and therefore needs additional ingredients added to any formulations that wish to have any kind of flavour or scent.

Another benefit of using distillate as a raw material lies in being able to take advantage of the entourage effect. Put simply, the entourage effect is the concept that ‘the whole is greater than the sum of its parts’, where including multiple cannabinoids in a single formulation increases their effectiveness in comparison to taking only a single cannabinoid. Distillate naturally contains a range of cannabinoids, so it’s more likely that the entourage effect will apply when compared to an isolate that only consists of a single compound.

What might be the main advantage to using a distillate over an isolate is the potential for customisation. The process through which a distillate is created involves several distinct stages such as winterisation, decarboxylation and purification. The degree to which each step is performed will affect the final product, allowing for the production of distillates with customised end content. It is through complete control of the production process that Always Pure Organics have developed their range of Tailor-Made Cannabinoid Distillate products, each with varying concentrations of cannabinoids such as CBD, CBN, CBG and CBC.

In addition to altering cannabinoid levels, there is also the possibility to amend terpene content. By adding specific terpene blends to the distillate at key stages of the production process, it is possible to create distillates with specific flavours and aromas. For example, by adding a very specific volume of linalool during production it is possible to have an extract that smells of lavender.

This ability to create custom-flavoured raw materials is perfect for clients who wish to formulate their own finished products, but don’t have the supply chain, equipment or expertise to handle every step. Instead, they can purchase a fully customised, tailor-made distillate that meets every requirement in terms of cannabinoid content, aroma and flavour. All of Always Pure Organics’ products are tested in-house to ensure they meet our strict quality requirements as well as our clients’ specifications so that they can be assured they are only getting the best raw materials available with the highest levels of traceability. Our strict adherence to these standards helps you to choose a product that’s safe, effective, and of the best quality.

 

Testing every product that gets formulated is only one point in Always Pure Organics’ quality control process. Products are randomly sent for full-suite analyses to ensure they continue to meet our standards and we are in the process of obtaining GMP certification. Products are formulated in an ISO approved cleanroom by our expert science and formulation team who have years of experience in the creation of bespoke cannabinoid products. This dedication to quality, combined with the experience and knowledge of our formulation team, is what led to the development of the range of tailor-made distillates.

This further highlights Always Pure Organics’ continual commitment to driving the industry forward and championing the legitimising and acceptance of CBD products worldwide. By offering a range of properly analysed, high-quality distillates at set cannabinoid content, we are first movers in a period when the CBD market is beginning to mature and expand. This will allow us to set a standard for quality that all consumers should expect, generating confidence and strengthening the market as a whole.

Every market must grow to thrive, not only economically but creatively. The development of new products, ingredients and ideas is critical to continued success. This process is never fast, instead starting with small changes that spread organically within the industry. Currently, the CBD industry is undergoing a shift away from isolate products to products with more variety in their formulation. This reflects the maturation of tastes and expanding requirements of consumers, and mirrors the concept that people begin looking for new experiences once their basic requirements are met. By offering an increased range of raw materials to create these finished products, our range of Tailor-Made Cannabinoid Distillates are the perfect stepping-stone for manufacturers to begin taking advantage of the new interest of the end-consumer.

Raw Material at it’s Finest

‘ACCELERATED GROWTH OF THE CBD MARKET PREDICTED TO SURPASS $20,000,000,000+ IN THE USA ALONE BY 2024.’

-Forbes.com

 

Much like Forbes have to say, read any report on the topic of the growth of the CBD industry and it will become apparent that the business is booming. Even during the COVID-19 pandemic (or perhaps because of it) market growth continued, with Forbes reporting almost a 50% increase of demand from 2018 to 2019.

This means that the number of consumers is growing; consumers are spending more and there are more products entering the market as businesses take advantage of the surge in popularity. It’s a fact we know well with the in-house production and Science facility to run.

This of course leads to the development of new products as the market matures and consumers begin looking for new ways to consume CBD. One development that we at Always Pure Organics are excited to see is the move from isolate-based products to those formulated from a distillate base. CBD isolate will always be a crucial part of the market as it is a high purity single compound, but there are advantages to using distillates that explain why there is an industry shift towards their usage as a raw material.

Why should you care?

The first main advantage of using a distillate over an isolate raw material is the inclusion of secondary and tertiary compounds such as terpenes, flavonoids and minor cannabinoids.

Flavonoids often contribute to the taste of certain plant products (blueberries and cocoa powder are both high in flavonoids, for example) and terpenes are responsible for the distinctive smell of a variety of plant species, including pine trees, lavender and cannabis. CBD isolate lacks these compounds and therefore needs additional ingredients added to any formulations that wish to have any kind of flavour or scent.

Another benefit of using distillate as a raw material lies in being able to take advantage of the entourage effect. Put simply, the entourage effect is the concept that ‘the whole is greater than the sum of its parts’, where including multiple cannabinoids in a single formulation increases their effectiveness in comparison to taking only a single cannabinoid. Distillate naturally contains a range of cannabinoids, so it’s more likely that the entourage effect will apply when compared to an isolate that only consists of a single compound.

What might be the main advantage to using a distillate over an isolate is the potential for customisation. The process through which a distillate is created involves several distinct stages such as winterisation, decarboxylation and purification. The degree to which each step is performed will affect the final product, allowing for the production of distillates with customised end content. It is through complete control of the production process that Always Pure Organics have developed their range of Tailor-Made Cannabinoid Distillate products, each with varying concentrations of cannabinoids such as CBD, CBN, CBG and CBC.

In addition to altering cannabinoid levels, there is also the possibility to amend terpene content. By adding specific terpene blends to the distillate at key stages of the production process, it is possible to create distillates with specific flavours and aromas. For example, by adding a very specific volume of linalool during production it is possible to have an extract that smells of lavender.

This ability to create custom-flavoured raw materials is perfect for clients who wish to formulate their own finished products, but don’t have the supply chain, equipment or expertise to handle every step. Instead, they can purchase a fully customised, tailor-made distillate that meets every requirement in terms of cannabinoid content, aroma and flavour. All of Always Pure Organics’ products are tested in-house to ensure they meet our strict quality requirements as well as our clients’ specifications so that they can be assured they are only getting the best raw materials available with the highest levels of traceability. Our strict adherence to these standards helps you to choose a product that’s safe, effective, and of the best quality.

 

Testing every product that gets formulated is only one point in Always Pure Organics’ quality control process. Products are randomly sent for full-suite analyses to ensure they continue to meet our standards and we are in the process of obtaining GMP certification. Products are formulated in an ISO approved cleanroom by our expert science and formulation team who have years of experience in the creation of bespoke cannabinoid products. This dedication to quality, combined with the experience and knowledge of our formulation team, is what led to the development of the range of tailor-made distillates.

This further highlights Always Pure Organics’ continual commitment to driving the industry forward and championing the legitimising and acceptance of CBD products worldwide. By offering a range of properly analysed, high-quality distillates at set cannabinoid content, we are first movers in a period when the CBD market is beginning to mature and expand. This will allow us to set a standard for quality that all consumers should expect, generating confidence and strengthening the market as a whole.

Every market must grow to thrive, not only economically but creatively. The development of new products, ingredients and ideas is critical to continued success. This process is never fast, instead starting with small changes that spread organically within the industry. Currently, the CBD industry is undergoing a shift away from isolate products to products with more variety in their formulation. This reflects the maturation of tastes and expanding requirements of consumers, and mirrors the concept that people begin looking for new experiences once their basic requirements are met. By offering an increased range of raw materials to create these finished products, our range of Tailor-Made Cannabinoid Distillates are the perfect stepping-stone for manufacturers to begin taking advantage of the new interest of the end-consumer.

Tailor-Made Cannabinoid Distillate Linkedin 1200x628px Tailor-Made Cannabinoid Distillate Linkedin 1200x628px Tailor-Made Cannabinoid Distillate Linkedin 1200x628px

Elevate Your Products With Terpenes

The CBD market in Europe is experiencing rapid growth within the sector, and innovation is key to expanding your business’ market share in this industry. Europe is the second-largest market for CBD after North America, with 31% of the global CBD market share (CBD in Europe: Where is it legal and where is it not? | Talk Business, 2022), which means it is an increasingly viable market to capitalise on. 

Here at Always Pure Organics, we consider ourselves the flavour experts, we work with over 200 different ingredients to ensure that we can offer ultimate customisation of CBD products, whether those are raw materials or end-products.  Every one of our unique flavour profiles is developed by our in-house chemists and formulations experts, giving you pure, high intensity flavour that’s backed by science.

Terpene Examples: 

  • Limonene (lemon/citrus) 
  • Pinene (forest/pine tree)
  • Linalool (lavender)
  • Nerol (sweet rose)
  • Carotene (woody aroma)

The science behind terpenes:

Terpenes encompass a large group of unsaturated hydrocarbons that consist of at least one isoprene unit created by the formulation of eight hydrocarbon and five carbon atoms- C5H8… terpenes can be introduced into cannabis concentrates or otherwise consumed to improve flavour and act therapeutically on the body (Potter B. A, 2019).  

Terpenes provide the possibility of ultimate customisation, the options listed above are just a small selection of the services we offer. With Aways Pure Organics as your partner you have access to our bespoke services, our expert in-house formulations team, and the highest quality products produced in our ISO Class 7 clean room. 

The entourage effect:

There is a continually growing collection of research suggesting the effectiveness of introducing not just terpenes but also other minor cannabinoids into CBD isolate based products in order to increase the overall benefits of the end-product. Cannabis is not a single compound product, but it has a complicated molecular profile, producing a plethora of phytocannabinoids alongside a vast array of terpenes. Due to this, the “entourage effect” is the suggested positive contribution derived from the addition of terpenes to cannabinoids (Ferber et al., 2020).  

Introducing terpenes into your products can help make your products more attractive to end users as terpenes and flavonoids can influence taste and scent. We have a range of terpene profiles available and ready to go, including popular choices such as linalool which can add the soothing scent of lavender to an end product such as a moisturiser. 

Create your unique terpene blend today with Always Pure Organics!

The CBD market in Europe is experiencing rapid growth within the sector, and innovation is key to expanding your business’ market share in this industry. Europe is the second-largest market for CBD after North America, with 31% of the global CBD market share (CBD in Europe: Where is it legal and where is it not? | Talk Business, 2022), which means it is an increasingly viable market to capitalise on. 

Here at Always Pure Organics, we consider ourselves the flavour experts, we work with over 200 different ingredients to ensure that we can offer ultimate customisation of CBD products, whether those are raw materials or end-products.  Every one of our unique flavour profiles is developed by our in-house chemists and formulations experts, giving you pure, high intensity flavour that’s backed by science.

Terpene Examples: 

  • Limonene (lemon/citrus) 
  • Pinene (forest/pine tree)
  • Linalool (lavender)
  • Nerol (sweet rose)
  • Carotene (woody aroma)

The science behind terpenes:

Terpenes encompass a large group of unsaturated hydrocarbons that consist of at least one isoprene unit created by the formulation of eight hydrocarbon and five carbon atoms- C5H8… terpenes can be introduced into cannabis concentrates or otherwise consumed to improve flavour and act therapeutically on the body (Potter B. A, 2019).  

Terpenes provide the possibility of ultimate customisation, the options listed above are just a small selection of the services we offer. With Aways Pure Organics as your partner you have access to our bespoke services, our expert in-house formulations team, and the highest quality products produced in our ISO Class 7 clean room. 

The entourage effect:

There is a continually growing collection of research suggesting the effectiveness of introducing not just terpenes but also other minor cannabinoids into CBD isolate based products in order to increase the overall benefits of the end-product. Cannabis is not a single compound product, but it has a complicated molecular profile, producing a plethora of phytocannabinoids alongside a vast array of terpenes. Due to this, the “entourage effect” is the suggested positive contribution derived from the addition of terpenes to cannabinoids (Ferber et al., 2020).  

Introducing terpenes into your products can help make your products more attractive to end users as terpenes and flavonoids can influence taste and scent. We have a range of terpene profiles available and ready to go, including popular choices such as linalool which can add the soothing scent of lavender to an end product such as a moisturiser. 

Create your unique terpene blend today with Always Pure Organics!

Terpenes Linkedin 1200x628px Terpenes Linkedin 1200x628px Terpenes Linkedin 1200x628px

Refs:

Potter, B. A. (2019). Terpenes: The Magic in Cannabis. United States: Ronin Publishing. (2019) –

Ferber, S., Namdar, D., Hen-Shoval, D., Eger, G., Koltai, H., Shoval, G., Shbiro, L. and Weller, A., 2020. The “Entourage Effect”: Terpenes Coupled with Cannabinoids for the Treatment of Mood Disorders and Anxiety Disorders. Current Neuropharmacology, 18(2), pp.87-96. (2020) –

Entrepreneur & Business Website | Talk Business | Small, Medium Business Advice, Tips | SME | Success. 2022. CBD in Europe: Where is it legal and where is it not? | Talk Business. (2022) – https://www.talk-business.co.uk/2019/08/23/cbd-in-europe-where-is-it-legal-and-where-is-it-not/

Tailor-Made Cannabinoid Distillates: The Science Behind the Industry shift

Century old innovation techniques for the modern world

The process of distillation is an ancient one, dating back to the civilisation of Babylonia (circa 6th century). At its simplest, it involves the conversion of a liquid to a gas and back again. Nowadays, the term distillate is used to refer to a product that has undergone distillation in some form. CBD distillates specifically involve the process of refining a raw extract into something more usable and more palatable (such as the removal of THC or residual plant matter). The CBD market has matured enough that isolates are well understood and accepted, and now consumers are looking to expand their horizons and are clamouring for new products and experiences. Always Pure Organics’ new upcoming range of tailor-made cannabinoid distillate products are the perfect solution for this new demand.

One of the first questions manufacturers often ask:
How a distillate differs from an isolate as a raw material?
The main difference is that an isolate is a single compound, whereas a distillate will contain a whole range of compounds found in the Cannabis plant. This makes it considerably easier to formulate end products, by working with a raw material that already has the set ratio of desired cannabinoids.

The alternative would be to purchase several different cannabinoid isolates, calculate accurate ratios and then weigh them out so that the product is correct. It’s complex and not ideal, especially for the purity and purpose of your production needs. We know this as we run all our Science, Innovation, Distillation and Production in house.

Instead, our partners can state their desired end-product (we help advise based on consumer demand and our knowledge of what sells well and to whom) and receive a distillate raw material from us that exactly matches their requirements.

Furthermore, we can also customise the terpene content of these tailor-made cannabinoid distillates to reflect the desired taste and smell of the material, with options such as mint, lavender or orange being common requests. The terpenes used for this flavour customisation are all found naturally within the Cannabis plant, so clients can rest assured that any flavouring used in bespoke orders will be 100% free of artificial compounds.

This potential for customisation, in conjunction with our varied range of ready-made distillate products, is what sets Always Pure Organics apart from other raw material manufacturers.

Of course, the ability to produce a range of customised distillate products isn’t something Always Pure Organics developed overnight. It has taken months of trials, sourcing suppliers, and familiarising with complex equipment and practices to reach the point where we consider ourselves expert manufacturers.

The specific production process for every batch will vary depending upon the requirements of the client, but the basic methodology remains the same. Our tailor-made distillates are formulated using our exclusive, patent-pending proprietary inhouse technological processing that ensures the highest quality products with traceability and transparency. *

The development of a team capable of formulating products to the high standards required was only one step in this process. Another major contributing factor was the development of the CBD market to the point where clients are comfortable enough with the compound to break out of the comfort zone of CBD Isolate and begin experimenting with new products. Now that the industry has matured somewhat and its participants are beginning to branch out, the environment is perfectly suited for Always Pure Organics to launch its range of tailor-made cannabinoid distillates.

There are three main reasons for doing this:

  1. The first is that, as mentioned above, we have the experience with these products to ensure that we are only producing the highest quality of distillates and therefore improving confidence in the CBD industry. There have been numerous reports demonstrating which products contain unsafe chemicals or lack the correct levels of CBD and we want to be a driving force in combating the effects these poor-quality products have on the industry.
  2. Secondly, from a purely scientific perspective, it’s likely that different cannabinoids will be proven to have varying effects on the human body. As such, offering a range of different distillates with different concentrations of cannabinoids offers our clients the flexibility to create a product in line with their desired advertising strategies.
  3. The final point is that our distillates are tailored to your exact needs and cover different markets, different consumers, different flavours, different extracts, different mental health needs, and different physiological needs, we have it all.

Being in the position to offer these bespoke distillates speaks volumes about how far the CBD industry has come from its inception. Innovation is crucial for any market to be successful, so the shift in focus for consumers away from purely Isolate based products to more nuanced and developed products is promising indeed. Currently, Always Pure Organics have the knowledge and experience necessary to meet these needs thanks to the tireless efforts of our formulation team, but we have no intention of sitting and waiting for the next development. The production process can always be made more efficient, new ingredients are always being made available from suppliers and new technologies are being adapted or even created, to allow for improvements to existing products or the generation of brand-new ones.

Get in touch today to discover how to start your distillate journey, whether you want to choose one of our purposely deigned options or formulate your own, the APO team are here to help provide your business with solutions you can trust.

*Patent application submitted in EU member state February 2022.

Century old innovation techniques for the modern world

The process of distillation is an ancient one, dating back to the civilisation of Babylonia (circa 6th century). At its simplest, it involves the conversion of a liquid to a gas and back again. Nowadays, the term distillate is used to refer to a product that has undergone distillation in some form. CBD distillates specifically involve the process of refining a raw extract into something more usable and more palatable (such as the removal of THC or residual plant matter). The CBD market has matured enough that isolates are well understood and accepted, and now consumers are looking to expand their horizons and are clamouring for new products and experiences. Always Pure Organics’ new upcoming range of tailor-made cannabinoid distillate products are the perfect solution for this new demand.

One of the first questions manufacturers often ask:
How a distillate differs from an isolate as a raw material?
The main difference is that an isolate is a single compound, whereas a distillate will contain a whole range of compounds found in the Cannabis plant. This makes it considerably easier to formulate end products, by working with a raw material that already has the set ratio of desired cannabinoids.

The alternative would be to purchase several different cannabinoid isolates, calculate accurate ratios and then weigh them out so that the product is correct. It’s complex and not ideal, especially for the purity and purpose of your production needs. We know this as we run all our Science, Innovation, Distillation and Production in house.

Instead, our partners can state their desired end-product (we help advise based on consumer demand and our knowledge of what sells well and to whom) and receive a distillate raw material from us that exactly matches their requirements.

Furthermore, we can also customise the terpene content of these tailor-made cannabinoid distillates to reflect the desired taste and smell of the material, with options such as mint, lavender or orange being common requests. The terpenes used for this flavour customisation are all found naturally within the Cannabis plant, so clients can rest assured that any flavouring used in bespoke orders will be 100% free of artificial compounds.

This potential for customisation, in conjunction with our varied range of ready-made distillate products, is what sets Always Pure Organics apart from other raw material manufacturers.

Of course, the ability to produce a range of customised distillate products isn’t something Always Pure Organics developed overnight. It has taken months of trials, sourcing suppliers, and familiarising with complex equipment and practices to reach the point where we consider ourselves expert manufacturers.

The specific production process for every batch will vary depending upon the requirements of the client, but the basic methodology remains the same. Our tailor-made distillates are formulated using our exclusive, patent-pending proprietary inhouse technological processing that ensures the highest quality products with traceability and transparency. *

The development of a team capable of formulating products to the high standards required was only one step in this process. Another major contributing factor was the development of the CBD market to the point where clients are comfortable enough with the compound to break out of the comfort zone of CBD Isolate and begin experimenting with new products. Now that the industry has matured somewhat and its participants are beginning to branch out, the environment is perfectly suited for Always Pure Organics to launch its range of tailor-made cannabinoid distillates.

There are three main reasons for doing this:

  1. The first is that, as mentioned above, we have the experience with these products to ensure that we are only producing the highest quality of distillates and therefore improving confidence in the CBD industry. There have been numerous reports demonstrating which products contain unsafe chemicals or lack the correct levels of CBD and we want to be a driving force in combating the effects these poor-quality products have on the industry.
  2. Secondly, from a purely scientific perspective, it’s likely that different cannabinoids will be proven to have varying effects on the human body. As such, offering a range of different distillates with different concentrations of cannabinoids offers our clients the flexibility to create a product in line with their desired advertising strategies.
  3. The final point is that our distillates are tailored to your exact needs and cover different markets, different consumers, different flavours, different extracts, different mental health needs, and different physiological needs, we have it all.

Being in the position to offer these bespoke distillates speaks volumes about how far the CBD industry has come from its inception. Innovation is crucial for any market to be successful, so the shift in focus for consumers away from purely Isolate based products to more nuanced and developed products is promising indeed. Currently, Always Pure Organics have the knowledge and experience necessary to meet these needs thanks to the tireless efforts of our formulation team, but we have no intention of sitting and waiting for the next development. The production process can always be made more efficient, new ingredients are always being made available from suppliers and new technologies are being adapted or even created, to allow for improvements to existing products or the generation of brand-new ones.

Get in touch today to discover how to start your distillate journey, whether you want to choose one of our purposely deigned options or formulate your own, the APO team are here to help provide your business with solutions you can trust.

*Patent application submitted in EU member state February 2022.

1200x628px Blog Banner 1200x628px Blog Banner 1200x628px Blog Banner

How Your CBD Business Can Keep Up With Regulatory Changes

Table of Contents

How Your CBD Business Can Keep Up With Regulatory Changes

Table of Contents

Summary

Introduction

CBD: An Exciting Compound

CBD Laws and Regulations

How to Keep Up With Regulatory Changes

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

References

 

Summary

Understanding CBD regulations is a complex exercise, but it is also necessary. Failure to follow applicable CBD regulations can put yourself and your business in jeopardy. This article considers CBD regulations within the EU and the UK and several ways to keep apprised of existing and changing regulations. This includes consulting the relevant regulatory authority, consulting a CBD specialist—such as Always Pure Organics—for advice and keeping up-to-date with informative industry news pages.

 

Introduction

Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, has become vastly popular in recent years. Indeed, the CBD market size was valued at USD 2.8 billion in 2020 and is predicted to reach an impressive USD 3.5 billion by the close of 2021. Furthermore, it is expected to expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 21.2% from 2021 to 2028. This increased demand is partially down to a rise in demand for health and wellness products,  the potential benefits of CBD that are finally coming to light and the death of long-standing stigma.

As a result, there is an increased interest in the CBD businesses as investors try to tap into this profitable market. Unfortunately, strict regulations have somewhat limited the growth of the CBD market. However, as this exciting compound gains acceptance worldwide, new rules and reforms are coming into place, such as changes to the legal THC limit in CBD products and cannabidiol’s legal classification.

Your responsibility is to ensure that you are apprised of any regulation changes and ensure compliance. Failing which, you could end up in serious legal trouble. Complying with the various regulations, challenges and paperwork that go hand in hand with running a CBD business can be onerous. This article will teach you how to stay in the know, so you can be confident that everything is above board in your business.

 

CBD: An Exciting Compound

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a chemical compound found in the Cannabis sativa plant. There are at least 113 other cannabinoids that have been isolated from this plant. The most famous of all the compounds is tetrahydrocannabinol, more commonly known as THC, which is well-known for causing a “high”. Unfortunately, this familial connection between CBD and THC has attached a stigma to CBD, even though it does not have the same effect as THC. However, as research progresses, so does public opinion as CBD’s significant differences to THC and its potential benefits are brought to light.

CBD’s beginnings were in the early 1940s when it was first discovered and isolated from the Cannabis plant by acclaimed chemist Roger Adams. It may be surprising that the compound has been known for such a long time, yet little progress has been made, and so little has been invested in studying it. This is partly down to its association with THC, an illegal compound in many countries and strictly limited in others. However, as CBD is more talked about in mainstream media and more research is being undertaken, its popularity is slowly increasing.

One of the primary benefits of CBD is that it is believed to help users support and sustain a healthy lifestyle, maintain homeostasis and improve overall wellbeing. Other potential advantages to consuming CBD are yet to be fully established. Very few prescriptions of CBD has been legally approved, one such prescription includes Epidiolex, which combats certain forms of epilepsy. As you can see, there is still a long way to go in terms of CBD research, but the results collated so far have proved very encouraging.

A person in a white coat and blue latex gloves standing next to wild hemp plants with a clipboard and pen.

 

CBD Laws and Regulations

The legality of CBD is location dependent. However, regardless of where you are in the world, CBD regulations are likely difficult to unpack. For example, CBD is legal in the UK but must not exceed the UK legal limit of THC. Furthermore, the Misuse of Drugs Act means that each product package must contain no more than 1mg of THC, illegal components must not be easily recoverable, and it must not be marketed/designed in such a way as to promote the illegal component. This is vital for a CBD business and its employees to know that their products comply with the law or risk severe consequences, including a lengthy prison sentence.

There are also several aspects to consider when it comes to legal compliance. It is not as simple as checking whether CBD is legal in your country. It is also vital that you are aware of all related regulations such as those regarding plant cultivation, flower bud legality and THC limits, so you can be confident that the entire CBD process culminating in your product is legal.

It is also crucial to know the laws so that any alterations in regulation can be pounced upon and used to help expand your business. A prime example of this is the change in the THC limit by the European Parliament. In October 2020, it voted to increase the permitted THC level (for industrial hemp) from 0.2% to 0.3%. This was hailed as a landmark move by the CBD industry as it further eased restrictions.

Producing high-CBD strains generally leads to an inadvertent increase in THC, so many producers could not grow high-yield varieties. With the limit increased, this barrier is removed, and manufacturers can develop higher concentrated CBD products while remaining legally compliant. Therefore, knowing current law reforms is beneficial as it is crucial for CBD businesses. You can take advantage of these changes and use them to increase your bottom line.

: A systematic array of CBD oil products displayed on a green background.

 

How to Keep Up With Regulatory Changes

So, what are the best ways to keep your business up to date with the latest regulatory changes and reforms in the world of CBD? This section provides you with top tips to ensure your CBD business is above board and well-informed.

Consult With an Industry Specialist

Perhaps the easiest way to be apprised of regulatory changes is to consult an industry specialist. It saves you from scouring the internet for information and trying to decipher complex, complicated documents written in legal jargon. A specialist can inform you of what regulations your CBD business needs to adhere to.

Always Pure Organics offers this helpful service. As specialists in hemp and CBD, we provide valuable advice regarding this ever-expanding industry. All you need to do is get in touch with your questions and concerns.

Monitor Updates From Your Relevant Regulatory Agency

Another great way to check for changes to the law is to check the information provided by the regulatory agency covering your territory. Let’s look at what organisations need to stay on your radar in the UK or the EU.

The UK

When it comes to checking regulations for your CBD business, it is important to consult the relevant authority. It’s important to remember that the legislation you need to check depends on the type of CBD products you sell. For example, CBD ingestibles versus CBD cosmetics.

  • Healthcare CBD products:

If you run a CBD business selling products under the health category, you need to consult the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA).

  • Consumable CBD:

If you sell ingestible CBD products, such as gummies or coffee, you should refer to the Food Standards Agency (FSA), which offers helpful information and guidance. Note that CBD was classed as a Novel Food relatively recently, so you will need to apply for product authorisation.

  • CBD Cosmetics:

If your business sells cosmetic products containing CBD, you will need the Cosmetic, Toiletry and Perfumery Association (CTPA). Read the guidelines carefully and gain familiarity with specific requirements, such as providing a Cosmetic Product Safety Report (CPSR).

  • Vaping Products:

Refer to the General Product Safety Directive (GPSD) for CBD vape products. However, this directive originates from the European Commission (EC) and is applied differently. It may be worth perusing the UK government website for more guidance.

The EU

Suppose you are in a country that is part of the European Union (EU). In that case, generally, you need to refer to the European Commission (EC), which is responsible for legislative proposals and the implementation of the European Parliament and Council of the EU. However, again, it is not this simple. Even if your country is in the EU, countries can individually opt-out of EU policies, so they are not obliged to put specific policies or legislation clauses into force.

A prime example of this is the THC limit in the EU. In October 2020, the European Parliament increased the legal THC limit for industrial hemp from 0.2% to 0.3%. However, despite this, the THC limit is 0.2% in Germany. Therefore, it is sensible to consult the EU laws and regulations and those of your country.

Like the UK, CBD in the EU is subject to different regulations depending on the product’s nature or composition. Below we list organisations that assist with EU regulations:

  • Healthcare CBD Products:

A business supplying CBD products under the ‘health’ category will need to look at the European Medicines Agency (EMA) website.

  • Consumable CBD:

Since early 2019, consumable CBD has been included in the Novel Food Catalogue (like the UK). Authorisation must be obtained before CBD products can be placed on the EU market.

  • CBD Cosmetics:

To find out the latest policies on CBD cosmetics within the EU, check out CosIng, an EC database on cosmetic substances and ingredients contained within.

  • Vaping Products:

These CBD products are regulated under the EU General Product Safety Directive (GPSD).

As you can see, the road is far from straightforward. It can take a long time to work out exactly what laws and regulations you need to follow to be compliant. For this reason, we recommend either consulting a specialist for advice or perhaps following our News page, detailed in our next point.

 

Check the Latest News on the Always Pure Organics Blog

Always Pure Organics offers specialist advice and information and posts articles on the latest news in the world of CBD. This includes reports on CBD markets in various countries, current and new regulations, how to stay compliant, and tips for helping your business thrive. This is a fantastic way to stay informed on the global CBD situation as it changes and gets the most out of your business. If reform is heading our way, you will be one of the first to know. Go to our News page to browse our latest articles on the CBD industry.

 

Final Thoughts

When running a CBD business, understanding the regulations that apply to your product can be challenging. It is necessary to stay abreast of legal changes and foresee reforms, as failure to comply can lead to severe consequences for your business.

Always Pure Organics offers specialist guidance to help you understand the various applicable laws. Furthermore, we maintain an up-to-date News page regarding all things CBD. We highly recommend utilising these services to potentially save you hours of frustration and keep you in the know, allowing you to get your business truly up and running while ensuring compliance.

 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol or CBD is a chemical compound derived from the Cannabis sativa plant. It is considered a natural supplement that may promote a feeling of equilibrium and improve general wellbeing.

Is CBD legal?

The legality of CBD depends on where you are in the world. In the EU, CBD is legal as long as it respects the THC limit. However, limitations and laws can differ in individual countries within the EU as they can opt-out of legislation, so do consult your country’s regulations. In the UK, CBD is also legal as long as the legal limit of THC is observed.

What is the THC limit in the EU and the UK?

The THC limit recently increased for industrial hemp in the EU from 0.2% to 0.3%. However, regulations can differ, so check your own country’s policies. The legal THC limit is 0.2% for hemp plants and 1mg per container for finished products in the UK.

What are regulations?

Regulations are rules laid out by authorities that must be complied with and closely adhered to, or else you run the risk of strong punishment for law-breaking.

Why are regulations necessary for the CBD industry?

Regulation is essential in the world of CBD, as with any other industry, because it helps ensure the safety and quality of CBD products. This is vital for both CBD businesses and consumers. Essentially, regulations mean that CBD products are subject to a certain level of oversight.

Why are regulations around CBD changing?

There have been several reforms in recent years regarding CBD. This is because CBD is starting to be viewed in a new light due to increased research and/or public awareness. Regulations sometimes need to be altered to accommodate new scientific standpoints. An example of this is when CBD was removed from the “narcotics” category in the UK at the end of 2020 due to a highly publicised case involving Kanavape.

Do all CBD compositions and products have to follow regulations?

Yes. Whether you sell CBD consumables such as gummies or chocolate or whether you sell CBD topical skin cream, there will be regulations, and they always need to be followed.

How do I know what regulations to follow?

The regulations you need to follow depend on the country you are residing in and the composition of the CBD product(s) your business produces.

What are the best ways to keep updated with regulatory changes?

There are several ways to keep updated with regulatory changes. Firstly, you can consult the relevant regulatory authority’s website for new and existing information. Alternatively, you could request specialist advice from a hemp and CBD expert, such as Always Pure Organics, saving you the trouble of scouring the internet for help. Furthermore, APO has a News page to help you stay on top of industry news.

How can Always Pure Organics help my business?

Always Pure Organics is a specialist manufacturer and distributor of cannabis-based products. Moreover, we offer support and assistance to CBD businesses. This includes expert advice for any questions you may have regarding regulations and which ones your business needs to be aware of. We are here to maximise your success and get you the support you need for your business to thrive.

 

References

Cannabidiol Market Growth Analysis Report, 2021-2028 (grandviewresearch.com)

Tetrahydrocannabinol – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

FDA Approves First Drug Comprised of an Active Ingredient Derived from Marijuana to Treat Rare, Severe Forms of Epilepsy | FDA

Production of a controlled drug/ Cultivation of cannabis plant – Sentencing (sentencingcouncil.org.uk)

Microsoft Word – PR_Vote on CAP_THC.docx (eiha.org)

FDA Regulation of Cannabis and Cannabis-Derived Products, Including Cannabidiol (CBD) | FDA

Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

Homepage | Food Standards Agency

Cannabis, Cannabis Extracts and CBD in Cosmetic Products (ctpa.org.uk)

Product safety advice for businesses – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

Cosmetic ingredient database (europa.eu)

European Medicines Agency | (europa.eu)

Availability and conditions for CBD sales on the EU single market (europa.eu)

EUR-Lex – 32001L0095 – EN (europa.eu)

CURIA – Documents (europa.eu)

 

Table of Contents

How Your CBD Business Can Keep Up With Regulatory Changes

Table of Contents

Summary

Introduction

CBD: An Exciting Compound

CBD Laws and Regulations

How to Keep Up With Regulatory Changes

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

References

 

Summary

Understanding CBD regulations is a complex exercise, but it is also necessary. Failure to follow applicable CBD regulations can put yourself and your business in jeopardy. This article considers CBD regulations within the EU and the UK and several ways to keep apprised of existing and changing regulations. This includes consulting the relevant regulatory authority, consulting a CBD specialist—such as Always Pure Organics—for advice and keeping up-to-date with informative industry news pages.

 

Introduction

Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, has become vastly popular in recent years. Indeed, the CBD market size was valued at USD 2.8 billion in 2020 and is predicted to reach an impressive USD 3.5 billion by the close of 2021. Furthermore, it is expected to expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 21.2% from 2021 to 2028. This increased demand is partially down to a rise in demand for health and wellness products,  the potential benefits of CBD that are finally coming to light and the death of long-standing stigma.

As a result, there is an increased interest in the CBD businesses as investors try to tap into this profitable market. Unfortunately, strict regulations have somewhat limited the growth of the CBD market. However, as this exciting compound gains acceptance worldwide, new rules and reforms are coming into place, such as changes to the legal THC limit in CBD products and cannabidiol’s legal classification.

Your responsibility is to ensure that you are apprised of any regulation changes and ensure compliance. Failing which, you could end up in serious legal trouble. Complying with the various regulations, challenges and paperwork that go hand in hand with running a CBD business can be onerous. This article will teach you how to stay in the know, so you can be confident that everything is above board in your business.

 

CBD: An Exciting Compound

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a chemical compound found in the Cannabis sativa plant. There are at least 113 other cannabinoids that have been isolated from this plant. The most famous of all the compounds is tetrahydrocannabinol, more commonly known as THC, which is well-known for causing a “high”. Unfortunately, this familial connection between CBD and THC has attached a stigma to CBD, even though it does not have the same effect as THC. However, as research progresses, so does public opinion as CBD’s significant differences to THC and its potential benefits are brought to light.

CBD’s beginnings were in the early 1940s when it was first discovered and isolated from the Cannabis plant by acclaimed chemist Roger Adams. It may be surprising that the compound has been known for such a long time, yet little progress has been made, and so little has been invested in studying it. This is partly down to its association with THC, an illegal compound in many countries and strictly limited in others. However, as CBD is more talked about in mainstream media and more research is being undertaken, its popularity is slowly increasing.

One of the primary benefits of CBD is that it is believed to help users support and sustain a healthy lifestyle, maintain homeostasis and improve overall wellbeing. Other potential advantages to consuming CBD are yet to be fully established. Very few prescriptions of CBD has been legally approved, one such prescription includes Epidiolex, which combats certain forms of epilepsy. As you can see, there is still a long way to go in terms of CBD research, but the results collated so far have proved very encouraging.

A person in a white coat and blue latex gloves standing next to wild hemp plants with a clipboard and pen.

 

CBD Laws and Regulations

The legality of CBD is location dependent. However, regardless of where you are in the world, CBD regulations are likely difficult to unpack. For example, CBD is legal in the UK but must not exceed the UK legal limit of THC. Furthermore, the Misuse of Drugs Act means that each product package must contain no more than 1mg of THC, illegal components must not be easily recoverable, and it must not be marketed/designed in such a way as to promote the illegal component. This is vital for a CBD business and its employees to know that their products comply with the law or risk severe consequences, including a lengthy prison sentence.

There are also several aspects to consider when it comes to legal compliance. It is not as simple as checking whether CBD is legal in your country. It is also vital that you are aware of all related regulations such as those regarding plant cultivation, flower bud legality and THC limits, so you can be confident that the entire CBD process culminating in your product is legal.

It is also crucial to know the laws so that any alterations in regulation can be pounced upon and used to help expand your business. A prime example of this is the change in the THC limit by the European Parliament. In October 2020, it voted to increase the permitted THC level (for industrial hemp) from 0.2% to 0.3%. This was hailed as a landmark move by the CBD industry as it further eased restrictions.

Producing high-CBD strains generally leads to an inadvertent increase in THC, so many producers could not grow high-yield varieties. With the limit increased, this barrier is removed, and manufacturers can develop higher concentrated CBD products while remaining legally compliant. Therefore, knowing current law reforms is beneficial as it is crucial for CBD businesses. You can take advantage of these changes and use them to increase your bottom line.

: A systematic array of CBD oil products displayed on a green background.

 

How to Keep Up With Regulatory Changes

So, what are the best ways to keep your business up to date with the latest regulatory changes and reforms in the world of CBD? This section provides you with top tips to ensure your CBD business is above board and well-informed.

Consult With an Industry Specialist

Perhaps the easiest way to be apprised of regulatory changes is to consult an industry specialist. It saves you from scouring the internet for information and trying to decipher complex, complicated documents written in legal jargon. A specialist can inform you of what regulations your CBD business needs to adhere to.

Always Pure Organics offers this helpful service. As specialists in hemp and CBD, we provide valuable advice regarding this ever-expanding industry. All you need to do is get in touch with your questions and concerns.

Monitor Updates From Your Relevant Regulatory Agency

Another great way to check for changes to the law is to check the information provided by the regulatory agency covering your territory. Let’s look at what organisations need to stay on your radar in the UK or the EU.

The UK

When it comes to checking regulations for your CBD business, it is important to consult the relevant authority. It’s important to remember that the legislation you need to check depends on the type of CBD products you sell. For example, CBD ingestibles versus CBD cosmetics.

  • Healthcare CBD products:

If you run a CBD business selling products under the health category, you need to consult the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA).

  • Consumable CBD:

If you sell ingestible CBD products, such as gummies or coffee, you should refer to the Food Standards Agency (FSA), which offers helpful information and guidance. Note that CBD was classed as a Novel Food relatively recently, so you will need to apply for product authorisation.

  • CBD Cosmetics:

If your business sells cosmetic products containing CBD, you will need the Cosmetic, Toiletry and Perfumery Association (CTPA). Read the guidelines carefully and gain familiarity with specific requirements, such as providing a Cosmetic Product Safety Report (CPSR).

  • Vaping Products:

Refer to the General Product Safety Directive (GPSD) for CBD vape products. However, this directive originates from the European Commission (EC) and is applied differently. It may be worth perusing the UK government website for more guidance.

The EU

Suppose you are in a country that is part of the European Union (EU). In that case, generally, you need to refer to the European Commission (EC), which is responsible for legislative proposals and the implementation of the European Parliament and Council of the EU. However, again, it is not this simple. Even if your country is in the EU, countries can individually opt-out of EU policies, so they are not obliged to put specific policies or legislation clauses into force.

A prime example of this is the THC limit in the EU. In October 2020, the European Parliament increased the legal THC limit for industrial hemp from 0.2% to 0.3%. However, despite this, the THC limit is 0.2% in Germany. Therefore, it is sensible to consult the EU laws and regulations and those of your country.

Like the UK, CBD in the EU is subject to different regulations depending on the product’s nature or composition. Below we list organisations that assist with EU regulations:

  • Healthcare CBD Products:

A business supplying CBD products under the ‘health’ category will need to look at the European Medicines Agency (EMA) website.

  • Consumable CBD:

Since early 2019, consumable CBD has been included in the Novel Food Catalogue (like the UK). Authorisation must be obtained before CBD products can be placed on the EU market.

  • CBD Cosmetics:

To find out the latest policies on CBD cosmetics within the EU, check out CosIng, an EC database on cosmetic substances and ingredients contained within.

  • Vaping Products:

These CBD products are regulated under the EU General Product Safety Directive (GPSD).

As you can see, the road is far from straightforward. It can take a long time to work out exactly what laws and regulations you need to follow to be compliant. For this reason, we recommend either consulting a specialist for advice or perhaps following our News page, detailed in our next point.

 

Check the Latest News on the Always Pure Organics Blog

Always Pure Organics offers specialist advice and information and posts articles on the latest news in the world of CBD. This includes reports on CBD markets in various countries, current and new regulations, how to stay compliant, and tips for helping your business thrive. This is a fantastic way to stay informed on the global CBD situation as it changes and gets the most out of your business. If reform is heading our way, you will be one of the first to know. Go to our News page to browse our latest articles on the CBD industry.

 

Final Thoughts

When running a CBD business, understanding the regulations that apply to your product can be challenging. It is necessary to stay abreast of legal changes and foresee reforms, as failure to comply can lead to severe consequences for your business.

Always Pure Organics offers specialist guidance to help you understand the various applicable laws. Furthermore, we maintain an up-to-date News page regarding all things CBD. We highly recommend utilising these services to potentially save you hours of frustration and keep you in the know, allowing you to get your business truly up and running while ensuring compliance.

 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol or CBD is a chemical compound derived from the Cannabis sativa plant. It is considered a natural supplement that may promote a feeling of equilibrium and improve general wellbeing.

Is CBD legal?

The legality of CBD depends on where you are in the world. In the EU, CBD is legal as long as it respects the THC limit. However, limitations and laws can differ in individual countries within the EU as they can opt-out of legislation, so do consult your country’s regulations. In the UK, CBD is also legal as long as the legal limit of THC is observed.

What is the THC limit in the EU and the UK?

The THC limit recently increased for industrial hemp in the EU from 0.2% to 0.3%. However, regulations can differ, so check your own country’s policies. The legal THC limit is 0.2% for hemp plants and 1mg per container for finished products in the UK.

What are regulations?

Regulations are rules laid out by authorities that must be complied with and closely adhered to, or else you run the risk of strong punishment for law-breaking.

Why are regulations necessary for the CBD industry?

Regulation is essential in the world of CBD, as with any other industry, because it helps ensure the safety and quality of CBD products. This is vital for both CBD businesses and consumers. Essentially, regulations mean that CBD products are subject to a certain level of oversight.

Why are regulations around CBD changing?

There have been several reforms in recent years regarding CBD. This is because CBD is starting to be viewed in a new light due to increased research and/or public awareness. Regulations sometimes need to be altered to accommodate new scientific standpoints. An example of this is when CBD was removed from the “narcotics” category in the UK at the end of 2020 due to a highly publicised case involving Kanavape.

Do all CBD compositions and products have to follow regulations?

Yes. Whether you sell CBD consumables such as gummies or chocolate or whether you sell CBD topical skin cream, there will be regulations, and they always need to be followed.

How do I know what regulations to follow?

The regulations you need to follow depend on the country you are residing in and the composition of the CBD product(s) your business produces.

What are the best ways to keep updated with regulatory changes?

There are several ways to keep updated with regulatory changes. Firstly, you can consult the relevant regulatory authority’s website for new and existing information. Alternatively, you could request specialist advice from a hemp and CBD expert, such as Always Pure Organics, saving you the trouble of scouring the internet for help. Furthermore, APO has a News page to help you stay on top of industry news.

How can Always Pure Organics help my business?

Always Pure Organics is a specialist manufacturer and distributor of cannabis-based products. Moreover, we offer support and assistance to CBD businesses. This includes expert advice for any questions you may have regarding regulations and which ones your business needs to be aware of. We are here to maximise your success and get you the support you need for your business to thrive.

 

References

Cannabidiol Market Growth Analysis Report, 2021-2028 (grandviewresearch.com)

Tetrahydrocannabinol – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

FDA Approves First Drug Comprised of an Active Ingredient Derived from Marijuana to Treat Rare, Severe Forms of Epilepsy | FDA

Production of a controlled drug/ Cultivation of cannabis plant – Sentencing (sentencingcouncil.org.uk)

Microsoft Word – PR_Vote on CAP_THC.docx (eiha.org)

FDA Regulation of Cannabis and Cannabis-Derived Products, Including Cannabidiol (CBD) | FDA

Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

Homepage | Food Standards Agency

Cannabis, Cannabis Extracts and CBD in Cosmetic Products (ctpa.org.uk)

Product safety advice for businesses – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

Cosmetic ingredient database (europa.eu)

European Medicines Agency | (europa.eu)

Availability and conditions for CBD sales on the EU single market (europa.eu)

EUR-Lex – 32001L0095 – EN (europa.eu)

CURIA – Documents (europa.eu)

 

A stack of blue books on a blue background A stack of blue books on a blue background A stack of blue books on a blue background

Comparing the European, Asian and North American CBD Markets

Table of Contents

Comparing the European, Asian and North American CBD Markets

Table of Contents

Summary

Introduction

CBD: The Basics

The European CBD Market

The Asian CBD Market

The North American CBD Market

What Does the Future Hold for These CBD Markets?

Always Pure Organics

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

References

 

Summary

The CBD industry has become one of the most ground-breaking worldwide. Its potential as a simple but effective health hack is rapidly growing. While we know that there’s a rising interest in CBD that both users and businesses are tapping into, what does this mean for CBD markets across the globe? To help you get a better picture, this article will compare the European, Asian and North American CBD markets. We’ll explore the basics of CBD before moving onto each market, noting the similarities and differences between them. What does the future hold for these CBD markets? Continue reading to learn more!

 

Introduction

CBD seems like a relatively new industry, given the sudden increase of awareness around it. Regardless of cost, people buy CBD products as they learn more about CBD’s potential therapeutic benefits. This is playing a very significant role in CBD consumer markets.

Even during the pandemic, the CBD market has achieved a steady growth curve. In 2020, the global CBD market size was valued at $2.8 billion. This figure is expected to grow exponentially in upcoming years, thanks to the industry’s innovative and disruptive nature.

Due to the slight stigma surrounding cannabis, it’s natural for some individuals to be more cautious than others about CBD. However, certain businesses and investors have realised CBD’s extremely high potential. CBD’s global reach and relevance show just how successful the cannabis sector is proving to be.

Here at Always Pure Organics, our mission is to accelerate the global acceptance of and access to cannabinoids. We offer and deliver the highest quality wholesale cannabis and cannabinoid products worldwide. Whether you’re after bulk ingredients, bulk products, white label products or bespoke formulation, we can help you along your journey and provide you with regulatory and legal expertise too.

Now, let’s explore the fundamentals of CBD before dissecting the European, Asian and North American CBD markets.

 

CBD: The Basics

CBD stands for cannabidiol—a natural, isolated chemical compound derived from the Cannabis sativa plant. It’s extracted from the leaves and flowers of this plant, which is referred to as marijuana or hemp. The plant has roughly 120 different compounds, but the two most well-known active ingredients are CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

Surprisingly to some, CBD isn’t responsible for a “high” or state of euphoria. It’s also a non-addictive compound. This is still the case even when it may contain small amounts of THC, well-known for its psychoactive properties. Interestingly, THC’s effects on the nervous system might be inhibited by CBD. It’s believed that CBD activates receptors in the body, which influences the body to produce naturally-occurring cannabinoids.

CBD has become particularly desirable because of its potentially powerful and nourishing properties. For anyone that wants to soothe physical discomforts or maintain their wellbeing, CBD is believed to be a credible option. Products come in all shapes and sizes, such as oils and tinctures, edibles, vaporisers, creams, and lotions.

There usually aren’t severe side effects or drug interactions associated with taking CBD; however, it’s essential to be aware of the potential risks. Minimal side effects may occur, including drowsiness or sedation, diarrhoea and loss of appetite, mood changes, liver injury and low blood pressure.

CBD may also interact with antibiotics, antidepressants, and blood thinners. Take extra precautions in these circumstances and when medications or supplements have a grapefruit warning. This is because both CBD and grapefruit are metabolised by the same enzymes vital for drug metabolism. Additionally, you should speak to your doctor before CBD use, who can oversee potential signs of efficacy, toxicity and side effects.

 

The European CBD Market

​​Thanks to advances in legislation, the European CBD market is doing extremely well with its investment and racking up millions of pounds. According to CB Insights, 34 innovative startup CBD companies in Europe received a total of $128.5 million in terms of investment in 2019. Through annualised activity, this funding was anticipated to rise and approach $150 million in 2020.

The European CBD oil market has rapidly grown between 2015 and 2020. So, what’s behind this momentum? The short answer is regulatory relaxation. This largely started in 2019 when Luxembourg announced its intent to legalise cannabis for recreational use. This announcement helped decriminalise the cultivation of the plant and shift public opinion. According to New Frontier Data’s EU CBD Consumer Report: 2019 Overview, 46% of Europeans are in favour of CBD, and 77% of surveyed respondents believe it should be accessible in one way or another.

According to a 2019 report by the Centre for Medical Cannabis, an estimated 8-11% of individual UK adults have tried CBD. This equates to approximately four to six million people. At the time, the market size was valued at roughly $390 million per year. Today, it isn’t slowing down; according to the Cannabis Trade Association (CTA), Europe’s CBD market is worth around $635 million. The UK commands the biggest share at around $145 million.

There are noteworthy variances when making CBD market comparisons between different European countries. These are very much dependent on conflicting government rules and regulations. For example, countries like the UK and Switzerland have less conservative regulations, so they’re farther ahead than Scandinavia. Germany is currently Europe’s biggest market for CBD.

In Europe, the nature of the CBD market is unregulated, but the industry is proving that growth is inevitable for companies that provide top-quality, authentic, and legal CBD products. There’s monumental demand for CBD-infused goods, especially for medical and general wellness purposes.

Nowadays, you can find CBD in cosmetics, medical applications, nutraceuticals, pharmaceuticals and personal care. Major retailers are entering the CBD space selling safe, batch-tested CBD supplements in UK pharmacies and online. The CTA estimates that just over half of European CBD products are CBD oil dietary supplements, a third are vaporisers, and the rest are cosmetics and edibles.

A variety of herbal CBD oils against a dark leafy background

The Asian CBD Market

Asia is the largest and most populous continent on Earth, with 48 countries. It’s long been home to 4.6 billion people, constituting most of the world’s human population. Given its size and diversity, it’s no wonder the Asia Pacific CBD market is thriving.

The Asia Pacific CBD market exceeded $129.8 million in 2020. The oil segment revenue was over $31.4 million in the same year due to its efficacy and ease of use for numerous ailments. The CBD tincture segment had the second-largest regional market share with a valuation of more than $18.5 million because of its long shelf life.

CBD-based products are legal in Japan, as regulatory bodies have been open to CBD’s potential benefits. CBD is mostly used for cosmetics, ingestibles, dietary supplements, pet snacks, and electronic cigarettes.

One of the key factors increasing the market growth is the adoption of CBD products for soothing symptoms associated with chronic health conditions. In 2020, the oral route of CBD administration held a 53.1% market share, with people using capsules, oils, tablets and tinctures.

It’s hugely beneficial for the market that the cultivation of hemp-derived CBD products is supported by countries such as China due to CBD’s reportedly anti-ageing, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties for health and wellness purposes. In fact, China is the largest hemp cultivator in Asia, producing nearly half of the world’s hemp!

The vast population of China and India is boosting the demand for CBD-infused cosmetics, foods and beverages among consumers. CBD-derived nutritional supplements are being marketed in many food and health stores, widening the production of CBD products among manufacturers. The CBD consumer pool also expanded after the legalisation of CBD in several Asia Pacific countries.

 

The North American CBD Market

Strong developments have been observed in the North American CBD market, particularly in the United States and Canada. CBD’s increasing prominence in the region is largely due to the supportive and liberal regulatory framework, wide consumer acceptance and rise in the number of manufacturers.

The year 2018 introduced the Farm Bill, which legalised almost every CBD product with less than 0.3% THC content across states in the US. It also redefined hemp and hemp-derived products. However, any product with more than 0.3% THC is considered illegal at a federal level.

It’s best to check the different state-level policies that decriminalise the possession and consumption of CBD products before travelling. Furthermore, as of March 2020, only one CBD product has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Epidiolex, a prescription drug used to treat two rare and severe forms of epilepsy.

In 2020, there was $4.6 billion worth of CBD product sales in the US. The state of California is the country’s leading market for CBD products, with estimated sales of $730 million, according to Statista.

During its first year of controlled sales back in 2018, California raised a total of $345.2 million in tax revenue from legal CBD. As a result of this financial gain, local councils and governments funded various construction and development programmes for education and infrastructure.

Both the US and Canada are very technologically advanced countries, so large-scale online advertising of CBD helps to increase the popularity and sales of products. Consumers are highly aware of CBD’s benefits and legal stance.

The CBD oil segment accounted for over $1 billion in 2020. CBD vitamins have also dominated American convenience stores, generating over $20 million in this one year. CBD lotions and balms have the greatest consumer interest, closely followed by gummies, supplements and tinctures.

Abstract graph set around a selection of CBD products.

What Does the Future Hold for These CBD Markets?

Europe

While Europe’s CBD industry is still emerging compared to the US, it’s predicted to soon surpass the US as the number one CBD market. The European CBD market is set to rise by 400% over the next four years!

During 2021-2026, the International Market Analysis Research and Consulting (IMARC) Group estimates the CBD oil market to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of around 23%. In 2025, the UK CBD market is expected to be just short of $1.3 billion, equivalent to the entire UK herbal supplement market in 2016! By 2027, Europe’s CBD market could surpass $25.8 billion.

The UK is awaiting legal clarification on the regulatory status of CBD supplements. Applications for CBD to be used in the European Commission’s Novel Food List were postponed in July 2020 after it was argued that cannabinoids and other hemp flower extracts would be best treated as opioids under the United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. This decision might affect the CBD industry and limit cannabis study and advancement in the future. However, the Food Standards Agency (FSA) accepts the Commission’s view of CBD as a novel food and encourages compliance in the marketplace.

The CTA predicts CBD cosmetics will be a particularly fertile growth area within the market, alongside drinks and edibles. As emerging research shows CBD’s potentially positive effect on several skin conditions, there’s likely to be a boom in CBD skincare; this is the latest beauty trend that’s flourishing both in the UK and the US. Healthcare institutions are also adopting CBD-based products, promoting market development.

 

Asia

Geographically, the Asia Pacific CBD market will have the highest CAGR in the near future, possibly growing at more than 35.2% from 2021 to 2027. According to Data Bridge Market Research, the CBD oil market will account for $182,536.84 by the next six years.

China is currently ruling with the highest shares of the CBD market, especially owing to the setup of hemp-producing plants. The Statista Research Department reported that China’s CBD market is forecasted to reach 4.1 billion CHF by 2024. India’s CBD market isn’t far behind China, with ongoing research and developmental activities in medicinal CBD oil products. However, if Japan adopts the latest techniques in the healthcare sector, Japan’s CBD market could expand to the second-largest in the Asia Pacific Region to 1.9 billion CHF.

Although there’s uncertainty in the availability of raw materials required to manufacture end products, the high potential applications of CBD for diverse ailments will push opportunities in the market. Utilising CBD’s health benefits for specific chronic conditions will cross $570 million by 2027. The CBD tincture segment will also likely gain traction, growing at a 36% CAGR.

Government investments in developing new drugs or vaccines with hemp-based products also fuel the CBD market demand. The hemp-derived source segment will see a significant growth of 35.5% during the forecast period. By distribution channel, it’s estimated that the offline segment will reach $1 billion driven by the increased sales in retail stores.

Asia looks to be fierce competition for Europe, the US and Canada. The market would benefit even more if the regulatory structure in approving CBD oil products becomes less complex and if undeveloped countries in the Asia Pacific adopt advanced technologies.

 

North America

Cannabis and its products will continue to progress in the North American region. The North American CBD market will observe a 33.3% growth rate between 2021 and 2027. The offline segment will expand at a CAGR of 32.6%. By 2026, the US market will probably grow to $16 billion in value, according to a Statista report.

Like Europe, North America’s continuous political wins positively contribute to the legal CBD sector. This has also created a substantial decline in black market crime in some countries, as users can buy cannabis legally for medical and recreational purposes.

Compared to their opioid counterparts, CBD products could help the North American CBD market to reach $20.6 billion by the end of 2027 when used as an alternative medication. The negligible THC content in hemp-derived CBD products is naturally well within the acceptable limits, so these could capture around 70.8% of the market share.

 

Globally

According to a Grand View Research report, the global CBD market is expected to expand at a CAGR of 21.2% from 2021 to 2028, accelerating to $23.6 billion over the next five years.

Due to the recent increasing demand from the pharmaceutical sector and rising consumer awareness regarding health post-pandemic, the hemp-derived CBD market will likely grow at a CAGR of 23.4%.

CBD accounted for 4% of the global vitamin and dietary supplements market in 2019, but this number is projected to grow to over 20% by 2027. There’s high anticipation that adult-use of medical cannabis will become the fastest-growing category of adult-use items, whether it’s a powerful concentrate or a basic food ingredient.

The business to business (B2B) segment accounted for the largest revenue share of 58.9% in 2020. The reason for dominating the market can be attributed to an increase in the number of bulk or wholesale CBD oil providers and demand for CBD oil as a raw material.

Companies increase their distribution networks and expand their consumer base by entering into multiple partnerships and launching novel products. In future, we hope that there will be more control over CBD products across global markets and ongoing trials to study the impact of CBD on the body. This, combined with education-based marketing strategies, will best drive future product sales.

 

Always Pure Organics

Always Pure Organics is a white label specialist manufacturer and distributor of CBD products. We take pride in our B2B business, which delivers the purest and highest quality wholesale cannabis and cannabinoid products worldwide.

We provide the most client-centric experience in the cannabis industry, empowering and maximising your success as business customers along the way. By working across the entire supply chain of the CBD industry, we can give you regulatory and legal expertise and product knowledge and production.

Creating a unique product from scratch can be a lengthy process. That’s why we’re here to help, giving you complete confidence in your product. Browse through our product range, including bulk CBD products, brands and white label CBD products.

 

Final Thoughts

There’s a myriad of profitable opportunities for the fast-growing CBD markets. It appears as if there’s never been a better time for commercial retailers, health and wellness retailers, and CBD businesses to focus on selling CBD products. There’s huge potential in this sector and what we’re seeing is just the beginning.

For anyone striving to build their CBD business or increase market share, Always Pure Organics can help you.  Contact us for more information.

 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD oil?

CBD oil is made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant and then diluting it with a carrier oil like coconut, hemp seed, grapeseed, olive or sunflower oil. CBD isolate and broad-spectrum CBD oils don’t contain THC, whereas full-spectrum CBD oil does.

How can I start a CBD business?

Follow these steps for starting a CBD business: identify your CBD niche and products; understand the laws and regulations around CBD; generate a thorough CBD business plan; organise your business documents; find your CBD supplier; decide between a  brick-and-mortar or online business; determine shipping and payment terms; and market your business.

How can I buy CBD products in bulk?

Most wholesale suppliers sell CBD products in bulk. What’s more, manufacturers like Always Pure Organics offer a host of other services designed to make it easy for you to launch your CBD brand.

What are the best CBD oil companies for bulk wholesale marketing?

CBD wholesalers that are part of the premium markets often grow high-quality hemp, resulting in high-quality products. Discover the highest quality wholesale cannabis and cannabinoid products here at Always Pure Organics.

What bulk CBD products can I expect to find at Always Pure Organics?

Our pre-produced CBD and cannabinoid products include CBG Oil in Hemp Oil, CBD Oil (hemp or MCT Carrier), High Strength Balm, Daily Lotion, Soft Gel Capsules, Pet CBD Oil (hemp Oil or MCT Carrier) and CBD Patches.

Which white label CBD products are available at Always Pure Organics?

Our white label CBD products include Pet CBD Oil (hemp Oil or MCT Carrier), CBD Oil (hemp or MCT Carrier), CBG Oil in Hemp Oil, Blood Orange Lotion, Lavender Night Cream, High Strength Balm, Tattoo Aftercare Lotion, CBD Gummies, Daily Lotion, Softgel Capsules and CBD Patches.

How expensive is CBD oil in bulk?

The prices for bulk CBD vary depending on where you buy from, the quantity, and the price per kilogram. However, it’s cheaper to buy CBD in wholesale quantities than in retail. You can profit from selling your products in bulk when you buy CBD oil.

What are white label CBD products?

White labelling enables you to put your brand on CBD products manufactured by another company or third party. Instead of getting involved in the production, your focus is on developing your brand, increasing sales and generating profits.

Is there a difference between private label and white label CBD?

Private label CBD products are created and sold exclusively to one retailer. Private label brands can request alterations or enhancements to the product. White label CBD products are universal and made by a producer, and are sold to multiple retailers. The retailers typically cannot request.

What are the top-rated white label CBD?

Always Pure Organics provides the best CBD products supported by worldwide delivery. Our bespoke formulation, coupled with efficient logistics, ensures that we always maintain quality, we’re always compliant, and we always deliver.

 

References

https://yhoo.it/3KHND7j 

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/can-cbd-lower-blood-pressure

https://www.cbinsights.com/

https://newfrontierdata.com/product/the-eu-cbd-consumer-report/

https://bit.ly/3H2qMRC

https://www.populationof.net/asia/

https://www.graphicalresearch.com/industry-insights/1824/asia-pacific-cannabidiol-cbd-market#:~:text=How%20much%20is%20the%20Asia,35.2%25%20between%202021%20and%202027

https://www.grandviewresearch.com/industry-analysis/cannabidiol-cbd-market

https://www.europeanbusinessreview.com/how-much-the-cbd-market-is-growing-in-the-eu/

https://bit.ly/3u1Vsi7

https://www.graphicalresearch.com/industry-insights/1823/europe-cannabidiol-cbd-market

https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/reports/asia-pacific-cbd-oil-market

https://www.statista.com/statistics/1233135/apac-forecast-cannabidiol-market-size-by-country/

https://www.marketdataforecast.com/market-reports/apac-cbd-oil-market

https://www.graphicalresearch.com/industry-insights/1821/north-america-cannabidiol-cbd-market#:~:text=The%20industry%20for%20cannabidiol%20in,33%25%20over%202021%2D2027

 

Table of Contents

Comparing the European, Asian and North American CBD Markets

Table of Contents

Summary

Introduction

CBD: The Basics

The European CBD Market

The Asian CBD Market

The North American CBD Market

What Does the Future Hold for These CBD Markets?

Always Pure Organics

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

References

 

Summary

The CBD industry has become one of the most ground-breaking worldwide. Its potential as a simple but effective health hack is rapidly growing. While we know that there’s a rising interest in CBD that both users and businesses are tapping into, what does this mean for CBD markets across the globe? To help you get a better picture, this article will compare the European, Asian and North American CBD markets. We’ll explore the basics of CBD before moving onto each market, noting the similarities and differences between them. What does the future hold for these CBD markets? Continue reading to learn more!

 

Introduction

CBD seems like a relatively new industry, given the sudden increase of awareness around it. Regardless of cost, people buy CBD products as they learn more about CBD’s potential therapeutic benefits. This is playing a very significant role in CBD consumer markets.

Even during the pandemic, the CBD market has achieved a steady growth curve. In 2020, the global CBD market size was valued at $2.8 billion. This figure is expected to grow exponentially in upcoming years, thanks to the industry’s innovative and disruptive nature.

Due to the slight stigma surrounding cannabis, it’s natural for some individuals to be more cautious than others about CBD. However, certain businesses and investors have realised CBD’s extremely high potential. CBD’s global reach and relevance show just how successful the cannabis sector is proving to be.

Here at Always Pure Organics, our mission is to accelerate the global acceptance of and access to cannabinoids. We offer and deliver the highest quality wholesale cannabis and cannabinoid products worldwide. Whether you’re after bulk ingredients, bulk products, white label products or bespoke formulation, we can help you along your journey and provide you with regulatory and legal expertise too.

Now, let’s explore the fundamentals of CBD before dissecting the European, Asian and North American CBD markets.

 

CBD: The Basics

CBD stands for cannabidiol—a natural, isolated chemical compound derived from the Cannabis sativa plant. It’s extracted from the leaves and flowers of this plant, which is referred to as marijuana or hemp. The plant has roughly 120 different compounds, but the two most well-known active ingredients are CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

Surprisingly to some, CBD isn’t responsible for a “high” or state of euphoria. It’s also a non-addictive compound. This is still the case even when it may contain small amounts of THC, well-known for its psychoactive properties. Interestingly, THC’s effects on the nervous system might be inhibited by CBD. It’s believed that CBD activates receptors in the body, which influences the body to produce naturally-occurring cannabinoids.

CBD has become particularly desirable because of its potentially powerful and nourishing properties. For anyone that wants to soothe physical discomforts or maintain their wellbeing, CBD is believed to be a credible option. Products come in all shapes and sizes, such as oils and tinctures, edibles, vaporisers, creams, and lotions.

There usually aren’t severe side effects or drug interactions associated with taking CBD; however, it’s essential to be aware of the potential risks. Minimal side effects may occur, including drowsiness or sedation, diarrhoea and loss of appetite, mood changes, liver injury and low blood pressure.

CBD may also interact with antibiotics, antidepressants, and blood thinners. Take extra precautions in these circumstances and when medications or supplements have a grapefruit warning. This is because both CBD and grapefruit are metabolised by the same enzymes vital for drug metabolism. Additionally, you should speak to your doctor before CBD use, who can oversee potential signs of efficacy, toxicity and side effects.

 

The European CBD Market

​​Thanks to advances in legislation, the European CBD market is doing extremely well with its investment and racking up millions of pounds. According to CB Insights, 34 innovative startup CBD companies in Europe received a total of $128.5 million in terms of investment in 2019. Through annualised activity, this funding was anticipated to rise and approach $150 million in 2020.

The European CBD oil market has rapidly grown between 2015 and 2020. So, what’s behind this momentum? The short answer is regulatory relaxation. This largely started in 2019 when Luxembourg announced its intent to legalise cannabis for recreational use. This announcement helped decriminalise the cultivation of the plant and shift public opinion. According to New Frontier Data’s EU CBD Consumer Report: 2019 Overview, 46% of Europeans are in favour of CBD, and 77% of surveyed respondents believe it should be accessible in one way or another.

According to a 2019 report by the Centre for Medical Cannabis, an estimated 8-11% of individual UK adults have tried CBD. This equates to approximately four to six million people. At the time, the market size was valued at roughly $390 million per year. Today, it isn’t slowing down; according to the Cannabis Trade Association (CTA), Europe’s CBD market is worth around $635 million. The UK commands the biggest share at around $145 million.

There are noteworthy variances when making CBD market comparisons between different European countries. These are very much dependent on conflicting government rules and regulations. For example, countries like the UK and Switzerland have less conservative regulations, so they’re farther ahead than Scandinavia. Germany is currently Europe’s biggest market for CBD.

In Europe, the nature of the CBD market is unregulated, but the industry is proving that growth is inevitable for companies that provide top-quality, authentic, and legal CBD products. There’s monumental demand for CBD-infused goods, especially for medical and general wellness purposes.

Nowadays, you can find CBD in cosmetics, medical applications, nutraceuticals, pharmaceuticals and personal care. Major retailers are entering the CBD space selling safe, batch-tested CBD supplements in UK pharmacies and online. The CTA estimates that just over half of European CBD products are CBD oil dietary supplements, a third are vaporisers, and the rest are cosmetics and edibles.

A variety of herbal CBD oils against a dark leafy background

The Asian CBD Market

Asia is the largest and most populous continent on Earth, with 48 countries. It’s long been home to 4.6 billion people, constituting most of the world’s human population. Given its size and diversity, it’s no wonder the Asia Pacific CBD market is thriving.

The Asia Pacific CBD market exceeded $129.8 million in 2020. The oil segment revenue was over $31.4 million in the same year due to its efficacy and ease of use for numerous ailments. The CBD tincture segment had the second-largest regional market share with a valuation of more than $18.5 million because of its long shelf life.

CBD-based products are legal in Japan, as regulatory bodies have been open to CBD’s potential benefits. CBD is mostly used for cosmetics, ingestibles, dietary supplements, pet snacks, and electronic cigarettes.

One of the key factors increasing the market growth is the adoption of CBD products for soothing symptoms associated with chronic health conditions. In 2020, the oral route of CBD administration held a 53.1% market share, with people using capsules, oils, tablets and tinctures.

It’s hugely beneficial for the market that the cultivation of hemp-derived CBD products is supported by countries such as China due to CBD’s reportedly anti-ageing, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties for health and wellness purposes. In fact, China is the largest hemp cultivator in Asia, producing nearly half of the world’s hemp!

The vast population of China and India is boosting the demand for CBD-infused cosmetics, foods and beverages among consumers. CBD-derived nutritional supplements are being marketed in many food and health stores, widening the production of CBD products among manufacturers. The CBD consumer pool also expanded after the legalisation of CBD in several Asia Pacific countries.

 

The North American CBD Market

Strong developments have been observed in the North American CBD market, particularly in the United States and Canada. CBD’s increasing prominence in the region is largely due to the supportive and liberal regulatory framework, wide consumer acceptance and rise in the number of manufacturers.

The year 2018 introduced the Farm Bill, which legalised almost every CBD product with less than 0.3% THC content across states in the US. It also redefined hemp and hemp-derived products. However, any product with more than 0.3% THC is considered illegal at a federal level.

It’s best to check the different state-level policies that decriminalise the possession and consumption of CBD products before travelling. Furthermore, as of March 2020, only one CBD product has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Epidiolex, a prescription drug used to treat two rare and severe forms of epilepsy.

In 2020, there was $4.6 billion worth of CBD product sales in the US. The state of California is the country’s leading market for CBD products, with estimated sales of $730 million, according to Statista.

During its first year of controlled sales back in 2018, California raised a total of $345.2 million in tax revenue from legal CBD. As a result of this financial gain, local councils and governments funded various construction and development programmes for education and infrastructure.

Both the US and Canada are very technologically advanced countries, so large-scale online advertising of CBD helps to increase the popularity and sales of products. Consumers are highly aware of CBD’s benefits and legal stance.

The CBD oil segment accounted for over $1 billion in 2020. CBD vitamins have also dominated American convenience stores, generating over $20 million in this one year. CBD lotions and balms have the greatest consumer interest, closely followed by gummies, supplements and tinctures.

Abstract graph set around a selection of CBD products.

What Does the Future Hold for These CBD Markets?

Europe

While Europe’s CBD industry is still emerging compared to the US, it’s predicted to soon surpass the US as the number one CBD market. The European CBD market is set to rise by 400% over the next four years!

During 2021-2026, the International Market Analysis Research and Consulting (IMARC) Group estimates the CBD oil market to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of around 23%. In 2025, the UK CBD market is expected to be just short of $1.3 billion, equivalent to the entire UK herbal supplement market in 2016! By 2027, Europe’s CBD market could surpass $25.8 billion.

The UK is awaiting legal clarification on the regulatory status of CBD supplements. Applications for CBD to be used in the European Commission’s Novel Food List were postponed in July 2020 after it was argued that cannabinoids and other hemp flower extracts would be best treated as opioids under the United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. This decision might affect the CBD industry and limit cannabis study and advancement in the future. However, the Food Standards Agency (FSA) accepts the Commission’s view of CBD as a novel food and encourages compliance in the marketplace.

The CTA predicts CBD cosmetics will be a particularly fertile growth area within the market, alongside drinks and edibles. As emerging research shows CBD’s potentially positive effect on several skin conditions, there’s likely to be a boom in CBD skincare; this is the latest beauty trend that’s flourishing both in the UK and the US. Healthcare institutions are also adopting CBD-based products, promoting market development.

 

Asia

Geographically, the Asia Pacific CBD market will have the highest CAGR in the near future, possibly growing at more than 35.2% from 2021 to 2027. According to Data Bridge Market Research, the CBD oil market will account for $182,536.84 by the next six years.

China is currently ruling with the highest shares of the CBD market, especially owing to the setup of hemp-producing plants. The Statista Research Department reported that China’s CBD market is forecasted to reach 4.1 billion CHF by 2024. India’s CBD market isn’t far behind China, with ongoing research and developmental activities in medicinal CBD oil products. However, if Japan adopts the latest techniques in the healthcare sector, Japan’s CBD market could expand to the second-largest in the Asia Pacific Region to 1.9 billion CHF.

Although there’s uncertainty in the availability of raw materials required to manufacture end products, the high potential applications of CBD for diverse ailments will push opportunities in the market. Utilising CBD’s health benefits for specific chronic conditions will cross $570 million by 2027. The CBD tincture segment will also likely gain traction, growing at a 36% CAGR.

Government investments in developing new drugs or vaccines with hemp-based products also fuel the CBD market demand. The hemp-derived source segment will see a significant growth of 35.5% during the forecast period. By distribution channel, it’s estimated that the offline segment will reach $1 billion driven by the increased sales in retail stores.

Asia looks to be fierce competition for Europe, the US and Canada. The market would benefit even more if the regulatory structure in approving CBD oil products becomes less complex and if undeveloped countries in the Asia Pacific adopt advanced technologies.

 

North America

Cannabis and its products will continue to progress in the North American region. The North American CBD market will observe a 33.3% growth rate between 2021 and 2027. The offline segment will expand at a CAGR of 32.6%. By 2026, the US market will probably grow to $16 billion in value, according to a Statista report.

Like Europe, North America’s continuous political wins positively contribute to the legal CBD sector. This has also created a substantial decline in black market crime in some countries, as users can buy cannabis legally for medical and recreational purposes.

Compared to their opioid counterparts, CBD products could help the North American CBD market to reach $20.6 billion by the end of 2027 when used as an alternative medication. The negligible THC content in hemp-derived CBD products is naturally well within the acceptable limits, so these could capture around 70.8% of the market share.

 

Globally

According to a Grand View Research report, the global CBD market is expected to expand at a CAGR of 21.2% from 2021 to 2028, accelerating to $23.6 billion over the next five years.

Due to the recent increasing demand from the pharmaceutical sector and rising consumer awareness regarding health post-pandemic, the hemp-derived CBD market will likely grow at a CAGR of 23.4%.

CBD accounted for 4% of the global vitamin and dietary supplements market in 2019, but this number is projected to grow to over 20% by 2027. There’s high anticipation that adult-use of medical cannabis will become the fastest-growing category of adult-use items, whether it’s a powerful concentrate or a basic food ingredient.

The business to business (B2B) segment accounted for the largest revenue share of 58.9% in 2020. The reason for dominating the market can be attributed to an increase in the number of bulk or wholesale CBD oil providers and demand for CBD oil as a raw material.

Companies increase their distribution networks and expand their consumer base by entering into multiple partnerships and launching novel products. In future, we hope that there will be more control over CBD products across global markets and ongoing trials to study the impact of CBD on the body. This, combined with education-based marketing strategies, will best drive future product sales.

 

Always Pure Organics

Always Pure Organics is a white label specialist manufacturer and distributor of CBD products. We take pride in our B2B business, which delivers the purest and highest quality wholesale cannabis and cannabinoid products worldwide.

We provide the most client-centric experience in the cannabis industry, empowering and maximising your success as business customers along the way. By working across the entire supply chain of the CBD industry, we can give you regulatory and legal expertise and product knowledge and production.

Creating a unique product from scratch can be a lengthy process. That’s why we’re here to help, giving you complete confidence in your product. Browse through our product range, including bulk CBD products, brands and white label CBD products.

 

Final Thoughts

There’s a myriad of profitable opportunities for the fast-growing CBD markets. It appears as if there’s never been a better time for commercial retailers, health and wellness retailers, and CBD businesses to focus on selling CBD products. There’s huge potential in this sector and what we’re seeing is just the beginning.

For anyone striving to build their CBD business or increase market share, Always Pure Organics can help you.  Contact us for more information.

 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD oil?

CBD oil is made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant and then diluting it with a carrier oil like coconut, hemp seed, grapeseed, olive or sunflower oil. CBD isolate and broad-spectrum CBD oils don’t contain THC, whereas full-spectrum CBD oil does.

How can I start a CBD business?

Follow these steps for starting a CBD business: identify your CBD niche and products; understand the laws and regulations around CBD; generate a thorough CBD business plan; organise your business documents; find your CBD supplier; decide between a  brick-and-mortar or online business; determine shipping and payment terms; and market your business.

How can I buy CBD products in bulk?

Most wholesale suppliers sell CBD products in bulk. What’s more, manufacturers like Always Pure Organics offer a host of other services designed to make it easy for you to launch your CBD brand.

What are the best CBD oil companies for bulk wholesale marketing?

CBD wholesalers that are part of the premium markets often grow high-quality hemp, resulting in high-quality products. Discover the highest quality wholesale cannabis and cannabinoid products here at Always Pure Organics.

What bulk CBD products can I expect to find at Always Pure Organics?

Our pre-produced CBD and cannabinoid products include CBG Oil in Hemp Oil, CBD Oil (hemp or MCT Carrier), High Strength Balm, Daily Lotion, Soft Gel Capsules, Pet CBD Oil (hemp Oil or MCT Carrier) and CBD Patches.

Which white label CBD products are available at Always Pure Organics?

Our white label CBD products include Pet CBD Oil (hemp Oil or MCT Carrier), CBD Oil (hemp or MCT Carrier), CBG Oil in Hemp Oil, Blood Orange Lotion, Lavender Night Cream, High Strength Balm, Tattoo Aftercare Lotion, CBD Gummies, Daily Lotion, Softgel Capsules and CBD Patches.

How expensive is CBD oil in bulk?

The prices for bulk CBD vary depending on where you buy from, the quantity, and the price per kilogram. However, it’s cheaper to buy CBD in wholesale quantities than in retail. You can profit from selling your products in bulk when you buy CBD oil.

What are white label CBD products?

White labelling enables you to put your brand on CBD products manufactured by another company or third party. Instead of getting involved in the production, your focus is on developing your brand, increasing sales and generating profits.

Is there a difference between private label and white label CBD?

Private label CBD products are created and sold exclusively to one retailer. Private label brands can request alterations or enhancements to the product. White label CBD products are universal and made by a producer, and are sold to multiple retailers. The retailers typically cannot request.

What are the top-rated white label CBD?

Always Pure Organics provides the best CBD products supported by worldwide delivery. Our bespoke formulation, coupled with efficient logistics, ensures that we always maintain quality, we’re always compliant, and we always deliver.

 

References

https://yhoo.it/3KHND7j 

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/can-cbd-lower-blood-pressure

https://www.cbinsights.com/

https://newfrontierdata.com/product/the-eu-cbd-consumer-report/

https://bit.ly/3H2qMRC

https://www.populationof.net/asia/

https://www.graphicalresearch.com/industry-insights/1824/asia-pacific-cannabidiol-cbd-market#:~:text=How%20much%20is%20the%20Asia,35.2%25%20between%202021%20and%202027

https://www.grandviewresearch.com/industry-analysis/cannabidiol-cbd-market

https://www.europeanbusinessreview.com/how-much-the-cbd-market-is-growing-in-the-eu/

https://bit.ly/3u1Vsi7

https://www.graphicalresearch.com/industry-insights/1823/europe-cannabidiol-cbd-market

https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/reports/asia-pacific-cbd-oil-market

https://www.statista.com/statistics/1233135/apac-forecast-cannabidiol-market-size-by-country/

https://www.marketdataforecast.com/market-reports/apac-cbd-oil-market

https://www.graphicalresearch.com/industry-insights/1821/north-america-cannabidiol-cbd-market#:~:text=The%20industry%20for%20cannabidiol%20in,33%25%20over%202021%2D2027

 

Global communication network concept. Global communication network concept. Global communication network concept.

The Different CBD Extraction Methods, Explained

Table of Contents

The Different CBD Extraction Methods, Explained

Table of Contents

Summary

What Is CBD?

What Kind of CBD Products Are There?

The Different Types of CBD

CBD Extraction Methods

Always Pure Organics’ Approach

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

References

 

Summary

As technology progresses, so does the science surrounding CBD extraction. The CBD market has exploded onto the wellness scene during recent years, allowing CBD businesses to establish themselves. The laws on CBD manufacturing and use will differ worldwide. In fact, some countries don’t even have CBD-specific legislation in place. However, in Europe, certain regulations must be followed. This includes any trace amounts of THC being of the legal amount, not marketing your products as medicine, identifying the source of your CBD and more. Consumers value transparency from CBD brands, including disclosing how the CBD was extracted. This article outlines what CBD is, briefly touching on its purported benefits, before shining a spotlight on the main methods of CBD extraction.

 

What Is CBD?

CBD is the abbreviation for Cannabidiol, one of the many compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant, also referred to as hemp. CBD is one of the main cannabinoids in the plant and one of the most researched. It has risen in popularity in recent years for its purported health benefits. For example, it has demonstrated its potential to promote calm feelings, soothe tired muscles, and more.

CBD is not to be confused with its cousin, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive cannabinoid in the plant. It can cause intoxication; hence the legal guidelines in the EU and UK only allow trace amounts in the final product. In contrast, CBD isn’t linked to feelings of intoxication or any severe adverse reactions

 

What Kind of CBD Products Are There?

Due to the popularity of CBD, the number of different types of products has risen. There is a great deal of creativity and innovation from CBD businesses. You can purchase CBD oils, capsules, creams, bath bombs, cosmetics, mocktails and more.

All CBD products should come with a Certificate of Analysis (COA). This analyses the ingredients in each CBD product, ensuring its safety and quality. CBD ingestibles are subject to Novel Food regulation, so it’s important to ensure that your business is compliant.

 

The Different Types of CBD

There are three different spectrums of CBD, and it’s important to understand the differences. While the terms have been used interchangeably over the years, CBD comes in three distinct forms:

 

Full-Spectrum CBD

Full-spectrum CBD contains all of the naturally occurring compounds from the hemp plant. For example, cannabinoids, of which the hemp plant contains over 100. This formulation includes THC, subject to the legal limit, of course.

Terpenes are also found in full-spectrum CBD. The hemp plant has over 150 terpenes responsible for its fragrance and potential therapeutic benefits. For instance, linalool may help to produce calming effects.

Additionally, this formulation contains flavonoids, which may play a role in the reported “entourage effect”. The entourage effect is the theory that all the compounds in hemp work synergistically to produce a more potent and beneficial outcome.

 

Broad-Spectrum CBD

Broad-spectrum CBD is similar to full-spectrum CBD. It also contains the naturally occurring compounds, with the exclusion of THC. This means that the entourage effect may be linked to broad-spectrum products; however, it may not be as potentially effective as full-spectrum.

 

CBD Isolate

As the name suggests, CBD isolate is an isolated form of CBD. It is also commonly referred to as pure CBD. It may seem obvious, but it’s important to note that the cannabis plant material contains all the plant’s compounds. The manufacturer has to separate the unwanted compounds to create an isolate, leaving pure CBD.

This can include processes like winterisation, in which the extract is soaked in alcohol and frozen to remove any of the other compounds. This leaves CBD isolate in a crystal or powder form as high as 99.9% pure CBD. As long as the manufacturer is knowledgeable in this process, the final product should possess no distinct flavour or odour.

What is the difference between CBD isolate and CBD distillate, you ask? As we stated, isolate is a pure form of CBD. On the other hand, CBD distillate can contain 40-90% CBD (depending on specific client requests), alongside other compounds and cannabinoids, including trace amounts of THC.

 

CBD Extraction Methods

Quality checking CBD oil products with branding shapes over the top.

Now let’s examine the different methods of CBD extraction, which are an important consideration for any CBD business.

 

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Extraction

One of the most common CBD extraction methods is carbon dioxide (CO2) extraction. This method has long been utilised in other industries for everything from essential oil production to coffee decaffeination. It is also commonly referred to as ‘supercritical extraction’.

CO2 extraction is one of the most scientifically advanced extraction methods. Typically, three chambers are used to pull the CBD and other desired compounds from the harvested hemp. The CO2 is converted into a liquid state in the first chamber through the pressure increase and temperature decrease.

The pressure and temperature are then slowly increased to allow the liquid CO2 to reach the supercritical stage. This means that the CO2 is between a liquid and gas state, retaining some properties of each. It is concentrated, much like a liquid, but it can still expand like a gas. It can then be transferred into the second chamber, where the hemp plant material is stored. The CO2 moves through the hemp and separates the oil from the plant material. The CO2 and the oil are then ready to move to the final chamber, where they separate, and any residual CO2 evaporates.

The final product is a concentrated extract of full-spectrum CBD oil. CO2 extraction is a popular method for many reasons. For instance, it is regarded as environmentally friendly, as the CO2 can be converted multiple times and reused, eliminating emissions. Furthermore, the precise separation protects fragile terpenes, cannabinoids and flavonoids. CO2 extraction remains one of the most expensive due to the advanced equipment and skill level needed.

 

Steam Distillation

Steam distillation has been used for centuries, mainly for alcohol distillation. Now, as science advances, it is utilised for extracting CBD. It is a relatively simple process, with steam being used to extract the compounds from the hemp plant material. The vapour, which contains the desired compounds, is cooled and condensed, separating the oil and water.

This tried and tested extraction method is popular with many CBD manufacturers. Furthermore, steam distillation is relatively inexpensive, in addition to being solvent-free. Some of the disadvantages of this extraction method include potential damage to delicate compounds when they are exposed to heat and the large quantities of raw materials required.

 

Extraction by Solvent

Extraction by solvent refers to using a solvent to draw out the hemp compounds. Some common solvent choices include a hydrocarbon, such as butane or propane, or a food grade ethanol. Once the solvent has been selected, it will either be washed or soaked over the hemp plant material to draw out the beneficial compounds.

If a hydrocarbon solvent is selected, then the mixture will contain terpenes, cannabinoids and flavonoids, which are refined to remove the majority of the solvent. The refinement process will depend on the desired end product. It then undergoes a final refinement process to remove any remaining solvents, leaving CBD oil.

If ethanol is the solvent of choice, the liquid will be distilled to separate the oil from the food grade ethanol.

Overall, the solvent extraction method is efficient and largely inexpensive as it does not require specialised equipment. What’s more, hydrocarbon extraction is known for preserving the aroma and flavour of the plant. However, the flammable nature of solvents can be dangerous if handled improperly, and if not properly executed, some of the remaining solvent could remain in the final product.

 

Cold Pressure Extraction

Cold pressure extraction has long been a method of producing essential oils. However, it’s now used by some CBD manufacturers and is regarded as one of the most natural.

The plant material is pressed or crushed to extract the compounds. This is achieved by using low temperatures and only minimal heat generated from the machinery. The low temperatures give the oil a higher chance of being richer in delicate compounds and nutrients. The natural flavour and aroma are preserved due to the high concentration of terpenes and flavonoids. The final product can be on the smaller side in terms of quantity; therefore, the method is not widely used on a large scale.

 

Always Pure Organics’ Approach

Here at Always Pure Organics, we don’t follow the market trend; we set it, making us one of the leading CBD manufacturers in Europe. We stay on top of everything CBD-related, from legislation and regulations to product innovation.

We monitor the market, and while there’s still a demand for isolate products, there appears to be greater attention on broad and full-spectrum products. Hence our standardised broad spectrum distilled cannabis extracts, intended for consumer use and industrial purposes. Of course, we pride ourselves on manufacturing quality products tailored to your precise needs, so don’t hesitate to get in touch to find out more.

 

Final Thoughts

There are various methods of extraction for CBD manufacturers to consider. All methods require specialist knowledge and equipment to ensure a quality product. It can be a good idea to engage a cannabinoid supplier, like Always Pure Organics, to discuss your products and kick-start your CBD business with confidence.

 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD?

CBD is a cannabinoid extracted from the cannabis plant and is often used in various products. It’s non-addictive and has minimal risk of adverse reactions, unlike THC. Only trace amounts of THC can be in the final product. CBD businesses are becoming more innovative with their products, and CBD can be purchased in the form of oils, gummies, skincare and more.

How is CBD oil made?

CBD oil is one of the most popular ways to consume the cannabinoid. Once the plant material is extracted from hemp, it is diluted with a natural carrier oil. Some examples of carrier oils include hemp seed oil, coconut oil and olive oil. Carrier oils influence a wide range of factors, including absorption and bioavailability.

What are the different types of CBD?

When it comes to marketing your CBD products, one key thing for CBD businesses to consider is the spectrum or type of CBD. Consumers want to know what type of CBD they are consuming to make an informed purchase. Full-spectrum CBD is a product that contains the naturally occurring compounds from hemp, including trace amounts of THC. Broad-spectrum CBD is the same, with the exception of THC. Both of these spectrums may produce the entourage effect. Finally, CBD isolate is a pure form of CBD, with up to 99.9% CBD purity.

What is a Novel Food?

A Novel Food is a food that was not widely consumed before 15 May 1997. CBD is classed as a Novel Food. Strict regulations surround these novel foods to ensure their safety. CBD businesses with products already on the market needed to submit Novel Food Applications by 31 March 2021. You can still submit a new application; however, your products will not be allowed on the market until you have authorisation. Always Pure Organics takes compliance seriously, which means that you can afford to focus on running your CBD business instead of worrying about your product.

Are CBD products regulated in the UK?

For any CBD products sold in the UK, the business must comply with the regulations and legislation. This includes products authorised as Novel Food. Also, the products should be tested by a third-party laboratory and provide a Certificate of Analysis (COA). This means that the consumer can view the ingredients and the potency of any cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids.

Is CBD extraction legal?

The extraction of CBD from the cannabis plant is legal in the UK, and most of Europe, provided that the legislation and regulations are followed. For example, only licensed manufactures can extract CBD from hemp, and the industrial hemp strain needs to be approved by the government in the UK.

What are the kinds of extraction processes for CBD?

CBD manufacturers have various extraction methods to choose from. They need to consider the costs, including labour and what equipment they will require, in addition to what type of CBD product they are creating. For example, a CBD isolate will require further refinement. The main CBD extraction methods are CO2 extraction, steam distillation, solvent extraction and cold pressure extraction.

What happens to THC during CBD extraction?

When CBD is extracted from hemp, other beneficial compounds are also extracted. This includes other cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenes. This also means that THC is extracted. The extract must be refined and possibly winterised to ensure that the THC is at the legal level. This is especially important if the final product is a CBD isolate, as there can be no other compounds present. The cannabis plant can also be specifically bred to possess low THC levels.

What types of solvents are there for CBD extraction?

CBD extraction by solvent is one of the main methods of extraction. A solvent will be used to draw out the beneficial hemp compounds. Popular choices include ethanol, hexane and butane. Food grade ethanol can also be used. CBD manufacturers will research their different options before coming to a decision.

What kind of licence do you need for CBD extraction?

CBD can be imported into the UK with no licence. However, the CBD needs to derive from a hemp strain approved by the EU. The CBD can then not be sold as a medicinal product, all the ingredients need to be clearly labelled, and there can be no presence of any illegal substances in the final product. In the UK, there can only be trace amounts of THC and this THC cannot be separated from the product. Growing hemp in the UK requires a licence issued by the government, and the end-use of the plant, like extracting CBD, must be defined.

 

References

Full Spectrum CBD Oil | Always Pure Organics

Novel Food (europa.eu)

The “Entourage Effect”: Terpenes Coupled with Cannabinoids for the Treatment of Mood Disorders and Anxiety Disorders (nih.gov)

Exploring the changing landscape of cannabis extracts (healtheuropa.eu)

Table of Contents

The Different CBD Extraction Methods, Explained

Table of Contents

Summary

What Is CBD?

What Kind of CBD Products Are There?

The Different Types of CBD

CBD Extraction Methods

Always Pure Organics’ Approach

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

References

 

Summary

As technology progresses, so does the science surrounding CBD extraction. The CBD market has exploded onto the wellness scene during recent years, allowing CBD businesses to establish themselves. The laws on CBD manufacturing and use will differ worldwide. In fact, some countries don’t even have CBD-specific legislation in place. However, in Europe, certain regulations must be followed. This includes any trace amounts of THC being of the legal amount, not marketing your products as medicine, identifying the source of your CBD and more. Consumers value transparency from CBD brands, including disclosing how the CBD was extracted. This article outlines what CBD is, briefly touching on its purported benefits, before shining a spotlight on the main methods of CBD extraction.

 

What Is CBD?

CBD is the abbreviation for Cannabidiol, one of the many compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant, also referred to as hemp. CBD is one of the main cannabinoids in the plant and one of the most researched. It has risen in popularity in recent years for its purported health benefits. For example, it has demonstrated its potential to promote calm feelings, soothe tired muscles, and more.

CBD is not to be confused with its cousin, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive cannabinoid in the plant. It can cause intoxication; hence the legal guidelines in the EU and UK only allow trace amounts in the final product. In contrast, CBD isn’t linked to feelings of intoxication or any severe adverse reactions

 

What Kind of CBD Products Are There?

Due to the popularity of CBD, the number of different types of products has risen. There is a great deal of creativity and innovation from CBD businesses. You can purchase CBD oils, capsules, creams, bath bombs, cosmetics, mocktails and more.

All CBD products should come with a Certificate of Analysis (COA). This analyses the ingredients in each CBD product, ensuring its safety and quality. CBD ingestibles are subject to Novel Food regulation, so it’s important to ensure that your business is compliant.

 

The Different Types of CBD

There are three different spectrums of CBD, and it’s important to understand the differences. While the terms have been used interchangeably over the years, CBD comes in three distinct forms:

 

Full-Spectrum CBD

Full-spectrum CBD contains all of the naturally occurring compounds from the hemp plant. For example, cannabinoids, of which the hemp plant contains over 100. This formulation includes THC, subject to the legal limit, of course.

Terpenes are also found in full-spectrum CBD. The hemp plant has over 150 terpenes responsible for its fragrance and potential therapeutic benefits. For instance, linalool may help to produce calming effects.

Additionally, this formulation contains flavonoids, which may play a role in the reported “entourage effect”. The entourage effect is the theory that all the compounds in hemp work synergistically to produce a more potent and beneficial outcome.

 

Broad-Spectrum CBD

Broad-spectrum CBD is similar to full-spectrum CBD. It also contains the naturally occurring compounds, with the exclusion of THC. This means that the entourage effect may be linked to broad-spectrum products; however, it may not be as potentially effective as full-spectrum.

 

CBD Isolate

As the name suggests, CBD isolate is an isolated form of CBD. It is also commonly referred to as pure CBD. It may seem obvious, but it’s important to note that the cannabis plant material contains all the plant’s compounds. The manufacturer has to separate the unwanted compounds to create an isolate, leaving pure CBD.

This can include processes like winterisation, in which the extract is soaked in alcohol and frozen to remove any of the other compounds. This leaves CBD isolate in a crystal or powder form as high as 99.9% pure CBD. As long as the manufacturer is knowledgeable in this process, the final product should possess no distinct flavour or odour.

What is the difference between CBD isolate and CBD distillate, you ask? As we stated, isolate is a pure form of CBD. On the other hand, CBD distillate can contain 40-90% CBD (depending on specific client requests), alongside other compounds and cannabinoids, including trace amounts of THC.

 

CBD Extraction Methods

Quality checking CBD oil products with branding shapes over the top.

Now let’s examine the different methods of CBD extraction, which are an important consideration for any CBD business.

 

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Extraction

One of the most common CBD extraction methods is carbon dioxide (CO2) extraction. This method has long been utilised in other industries for everything from essential oil production to coffee decaffeination. It is also commonly referred to as ‘supercritical extraction’.

CO2 extraction is one of the most scientifically advanced extraction methods. Typically, three chambers are used to pull the CBD and other desired compounds from the harvested hemp. The CO2 is converted into a liquid state in the first chamber through the pressure increase and temperature decrease.

The pressure and temperature are then slowly increased to allow the liquid CO2 to reach the supercritical stage. This means that the CO2 is between a liquid and gas state, retaining some properties of each. It is concentrated, much like a liquid, but it can still expand like a gas. It can then be transferred into the second chamber, where the hemp plant material is stored. The CO2 moves through the hemp and separates the oil from the plant material. The CO2 and the oil are then ready to move to the final chamber, where they separate, and any residual CO2 evaporates.

The final product is a concentrated extract of full-spectrum CBD oil. CO2 extraction is a popular method for many reasons. For instance, it is regarded as environmentally friendly, as the CO2 can be converted multiple times and reused, eliminating emissions. Furthermore, the precise separation protects fragile terpenes, cannabinoids and flavonoids. CO2 extraction remains one of the most expensive due to the advanced equipment and skill level needed.

 

Steam Distillation

Steam distillation has been used for centuries, mainly for alcohol distillation. Now, as science advances, it is utilised for extracting CBD. It is a relatively simple process, with steam being used to extract the compounds from the hemp plant material. The vapour, which contains the desired compounds, is cooled and condensed, separating the oil and water.

This tried and tested extraction method is popular with many CBD manufacturers. Furthermore, steam distillation is relatively inexpensive, in addition to being solvent-free. Some of the disadvantages of this extraction method include potential damage to delicate compounds when they are exposed to heat and the large quantities of raw materials required.

 

Extraction by Solvent

Extraction by solvent refers to using a solvent to draw out the hemp compounds. Some common solvent choices include a hydrocarbon, such as butane or propane, or a food grade ethanol. Once the solvent has been selected, it will either be washed or soaked over the hemp plant material to draw out the beneficial compounds.

If a hydrocarbon solvent is selected, then the mixture will contain terpenes, cannabinoids and flavonoids, which are refined to remove the majority of the solvent. The refinement process will depend on the desired end product. It then undergoes a final refinement process to remove any remaining solvents, leaving CBD oil.

If ethanol is the solvent of choice, the liquid will be distilled to separate the oil from the food grade ethanol.

Overall, the solvent extraction method is efficient and largely inexpensive as it does not require specialised equipment. What’s more, hydrocarbon extraction is known for preserving the aroma and flavour of the plant. However, the flammable nature of solvents can be dangerous if handled improperly, and if not properly executed, some of the remaining solvent could remain in the final product.

 

Cold Pressure Extraction

Cold pressure extraction has long been a method of producing essential oils. However, it’s now used by some CBD manufacturers and is regarded as one of the most natural.

The plant material is pressed or crushed to extract the compounds. This is achieved by using low temperatures and only minimal heat generated from the machinery. The low temperatures give the oil a higher chance of being richer in delicate compounds and nutrients. The natural flavour and aroma are preserved due to the high concentration of terpenes and flavonoids. The final product can be on the smaller side in terms of quantity; therefore, the method is not widely used on a large scale.

 

Always Pure Organics’ Approach

Here at Always Pure Organics, we don’t follow the market trend; we set it, making us one of the leading CBD manufacturers in Europe. We stay on top of everything CBD-related, from legislation and regulations to product innovation.

We monitor the market, and while there’s still a demand for isolate products, there appears to be greater attention on broad and full-spectrum products. Hence our standardised broad spectrum distilled cannabis extracts, intended for consumer use and industrial purposes. Of course, we pride ourselves on manufacturing quality products tailored to your precise needs, so don’t hesitate to get in touch to find out more.

 

Final Thoughts

There are various methods of extraction for CBD manufacturers to consider. All methods require specialist knowledge and equipment to ensure a quality product. It can be a good idea to engage a cannabinoid supplier, like Always Pure Organics, to discuss your products and kick-start your CBD business with confidence.

 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD?

CBD is a cannabinoid extracted from the cannabis plant and is often used in various products. It’s non-addictive and has minimal risk of adverse reactions, unlike THC. Only trace amounts of THC can be in the final product. CBD businesses are becoming more innovative with their products, and CBD can be purchased in the form of oils, gummies, skincare and more.

How is CBD oil made?

CBD oil is one of the most popular ways to consume the cannabinoid. Once the plant material is extracted from hemp, it is diluted with a natural carrier oil. Some examples of carrier oils include hemp seed oil, coconut oil and olive oil. Carrier oils influence a wide range of factors, including absorption and bioavailability.

What are the different types of CBD?

When it comes to marketing your CBD products, one key thing for CBD businesses to consider is the spectrum or type of CBD. Consumers want to know what type of CBD they are consuming to make an informed purchase. Full-spectrum CBD is a product that contains the naturally occurring compounds from hemp, including trace amounts of THC. Broad-spectrum CBD is the same, with the exception of THC. Both of these spectrums may produce the entourage effect. Finally, CBD isolate is a pure form of CBD, with up to 99.9% CBD purity.

What is a Novel Food?

A Novel Food is a food that was not widely consumed before 15 May 1997. CBD is classed as a Novel Food. Strict regulations surround these novel foods to ensure their safety. CBD businesses with products already on the market needed to submit Novel Food Applications by 31 March 2021. You can still submit a new application; however, your products will not be allowed on the market until you have authorisation. Always Pure Organics takes compliance seriously, which means that you can afford to focus on running your CBD business instead of worrying about your product.

Are CBD products regulated in the UK?

For any CBD products sold in the UK, the business must comply with the regulations and legislation. This includes products authorised as Novel Food. Also, the products should be tested by a third-party laboratory and provide a Certificate of Analysis (COA). This means that the consumer can view the ingredients and the potency of any cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids.

Is CBD extraction legal?

The extraction of CBD from the cannabis plant is legal in the UK, and most of Europe, provided that the legislation and regulations are followed. For example, only licensed manufactures can extract CBD from hemp, and the industrial hemp strain needs to be approved by the government in the UK.

What are the kinds of extraction processes for CBD?

CBD manufacturers have various extraction methods to choose from. They need to consider the costs, including labour and what equipment they will require, in addition to what type of CBD product they are creating. For example, a CBD isolate will require further refinement. The main CBD extraction methods are CO2 extraction, steam distillation, solvent extraction and cold pressure extraction.

What happens to THC during CBD extraction?

When CBD is extracted from hemp, other beneficial compounds are also extracted. This includes other cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenes. This also means that THC is extracted. The extract must be refined and possibly winterised to ensure that the THC is at the legal level. This is especially important if the final product is a CBD isolate, as there can be no other compounds present. The cannabis plant can also be specifically bred to possess low THC levels.

What types of solvents are there for CBD extraction?

CBD extraction by solvent is one of the main methods of extraction. A solvent will be used to draw out the beneficial hemp compounds. Popular choices include ethanol, hexane and butane. Food grade ethanol can also be used. CBD manufacturers will research their different options before coming to a decision.

What kind of licence do you need for CBD extraction?

CBD can be imported into the UK with no licence. However, the CBD needs to derive from a hemp strain approved by the EU. The CBD can then not be sold as a medicinal product, all the ingredients need to be clearly labelled, and there can be no presence of any illegal substances in the final product. In the UK, there can only be trace amounts of THC and this THC cannot be separated from the product. Growing hemp in the UK requires a licence issued by the government, and the end-use of the plant, like extracting CBD, must be defined.

 

References

Full Spectrum CBD Oil | Always Pure Organics

Novel Food (europa.eu)

The “Entourage Effect”: Terpenes Coupled with Cannabinoids for the Treatment of Mood Disorders and Anxiety Disorders (nih.gov)

Exploring the changing landscape of cannabis extracts (healtheuropa.eu)

Three amber bottles of CBD oil on top of fresh, green cannabis leaves Three amber bottles of CBD oil on top of fresh, green cannabis leaves Three amber bottles of CBD oil on top of fresh, green cannabis leaves

The Dutch Tolerance Policy and What It Means for CBD Businesses

Table of Contents

The Dutch Tolerance Policy and What It Means for CBD Businesses

Table of Contents

Summary

Introduction

Getting to Grips with Cannabidiol

The Dutch Tolerance Policy

What Does This Mean for CBD Businesses?

Always Pure Organics

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

References

 

Summary

With more and more CBD businesses coming to fruition, it’s essential to stay in the know about what you can and can’t do in specific regions worldwide. The Netherlands is one country that springs to mind when you think of a territory with a pro-cannabis reputation, but this is a myth. Citizens must abide by the Dutch tolerance policy. So, what is this, and what does it mean for CBD businesses? This article will give you all the information you need about operating a CBD business in the Netherlands.

 

Introduction

The Netherlands, often informally referred to as Holland, is well-known for its progressive stance on equality and diversity, bustling with people from all walks of life. It’s the second-most densely populated country in the European Union (EU) and the 16th in the world, with 17.5 million. Those native to the country are referred to as Dutch.

One of the biggest appeals for visiting the Netherlands is its seemingly laid-back and lenient attitude towards cannabis and cannabis products. The country’s most populous city and capital, Amsterdam, is famous for this, often attracting a wealth of tourists each year.

This relaxed approach in the Netherlands is enticing businesspeople to invest in CBD businesses in the area. CBD is on the up as one of the latest trends in the wellness and food industry. Promising scientific research reveals the compound’s range of potential therapeutic benefits, further advancing the industry.

Whether you want to build your own CBD business in the Netherlands or invest in one, Always Pure Organics can help. Our mission is to accelerate the global acceptance of and access to cannabinoids. We’re B2B and a white label manufacturer of the highest quality wholesale cannabis and cannabinoid products, including CBD. Our worldwide delivery means you can access bulk ingredients, bulk products, white label products or bespoke formulations across the globe.

We can provide you with regulatory and legal expertise, and our News page will keep you updated on everything you need to know about investing in CBD businesses. Before we dive into CBD regulations in the Netherlands, let’s take a closer look at the cannabinoid.

 

Getting to Grips with Cannabidiol

Cannabidiol (CBD) is an active ingredient extracted from the leaves and flowers of the Cannabis sativa plant, which includes roughly 120 different compounds. People may refer to this plant as hemp or marijuana, but there’s a distinction between these two terms—the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content. THC is well-known for its psychoactive properties, and higher THC concentrations are found in marijuana than hemp. Hemp plants have a relatively high CBD concentration and are low on THC.

CBD is a non-addictive compound that’s not responsible for a “high” or state of euphoria. Intriguingly, CBD might inhibit THC’s effects on the nervous system. It’s alleged that receptors in the body are activated by CBD, influencing the body to produce naturally-occurring cannabinoids.

The widespread desirability of CBD is thanks to its potentially powerful and nourishing properties. CBD may relieve physical discomforts or help people maintain holistic wellbeing. There’s a wide variety of CBD products on the market, including oils and tinctures, edibles, vaporisers and topical creams and lotions.

Even though there aren’t typically serious side effects or drug interactions, it’s imperative to be mindful of the potential risks when using CBD. Side effects could range from drowsiness or sedation to diarrhoea and loss of appetite, mood changes, liver injury and low blood pressure.

CBD may also interact with antibiotics, antidepressants, and blood thinners. Take extra precautions in these circumstances and when medications or supplements have a grapefruit warning. This is because both CBD and grapefruit are metabolised by the same enzymes vital for drug metabolism. Additionally, you should speak to your doctor before CBD use, who can oversee potential signs of efficacy, toxicity and side effects.

 

The Dutch Tolerance Policy

The Netherlands is recognised as an extremely liberal and accepting country. However, it’s a misconception that all plant-based drugs such as cannabis are legal in the Dutch state. In fact, all non-medical drugs are illegal, but some are decriminalised for personal use, and recreational consumption is largely ‘tolerated’.

Certain rules must be followed under the Dutch tolerance policy. As CBD is a cannabis-derived compound, similar rules also apply to it. To gain a clearer understanding, it’s helpful to gain some historical context and learn about how the laws developed in the country. We’ve compiled a concise history of the cannabis laws in the Netherlands, so keep reading.

 

Cannabis Laws in the Netherlands: A Concise History

​​Dating back to the Neolithic period, over 2200 BC is the oldest recorded use of cannabis in the Netherlands. Hemp was used for paper, ropes, ship sails, shoes and textiles during the medieval ages by Europeans. This was when the plant’s potential medicinal properties were first discovered and recorded.

During the 17th century, hemp use was popular in the Netherlands, especially throughout the Dutch Golden Age. This momentous period saw Dutch trade, science, art, and military conquests receive worldwide acclaim. Hemp also became one of the most significant crops for maritime and trade activities among Dutch seafarers.

It wasn’t until the 19th century that the Dutch began to use cannabis as medicine, whereby Dutch pharmacists sold cannabis extracts.

While there seemed to be positives to the plant, the Netherlands prohibited it for diplomatic reasons. It was more important to keep good relations between the governments of neighbouring countries than to legalise the plant.

 

Introducing the Opium Act

​​In 1919, the first statutory provisions on illicit drugs were enacted but were confined to opiates and cocaine. The import and export of cannabis was then controlled by the International Opium Convention, which the Netherlands had to sign as a member of the League of Nations.

The Opium Law introduced List I, regulating highly addictive drugs, which was amended in 1928 with new drugs and List II. Here’s what’s included:

List I of the Opium Law:

  1. Hemp oil – a concentrate of plants from the cannabis species (hemp), obtained by extraction of hemp or hashish, whether mixed with oil or not;
  2. THC;
  3. The isomers of THC, including CBD.

 

List II of the Opium Law:

  1. Hashish;
  2. Hemp – all parts of the plant from the cannabis species (hemp), of which the resin has not been extracted, except the seeds.

 

The Netherlands changed its Opium Act numerous times during the 20th century. The possession, manufacture and sale of hemp products became criminal offences in 1953. In 1956, the definition of hemp was narrowed to include only the dried tops of the plant.

It wasn’t until 1976 that statutory decriminalisation of cannabis took place, yet it set in somewhat earlier. Reforming prohibitive cannabis laws to tolerant cannabis laws lifted the disappointment that previously transpired from enthusiastic plant users.

 

Current Rules and Regulations

The renewed Opium Act 1976 legally distinguishes between hard and soft drugs. There’s a high risk of harm and addiction with hard drugs, including amphetamine, cocaine, ecstasy, heroin and LSD. Whereas soft drugs, such as hash, marijuana, sedatives and sleeping pills, are less damaging to health, and there’s a low risk of harm and addiction.

The Netherlands’ drug policy has effectively separated these into two markets by largely tolerating soft drugs while strongly suppressing the sale, circulation and use of hard drugs. This was based on the idea that a drug-free Dutch society is unrealistic and unattainable, so it’s best to try and minimise the harm caused by recreational drug use.

The recreational use of cannabis has been decriminalised in the Netherlands. You won’t be prosecuted if you possess it for personal use. The same goes for small quantities of no more than five cannabis plants. Since 1976, cannabis has been tolerated and available in establishments called ‘coffee shops’.

The popularity of coffee shops, where you can buy cannabis and CBD, exploded in the 90s. They’re now infamous in the Netherlands, but no alcoholic drinks may be sold or consumed. Strict government regulations are put in place for how they can operate, including:

  • No advertising of the coffee shop or drugs;
  • No sales of hard drugs;
  • No entrance allowed for minors (people under the age of 18);
  • A person cannot buy more than 5 grams of cannabis in a single transaction per day;
  • The coffee shop mustn’t have more than 500 grams of cannabis in stock at any time;
  • Entrance is prohibited for non-residents of the Netherlands (since 2013);
  • The coffee shop may not be a nuisance to the neighbourhood.

 

Municipalities can also develop further restrictions. For example, the cities of Rotterdam and Amsterdam don’t allow coffee shops to be located within a 250-metre distance from a secondary school. However, this restriction is part of a deal with the Ministry of Justice that exempts Amsterdam from the criterion that only residents of the Netherlands are allowed to enter coffee shops. Therefore, tourists are still permitted to visit Amsterdam’s coffee shops because local politicians feared public nuisance otherwise. About one-quarter of all 380 Dutch municipalities currently allow coffee shops to operate.

The Netherlands is also a party to the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, which prohibits consuming naturally-occurring drugs such as cannabis. In regards to hemp cultivation, this is only permitted under certain conditions; you can’t grow or produce it in the Netherlands without the correct licences.

A close-up of a Cannabis sativa plant at sunset.

What are the Laws for CBD?

CBD falls under the Opium Act as a derivative of hemp. As the Act restricts hemp, its extracts, and cannabinoids (THC and its isomers), the production of CBD is prohibited, yet the cannabinoid isn’t explicitly banned.

Like cannabis, CBD is tolerated and treated as a legal product. You can legally buy it in the Netherlands as long as you abide by the law. CBD products and hemp-derived oils are available over-the-counter (OTC) if their THC concentration doesn’t exceed 0.05%. CBD vape oil, however, has been prohibited since July 2019.

After the EU encouraged member states to grow hemp by giving them subsidies in 1999, the cultivation of industrial hemp with less than 0.2% became legal in the Netherlands. Farmers can grow and process EU-certified hemp varieties for fibre and seeds. However, they cannot process it for CBD due to the Act’s restriction on hemp extractions.

CBD is legal only if made from domestically grown hemp processed abroad and sold back in the Netherlands as a final product.

For CBD to be placed on the market, it requires EU authorisation. This is because significant amounts of CBD weren’t consumed before May 1997. Therefore it’s considered a ‘novel food’ under the EU Novel Food Regulation. This regulation has been applicable since January 2018, but it’s non-binding, so member states don’t have to enforce it. Instead, they can implement it in their national law. Reliance upon non-enforcement has now become commonplace in the Netherlands.

 

What Does This Mean for CBD Businesses?

The CBD industry is prosperous with an abundance of successful businesses, but it doesn’t mean that they don’t fall short from trials and tribulations. The legal framework of the Dutch market is quite vague, so brands must be responsible, follow the rules of good manufacturing standards, and guarantee product safety.

Regardless of whether you’re buying or selling CBD in the Netherlands, you must abide by the following three rules:

 

  1. CBD mustn’t contain more than 0.05% THC;
  2. CBD products shouldn’t contain any health claims;
  3. It’s advised to not consume more than 160 mg of CBD per day.

 

For CBD companies wishing to set up a physical store in the Netherlands, this comes with higher prices and expenses for the business owner. It would be wise to sell products online, and in-store as the e-commerce route offers you a wider market, and there’s no limit to opening hours. Professionals should also be well-trained to answer any questions regarding CBD products.

The quality and safety of CBD products are as fundamental as their legality. Thorough research is key. Every product should come with a Certificate of Analysis (COA) to prove the CBD oil has been tested for harmful contaminants like heavy metals or pesticides. Therefore, third-party testing is necessary for transparent, accurate and reputable CBD brands.

Current or prospective CBD business owners need to be aware of the Novel Food Regulation. Several European countries have applied the regulation and ordered retailers to stop selling CBD foods. The Dutch Food and Consumer Product Safety (NVWA) hasn’t implemented any changes yet, but the Ministry of Health is working with the food authority to decide future CBD regulations. At the moment, you can legally sell or purchase CBD foods and food supplements with 0.05% THC.

Keep in mind that the municipal authorities decide whether or not coffee shops are allowed to open. When they are, they usually require an operating permit for a catering establishment.

A significant change occurred in 2017 when the House of Representatives passed a law that would partly legalise the production of cannabis. It was announced that an experimental new system would be implemented in certain cities where you could legally acquire cultivated cannabis from a state-appointed producer. This is positive in terms of future developments of CBD businesses and coffee shops.

Furthermore, the Senate passed the Controlled Cannabis Supply Chain Experiment Act on November 12, 2019. Expected to have started mid-2021, this experiment exempts up to ten entrepreneurs, in ten selected municipalities, from the prohibitions pursuant to the Opium Act, legally allowing coffee shops in relevant municipalities to buy their cannabis products. The experiment will endure four to a maximum of five and a half years. We’ll be eagerly awaiting a renewal of the experiment or replacement with definitive legislation.

CBD oil extract in a glass bottle on a wooden surface, leafy plant in the background.

Always Pure Organics

Always Pure Organics is a white label specialist manufacturer and distributor of CBD products. We’re proud to offer the highest quality wholesale cannabis and cannabinoid products, as bulk ingredients, bulk products, white label and bespoke formulation. Not only that but our regulatory and legal expertise is supported by delivery worldwide.

We aim to delight our business customers by offering the most client-centric experience in the cannabis industry. We’ll do the best we can to support, empower and maximise your success while establishing and growing your brand.

No stone is left unturned as we work across the entire supply chain of the CBD industry, including extraction, production, development, distribution and cannabis breeding. Whatever your requirements, we’ll be proactive with our advice, actions and efficient logistics.

Working with us will give you complete confidence in creating a unique and pure product from scratch. Our product range includes bulk CBD products and white label CBD products, so be sure to have a browse!

 

Final Thoughts

The CBD industry has a prominent business appetite with many opportunities and competitive advantages. While it’s easy to acquire CBD products in the Netherlands, there are still some restrictions that must be complied with, but the Dutch tolerance policy has set out a common ground for everyone.

As long as CBD establishments meet strict requirements of the Dutch tolerance policy, there will be no regulatory issues leading to prosecution. We hope you’re now more familiar with the country’s views and legal framework about cannabis-derived CBD.

Always Pure Organics can help your CBD business flourish. In-depth information can be found on our website or contact us here, and we’ll be happy to answer any additional questions.

 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD oil?

CBD oil is made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant. It’s then diluted with a carrier oil like coconut, hemp seed, grapeseed, olive or sunflower oil. Full-spectrum CBD oil does contain THC, unlike CBD isolate and broad-spectrum CBD oils.

How can I start a CBD business?

You can start a CBD business by following these steps: identify your CBD niche and products; understand the laws and regulations around CBD; generate a thorough CBD business plan; organise your business documents; find your CBD supplier; build an e-commerce platform online; determine shipping and payment terms; and market your business.

How can I buy CBD products in bulk?

You can buy CBD products in bulk from most wholesale suppliers. We advise choosing pure products that will allow you to produce any product you wish and build your brand.

What are the best CBD oil companies for bulk wholesale marketing?

Premium markets often have CBD wholesalers who grow high-quality hemp, resulting in high-quality products. You can find the highest quality wholesale cannabis and cannabinoid products here at APO.

What bulk CBD products can I expect to find at Always Pure Organics?

Our pre-produced CBD and cannabinoid products include CBG Oil in Hemp Oil, CBD Oil (hemp or MCT Carrier), High Strength Balm, Daily Lotion, Soft Gel Capsules, Pet CBD Oil (hemp Oil or MCT Carrier) and CBD Patches.

Which white label CBD products are available at Always Pure Organics?

Our white label CBD products include Pet CBD Oil (hemp Oil or MCT Carrier), CBD Oil (hemp or MCT Carrier), CBG Oil in Hemp Oil, Blood Orange Lotion, Lavender Night Cream, High Strength Balm, Tattoo Aftercare Lotion, CBD Gummies, Daily Lotion, Softgel Capsules and CBD Patches.

How expensive is CBD oil in bulk?

Depending on where you buy from, the quantity, and the price per kilogram, the prices for CBD oil in bulk will vary. It’s cheaper to buy CBD in wholesale quantities than in retail. When you buy CBD oil in bulk, you can also profit from selling your products.

What are white label CBD products?

White label CBD products are manufactured by another company or third party, but you can put your brand on the products. You don’t have any involvement in the production. Instead, you can fully focus on developing your brand, increasing sales, and generating high profits.

Is there a difference between private label and white label CBD?

The difference between private label and white label CBD is that private label CBD products are created and sold exclusively to one retailer. The seller of private label brands can make alterations or enhancements to the product. White label CBD products have a standard formulation and are sold to multiple retailers. Retailers cannot make any alterations during the packaging process.

What are the top-rated white label CBD?

At Always Pure Organics, we always maintain quality, always be compliant, and always deliver the best CBD products. Our bespoke formulation is coupled with efficient logistics and worldwide delivery.

 

References

​​https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/can-cbd-lower-blood-pressure

https://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetailsIV.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=VI-2&chapter=6&Temp=mtdsg4&clang=_en

https://www.government.nl/topics/drugs/toleration-policy-regarding-soft-drugs-and-coffee-shops

https://www.nortonrosefulbright.com/en/knowledge/publications/24014f2b/netherlands-legislative-overview

https://www.tni.org/files/publication-downloads/cr_ned_def.pdf

https://bit.ly/33Q3W1a

https://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/novel-food/legislation_en

https://business.gov.nl/regulation/operating-permit-catering-establishment/

 

Table of Contents

The Dutch Tolerance Policy and What It Means for CBD Businesses

Table of Contents

Summary

Introduction

Getting to Grips with Cannabidiol

The Dutch Tolerance Policy

What Does This Mean for CBD Businesses?

Always Pure Organics

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

References

 

Summary

With more and more CBD businesses coming to fruition, it’s essential to stay in the know about what you can and can’t do in specific regions worldwide. The Netherlands is one country that springs to mind when you think of a territory with a pro-cannabis reputation, but this is a myth. Citizens must abide by the Dutch tolerance policy. So, what is this, and what does it mean for CBD businesses? This article will give you all the information you need about operating a CBD business in the Netherlands.

 

Introduction

The Netherlands, often informally referred to as Holland, is well-known for its progressive stance on equality and diversity, bustling with people from all walks of life. It’s the second-most densely populated country in the European Union (EU) and the 16th in the world, with 17.5 million. Those native to the country are referred to as Dutch.

One of the biggest appeals for visiting the Netherlands is its seemingly laid-back and lenient attitude towards cannabis and cannabis products. The country’s most populous city and capital, Amsterdam, is famous for this, often attracting a wealth of tourists each year.

This relaxed approach in the Netherlands is enticing businesspeople to invest in CBD businesses in the area. CBD is on the up as one of the latest trends in the wellness and food industry. Promising scientific research reveals the compound’s range of potential therapeutic benefits, further advancing the industry.

Whether you want to build your own CBD business in the Netherlands or invest in one, Always Pure Organics can help. Our mission is to accelerate the global acceptance of and access to cannabinoids. We’re B2B and a white label manufacturer of the highest quality wholesale cannabis and cannabinoid products, including CBD. Our worldwide delivery means you can access bulk ingredients, bulk products, white label products or bespoke formulations across the globe.

We can provide you with regulatory and legal expertise, and our News page will keep you updated on everything you need to know about investing in CBD businesses. Before we dive into CBD regulations in the Netherlands, let’s take a closer look at the cannabinoid.

 

Getting to Grips with Cannabidiol

Cannabidiol (CBD) is an active ingredient extracted from the leaves and flowers of the Cannabis sativa plant, which includes roughly 120 different compounds. People may refer to this plant as hemp or marijuana, but there’s a distinction between these two terms—the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content. THC is well-known for its psychoactive properties, and higher THC concentrations are found in marijuana than hemp. Hemp plants have a relatively high CBD concentration and are low on THC.

CBD is a non-addictive compound that’s not responsible for a “high” or state of euphoria. Intriguingly, CBD might inhibit THC’s effects on the nervous system. It’s alleged that receptors in the body are activated by CBD, influencing the body to produce naturally-occurring cannabinoids.

The widespread desirability of CBD is thanks to its potentially powerful and nourishing properties. CBD may relieve physical discomforts or help people maintain holistic wellbeing. There’s a wide variety of CBD products on the market, including oils and tinctures, edibles, vaporisers and topical creams and lotions.

Even though there aren’t typically serious side effects or drug interactions, it’s imperative to be mindful of the potential risks when using CBD. Side effects could range from drowsiness or sedation to diarrhoea and loss of appetite, mood changes, liver injury and low blood pressure.

CBD may also interact with antibiotics, antidepressants, and blood thinners. Take extra precautions in these circumstances and when medications or supplements have a grapefruit warning. This is because both CBD and grapefruit are metabolised by the same enzymes vital for drug metabolism. Additionally, you should speak to your doctor before CBD use, who can oversee potential signs of efficacy, toxicity and side effects.

 

The Dutch Tolerance Policy

The Netherlands is recognised as an extremely liberal and accepting country. However, it’s a misconception that all plant-based drugs such as cannabis are legal in the Dutch state. In fact, all non-medical drugs are illegal, but some are decriminalised for personal use, and recreational consumption is largely ‘tolerated’.

Certain rules must be followed under the Dutch tolerance policy. As CBD is a cannabis-derived compound, similar rules also apply to it. To gain a clearer understanding, it’s helpful to gain some historical context and learn about how the laws developed in the country. We’ve compiled a concise history of the cannabis laws in the Netherlands, so keep reading.

 

Cannabis Laws in the Netherlands: A Concise History

​​Dating back to the Neolithic period, over 2200 BC is the oldest recorded use of cannabis in the Netherlands. Hemp was used for paper, ropes, ship sails, shoes and textiles during the medieval ages by Europeans. This was when the plant’s potential medicinal properties were first discovered and recorded.

During the 17th century, hemp use was popular in the Netherlands, especially throughout the Dutch Golden Age. This momentous period saw Dutch trade, science, art, and military conquests receive worldwide acclaim. Hemp also became one of the most significant crops for maritime and trade activities among Dutch seafarers.

It wasn’t until the 19th century that the Dutch began to use cannabis as medicine, whereby Dutch pharmacists sold cannabis extracts.

While there seemed to be positives to the plant, the Netherlands prohibited it for diplomatic reasons. It was more important to keep good relations between the governments of neighbouring countries than to legalise the plant.

 

Introducing the Opium Act

​​In 1919, the first statutory provisions on illicit drugs were enacted but were confined to opiates and cocaine. The import and export of cannabis was then controlled by the International Opium Convention, which the Netherlands had to sign as a member of the League of Nations.

The Opium Law introduced List I, regulating highly addictive drugs, which was amended in 1928 with new drugs and List II. Here’s what’s included:

List I of the Opium Law:

  1. Hemp oil – a concentrate of plants from the cannabis species (hemp), obtained by extraction of hemp or hashish, whether mixed with oil or not;
  2. THC;
  3. The isomers of THC, including CBD.

 

List II of the Opium Law:

  1. Hashish;
  2. Hemp – all parts of the plant from the cannabis species (hemp), of which the resin has not been extracted, except the seeds.

 

The Netherlands changed its Opium Act numerous times during the 20th century. The possession, manufacture and sale of hemp products became criminal offences in 1953. In 1956, the definition of hemp was narrowed to include only the dried tops of the plant.

It wasn’t until 1976 that statutory decriminalisation of cannabis took place, yet it set in somewhat earlier. Reforming prohibitive cannabis laws to tolerant cannabis laws lifted the disappointment that previously transpired from enthusiastic plant users.

 

Current Rules and Regulations

The renewed Opium Act 1976 legally distinguishes between hard and soft drugs. There’s a high risk of harm and addiction with hard drugs, including amphetamine, cocaine, ecstasy, heroin and LSD. Whereas soft drugs, such as hash, marijuana, sedatives and sleeping pills, are less damaging to health, and there’s a low risk of harm and addiction.

The Netherlands’ drug policy has effectively separated these into two markets by largely tolerating soft drugs while strongly suppressing the sale, circulation and use of hard drugs. This was based on the idea that a drug-free Dutch society is unrealistic and unattainable, so it’s best to try and minimise the harm caused by recreational drug use.

The recreational use of cannabis has been decriminalised in the Netherlands. You won’t be prosecuted if you possess it for personal use. The same goes for small quantities of no more than five cannabis plants. Since 1976, cannabis has been tolerated and available in establishments called ‘coffee shops’.

The popularity of coffee shops, where you can buy cannabis and CBD, exploded in the 90s. They’re now infamous in the Netherlands, but no alcoholic drinks may be sold or consumed. Strict government regulations are put in place for how they can operate, including:

  • No advertising of the coffee shop or drugs;
  • No sales of hard drugs;
  • No entrance allowed for minors (people under the age of 18);
  • A person cannot buy more than 5 grams of cannabis in a single transaction per day;
  • The coffee shop mustn’t have more than 500 grams of cannabis in stock at any time;
  • Entrance is prohibited for non-residents of the Netherlands (since 2013);
  • The coffee shop may not be a nuisance to the neighbourhood.

 

Municipalities can also develop further restrictions. For example, the cities of Rotterdam and Amsterdam don’t allow coffee shops to be located within a 250-metre distance from a secondary school. However, this restriction is part of a deal with the Ministry of Justice that exempts Amsterdam from the criterion that only residents of the Netherlands are allowed to enter coffee shops. Therefore, tourists are still permitted to visit Amsterdam’s coffee shops because local politicians feared public nuisance otherwise. About one-quarter of all 380 Dutch municipalities currently allow coffee shops to operate.

The Netherlands is also a party to the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, which prohibits consuming naturally-occurring drugs such as cannabis. In regards to hemp cultivation, this is only permitted under certain conditions; you can’t grow or produce it in the Netherlands without the correct licences.

A close-up of a Cannabis sativa plant at sunset.

What are the Laws for CBD?

CBD falls under the Opium Act as a derivative of hemp. As the Act restricts hemp, its extracts, and cannabinoids (THC and its isomers), the production of CBD is prohibited, yet the cannabinoid isn’t explicitly banned.

Like cannabis, CBD is tolerated and treated as a legal product. You can legally buy it in the Netherlands as long as you abide by the law. CBD products and hemp-derived oils are available over-the-counter (OTC) if their THC concentration doesn’t exceed 0.05%. CBD vape oil, however, has been prohibited since July 2019.

After the EU encouraged member states to grow hemp by giving them subsidies in 1999, the cultivation of industrial hemp with less than 0.2% became legal in the Netherlands. Farmers can grow and process EU-certified hemp varieties for fibre and seeds. However, they cannot process it for CBD due to the Act’s restriction on hemp extractions.

CBD is legal only if made from domestically grown hemp processed abroad and sold back in the Netherlands as a final product.

For CBD to be placed on the market, it requires EU authorisation. This is because significant amounts of CBD weren’t consumed before May 1997. Therefore it’s considered a ‘novel food’ under the EU Novel Food Regulation. This regulation has been applicable since January 2018, but it’s non-binding, so member states don’t have to enforce it. Instead, they can implement it in their national law. Reliance upon non-enforcement has now become commonplace in the Netherlands.

 

What Does This Mean for CBD Businesses?

The CBD industry is prosperous with an abundance of successful businesses, but it doesn’t mean that they don’t fall short from trials and tribulations. The legal framework of the Dutch market is quite vague, so brands must be responsible, follow the rules of good manufacturing standards, and guarantee product safety.

Regardless of whether you’re buying or selling CBD in the Netherlands, you must abide by the following three rules:

 

  1. CBD mustn’t contain more than 0.05% THC;
  2. CBD products shouldn’t contain any health claims;
  3. It’s advised to not consume more than 160 mg of CBD per day.

 

For CBD companies wishing to set up a physical store in the Netherlands, this comes with higher prices and expenses for the business owner. It would be wise to sell products online, and in-store as the e-commerce route offers you a wider market, and there’s no limit to opening hours. Professionals should also be well-trained to answer any questions regarding CBD products.

The quality and safety of CBD products are as fundamental as their legality. Thorough research is key. Every product should come with a Certificate of Analysis (COA) to prove the CBD oil has been tested for harmful contaminants like heavy metals or pesticides. Therefore, third-party testing is necessary for transparent, accurate and reputable CBD brands.

Current or prospective CBD business owners need to be aware of the Novel Food Regulation. Several European countries have applied the regulation and ordered retailers to stop selling CBD foods. The Dutch Food and Consumer Product Safety (NVWA) hasn’t implemented any changes yet, but the Ministry of Health is working with the food authority to decide future CBD regulations. At the moment, you can legally sell or purchase CBD foods and food supplements with 0.05% THC.

Keep in mind that the municipal authorities decide whether or not coffee shops are allowed to open. When they are, they usually require an operating permit for a catering establishment.

A significant change occurred in 2017 when the House of Representatives passed a law that would partly legalise the production of cannabis. It was announced that an experimental new system would be implemented in certain cities where you could legally acquire cultivated cannabis from a state-appointed producer. This is positive in terms of future developments of CBD businesses and coffee shops.

Furthermore, the Senate passed the Controlled Cannabis Supply Chain Experiment Act on November 12, 2019. Expected to have started mid-2021, this experiment exempts up to ten entrepreneurs, in ten selected municipalities, from the prohibitions pursuant to the Opium Act, legally allowing coffee shops in relevant municipalities to buy their cannabis products. The experiment will endure four to a maximum of five and a half years. We’ll be eagerly awaiting a renewal of the experiment or replacement with definitive legislation.

CBD oil extract in a glass bottle on a wooden surface, leafy plant in the background.

Always Pure Organics

Always Pure Organics is a white label specialist manufacturer and distributor of CBD products. We’re proud to offer the highest quality wholesale cannabis and cannabinoid products, as bulk ingredients, bulk products, white label and bespoke formulation. Not only that but our regulatory and legal expertise is supported by delivery worldwide.

We aim to delight our business customers by offering the most client-centric experience in the cannabis industry. We’ll do the best we can to support, empower and maximise your success while establishing and growing your brand.

No stone is left unturned as we work across the entire supply chain of the CBD industry, including extraction, production, development, distribution and cannabis breeding. Whatever your requirements, we’ll be proactive with our advice, actions and efficient logistics.

Working with us will give you complete confidence in creating a unique and pure product from scratch. Our product range includes bulk CBD products and white label CBD products, so be sure to have a browse!

 

Final Thoughts

The CBD industry has a prominent business appetite with many opportunities and competitive advantages. While it’s easy to acquire CBD products in the Netherlands, there are still some restrictions that must be complied with, but the Dutch tolerance policy has set out a common ground for everyone.

As long as CBD establishments meet strict requirements of the Dutch tolerance policy, there will be no regulatory issues leading to prosecution. We hope you’re now more familiar with the country’s views and legal framework about cannabis-derived CBD.

Always Pure Organics can help your CBD business flourish. In-depth information can be found on our website or contact us here, and we’ll be happy to answer any additional questions.

 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD oil?

CBD oil is made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant. It’s then diluted with a carrier oil like coconut, hemp seed, grapeseed, olive or sunflower oil. Full-spectrum CBD oil does contain THC, unlike CBD isolate and broad-spectrum CBD oils.

How can I start a CBD business?

You can start a CBD business by following these steps: identify your CBD niche and products; understand the laws and regulations around CBD; generate a thorough CBD business plan; organise your business documents; find your CBD supplier; build an e-commerce platform online; determine shipping and payment terms; and market your business.

How can I buy CBD products in bulk?

You can buy CBD products in bulk from most wholesale suppliers. We advise choosing pure products that will allow you to produce any product you wish and build your brand.

What are the best CBD oil companies for bulk wholesale marketing?

Premium markets often have CBD wholesalers who grow high-quality hemp, resulting in high-quality products. You can find the highest quality wholesale cannabis and cannabinoid products here at APO.

What bulk CBD products can I expect to find at Always Pure Organics?

Our pre-produced CBD and cannabinoid products include CBG Oil in Hemp Oil, CBD Oil (hemp or MCT Carrier), High Strength Balm, Daily Lotion, Soft Gel Capsules, Pet CBD Oil (hemp Oil or MCT Carrier) and CBD Patches.

Which white label CBD products are available at Always Pure Organics?

Our white label CBD products include Pet CBD Oil (hemp Oil or MCT Carrier), CBD Oil (hemp or MCT Carrier), CBG Oil in Hemp Oil, Blood Orange Lotion, Lavender Night Cream, High Strength Balm, Tattoo Aftercare Lotion, CBD Gummies, Daily Lotion, Softgel Capsules and CBD Patches.

How expensive is CBD oil in bulk?

Depending on where you buy from, the quantity, and the price per kilogram, the prices for CBD oil in bulk will vary. It’s cheaper to buy CBD in wholesale quantities than in retail. When you buy CBD oil in bulk, you can also profit from selling your products.

What are white label CBD products?

White label CBD products are manufactured by another company or third party, but you can put your brand on the products. You don’t have any involvement in the production. Instead, you can fully focus on developing your brand, increasing sales, and generating high profits.

Is there a difference between private label and white label CBD?

The difference between private label and white label CBD is that private label CBD products are created and sold exclusively to one retailer. The seller of private label brands can make alterations or enhancements to the product. White label CBD products have a standard formulation and are sold to multiple retailers. Retailers cannot make any alterations during the packaging process.

What are the top-rated white label CBD?

At Always Pure Organics, we always maintain quality, always be compliant, and always deliver the best CBD products. Our bespoke formulation is coupled with efficient logistics and worldwide delivery.

 

References

​​https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/can-cbd-lower-blood-pressure

https://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetailsIV.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=VI-2&chapter=6&Temp=mtdsg4&clang=_en

https://www.government.nl/topics/drugs/toleration-policy-regarding-soft-drugs-and-coffee-shops

https://www.nortonrosefulbright.com/en/knowledge/publications/24014f2b/netherlands-legislative-overview

https://www.tni.org/files/publication-downloads/cr_ned_def.pdf

https://bit.ly/33Q3W1a

https://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/novel-food/legislation_en

https://business.gov.nl/regulation/operating-permit-catering-establishment/

 

Herbal cannabis plants at a CBD oil hemp marijuana farm. Herbal cannabis plants at a CBD oil hemp marijuana farm. Herbal cannabis plants at a CBD oil hemp marijuana farm.

Happy Holidays

CBG in skincare

Cannabigerol (CBG) is gaining popularity in the beauty world. Known for its health properties, the extract has become popular within the skincare industry due to its possible antioxidative properties [1]. As a minor cannabinoid, CBG is present at a low concentration in Cannabis Sativa plant [2]; research thus far has indicated many pharmaceutical, medicinal, or cosmetic applications of the extract. With the new and ongoing research studies being conducted, it is possible to know more about how and why CBG should be incorporated into a skincare routine.

The ‘entourage effect’ is a process that explains how cannabinoids work synergistically within the body to help promote homeostasis. Hence, if we mix CBG with Cannabidiol (CBD), they will be more effective together than either would be alone [3]. The majority of current products available on the market focus on the benefits of the CBD extract exclusively, however, there could be many possible advantages to combining these pre-existing CBD products with the CBG extract. Our CBG Beauty Booster Drops can be combined with CBD products like lotions and balms, they can also be used separately as a serum before the application of a cream. The combination of the two cannabinoids allows both products to work synergistically and achieve better results. The entourage effect is also the reason why products like broad spectrum distillates are becoming increasingly popular.

There may, however, be benefits that are exclusive to CBG, which warrants the inclusion of the extract as a skincare staple. One such feature of CBG is that the extract is antimicrobial [5], the Cannabis sativa plant has in fact been known for its antimicrobial benefits for years [4]. The studies, however, were conducted when the phytochemistry of the plant was not broadly discovered so it did not relate to any specific, structurally defined cannabinoid. Nevertheless, with the current knowledge about cannabinoids, it is possible to predict the impact they may have on skin health. Furthermore, recent studies imply that CBG inhibits the growth of different acne-generative bacteria strains [1], such as Staphylococus aureus, which is a known strain of bacteria that causes acne [6].

Another crucial feature of CBG that could be incredibly useful in skincare is it’s antioxidative properties [1]. Some research suggests that the CBG extract has the potential to be an even more effective antioxidant than vitamin C, which is one of the commonly used antioxidants in the beauty industry. It was demonstrated [1] that CBG reduces oxidative radicals in the dermis and hence, indicate antioxidative activity. For more information about how antioxidants effect the skin, read our previous blog CBD in Skincare. Due to these purported antioxidant properties, CBG could be incorporated into a daily skincare routine as an anti-aging ingredient. Another feature that could make CBG an ideal component in skincare is that it is not prone to causing any skin or eye irritation [1].

So how does the CBG prevent or reduce the inflammation? The CBG extract can modulate cytokines by inhibition of the activation of pro-inflammatory cytokines [7]. Encouraging studies on CBG in the lungs, suggest that CBG can act as an anti-inflammatory [7], however, further studies are required to confirm anti-inflammatory activity of CBG on the skin. Cytokines are immunoregulatory protein molecules, which influence the response of proinflammatory cytokine (which causes inflammation) [8]. Therefore, it can be assumed that reducing the number of proinflammatory cytokines in the skin layers can positively impact anti-inflammatory effects. Schutez et. al. conducted a study that demonstrates CBG activity in stopping the UVA-induced cytokine production in dermis and epidermis. In addition to this, CBG was recently discovered to be just as beneficial as CBD as an anti-inflammatory device [1].

Author: Ewelina Balec

 

References:

[1] Schuetz, M., Savile, C., Webb, C., Rouzard, K., Fernandez, J. and Perez, E., 2021. 480 Cannabigerol: The mother of cannabinoids demonstrates a broad spectrum of anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties important for skin. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 141(5), p.S83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jid.2021.02.504

[2] Marcu, J., 2016. An Overview of Major and Minor Phytocannabinoids. Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse, pp.672-678.  https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800213-1.00062-6

[3] Russo, E., 2019. The Case for the Entourage Effect and Conventional Breeding of Clinical Cannabis: No “Strain,” No Gain. Frontiers in Plant Science, 9.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.01969

[4] Otto-Erich-Schultz and Haffner, G., 1958. Zur Kenntnis eines sedativen Wirkstoffes aus dem deutschen Faserhanf (Cannabis sativa). Archiv der Pharmazie, 291(8), pp.391-403.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ardp.19582910804

[5] Appendino, G., Gibbons, S., Giana, A., Pagani, A., Grassi, G., Stavri, M., Smith, E. and Rahman, M., 2008. Antibacterial Cannabinoids from Cannabis sativa: A Structure−Activity Study. Journal of Natural Products, 71(8), pp.1427-1430. https://doi.org/10.1021/np8002673

[6] Fanelli, M., 2011. Antibiotics, Acne and Staphylococcus aureus Colonization. Archives of Dermatology, 147(8), p.917. 10.1001/archdermatol.2011.67

[7] Robaina Cabrera, C., Keir-Rudman, S., Horniman, N., Clarkson, N. and Page, C., 2021. The anti-inflammatory effects of cannabidiol and cannabigerol alone, and in combination. Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 69, p.102047.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pupt.2021.102047

[8] Opal, S. and DePalo, V., 2000. Anti-Inflammatory Cytokines. Chest, 117(4), pp.1162-1172.  https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.117.4.1162

Cannabigerol (CBG) is gaining popularity in the beauty world. Known for its health properties, the extract has become popular within the skincare industry due to its possible antioxidative properties [1]. As a minor cannabinoid, CBG is present at a low concentration in Cannabis Sativa plant [2]; research thus far has indicated many pharmaceutical, medicinal, or cosmetic applications of the extract. With the new and ongoing research studies being conducted, it is possible to know more about how and why CBG should be incorporated into a skincare routine.

The ‘entourage effect’ is a process that explains how cannabinoids work synergistically within the body to help promote homeostasis. Hence, if we mix CBG with Cannabidiol (CBD), they will be more effective together than either would be alone [3]. The majority of current products available on the market focus on the benefits of the CBD extract exclusively, however, there could be many possible advantages to combining these pre-existing CBD products with the CBG extract. Our CBG Beauty Booster Drops can be combined with CBD products like lotions and balms, they can also be used separately as a serum before the application of a cream. The combination of the two cannabinoids allows both products to work synergistically and achieve better results. The entourage effect is also the reason why products like broad spectrum distillates are becoming increasingly popular.

There may, however, be benefits that are exclusive to CBG, which warrants the inclusion of the extract as a skincare staple. One such feature of CBG is that the extract is antimicrobial [5], the Cannabis sativa plant has in fact been known for its antimicrobial benefits for years [4]. The studies, however, were conducted when the phytochemistry of the plant was not broadly discovered so it did not relate to any specific, structurally defined cannabinoid. Nevertheless, with the current knowledge about cannabinoids, it is possible to predict the impact they may have on skin health. Furthermore, recent studies imply that CBG inhibits the growth of different acne-generative bacteria strains [1], such as Staphylococus aureus, which is a known strain of bacteria that causes acne [6].

Another crucial feature of CBG that could be incredibly useful in skincare is it’s antioxidative properties [1]. Some research suggests that the CBG extract has the potential to be an even more effective antioxidant than vitamin C, which is one of the commonly used antioxidants in the beauty industry. It was demonstrated [1] that CBG reduces oxidative radicals in the dermis and hence, indicate antioxidative activity. For more information about how antioxidants effect the skin, read our previous blog CBD in Skincare. Due to these purported antioxidant properties, CBG could be incorporated into a daily skincare routine as an anti-aging ingredient. Another feature that could make CBG an ideal component in skincare is that it is not prone to causing any skin or eye irritation [1].

So how does the CBG prevent or reduce the inflammation? The CBG extract can modulate cytokines by inhibition of the activation of pro-inflammatory cytokines [7]. Encouraging studies on CBG in the lungs, suggest that CBG can act as an anti-inflammatory [7], however, further studies are required to confirm anti-inflammatory activity of CBG on the skin. Cytokines are immunoregulatory protein molecules, which influence the response of proinflammatory cytokine (which causes inflammation) [8]. Therefore, it can be assumed that reducing the number of proinflammatory cytokines in the skin layers can positively impact anti-inflammatory effects. Schutez et. al. conducted a study that demonstrates CBG activity in stopping the UVA-induced cytokine production in dermis and epidermis. In addition to this, CBG was recently discovered to be just as beneficial as CBD as an anti-inflammatory device [1].

Author: Ewelina Balec

 

References:

[1] Schuetz, M., Savile, C., Webb, C., Rouzard, K., Fernandez, J. and Perez, E., 2021. 480 Cannabigerol: The mother of cannabinoids demonstrates a broad spectrum of anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties important for skin. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 141(5), p.S83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jid.2021.02.504

[2] Marcu, J., 2016. An Overview of Major and Minor Phytocannabinoids. Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse, pp.672-678.  https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800213-1.00062-6

[3] Russo, E., 2019. The Case for the Entourage Effect and Conventional Breeding of Clinical Cannabis: No “Strain,” No Gain. Frontiers in Plant Science, 9.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.01969

[4] Otto-Erich-Schultz and Haffner, G., 1958. Zur Kenntnis eines sedativen Wirkstoffes aus dem deutschen Faserhanf (Cannabis sativa). Archiv der Pharmazie, 291(8), pp.391-403.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ardp.19582910804

[5] Appendino, G., Gibbons, S., Giana, A., Pagani, A., Grassi, G., Stavri, M., Smith, E. and Rahman, M., 2008. Antibacterial Cannabinoids from Cannabis sativa: A Structure−Activity Study. Journal of Natural Products, 71(8), pp.1427-1430. https://doi.org/10.1021/np8002673

[6] Fanelli, M., 2011. Antibiotics, Acne and Staphylococcus aureus Colonization. Archives of Dermatology, 147(8), p.917. 10.1001/archdermatol.2011.67

[7] Robaina Cabrera, C., Keir-Rudman, S., Horniman, N., Clarkson, N. and Page, C., 2021. The anti-inflammatory effects of cannabidiol and cannabigerol alone, and in combination. Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 69, p.102047.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pupt.2021.102047

[8] Opal, S. and DePalo, V., 2000. Anti-Inflammatory Cytokines. Chest, 117(4), pp.1162-1172.  https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.117.4.1162

Hand and pipette Hand and pipette Hand and pipette

10 Things to Look For in a CBD Manufacturer

Table of Contents

10 Things to Look For in a CBD Manufacturer

What Is CBD?

Forms of CBD

Ways to Consume CBD

Oral CBD

Sublingual CBD

Topical CBD

Inhaling CBD

CBD as a Novel Food

What to Look For in a CBD Manufacturer

Visibility

A Good Reputation

Compliance

Source

Third-Party Testing

Extraction Method

Distillation Process

Versatility

White Labelling and Bulk Ingredients

Competitive Pricing

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is a Novel Food?

What is the legal limit of THC in the UK?

Why do I need to research CBD manufacturers?

What does it mean if a CBD product is third-party tested?

What is the best extraction method?

What are the main points I should address when considering a CBD manufacturer?

References

 

Summary

For many people new to the CBD business, picking the right manufacturer can be difficult. The right manufacturing partner will help ensure the safety and quality of your products and can also help you navigate legal compliance issues. While cutting costs tends to be near the top of many people’s agenda when it comes to starting a business, it’s essential to exercise some due diligence when diving into the world of CBD and consumables as a whole. This article explores some of the most important things to look out for when choosing your CBD manufacturer.

Dropper bottles filled with oil on an Always Pure Organics patterned background

In recent times, CBD has become a massive contender in wellness spheres. Indeed, while it is still considered very much in its infancy, the UK CBD industry is predicted to reach a market value of £1 billion by 2025. As a result, the industry continues to expand, opening the doors for a plethora of CBD businesses at all levels of the supply chain. Consequently, there is a near-dizzying selection to choose from.

That said, because CBD is not well-regulated around the globe, it can be challenging to identify a trustworthy supplier. A retail business is only as strong as its products, so it’s essential to make sure that your manufacturer is up to standard. Read on to find out more about choosing a manufacturer for your CBD business.

What Is CBD?

CBD—also known as cannabidiol—is one of over a hundred chemical compounds derived from the Cannabis sativa plant. CBD is taken in numerous forms and is thought to provide a myriad of health benefits, including supporting a healthy lifestyle.

Cannabidiol is commonly confused with another compound from the cannabis plant, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). It is partly due to this confusion that CBD is so misunderstood and illegal in some countries. THC is the primary psychoactive in the Cannabis sativa plant, meaning consuming it can lead to the infamous “high” effect. CBD, however, is not known to cause a similar reaction,  has little to no risk of addiction and dependence and is generally very well-tolerated. In fact, CBD is believed to reverse the psychoactive effects caused by its cousin compound, THC.

CBD was discovered in the 1940s by Harvard-trained chemist Roger Adams. This may be especially surprising because, until recently, there has been a distinct lack of research surrounding the compound. This is because CBD’s true potential is only just beginning to be understood as more time and money is invested into studying it. As the differences between CBD and THC are brought to light, CBD is shedding its stigma and taking its rightful place in the front of the wellness scene.

As CBD’s potential benefits are finally coming to light, it is slowly being destigmatised across many countries around the globe despite its relation to THC. Consequently, the range of readily available CBD products on the market is ever-expanding, with various forms available to choose from when you launch your CBD business.

Close-up pipette with oil dripping into an amber bottle

Forms of CBD

CBD products are available in three different forms:

  • CBD isolate

CBD isolate is a pure CBD product. It contains no other compounds found in the cannabis plant except for CBD.

  • Broad-spectrum CBD

This CBD form does not contain THC. It does, however, include various other components of the Cannabis sativa plant. Broad-spectrum CBD contains several other naturally-occurring cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids, which may offer more advantages than  CBD isolate.

  • Full-spectrum CBD

This form of CBD contains small amounts of all components of the Cannabis sativa plant. This means that it typically includes trace amounts of THC. One of the benefits of using full-spectrum CBD is the reported “entourage effect”. This is the theory that when the plant’s compounds are taken together, they work synergistically, imparting more potential health benefits to the user. These compounds include phytocannabinoids such as THC and CBD flavonoids, various compounds found naturally in fruits, vegetables, and plants high in antioxidants and terpenes, compounds that affect the scent of cannabis. Full-spectrum CBD is seen as an appealing option for those who want to maximise the potential health benefits of the cannabis plant.

Now that we know a bit more about the different forms of CBD on the market, let’s consider some of the ways we can consume CBD.

An assortment of colourful Always Pure Organics CBD gummies in a pile

Ways to Consume CBD

There are various ways to consume CBD. Most consumers choose a method based on three things: which reported benefits they are after, how fast they want to feel the potential effects and individual preference. Let’s consider the various options and their pros and cons.

Oral CBD

Oral CBD is an effective method of taking CBD because it can be administered discreetly. The umbrella term “oral CBD” includes capsules, softgels, gummies, oil and infused foods and beverages. The most popular edibles are CBD gummies. When you take CBD orally, the CBD is sent through the digestive tract and then the liver before eventually reaching the bloodstream. This is quite a long route for the CBD to travel, so it can take a couple of hours to feel the desired effects. Conversely, the effects of oral CBD tend to last longer than other methods, which is why it is seen as an appealing choice to many.

Sublingual CBD

Taking CBD sublingually means placing it under the tongue. Once it is placed under the tongue, it is absorbed by the oral mucosa, a moist membrane covering the inside of the mouth. This is an ideal option for people looking for a rapid onset of CBD’s potential effects, as well as a simple way to administer it. The effects are felt so quickly because taking CBD sublingually bypasses the digestive system. However, the main cons are that the effects may not last as long as other methods and a distinct lack of flavour, making it less enjoyable for some.

Topical CBD

Another way people choose to administer CBD is through topical application, i.e. oils and infused balms, creams, and lotions that are rubbed into the skin. As can be expected, this method affects the skin and areas of application and does not enter the bloodstream. The CBD reportedly interacts with receptors in the skin to potentially help soothe it and keep it nourished. This option, therefore, appeals to people looking for a more targeted option.

Inhaling CBD

Another popular method of CBD administration is through inhalation, typically achieved through vaping. Here, the CBD passes into the lungs and diffuses into the bloodstream,  leading to instantaneous potential effects. As you might have already guessed, vaping CBD means the effects tend to last for a shorter period than, say, oral administration. On top of this, some people find vaping harsh on the throat and, therefore, unpleasant.

CBD oil bottles in a pattern

CBD as a Novel Food

CBD is classified as a Novel Food in the UK and EU. Novel Food is defined as food that was not consumed significantly by humans in the EU before 15 May 1997 (when the first regulation on Novel Food came into play). Novel Food can be food produced using new technologies and production processes, newly developed food or food that is or has been traditionally eaten outside of the EU.

A CBD Novel Food Application is the process by which businesses can market CBD in the EU. Novel Food regulations require manufacturers to submit detailed product information for review and approval. Remember, however, that this classification and the application is specific to the UK and EU. This only applies to consuming CBD and does not include topical CBD, which needs to follow the relevant cosmetic regulations.

The considerable growth of the CBD market in recent years has made it challenging for the UK’s Food Standards Agency (FSA) to police the market effectively. Cracking down on unapproved products on the market has proven to be a mammoth task, and it’s essential to make sure that you’re on the right side of the law. Governments worldwide are undoubtedly facing similar regulatory challenges.

Production line of oils within a clean room being worked on by a lab technician

cogs and scientist in the background

What to Look For in a CBD Manufacturer

Now that you know a little more about CBD and its different forms, you’re probably eager to take the next step—seeking out a manufacturer for your CBD products. Before you settle on the first manufacturer you come across, here are a few things to consider.

1. Visibility

Finding more information about a potential supplier shouldn’t be difficult. In fact, it should be as straightforward as a couple of clicks. At a surface level, a professional website and a strong online presence are a few of the signs pointing to legitimacy.

Look out for prominent contact details, a physical address and social media links. An approachable and responsive manufacturer is significantly more trustworthy than the alternative.

2. A Good Reputation

The easiest way to tell whether a CBD manufacturer is reliable is to do a little research. A little due diligence goes a long way, and social proof should be one of the most important factors to look out for when evaluating a potential CBD manufacturer.

Browse search results and the manufacturer’s website for consumer reviews and even client lists. Always Pure Organics, for example, has over 500 clients globally, supplying them with more than 1,2 million daily doses of CBD.

3. Compliance

You can’t build or scale your CBD business successfully without ensuring legal compliance. For many, that means evaluating your supply chain and eliminating any elements that could jeopardise your legal standing. However, a good manufacturer should give you the assurance you need to take a back seat and focus on your retail business.

Look out for accredited manufacturers; certificates such as the ISO22716—which demonstrate safety and quality, are just the tip of the iceberg. When it comes to CBD, working with a manufacturer with a submitted Novel Foods Application is essential to ensure your business doesn’t face any legal hitches down the road, especially if you’re dealing in edible CBD products.

In the same breath, remember that THC content is a key element when it comes to legal compliance. Crucially, the limit will vary depending on your location, so it’s up to you to make sure that your products are compliant with local regulations.

4. Source

You can’t expect a high-quality product without high-quality cannabis. Partnering with a manufacturer with access to a diverse range of the best organic strains and varieties translates to a better product for your business.

Contrary to popular belief, organic cannabis isn’t that hard to come by. In fact, modern breeding technologies have made it possible to significantly cut down hemp strain development periods. A manufacturer that accounts for your product from seed to shelf is invested in the quality of the product and the success of your business.

5. Third-Party Testing

Manufacturers with third-party tested products are generally confident in their products. During third-party tests, an independent laboratory analyses the quality and quantity of the compounds in the CBD product.

A Certificate of Analysis (COA) should help you determine the safety and quality of the manufacturer’s products. What’s more, products from transparent manufacturers such as Always Pure Organics that freely provide or display each product’s COA are unlikely to feature any toxins or unwanted additions.

6. Extraction method

While you’re building your CBD business, you may be tempted to go with a seemingly more cost effective manufacturer.
However, remember that quality products tend to influence repeat sales. It is always advisable to discuss the methods used by your supplier and to understand the processes used.
There are three main ways to extract CBD:
  • CO2 extraction

  • Solvent extraction

  • Olive oil extraction 
If you are unsure about a manufacturer’s extraction process, check the lab report.  Ss a general rule, think twice about working with a manufacturer that isn’t forthcoming about its processes.

7. Distillation Process

When it comes to manufacturing CBD, there’s a lot of talk about the extraction method, with distillation often left out of the conversation. Distilled CBD is purified CBD. Short-path distillation, for example, yields impressive distillates. Manufacturers that are open about their process make it easier to come to an informed decision.

8. Versatility

While you may have your heart set on developing a range of CBD gummies or cosmetics, your needs and the demands of your market may change as your business grows. A manufacturer that can produce a diverse product range is an excellent partner for growth.

However, versatility isn’t just limited to manufacturing a wide range of products, it means giving you the option of bespoke formulations too. Standing out from the competition means stepping out of the box and offering products that truly set your business apart.

9. White Labelling and Bulk Ingredients

White label products take the hassle out of manufacturing CBD products. If you’re looking to kick-start your CBD business sooner rather than later, then you may want to go with a white label CBD manufacturer.

Always Pure Organics, for example, offers a wide range of white label CBD products, including oils, gummies, topicals and patches. In the same breath, bulk products can fasttrack your business launch.

10. Competitive Pricing

A respectable company will aim to maintain competitive pricing as well as ensure fairness to the consumer. Of course, pricing is an undoubtedly complex issue and it’s important to find a manufacturer that suits your individual needs and your financial situation.

Final Thoughts

While there are many reputable CBD manufacturers out there, it is also hard to ignore that some have a distinct lack of transparency regarding their products and how they are produced. Use these ten top tips to help you separate the wheat from the chaff and pick a reputable CBD manufacturer such as Always Pure Organics, a manufacturer and distributor of cannabis products to start your CBD business off to a smooth start.

CBD FAQs in Always Pure Organics branding

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is a Novel Food?

Novel Food is food that was not widely consumed in the EU before May 1997, including consumable CBD. A Novel Food Application (NFA) must be lodged for such food products. This application is necessary to ensure the safety of these Novel Foods. Note that this does not include non-consumable forms of CBD such as topicals, which instead should adhere to the relevant cosmetic regulations.

What is the legal limit of THC in the UK?

The legal tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) limit in the UK is 1mg per container regardless of the size of the container or how much product it contains. In other words, each package should contain no more than 1mg of THC.

Why do I need to research CBD manufacturers?

Because CBD is not regulated as strictly as most other products on the market, we must research these manufacturers ourselves to ensure that they are both reputable and trustworthy.

What does it mean if a CBD product is third-party tested?

This is an encouraging sign. A third-party lab independently tests CBD for a range of different substances within the product and tests the percentage of the CBD itself. Ultimately, third-party testing is one of the many signs of a good manufacturer. Of course, third-party testing isn’t enough to determine the quality or safety of a product; the analysis results demonstrate the product’s quality.

What is the best extraction method?

The “best” CBD extraction method will depend on your individual needs. While the C02 extraction method is popular for its sustainability and the quality of extract it produces, it certainly isn’t the most affordable. While the CO2 method produces the best quality, the best method for your CBD products will depend on various factors, such as your market.

Where can I find a Certificate of Analysis?

If CBD has been third-party tested, the relevant reports should be available on the CBD manufacturer’s website. Once the products have been tested, the laboratory will issue a Certificate of Analysis (COA). Where COAs are not readily available on the manufacturer’s website, you may want to get in touch directly. However, remember that transparency is key in the CBD business, and you shouldn’t have to go out of your way to access a product’s COA.

What are the main points I should address when considering a CBD manufacturer?

There are a variety of things to look out for when choosing a manufacturer. The visibility, reputation, legal compliance, product quality, price and versatility are all important factors to consider. However, it’s important to find a manufacturer that can support your CBD business as it grows. A manufacturer with the capacity to complement your efforts as you scale your production and diversify your product offerings is something you may want to make sure of before selecting.

 

References

UK CBD Industry 2021 Projections | The Extract

Cannabis Sativa – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Cannabidiol Counteracts the Psychotropic Side-Effects of Δ-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in the Ventral Hippocampus through Bidirectional Control of ERK1-2 Phosphorylation – PubMed (nih.gov)

Structure of Cannabidiol, a Product Isolated from the Marihuana Extract of Minnesota Wild Hemp. I | Journal of the American Chemical Society (acs.org)

Oral Mucosa – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Cannabidiol (CBD) guidance | Food Standards Agency

About Us | Always Pure Organics

 

Table of Contents

10 Things to Look For in a CBD Manufacturer

What Is CBD?

Forms of CBD

Ways to Consume CBD

Oral CBD

Sublingual CBD

Topical CBD

Inhaling CBD

CBD as a Novel Food

What to Look For in a CBD Manufacturer

Visibility

A Good Reputation

Compliance

Source

Third-Party Testing

Extraction Method

Distillation Process

Versatility

White Labelling and Bulk Ingredients

Competitive Pricing

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is a Novel Food?

What is the legal limit of THC in the UK?

Why do I need to research CBD manufacturers?

What does it mean if a CBD product is third-party tested?

What is the best extraction method?

What are the main points I should address when considering a CBD manufacturer?

References

 

Summary

For many people new to the CBD business, picking the right manufacturer can be difficult. The right manufacturing partner will help ensure the safety and quality of your products and can also help you navigate legal compliance issues. While cutting costs tends to be near the top of many people’s agenda when it comes to starting a business, it’s essential to exercise some due diligence when diving into the world of CBD and consumables as a whole. This article explores some of the most important things to look out for when choosing your CBD manufacturer.

Dropper bottles filled with oil on an Always Pure Organics patterned background

In recent times, CBD has become a massive contender in wellness spheres. Indeed, while it is still considered very much in its infancy, the UK CBD industry is predicted to reach a market value of £1 billion by 2025. As a result, the industry continues to expand, opening the doors for a plethora of CBD businesses at all levels of the supply chain. Consequently, there is a near-dizzying selection to choose from.

That said, because CBD is not well-regulated around the globe, it can be challenging to identify a trustworthy supplier. A retail business is only as strong as its products, so it’s essential to make sure that your manufacturer is up to standard. Read on to find out more about choosing a manufacturer for your CBD business.

What Is CBD?

CBD—also known as cannabidiol—is one of over a hundred chemical compounds derived from the Cannabis sativa plant. CBD is taken in numerous forms and is thought to provide a myriad of health benefits, including supporting a healthy lifestyle.

Cannabidiol is commonly confused with another compound from the cannabis plant, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). It is partly due to this confusion that CBD is so misunderstood and illegal in some countries. THC is the primary psychoactive in the Cannabis sativa plant, meaning consuming it can lead to the infamous “high” effect. CBD, however, is not known to cause a similar reaction,  has little to no risk of addiction and dependence and is generally very well-tolerated. In fact, CBD is believed to reverse the psychoactive effects caused by its cousin compound, THC.

CBD was discovered in the 1940s by Harvard-trained chemist Roger Adams. This may be especially surprising because, until recently, there has been a distinct lack of research surrounding the compound. This is because CBD’s true potential is only just beginning to be understood as more time and money is invested into studying it. As the differences between CBD and THC are brought to light, CBD is shedding its stigma and taking its rightful place in the front of the wellness scene.

As CBD’s potential benefits are finally coming to light, it is slowly being destigmatised across many countries around the globe despite its relation to THC. Consequently, the range of readily available CBD products on the market is ever-expanding, with various forms available to choose from when you launch your CBD business.

Close-up pipette with oil dripping into an amber bottle

Forms of CBD

CBD products are available in three different forms:

  • CBD isolate

CBD isolate is a pure CBD product. It contains no other compounds found in the cannabis plant except for CBD.

  • Broad-spectrum CBD

This CBD form does not contain THC. It does, however, include various other components of the Cannabis sativa plant. Broad-spectrum CBD contains several other naturally-occurring cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids, which may offer more advantages than  CBD isolate.

  • Full-spectrum CBD

This form of CBD contains small amounts of all components of the Cannabis sativa plant. This means that it typically includes trace amounts of THC. One of the benefits of using full-spectrum CBD is the reported “entourage effect”. This is the theory that when the plant’s compounds are taken together, they work synergistically, imparting more potential health benefits to the user. These compounds include phytocannabinoids such as THC and CBD flavonoids, various compounds found naturally in fruits, vegetables, and plants high in antioxidants and terpenes, compounds that affect the scent of cannabis. Full-spectrum CBD is seen as an appealing option for those who want to maximise the potential health benefits of the cannabis plant.

Now that we know a bit more about the different forms of CBD on the market, let’s consider some of the ways we can consume CBD.

An assortment of colourful Always Pure Organics CBD gummies in a pile

Ways to Consume CBD

There are various ways to consume CBD. Most consumers choose a method based on three things: which reported benefits they are after, how fast they want to feel the potential effects and individual preference. Let’s consider the various options and their pros and cons.

Oral CBD

Oral CBD is an effective method of taking CBD because it can be administered discreetly. The umbrella term “oral CBD” includes capsules, softgels, gummies, oil and infused foods and beverages. The most popular edibles are CBD gummies. When you take CBD orally, the CBD is sent through the digestive tract and then the liver before eventually reaching the bloodstream. This is quite a long route for the CBD to travel, so it can take a couple of hours to feel the desired effects. Conversely, the effects of oral CBD tend to last longer than other methods, which is why it is seen as an appealing choice to many.

Sublingual CBD

Taking CBD sublingually means placing it under the tongue. Once it is placed under the tongue, it is absorbed by the oral mucosa, a moist membrane covering the inside of the mouth. This is an ideal option for people looking for a rapid onset of CBD’s potential effects, as well as a simple way to administer it. The effects are felt so quickly because taking CBD sublingually bypasses the digestive system. However, the main cons are that the effects may not last as long as other methods and a distinct lack of flavour, making it less enjoyable for some.

Topical CBD

Another way people choose to administer CBD is through topical application, i.e. oils and infused balms, creams, and lotions that are rubbed into the skin. As can be expected, this method affects the skin and areas of application and does not enter the bloodstream. The CBD reportedly interacts with receptors in the skin to potentially help soothe it and keep it nourished. This option, therefore, appeals to people looking for a more targeted option.

Inhaling CBD

Another popular method of CBD administration is through inhalation, typically achieved through vaping. Here, the CBD passes into the lungs and diffuses into the bloodstream,  leading to instantaneous potential effects. As you might have already guessed, vaping CBD means the effects tend to last for a shorter period than, say, oral administration. On top of this, some people find vaping harsh on the throat and, therefore, unpleasant.

CBD oil bottles in a pattern

CBD as a Novel Food

CBD is classified as a Novel Food in the UK and EU. Novel Food is defined as food that was not consumed significantly by humans in the EU before 15 May 1997 (when the first regulation on Novel Food came into play). Novel Food can be food produced using new technologies and production processes, newly developed food or food that is or has been traditionally eaten outside of the EU.

A CBD Novel Food Application is the process by which businesses can market CBD in the EU. Novel Food regulations require manufacturers to submit detailed product information for review and approval. Remember, however, that this classification and the application is specific to the UK and EU. This only applies to consuming CBD and does not include topical CBD, which needs to follow the relevant cosmetic regulations.

The considerable growth of the CBD market in recent years has made it challenging for the UK’s Food Standards Agency (FSA) to police the market effectively. Cracking down on unapproved products on the market has proven to be a mammoth task, and it’s essential to make sure that you’re on the right side of the law. Governments worldwide are undoubtedly facing similar regulatory challenges.

Production line of oils within a clean room being worked on by a lab technician

cogs and scientist in the background

What to Look For in a CBD Manufacturer

Now that you know a little more about CBD and its different forms, you’re probably eager to take the next step—seeking out a manufacturer for your CBD products. Before you settle on the first manufacturer you come across, here are a few things to consider.

1. Visibility

Finding more information about a potential supplier shouldn’t be difficult. In fact, it should be as straightforward as a couple of clicks. At a surface level, a professional website and a strong online presence are a few of the signs pointing to legitimacy.

Look out for prominent contact details, a physical address and social media links. An approachable and responsive manufacturer is significantly more trustworthy than the alternative.

2. A Good Reputation

The easiest way to tell whether a CBD manufacturer is reliable is to do a little research. A little due diligence goes a long way, and social proof should be one of the most important factors to look out for when evaluating a potential CBD manufacturer.

Browse search results and the manufacturer’s website for consumer reviews and even client lists. Always Pure Organics, for example, has over 500 clients globally, supplying them with more than 1,2 million daily doses of CBD.

3. Compliance

You can’t build or scale your CBD business successfully without ensuring legal compliance. For many, that means evaluating your supply chain and eliminating any elements that could jeopardise your legal standing. However, a good manufacturer should give you the assurance you need to take a back seat and focus on your retail business.

Look out for accredited manufacturers; certificates such as the ISO22716—which demonstrate safety and quality, are just the tip of the iceberg. When it comes to CBD, working with a manufacturer with a submitted Novel Foods Application is essential to ensure your business doesn’t face any legal hitches down the road, especially if you’re dealing in edible CBD products.

In the same breath, remember that THC content is a key element when it comes to legal compliance. Crucially, the limit will vary depending on your location, so it’s up to you to make sure that your products are compliant with local regulations.

4. Source

You can’t expect a high-quality product without high-quality cannabis. Partnering with a manufacturer with access to a diverse range of the best organic strains and varieties translates to a better product for your business.

Contrary to popular belief, organic cannabis isn’t that hard to come by. In fact, modern breeding technologies have made it possible to significantly cut down hemp strain development periods. A manufacturer that accounts for your product from seed to shelf is invested in the quality of the product and the success of your business.

5. Third-Party Testing

Manufacturers with third-party tested products are generally confident in their products. During third-party tests, an independent laboratory analyses the quality and quantity of the compounds in the CBD product.

A Certificate of Analysis (COA) should help you determine the safety and quality of the manufacturer’s products. What’s more, products from transparent manufacturers such as Always Pure Organics that freely provide or display each product’s COA are unlikely to feature any toxins or unwanted additions.

6. Extraction method

While you’re building your CBD business, you may be tempted to go with a seemingly more cost effective manufacturer.
However, remember that quality products tend to influence repeat sales. It is always advisable to discuss the methods used by your supplier and to understand the processes used.
There are three main ways to extract CBD:
  • CO2 extraction

  • Solvent extraction

  • Olive oil extraction 
If you are unsure about a manufacturer’s extraction process, check the lab report.  Ss a general rule, think twice about working with a manufacturer that isn’t forthcoming about its processes.

7. Distillation Process

When it comes to manufacturing CBD, there’s a lot of talk about the extraction method, with distillation often left out of the conversation. Distilled CBD is purified CBD. Short-path distillation, for example, yields impressive distillates. Manufacturers that are open about their process make it easier to come to an informed decision.

8. Versatility

While you may have your heart set on developing a range of CBD gummies or cosmetics, your needs and the demands of your market may change as your business grows. A manufacturer that can produce a diverse product range is an excellent partner for growth.

However, versatility isn’t just limited to manufacturing a wide range of products, it means giving you the option of bespoke formulations too. Standing out from the competition means stepping out of the box and offering products that truly set your business apart.

9. White Labelling and Bulk Ingredients

White label products take the hassle out of manufacturing CBD products. If you’re looking to kick-start your CBD business sooner rather than later, then you may want to go with a white label CBD manufacturer.

Always Pure Organics, for example, offers a wide range of white label CBD products, including oils, gummies, topicals and patches. In the same breath, bulk products can fasttrack your business launch.

10. Competitive Pricing

A respectable company will aim to maintain competitive pricing as well as ensure fairness to the consumer. Of course, pricing is an undoubtedly complex issue and it’s important to find a manufacturer that suits your individual needs and your financial situation.

Final Thoughts

While there are many reputable CBD manufacturers out there, it is also hard to ignore that some have a distinct lack of transparency regarding their products and how they are produced. Use these ten top tips to help you separate the wheat from the chaff and pick a reputable CBD manufacturer such as Always Pure Organics, a manufacturer and distributor of cannabis products to start your CBD business off to a smooth start.

CBD FAQs in Always Pure Organics branding

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is a Novel Food?

Novel Food is food that was not widely consumed in the EU before May 1997, including consumable CBD. A Novel Food Application (NFA) must be lodged for such food products. This application is necessary to ensure the safety of these Novel Foods. Note that this does not include non-consumable forms of CBD such as topicals, which instead should adhere to the relevant cosmetic regulations.

What is the legal limit of THC in the UK?

The legal tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) limit in the UK is 1mg per container regardless of the size of the container or how much product it contains. In other words, each package should contain no more than 1mg of THC.

Why do I need to research CBD manufacturers?

Because CBD is not regulated as strictly as most other products on the market, we must research these manufacturers ourselves to ensure that they are both reputable and trustworthy.

What does it mean if a CBD product is third-party tested?

This is an encouraging sign. A third-party lab independently tests CBD for a range of different substances within the product and tests the percentage of the CBD itself. Ultimately, third-party testing is one of the many signs of a good manufacturer. Of course, third-party testing isn’t enough to determine the quality or safety of a product; the analysis results demonstrate the product’s quality.

What is the best extraction method?

The “best” CBD extraction method will depend on your individual needs. While the C02 extraction method is popular for its sustainability and the quality of extract it produces, it certainly isn’t the most affordable. While the CO2 method produces the best quality, the best method for your CBD products will depend on various factors, such as your market.

Where can I find a Certificate of Analysis?

If CBD has been third-party tested, the relevant reports should be available on the CBD manufacturer’s website. Once the products have been tested, the laboratory will issue a Certificate of Analysis (COA). Where COAs are not readily available on the manufacturer’s website, you may want to get in touch directly. However, remember that transparency is key in the CBD business, and you shouldn’t have to go out of your way to access a product’s COA.

What are the main points I should address when considering a CBD manufacturer?

There are a variety of things to look out for when choosing a manufacturer. The visibility, reputation, legal compliance, product quality, price and versatility are all important factors to consider. However, it’s important to find a manufacturer that can support your CBD business as it grows. A manufacturer with the capacity to complement your efforts as you scale your production and diversify your product offerings is something you may want to make sure of before selecting.

 

References

UK CBD Industry 2021 Projections | The Extract

Cannabis Sativa – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Cannabidiol Counteracts the Psychotropic Side-Effects of Δ-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in the Ventral Hippocampus through Bidirectional Control of ERK1-2 Phosphorylation – PubMed (nih.gov)

Structure of Cannabidiol, a Product Isolated from the Marihuana Extract of Minnesota Wild Hemp. I | Journal of the American Chemical Society (acs.org)

Oral Mucosa – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Cannabidiol (CBD) guidance | Food Standards Agency

About Us | Always Pure Organics

 

The ABCs of UK CBD Compliance

Table of Contents

The ABCs of UK CBD Compliance

Table of Contents

Summary

What is CBD?

What Are Some of CBD’s Purported Benefits?

Pain Management and Relief

Reduction of Seizure Frequency

Joint Pain and Inflammation Relief

Improvement of Skin Condition

May Work to Improve Sleep

Reduction of Anxiety and Depression

Why is Compliance Important?

Novel Food

Key Considerations

How Much THC is in a Single Container?

Is your CBD Legally Sourced?

Will You Market Your CBD as a Medicine?

Does Your CBD Supplier Provide a Certificate of Analysis (COA)?

Was the CBD Produced in a Regulated Lab?

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

References

Summary

While the UK is home to one of the world’s most well-developed regulatory frameworks, CBD compliance can be difficult to navigate for novices and veterans alike. For those looking to enter the CBD market, it’s important to ensure compliance with the law. This piece unpacks some of the most important CBD-related regulations, including legal tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) limits, the source of your CBD and a discussion on the Novel Food Application.

Gavel and mallet

Over the past couple of years, the CBD industry has well and truly exploded onto the international market. Of course, the UK isn’t immune to the fanfare—the local CBD market is, by all means, thriving. What’s more, the more that the potentially therapeutic effects of cannabis and cannabinoids come to light, the more consumer markets open up to the idea of cannabis products.

This article touches briefly on what CBD is and some of its purported benefits before diving into the waters of CBD regulations and compliance in the UK. For CBD business beginners, these are the basics you need to know.

What Is CBD?

CBD, or cannabidiol, is one of many chemical compounds known as cannabinoids found in the Cannabis sativa plant. Often taken in various forms as a natural supplement, CBD is believed to provide a variety of health benefits and to relieve the symptoms of a myriad of common ailments.

Not to be confused with its somewhat scandalous cousin, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)—the primary psychoactive found in the cannabis plant—CBD is non-intoxicating, generally well-tolerated and isn’t thought to be addictive or habit-forming. This means that CBD doesn’t cause the “high” that cannabis is notorious for.

CBD was first isolated from the cannabis plant in the early 40s. CBD’s potential has therefore been suspected for decades; however, research has only expanded in recent years. While it’s certainly been a long time coming, cannabinoids are finally getting the attention they deserve.

Other than playing a supporting role in terms of overall wellness when taken as a natural supplement, CBD shows incredible promise as a complementary therapy. Epilepsy, depression, anxiety and arthritis are just a few of the health issues that CBD may help address.

Although these potential benefits are partly responsible for the decriminalisation of CBD in the UK and many countries across the EU, the differentiation between CBD and THC is largely to thank for the destigmatisation of CBD worldwide.

As a result, the range of innovative and readily available CBD products continues to expand. CBD oils, tinctures, edibles and even cosmetics and skincare are just some of the CBD products making a splash on the EU market.

Cannabis leaves and glass dropper bottle arranged in a circle.

What Are Some of CBD’s Purported Benefits?

Pain Management and Relief

Evidence suggests that CBD may interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS) —a complex cell-signalling system. The ECS regulates vital functions and processes such as sleep, pain and appetite. While more research is needed to confirm the theory, CBD is thought to interact with these receptors to help suppress and manage pain.

Reduction of Seizure Frequency

In 2018, the United States Food and Drug Administrations (FDA) approved the use of Epidiolex—a CBD-containing drug—for epilepsy. In one 2019 study, participants suffering from epileptic seizures were dosed with CBD with encouraging results. 43% of the participants reported at least a 50% decrease in seizure frequency, and three patients were reportedly free of seizures altogether.

Joint Pain and Inflammation Relief

CBD’s purported anti-inflammatory properties are believed to influence inflammatory conditions such as arthritis. This means that CBD may help alleviate some of the pain and discomfort that comes with arthritis. However, more evidence is needed to support CBD’s potential anti-arthritic activity.

Improvement of Skin Condition

Sebum is a waxy, oily substance produced naturally by the skin to protect your body from the outside world. However, sebum sometimes mixes with dead skin cells or pollutants, clogging the pores and causing acne breakouts. A study on the effects of CBD on human sebocytes—the cells that create sebum—suggests that CBD may prevent these cells from overproducing sebum and therefore improve overall skin condition.

May Work to Improve Sleep

CBD’s supposed pain and anxiety-relieving properties are thought to promote better quality sleep and restfulness. To date, research seems to support this theory. In one 2019 study, 66.7% of subjects with anxiety or trouble sleeping reported improvement in their sleep cycles within one month of CBD use.

Reduction of Anxiety and Depression

CBD is primarily famed for its potential to reduce anxiety and depression symptoms. Low levels of serotonin are associated with anxiety and depression. CBD is thought to affect serotonin levels by activating serotonin receptors in the brain and increasing the hormone’s levels.

Why is Compliance Important?

According to the Centre for Medicinal Cannabis (CMC), the UK CBD market is expected to generate £690 million in annual sales for 2021. However, before you start operating, it’s essential to get up to speed with the UK’s CBD regulatory framework—which the CMC describes as the most evolved framework in the world

There is a fine line between lawful and unlawful CBD products in the UK. Cannabis and any THC-containing cannabis products are Class B controlled drugs under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. This means that it is unlawful to possess, supply, produce, import, export cannabis or cultivate a plant of the cannabis family without a Home Office licence.

Unlawfully dealing in Class B controlled substances carries a prison sentence of up to 14 years and/or an unlimited fine. Furthermore, the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) has the right to freeze your assets to preserve evidence. The CPS has the authority to make confiscation orders—requiring you to hand over assets or pay sums deemed proceeds of the sale of illegal products.

That said, CBD in its pure form is not a controlled substance and is perfectly legal. Read on to find out more about CBD regulations in the UK.

Gavel and mallet

Novel Food

CBD for consumption was classified as a Novel Food in Europe in January 2019. According to the European Commission, Novel Food is food that was not consumed significantly by humans in the EU before 15 May 1997—when the first Regulation on Novel Food came into force.

“Novel Food” can be newly developed food, food produced using new technologies and production processes or food which is or has been traditionally eaten outside of the EU.”

In 2020, the UK called for applications for the retrospective authorisation of CBD products already on the market on 13 March 2020. Any products with applications made after 31 March 2021 would not be added to the list of CBD products that are either initially validated and undergoing a safety assessment or that are “on hold”.

CBD products “on hold” are those with incomplete applications. Because the CBD Novel Food Application (NFA) requires incredibly detailed information on the products—including compositional analyses and absorption and toxicology information—the application process is as lengthy as it is onerous.

CBD products that are not on the list cannot be sold on the market. In addition, while the NFAs are being processed, the Food Standards Agency (FSA) announced that no new CBD products for consumption could be introduced to the market without a fully authorised application.

Of course, the converse applies—companies with validated applications can continue selling their products in England and Wales until independent scientific committees have fully considered them and an authorisation decision has been made.

The authorisation process is further complicated by the fact that the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) previously handled all NFAs. However, due to Brexit, the FSA— which has no prior experience with the authorisation system—must process all applications in the UK.

While the process is certainly no walk in the park, this thoroughness is likely to bode well for the future of CBD. A well-developed regulatory framework can only translate to a certain level of long-term certainty for your CBD business. It also means that consumers are more likely to trust CBD products on the market with the knowledge that they have undergone extensive review.

Nevertheless, the NFA requirement only applies to consumable CBD. Topical CBD such as CBD beauty products, for example, need only adhere to the relevant cosmetic regulations. Therefore, if your interest lies in CBD cosmetics and other topicals, you need not concern yourself with the FSA process.

Glass droppers filled with oil on top of foliage.

Key Considerations

Below are several questions you need to ask yourself before entering the CBD market. These questions are designed to help your CBD business satisfy the legal requirements associated with CBD products.

How Much THC is in a Single Container?

Each CBD product container must have less than 1mg of THC, tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) and cannabinol (CBN). Although cannabis grown under license in the UK is a variant that produces low levels of CBD—hemp—a precise extraction process is necessary to keep THC levels in check.

In addition, hemp harvested in the UK must be derived from approved strains that contain no more than 0.2% THC by dried weight. However, regardless of the percentage of THC in your product, it is vital to ensure that there is no more than 1mg of THC in each product container.

Is your CBD Legally Sourced?

Some of the most popular places to import CBD products include France, Guernsey, Switzerland and Portugal.

You can import CBD into the UK without a license if it is derived from an EU-approved hemp strain. It is also legal to cultivate industrial hemp on the condition that you hold a Home Office License.

CBD processed in and imported from countries where CBD cultivation is legal is equally acceptable in the UK. Some of the most popular places to import CBD products include France, Switzerland and Portugal.

Will You Market Your CBD as a Medicine?

Generally, CBD is not considered a medicine, so you cannot make any medical claims related to your CBD product.

A license is required to market your CBD product as a medical treatment According to the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA), medicinal products require a product license before they can be sold, supplied or advertised legally in the UK, unless exempt.

Furthermore, in the interests of public health, licensed medical products must meet safety, quality and efficacy standards.

Does Your CBD Supplier Provide a Certificate of Analysis (COA)?

The first mark of a reliable supplier is a COA for each product. A COA demonstrates that the products have been thoroughly tested, are legally compliant and safe to use. By law, each company must provide a COA for each product. The COA includes a list of cannabinoids, compounds and their concentrations—helping you make sure that the product is above board and as advertised.

Was the CBD Produced in a Regulated Lab?

CBD regulations are constantly developing, so you must ensure your CBD oil undergoes testing at an ISO accredited lab. This affords your company some legal protections and instils a sense of confidence in your customers.

Final Thoughts

There are, undoubtedly, several hoops to jump through to ensure that you are on the right side of the law when it comes to UK CBD compliance. However, if you’re looking to start your own CBD business, then you can save yourself a lot of

Looking to enter the UK CBD market? Engaging a CBD and cannabinoid supplier with UK NFAs in progress and a product range that meets all the legal and safety requirements will jumpstart your CBD business.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of over a hundred chemical compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant. It is a popular natural supplement that is thought to support general wellbeing and relieve pain, inflammation and the symptoms of various health conditions.

What is the difference between cannabis and CBD?

The word “cannabis” is a collective term for the herbaceous plants from the Cannabaceae genus. “Cannabinoids”, including CBD, are the naturally occurring chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant.

Is CBD legal in the UK?

Yes, CBD is legal in the UK—provided that it is derived from an EU-approved industrial hemp strain or comes from outside the EU.

What are the consequences of non-compliance?

Cannabis is a Class B controlled substance in the UK. It is crucial that you comply with the relevant regulations or face a prison sentence and/or an unlimited fine.

What is a Novel Food?

Novel Food is food that was not widely consumed in the UK before 15 May 1997, for example, CBD. As a result, there are significant regulatory measures in place to ensure the safety of these “novel” foods. A Novel Food Application (NFA) must be lodged for such food products.

Do I need to submit a Novel Food Application for my CBD business?

The deadline to submit Novel Food Applications (NFAs) for CBD products that were already on the market at the time of the announcement in early 2020 was 31 March 2021. While it is still possible to lodge a new application, your products cannot enter the market until authorisation is granted. Remember that you can always partner with a CBD and cannabinoid supplier like Always Pure Organics with a product range that meets the legal requirements.

Where can I get more information?

The Food Standards Agency provides the most up to date information as regards the regulation of CBD consumables.

 

References

https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/CannabidiolCriticalReview.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1760722/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5877694/

https://www.fda.gov/news-events/public-health-focus/fda-regulation-cannabis-and-cannabis-derived-products-including-cannabidiol-cbd

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6514832/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7023045/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7463000/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4151231/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4604171/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326553/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31039391/

https://www.thecmcuk.org/news

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1971/38/contents

https://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/novel-food_en

https://www.food.gov.uk/business-guidance/cannabidiol-cbd

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/mhra-statement-on-products-containing-cannabidiol-cbd

https://www.food.gov.uk/business-guidance/cannabidiol-cbd

 

Table of Contents

The ABCs of UK CBD Compliance

Table of Contents

Summary

What is CBD?

What Are Some of CBD’s Purported Benefits?

Pain Management and Relief

Reduction of Seizure Frequency

Joint Pain and Inflammation Relief

Improvement of Skin Condition

May Work to Improve Sleep

Reduction of Anxiety and Depression

Why is Compliance Important?

Novel Food

Key Considerations

How Much THC is in a Single Container?

Is your CBD Legally Sourced?

Will You Market Your CBD as a Medicine?

Does Your CBD Supplier Provide a Certificate of Analysis (COA)?

Was the CBD Produced in a Regulated Lab?

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

References

Summary

While the UK is home to one of the world’s most well-developed regulatory frameworks, CBD compliance can be difficult to navigate for novices and veterans alike. For those looking to enter the CBD market, it’s important to ensure compliance with the law. This piece unpacks some of the most important CBD-related regulations, including legal tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) limits, the source of your CBD and a discussion on the Novel Food Application.

Gavel and mallet

Over the past couple of years, the CBD industry has well and truly exploded onto the international market. Of course, the UK isn’t immune to the fanfare—the local CBD market is, by all means, thriving. What’s more, the more that the potentially therapeutic effects of cannabis and cannabinoids come to light, the more consumer markets open up to the idea of cannabis products.

This article touches briefly on what CBD is and some of its purported benefits before diving into the waters of CBD regulations and compliance in the UK. For CBD business beginners, these are the basics you need to know.

What Is CBD?

CBD, or cannabidiol, is one of many chemical compounds known as cannabinoids found in the Cannabis sativa plant. Often taken in various forms as a natural supplement, CBD is believed to provide a variety of health benefits and to relieve the symptoms of a myriad of common ailments.

Not to be confused with its somewhat scandalous cousin, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)—the primary psychoactive found in the cannabis plant—CBD is non-intoxicating, generally well-tolerated and isn’t thought to be addictive or habit-forming. This means that CBD doesn’t cause the “high” that cannabis is notorious for.

CBD was first isolated from the cannabis plant in the early 40s. CBD’s potential has therefore been suspected for decades; however, research has only expanded in recent years. While it’s certainly been a long time coming, cannabinoids are finally getting the attention they deserve.

Other than playing a supporting role in terms of overall wellness when taken as a natural supplement, CBD shows incredible promise as a complementary therapy. Epilepsy, depression, anxiety and arthritis are just a few of the health issues that CBD may help address.

Although these potential benefits are partly responsible for the decriminalisation of CBD in the UK and many countries across the EU, the differentiation between CBD and THC is largely to thank for the destigmatisation of CBD worldwide.

As a result, the range of innovative and readily available CBD products continues to expand. CBD oils, tinctures, edibles and even cosmetics and skincare are just some of the CBD products making a splash on the EU market.

Cannabis leaves and glass dropper bottle arranged in a circle.

What Are Some of CBD’s Purported Benefits?

Pain Management and Relief

Evidence suggests that CBD may interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS) —a complex cell-signalling system. The ECS regulates vital functions and processes such as sleep, pain and appetite. While more research is needed to confirm the theory, CBD is thought to interact with these receptors to help suppress and manage pain.

Reduction of Seizure Frequency

In 2018, the United States Food and Drug Administrations (FDA) approved the use of Epidiolex—a CBD-containing drug—for epilepsy. In one 2019 study, participants suffering from epileptic seizures were dosed with CBD with encouraging results. 43% of the participants reported at least a 50% decrease in seizure frequency, and three patients were reportedly free of seizures altogether.

Joint Pain and Inflammation Relief

CBD’s purported anti-inflammatory properties are believed to influence inflammatory conditions such as arthritis. This means that CBD may help alleviate some of the pain and discomfort that comes with arthritis. However, more evidence is needed to support CBD’s potential anti-arthritic activity.

Improvement of Skin Condition

Sebum is a waxy, oily substance produced naturally by the skin to protect your body from the outside world. However, sebum sometimes mixes with dead skin cells or pollutants, clogging the pores and causing acne breakouts. A study on the effects of CBD on human sebocytes—the cells that create sebum—suggests that CBD may prevent these cells from overproducing sebum and therefore improve overall skin condition.

May Work to Improve Sleep

CBD’s supposed pain and anxiety-relieving properties are thought to promote better quality sleep and restfulness. To date, research seems to support this theory. In one 2019 study, 66.7% of subjects with anxiety or trouble sleeping reported improvement in their sleep cycles within one month of CBD use.

Reduction of Anxiety and Depression

CBD is primarily famed for its potential to reduce anxiety and depression symptoms. Low levels of serotonin are associated with anxiety and depression. CBD is thought to affect serotonin levels by activating serotonin receptors in the brain and increasing the hormone’s levels.

Why is Compliance Important?

According to the Centre for Medicinal Cannabis (CMC), the UK CBD market is expected to generate £690 million in annual sales for 2021. However, before you start operating, it’s essential to get up to speed with the UK’s CBD regulatory framework—which the CMC describes as the most evolved framework in the world

There is a fine line between lawful and unlawful CBD products in the UK. Cannabis and any THC-containing cannabis products are Class B controlled drugs under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. This means that it is unlawful to possess, supply, produce, import, export cannabis or cultivate a plant of the cannabis family without a Home Office licence.

Unlawfully dealing in Class B controlled substances carries a prison sentence of up to 14 years and/or an unlimited fine. Furthermore, the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) has the right to freeze your assets to preserve evidence. The CPS has the authority to make confiscation orders—requiring you to hand over assets or pay sums deemed proceeds of the sale of illegal products.

That said, CBD in its pure form is not a controlled substance and is perfectly legal. Read on to find out more about CBD regulations in the UK.

Gavel and mallet

Novel Food

CBD for consumption was classified as a Novel Food in Europe in January 2019. According to the European Commission, Novel Food is food that was not consumed significantly by humans in the EU before 15 May 1997—when the first Regulation on Novel Food came into force.

“Novel Food” can be newly developed food, food produced using new technologies and production processes or food which is or has been traditionally eaten outside of the EU.”

In 2020, the UK called for applications for the retrospective authorisation of CBD products already on the market on 13 March 2020. Any products with applications made after 31 March 2021 would not be added to the list of CBD products that are either initially validated and undergoing a safety assessment or that are “on hold”.

CBD products “on hold” are those with incomplete applications. Because the CBD Novel Food Application (NFA) requires incredibly detailed information on the products—including compositional analyses and absorption and toxicology information—the application process is as lengthy as it is onerous.

CBD products that are not on the list cannot be sold on the market. In addition, while the NFAs are being processed, the Food Standards Agency (FSA) announced that no new CBD products for consumption could be introduced to the market without a fully authorised application.

Of course, the converse applies—companies with validated applications can continue selling their products in England and Wales until independent scientific committees have fully considered them and an authorisation decision has been made.

The authorisation process is further complicated by the fact that the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) previously handled all NFAs. However, due to Brexit, the FSA— which has no prior experience with the authorisation system—must process all applications in the UK.

While the process is certainly no walk in the park, this thoroughness is likely to bode well for the future of CBD. A well-developed regulatory framework can only translate to a certain level of long-term certainty for your CBD business. It also means that consumers are more likely to trust CBD products on the market with the knowledge that they have undergone extensive review.

Nevertheless, the NFA requirement only applies to consumable CBD. Topical CBD such as CBD beauty products, for example, need only adhere to the relevant cosmetic regulations. Therefore, if your interest lies in CBD cosmetics and other topicals, you need not concern yourself with the FSA process.

Glass droppers filled with oil on top of foliage.

Key Considerations

Below are several questions you need to ask yourself before entering the CBD market. These questions are designed to help your CBD business satisfy the legal requirements associated with CBD products.

How Much THC is in a Single Container?

Each CBD product container must have less than 1mg of THC, tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) and cannabinol (CBN). Although cannabis grown under license in the UK is a variant that produces low levels of CBD—hemp—a precise extraction process is necessary to keep THC levels in check.

In addition, hemp harvested in the UK must be derived from approved strains that contain no more than 0.2% THC by dried weight. However, regardless of the percentage of THC in your product, it is vital to ensure that there is no more than 1mg of THC in each product container.

Is your CBD Legally Sourced?

Some of the most popular places to import CBD products include France, Guernsey, Switzerland and Portugal.

You can import CBD into the UK without a license if it is derived from an EU-approved hemp strain. It is also legal to cultivate industrial hemp on the condition that you hold a Home Office License.

CBD processed in and imported from countries where CBD cultivation is legal is equally acceptable in the UK. Some of the most popular places to import CBD products include France, Switzerland and Portugal.

Will You Market Your CBD as a Medicine?

Generally, CBD is not considered a medicine, so you cannot make any medical claims related to your CBD product.

A license is required to market your CBD product as a medical treatment According to the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA), medicinal products require a product license before they can be sold, supplied or advertised legally in the UK, unless exempt.

Furthermore, in the interests of public health, licensed medical products must meet safety, quality and efficacy standards.

Does Your CBD Supplier Provide a Certificate of Analysis (COA)?

The first mark of a reliable supplier is a COA for each product. A COA demonstrates that the products have been thoroughly tested, are legally compliant and safe to use. By law, each company must provide a COA for each product. The COA includes a list of cannabinoids, compounds and their concentrations—helping you make sure that the product is above board and as advertised.

Was the CBD Produced in a Regulated Lab?

CBD regulations are constantly developing, so you must ensure your CBD oil undergoes testing at an ISO accredited lab. This affords your company some legal protections and instils a sense of confidence in your customers.

Final Thoughts

There are, undoubtedly, several hoops to jump through to ensure that you are on the right side of the law when it comes to UK CBD compliance. However, if you’re looking to start your own CBD business, then you can save yourself a lot of

Looking to enter the UK CBD market? Engaging a CBD and cannabinoid supplier with UK NFAs in progress and a product range that meets all the legal and safety requirements will jumpstart your CBD business.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of over a hundred chemical compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant. It is a popular natural supplement that is thought to support general wellbeing and relieve pain, inflammation and the symptoms of various health conditions.

What is the difference between cannabis and CBD?

The word “cannabis” is a collective term for the herbaceous plants from the Cannabaceae genus. “Cannabinoids”, including CBD, are the naturally occurring chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant.

Is CBD legal in the UK?

Yes, CBD is legal in the UK—provided that it is derived from an EU-approved industrial hemp strain or comes from outside the EU.

What are the consequences of non-compliance?

Cannabis is a Class B controlled substance in the UK. It is crucial that you comply with the relevant regulations or face a prison sentence and/or an unlimited fine.

What is a Novel Food?

Novel Food is food that was not widely consumed in the UK before 15 May 1997, for example, CBD. As a result, there are significant regulatory measures in place to ensure the safety of these “novel” foods. A Novel Food Application (NFA) must be lodged for such food products.

Do I need to submit a Novel Food Application for my CBD business?

The deadline to submit Novel Food Applications (NFAs) for CBD products that were already on the market at the time of the announcement in early 2020 was 31 March 2021. While it is still possible to lodge a new application, your products cannot enter the market until authorisation is granted. Remember that you can always partner with a CBD and cannabinoid supplier like Always Pure Organics with a product range that meets the legal requirements.

Where can I get more information?

The Food Standards Agency provides the most up to date information as regards the regulation of CBD consumables.

 

References

https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/CannabidiolCriticalReview.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1760722/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5877694/

https://www.fda.gov/news-events/public-health-focus/fda-regulation-cannabis-and-cannabis-derived-products-including-cannabidiol-cbd

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6514832/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7023045/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7463000/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4151231/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4604171/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326553/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31039391/

https://www.thecmcuk.org/news

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1971/38/contents

https://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/novel-food_en

https://www.food.gov.uk/business-guidance/cannabidiol-cbd

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/mhra-statement-on-products-containing-cannabidiol-cbd

https://www.food.gov.uk/business-guidance/cannabidiol-cbd

 

Ranking Europe’s Most Promising CBD Markets

Table of Contents

Ranking Europe’s Most Promising CBD Markets

Summary

What Is CBD?

CBD Forms

CBD Around the World

CBD and Europe

CBD and Covid

What Factors Can Affect A CBD Market?

Germany

The UK

Switzerland

Austria

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD?

What is a Novel Food?

Where is CBD legal in Europe?

What is the most promising CBD market in Europe?

Where is the largest CBD market in the world?

What impact has Covid had on the CBD industry?

What other countries in Europe have promising markets?

References

Summary

While other industries have buckled under the weight of the COVID-19 pandemic, CBD businesses have enjoyed unprecedented success over the past 2 years. In fact, the market will likely continue over the coming years. As with any growing market, interest in the possible investment opportunities has soared. However, CBD regulations around the world differ vastly, so it’s important to understand the market’s outlook before investing. Here, we discuss the most promising CBD markets in Europe, including a brief analysis of the world CBD market as a whole and the impact the pandemic has had on the CBD industry.

A map of the world superimposed on a backdrop of a lively city

It is no exaggeration to say that CBD is currently in vogue. It has recently established itself as a formidable presence in the wellness sector. Despite this, the CBD market is still thought to be in its infancy, as studies continue to uncover just what a powerhouse it could prove to be in the not-too-distant future. Due to its increasing popularity, the amount of CBD products available on the market across the globe is staggering—with no signs of this expansion slowing any time soon.

CBD is gaining momentum across many corners of the globe, and investors are starting to wonder which markets offer the best financial prospects. This article considers CBD and how interest has piqued worldwide before ranking Europe’s most promising CBD markets.

What Is CBD?

CBD stands for cannabidiol and is one of 113 chemical compounds that originate from the Cannabis sativa plant. Other compounds from this plant include tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabinol (CBN). CBD is often taken as a natural supplement in various forms because it is believed to possess a myriad of health and wellness benefits.

CBD is sometimes confused with THC, and it is for this reason that stigma and misunderstanding surround it. THC is best known as the primary psychoactive compound from the Cannabis sativa plant. It is important to stress that CBD does not have the same psychotropic capabilities as THC despite deriving from the same plant.

As CBD is finally understood as research expands and the difference between THC and CBD is more understood, CBD’s stigma is being shed across numerous countries worldwide. As a result, many countries have promising CBD markets that are set to explode and expand further in the near future. CBD is not legal everywhere in the world, but it is in most places.

Scientist with blue gloves holding a bottle of CBD oil drops in a clean room laboratory

CBD Forms

There are three different forms available of CBD products. Let’s take a brief look at each:

  • Broad-spectrum CBD

    This form of CBD does not contain any THC. However, it does include various other components of the Cannabis sativa plant, so it isn’t just CBD like CBD isolate. Broad-spectrum contains other cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenes, which some believe can offer more advantages than just CBD on its own.

  • Full-spectrum CBD

    This CBD form has small amounts of all compounds of the Cannabis sativa plant, meaning it can include trace amounts of THC. A primary benefit of full-spectrum CBD is what’s known as the “entourage effect”. This is when multiple components—such as phytocannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids—of the plant work together synergistically. They are believed to create more benefits than if each component was taken individually. Full-spectrum is often selected by people who wish to maximise the benefits of the cannabis plant.

  • CBD Isolate

    As the name suggests, CBD isolate is pure CBD. There are no other compounds from the cannabis plant contained within. CBD beginners tend to favour isolates before exploring formulations containing some of the other cannabis plant compounds.

CBD Around the World

Before we dive into looking at Europe’s CBD markets, let’s consider how CBD is viewed worldwide. Generally speaking, cannabis is illegal, and CBD is legal in most countries. However, it is not as simple as this. Because CBD derives from the cannabis plant, its relation to marijuana often taints its legality. In a nutshell, this means that not everyone can grow, produce or buy these products. It is almost an impossibility trying to explain the legality of CBD worldwide, as each country has its laws about cannabis that are constantly changing.

CBD and Europe

The CBD market in Europe is vast. In fact, it is the second-largest market after North America, with 31% of the global CBD market share. It is important to note that the CBD industry in Europe is still in its early stages but is already showing huge growth potential. The European CBD market is gradually catching up to the American market. Indeed, until hemp was legalised in the USA, most of the hemp used to manufacture cannabis products in the US was imported from Europe!

It is important to note that EU regulations control CBD sales across Europe, but each country has the right to interpret and enforce these regulations as it sees fit. Therefore, the legality depends on the country. CBD is legal in many European countries such as Austria, Holland, Spain, Italy, Denmark and the UK. CBD is illegal in a few countries in Europe, such as Albania and Iceland.

CBD and Covid

It cannot be ignored that the virus Covid-19 has positively affected CBD demand around the world. While Covid negatively impacted much of the global economy, for CBD, it seemed to have the opposite effect. This is thought to be partly due to uncertain times and people feeling the need to potentially restore their sense of equilibrium.

This is also down to people becoming more aware of CBD and its purported advantages. Add to this that Covid led to people staying in their homes and shopping online, and much of the CBD marketplace is based online. Suffice it to say that while Covid-19 has negatively affected much of our regular lives, it has interestingly helped to push CBD into the limelight and onto people’s nightstands.

An image displaying the structure of the Coronavirus

What Factors Can Affect a CBD Market?

So now that we know a bit more about CBD and how it is received worldwide, let’s consider some of the factors that can affect the success of a CBD market.

  • Investment

The amount of money invested into CBD businesses in each country will partially determine how much the market can grow. If little money is invested into the CBD market, little is likely to progress from it. The key to much of CBD’s market success in leading countries is the amount invested in expanding and developing their market. However, investment can be somewhat of a catch 22 because investors tend only to put money into promising businesses, but businesses need money to be attractive to investors.

  • Regulations

The country’s legislation and regulations also control and sometimes constrict the growth of the CBD market. If CBD is illegal in all forms, then how is the market expected to progress and evolve? The laws surrounding CBD heavily determine how much the market is permitted to grow. While countries that are open to CBD are unlikely to reverse that stance anytime soon, it’s important to stay on top of the regulatory changes or risk falling behind on compliance.

  • Projected Growth

Projected growth is defined as the rate at which something is predicted to grow based on available information. Growth projections are vital components of security analysis that can often lead to a stock’s future worth. Projected growth can give us an indication of the future success of a given CBD market.

Now that we know a bit more about where CBD stands in Europe, how its legality and acceptance depend on each country’s interpretation, and how specific factors can affect a market’s growth, let’s now consider the most promising European CBD markets ranked.

1.    Germany

Germany is on course to be one of the most profitable CBD markets outside of North America. This is partly down to its formidable purchasing power as well as its progressive politics. In Germany, support for the legalisation of recreational cannabis has never been higher. Most of the public and those in authoritarian positions support full legislation, at least on a trial run.

The German CBD market has displayed impressive growth over the last few years. But, as the industry is becoming more established, there are fresh issues. The biggest of which is CBD and Novel Food Applications.

What is a Novel Food? CBD for consumption was classed as a Novel Food in Europe in January 2019. According to the European Commission, Novel Food is defined as food not consumed significantly by humans in the EU before 15 May 1997. Therefore, there are significant regulations in place to ensure these foods are safe. A Novel Food Application (NFA) must be submitted for such food products.

Consequently, many producers are waiting to see if their products will be approved and can therefore be marketed. The determination of CBD as a Novel Food in the EU has put the brakes on CBD businesses and stalled growth. But, with Germany’s push for change and significant support for legalising recreational cannabis, this is believed to smooth the way for them significantly. Indeed, in Germany, you can purchase CBD products over-the-counter, and medical CBD can be prescribed by a doctor.

Germany may lead the European Cannabis market in terms of growth. Even though CBD sales are higher in the UK and Austria, Germany is predicted to overtake that spot by 2023. Germany and the UK are very close in their annual spending, with Germany’s budget just a little higher. Germany clips the top spot in our list due to its more progressive politics, general CBD acceptance and projected growth.

A close-up image of the UK and German national flags side-by-side

 

2.    The UK

The UK also has an extremely promising CBD market. The Covid pandemic benefited the UK CBD market tremendously and saw sales soar through the lockdown. The high demand for CBD and the sustained market growth in the UK indicates that it is by no means a fad. Part of its success is attributed to CBD’s distribution through well-known retailers in the UK, bringing CBD to a vast demographic of people.

In the UK, CBD isolates are entirely legal. There are, however, restrictions for medicinal CBD as well as CBD for pets. Despite this, the CBD sector is predicted to generate £690 million in annual sales by the close of 2021, a considerable increase from the initial estimate.

A report on CBD in the UK concludes that the UK has the most evolved regulatory framework worldwide. On the other hand, it also calls for further government intervention and investment to ensure that the UK optimises their “quiet cannabis revolution”. This government support could help nurture hundreds of new businesses, thousands of jobs, and billions of pounds in exports.

The report also argues that we “urgently need better self-regulation, and a focus on compliance, and good consumer practices, and it requires investment in advancing public understanding, and most importantly, the building of a robust CBD evidence-base.”

One of the main issues for the UK market is local regulations. Due to domestic restrictions on hemp cultivation and its processing in the UK, most profits for CBD are going overseas; UK hemp farmers have to destroy parts of the hemp crop where lucrative CBD is extracted from. However, the UK market should not be underestimated and is a definite powerhouse of a CBD market.

3.    Switzerland

Switzerland is also seen as a formidable force in the CBD market. This is primarily due to its more liberal and relaxed approach to the CBD market. Cannabis with up to 1% THC can be sold legally in Switzerland—a much higher limit than in other countries. Furthermore, they have more flexible regulations regarding cultivation than other countries. The cultivation of hemp is permitted in Switzerland, plus the flowers are also widely available (which are banned in both Germany and the UK). This is thought to be due to the ease of production of the flowers and consumer preferences being more traditional.

In 2022, Switzerland is launching a three-year trial period on the sale of cannabis for recreational use, so it will be possible to obtain and consume cannabis legally in a controlled manner. A further reason that Switzerland is a major contender is that it is one of few countries that do not require a license to cultivate hemp.

Therefore, Switzerland is a country to be reckoned with when it comes to CBD due to its more relaxed approach, upcoming trial run, and higher THC limit than other top markets.

Switzerland’s national flag flying

4.    Austria

Austria has had an interesting relationship with CBD. Austria had 900 years of hemp growing traditions as well as a liberal cannabis market. CBD was legally and freely sold all around the country. However, since the Austrian government implemented the Novel Food Regulation, there was a shift in attitude. This change led to CBD businesses and consumers finding it difficult to adjust to new laws. This Novel Food Regulation banned all CBD cosmetic and food products. Therefore, most CBD products are prohibited there, but the CBD market in Austria is highly unregulated.

However, this change is not as extreme as you might imagine. You can still purchase products with 0.3%  THC or less, which are classified as hemp. The main change caused by this regulation is that CBD products can no longer be labelled as food supplements or medication and instead should be described as aroma or raw material products (CBD capsules and edibles are now illegal, however). Many people think that the authorities will change their view once again before too long.

Generally speaking, the extraction and manufacture of CBD are permitted, and hemp can be grown in Austria so long as the variety is on the approved Austrian or European Common Catalogue list of plant varieties.

Austria has long been a leader in the European CBD market, but it has stuttered growth somewhat with new restrictions. However, many people believe the regulations will change once again soon, helping Austria succeed in the CBD market.

The Austrian national flag flying against a blue sky

Final Thoughts

It is no great secret that the European CBD market is vast. And the countries paving the way for future success are led by Germany and the UK, followed by Switzerland and Austria. Regulations and investment can significantly impact the success of any given CBD market. Time will ultimately tell where the CBD market is heading, but by preliminary analyses, Germany and the UK look to be right at the forefront of its development and progression.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol, more commonly known as CBD, is one of over a hundred chemical compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant. It is believed to support general well-being and is available in various forms for the user’s convenience.

What is a Novel Food?

Novel Food is food that was not primarily consumed in the EU before May 1997, including consumable CBD. A Novel Food Application (NFA) has to be lodged for such food products. This application ensures the safety of these foods. This does not include non-consumable forms of CBD such as topical balms, which instead should adhere to the appropriate cosmetic regulations.

Where is CBD legal in Europe?

CBD is legal in almost every European country. Throughout the EU, CBD oil and similar products are legal, although some countries have strange laws or regulations which can make the legality of CBD ambiguous. However, CBD is illegal in a few countries in Europe, such as Albania and Iceland.

What is the most promising CBD market in Europe?

The most promising CBD market in Europe is Germany, closely followed by the UK, Switzerland and Austria.

Where is the largest CBD market in the world?

The largest CBD market in the world is in North America.

What impact has Covid had on the CBD industry?

While Covid-19 has negatively affected many of our ordinary lives, it has helped push CBD into the limelight and onto people’s nightstands. Much of our global economy has suffered due to this pandemic, but fortunately for CBD, the opposite is true.

What other countries in Europe have promising markets?

Other European CBD markets that have displayed growth and promise include Poland, Bulgaria, Luxembourg and Holland.

 

References

Cannabis Sativa – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Tetrahydrocannabinol – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Cannabinoid pharmacology: the first 66 years (nih.gov)

Differentiating Full-Spectrum Hemp Extracts from CBD Isolates: Implications for Policy, Safety and Science – PubMed (nih.gov)

CBD in Europe: Where is it legal and where is it not? | Talk Business (talk-business.co.uk)

PROJECTED GROWTH RATE | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary

German SPD health expert calls on next government to legalise cannabis | News | DW | 13.10.2021

Novel Food (europa.eu)

Germany, Europe’s Biggest Medical Cannabis Market, Expected to Top CBD Sales by 2023 – International Cannabis Business Conference (internationalcbc.com)

UK Demand For CBD Products Soars Amid Covid-19 Pandemic (forbes.com)

Market Sizing: Demand for CBD Soars During Lockdown As UK Market Now Estimated at £690 Million – The Association for the Cannabinoid Industry (theaci.co.uk)

Report-_-CBD-in-the-UK.pdf (theaci.co.uk)

Zurich to launch recreational cannabis trial – SWI swissinfo.ch

 

Table of Contents

Ranking Europe’s Most Promising CBD Markets

Summary

What Is CBD?

CBD Forms

CBD Around the World

CBD and Europe

CBD and Covid

What Factors Can Affect A CBD Market?

Germany

The UK

Switzerland

Austria

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD?

What is a Novel Food?

Where is CBD legal in Europe?

What is the most promising CBD market in Europe?

Where is the largest CBD market in the world?

What impact has Covid had on the CBD industry?

What other countries in Europe have promising markets?

References

Summary

While other industries have buckled under the weight of the COVID-19 pandemic, CBD businesses have enjoyed unprecedented success over the past 2 years. In fact, the market will likely continue over the coming years. As with any growing market, interest in the possible investment opportunities has soared. However, CBD regulations around the world differ vastly, so it’s important to understand the market’s outlook before investing. Here, we discuss the most promising CBD markets in Europe, including a brief analysis of the world CBD market as a whole and the impact the pandemic has had on the CBD industry.

A map of the world superimposed on a backdrop of a lively city

It is no exaggeration to say that CBD is currently in vogue. It has recently established itself as a formidable presence in the wellness sector. Despite this, the CBD market is still thought to be in its infancy, as studies continue to uncover just what a powerhouse it could prove to be in the not-too-distant future. Due to its increasing popularity, the amount of CBD products available on the market across the globe is staggering—with no signs of this expansion slowing any time soon.

CBD is gaining momentum across many corners of the globe, and investors are starting to wonder which markets offer the best financial prospects. This article considers CBD and how interest has piqued worldwide before ranking Europe’s most promising CBD markets.

What Is CBD?

CBD stands for cannabidiol and is one of 113 chemical compounds that originate from the Cannabis sativa plant. Other compounds from this plant include tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabinol (CBN). CBD is often taken as a natural supplement in various forms because it is believed to possess a myriad of health and wellness benefits.

CBD is sometimes confused with THC, and it is for this reason that stigma and misunderstanding surround it. THC is best known as the primary psychoactive compound from the Cannabis sativa plant. It is important to stress that CBD does not have the same psychotropic capabilities as THC despite deriving from the same plant.

As CBD is finally understood as research expands and the difference between THC and CBD is more understood, CBD’s stigma is being shed across numerous countries worldwide. As a result, many countries have promising CBD markets that are set to explode and expand further in the near future. CBD is not legal everywhere in the world, but it is in most places.

Scientist with blue gloves holding a bottle of CBD oil drops in a clean room laboratory

CBD Forms

There are three different forms available of CBD products. Let’s take a brief look at each:

  • Broad-spectrum CBD

    This form of CBD does not contain any THC. However, it does include various other components of the Cannabis sativa plant, so it isn’t just CBD like CBD isolate. Broad-spectrum contains other cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenes, which some believe can offer more advantages than just CBD on its own.

  • Full-spectrum CBD

    This CBD form has small amounts of all compounds of the Cannabis sativa plant, meaning it can include trace amounts of THC. A primary benefit of full-spectrum CBD is what’s known as the “entourage effect”. This is when multiple components—such as phytocannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids—of the plant work together synergistically. They are believed to create more benefits than if each component was taken individually. Full-spectrum is often selected by people who wish to maximise the benefits of the cannabis plant.

  • CBD Isolate

    As the name suggests, CBD isolate is pure CBD. There are no other compounds from the cannabis plant contained within. CBD beginners tend to favour isolates before exploring formulations containing some of the other cannabis plant compounds.

CBD Around the World

Before we dive into looking at Europe’s CBD markets, let’s consider how CBD is viewed worldwide. Generally speaking, cannabis is illegal, and CBD is legal in most countries. However, it is not as simple as this. Because CBD derives from the cannabis plant, its relation to marijuana often taints its legality. In a nutshell, this means that not everyone can grow, produce or buy these products. It is almost an impossibility trying to explain the legality of CBD worldwide, as each country has its laws about cannabis that are constantly changing.

CBD and Europe

The CBD market in Europe is vast. In fact, it is the second-largest market after North America, with 31% of the global CBD market share. It is important to note that the CBD industry in Europe is still in its early stages but is already showing huge growth potential. The European CBD market is gradually catching up to the American market. Indeed, until hemp was legalised in the USA, most of the hemp used to manufacture cannabis products in the US was imported from Europe!

It is important to note that EU regulations control CBD sales across Europe, but each country has the right to interpret and enforce these regulations as it sees fit. Therefore, the legality depends on the country. CBD is legal in many European countries such as Austria, Holland, Spain, Italy, Denmark and the UK. CBD is illegal in a few countries in Europe, such as Albania and Iceland.

CBD and Covid

It cannot be ignored that the virus Covid-19 has positively affected CBD demand around the world. While Covid negatively impacted much of the global economy, for CBD, it seemed to have the opposite effect. This is thought to be partly due to uncertain times and people feeling the need to potentially restore their sense of equilibrium.

This is also down to people becoming more aware of CBD and its purported advantages. Add to this that Covid led to people staying in their homes and shopping online, and much of the CBD marketplace is based online. Suffice it to say that while Covid-19 has negatively affected much of our regular lives, it has interestingly helped to push CBD into the limelight and onto people’s nightstands.

An image displaying the structure of the Coronavirus

What Factors Can Affect a CBD Market?

So now that we know a bit more about CBD and how it is received worldwide, let’s consider some of the factors that can affect the success of a CBD market.

  • Investment

The amount of money invested into CBD businesses in each country will partially determine how much the market can grow. If little money is invested into the CBD market, little is likely to progress from it. The key to much of CBD’s market success in leading countries is the amount invested in expanding and developing their market. However, investment can be somewhat of a catch 22 because investors tend only to put money into promising businesses, but businesses need money to be attractive to investors.

  • Regulations

The country’s legislation and regulations also control and sometimes constrict the growth of the CBD market. If CBD is illegal in all forms, then how is the market expected to progress and evolve? The laws surrounding CBD heavily determine how much the market is permitted to grow. While countries that are open to CBD are unlikely to reverse that stance anytime soon, it’s important to stay on top of the regulatory changes or risk falling behind on compliance.

  • Projected Growth

Projected growth is defined as the rate at which something is predicted to grow based on available information. Growth projections are vital components of security analysis that can often lead to a stock’s future worth. Projected growth can give us an indication of the future success of a given CBD market.

Now that we know a bit more about where CBD stands in Europe, how its legality and acceptance depend on each country’s interpretation, and how specific factors can affect a market’s growth, let’s now consider the most promising European CBD markets ranked.

1.    Germany

Germany is on course to be one of the most profitable CBD markets outside of North America. This is partly down to its formidable purchasing power as well as its progressive politics. In Germany, support for the legalisation of recreational cannabis has never been higher. Most of the public and those in authoritarian positions support full legislation, at least on a trial run.

The German CBD market has displayed impressive growth over the last few years. But, as the industry is becoming more established, there are fresh issues. The biggest of which is CBD and Novel Food Applications.

What is a Novel Food? CBD for consumption was classed as a Novel Food in Europe in January 2019. According to the European Commission, Novel Food is defined as food not consumed significantly by humans in the EU before 15 May 1997. Therefore, there are significant regulations in place to ensure these foods are safe. A Novel Food Application (NFA) must be submitted for such food products.

Consequently, many producers are waiting to see if their products will be approved and can therefore be marketed. The determination of CBD as a Novel Food in the EU has put the brakes on CBD businesses and stalled growth. But, with Germany’s push for change and significant support for legalising recreational cannabis, this is believed to smooth the way for them significantly. Indeed, in Germany, you can purchase CBD products over-the-counter, and medical CBD can be prescribed by a doctor.

Germany may lead the European Cannabis market in terms of growth. Even though CBD sales are higher in the UK and Austria, Germany is predicted to overtake that spot by 2023. Germany and the UK are very close in their annual spending, with Germany’s budget just a little higher. Germany clips the top spot in our list due to its more progressive politics, general CBD acceptance and projected growth.

A close-up image of the UK and German national flags side-by-side

 

2.    The UK

The UK also has an extremely promising CBD market. The Covid pandemic benefited the UK CBD market tremendously and saw sales soar through the lockdown. The high demand for CBD and the sustained market growth in the UK indicates that it is by no means a fad. Part of its success is attributed to CBD’s distribution through well-known retailers in the UK, bringing CBD to a vast demographic of people.

In the UK, CBD isolates are entirely legal. There are, however, restrictions for medicinal CBD as well as CBD for pets. Despite this, the CBD sector is predicted to generate £690 million in annual sales by the close of 2021, a considerable increase from the initial estimate.

A report on CBD in the UK concludes that the UK has the most evolved regulatory framework worldwide. On the other hand, it also calls for further government intervention and investment to ensure that the UK optimises their “quiet cannabis revolution”. This government support could help nurture hundreds of new businesses, thousands of jobs, and billions of pounds in exports.

The report also argues that we “urgently need better self-regulation, and a focus on compliance, and good consumer practices, and it requires investment in advancing public understanding, and most importantly, the building of a robust CBD evidence-base.”

One of the main issues for the UK market is local regulations. Due to domestic restrictions on hemp cultivation and its processing in the UK, most profits for CBD are going overseas; UK hemp farmers have to destroy parts of the hemp crop where lucrative CBD is extracted from. However, the UK market should not be underestimated and is a definite powerhouse of a CBD market.

3.    Switzerland

Switzerland is also seen as a formidable force in the CBD market. This is primarily due to its more liberal and relaxed approach to the CBD market. Cannabis with up to 1% THC can be sold legally in Switzerland—a much higher limit than in other countries. Furthermore, they have more flexible regulations regarding cultivation than other countries. The cultivation of hemp is permitted in Switzerland, plus the flowers are also widely available (which are banned in both Germany and the UK). This is thought to be due to the ease of production of the flowers and consumer preferences being more traditional.

In 2022, Switzerland is launching a three-year trial period on the sale of cannabis for recreational use, so it will be possible to obtain and consume cannabis legally in a controlled manner. A further reason that Switzerland is a major contender is that it is one of few countries that do not require a license to cultivate hemp.

Therefore, Switzerland is a country to be reckoned with when it comes to CBD due to its more relaxed approach, upcoming trial run, and higher THC limit than other top markets.

Switzerland’s national flag flying

4.    Austria

Austria has had an interesting relationship with CBD. Austria had 900 years of hemp growing traditions as well as a liberal cannabis market. CBD was legally and freely sold all around the country. However, since the Austrian government implemented the Novel Food Regulation, there was a shift in attitude. This change led to CBD businesses and consumers finding it difficult to adjust to new laws. This Novel Food Regulation banned all CBD cosmetic and food products. Therefore, most CBD products are prohibited there, but the CBD market in Austria is highly unregulated.

However, this change is not as extreme as you might imagine. You can still purchase products with 0.3%  THC or less, which are classified as hemp. The main change caused by this regulation is that CBD products can no longer be labelled as food supplements or medication and instead should be described as aroma or raw material products (CBD capsules and edibles are now illegal, however). Many people think that the authorities will change their view once again before too long.

Generally speaking, the extraction and manufacture of CBD are permitted, and hemp can be grown in Austria so long as the variety is on the approved Austrian or European Common Catalogue list of plant varieties.

Austria has long been a leader in the European CBD market, but it has stuttered growth somewhat with new restrictions. However, many people believe the regulations will change once again soon, helping Austria succeed in the CBD market.

The Austrian national flag flying against a blue sky

Final Thoughts

It is no great secret that the European CBD market is vast. And the countries paving the way for future success are led by Germany and the UK, followed by Switzerland and Austria. Regulations and investment can significantly impact the success of any given CBD market. Time will ultimately tell where the CBD market is heading, but by preliminary analyses, Germany and the UK look to be right at the forefront of its development and progression.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol, more commonly known as CBD, is one of over a hundred chemical compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant. It is believed to support general well-being and is available in various forms for the user’s convenience.

What is a Novel Food?

Novel Food is food that was not primarily consumed in the EU before May 1997, including consumable CBD. A Novel Food Application (NFA) has to be lodged for such food products. This application ensures the safety of these foods. This does not include non-consumable forms of CBD such as topical balms, which instead should adhere to the appropriate cosmetic regulations.

Where is CBD legal in Europe?

CBD is legal in almost every European country. Throughout the EU, CBD oil and similar products are legal, although some countries have strange laws or regulations which can make the legality of CBD ambiguous. However, CBD is illegal in a few countries in Europe, such as Albania and Iceland.

What is the most promising CBD market in Europe?

The most promising CBD market in Europe is Germany, closely followed by the UK, Switzerland and Austria.

Where is the largest CBD market in the world?

The largest CBD market in the world is in North America.

What impact has Covid had on the CBD industry?

While Covid-19 has negatively affected many of our ordinary lives, it has helped push CBD into the limelight and onto people’s nightstands. Much of our global economy has suffered due to this pandemic, but fortunately for CBD, the opposite is true.

What other countries in Europe have promising markets?

Other European CBD markets that have displayed growth and promise include Poland, Bulgaria, Luxembourg and Holland.

 

References

Cannabis Sativa – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Tetrahydrocannabinol – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Cannabinoid pharmacology: the first 66 years (nih.gov)

Differentiating Full-Spectrum Hemp Extracts from CBD Isolates: Implications for Policy, Safety and Science – PubMed (nih.gov)

CBD in Europe: Where is it legal and where is it not? | Talk Business (talk-business.co.uk)

PROJECTED GROWTH RATE | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary

German SPD health expert calls on next government to legalise cannabis | News | DW | 13.10.2021

Novel Food (europa.eu)

Germany, Europe’s Biggest Medical Cannabis Market, Expected to Top CBD Sales by 2023 – International Cannabis Business Conference (internationalcbc.com)

UK Demand For CBD Products Soars Amid Covid-19 Pandemic (forbes.com)

Market Sizing: Demand for CBD Soars During Lockdown As UK Market Now Estimated at £690 Million – The Association for the Cannabinoid Industry (theaci.co.uk)

Report-_-CBD-in-the-UK.pdf (theaci.co.uk)

Zurich to launch recreational cannabis trial – SWI swissinfo.ch

 

Why Japan’s CBD Market Is Poised for Growth in 2022

Table of Contents

Summary

The History of Cannabis in Japan

How Cannabis Changed After WWII

Where Does Japan Stand On Cannabis Now?

Is CBD Stigmatised in Japan?

Is Japan’s CBD Market Likely to Grow?

What Challenges Does the Japanese CBD Market Face?

Where There Is a Challenge, There Is Opportunity

How Is Always Pure Organics Contributing to the Changing Cannabis Narrative?

Green Zone Japan Partnership

Project CBD Aims to Educate

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the history of cannabis in Japan?

What are Japan’s laws surrounding cannabis?

Why does Japan have such strict cannabis laws?

How is Japan’s CBD market set for growth in 2022?

What challenges does the Japanese CBD market face?

How is Always Pure Organics contributing to Japan’s change of opinion regarding cannabis?

References

Summary

As with most CBD markets, Japan’s CBD market is still recovering from historical stigma. Although the compound has certainly made strides in the wellness sector, many consumers remain uncertain about its purported benefits. Nonetheless, the CBD market has emerged among the most promising in Japan. Despite stringent regulations, the Japanese market is showing signs of growth, and, more importantly, public opinion is slowly shifting in favour of CBD. This article looks into the Japanese CBD market, its history and its future.

Always Pure Orgnics white label CBD cosmetics surrounded by ingredients and flowers

Experts estimate the global cannabis industry will be worth approximately $19.89 billion in 2021, with CBD, or cannabidiol, being a significant part of this sector. In 2019, the CBD market was valued at about £2.8 billion, with experts predicting it to reach £80 billion by 2026. The US and UK are among the largest CBD markets to date, with many people turning to plant-based supplements to benefit their well-being.

Since the 2020 pandemic, consumers are taking a more holistic approach to health, including mindfulness, nutrition and exercise. In addition to this, cannabis-derived products are thought to provide a natural way to self-soothe. Consumable CBD, such as gummies, oil, capsules and tinctures, has become a popular choice for reportedly reducing symptoms of anxiety, depression, pain, and sleep improving sleep disorders.

Here at Always Pure Organics, we have taken steps to introduce wholesale and white label CBD into the Japanese market and to educate the public on the potential benefits of CBD. Alongside organisations such as Green Zone Japan and Project CBD, we hope the public will consider a future where CBD is welcome.

It may come as a surprise that Japan has a rich history associated with the cannabis plant despite strict laws and varying public opinions. In this article, we outline why Japan’s CBD market is expected to grow despite having some of the strictest cannabis laws in the world.

The History of Cannabis in Japan

Before the prohibition of cannabis and Japan’s defeat in World War II (WWII), hemp, a variation of cannabis, was a sacred plant used across many mediums. The earliest use of cannabis dates back to the Jomon Period (10,000 BC – 300 BC), where archaeologists discovered seeds and fibres in the west. These specialists suggest that people used cannabis fibres for clothing, fishing lines, and bowstrings. In fact, many experts would say that cannabis was one of the most important crops in Japan.

Cannabis held deep spiritual significance in Japan’s indigenous religion, Shintoism. Hemp signified purity and fertility; people would use the plant in various ceremonies and rituals. For instance, brides wore cannabis veils to showcase their qualities, and priests would wave bundles to ward off evil spirits.

Some other uses of cannabis included making ropes, paper crafting, eating hemp seeds, and making oil. Interestingly, Ninjas would jump over cannabis plants to improve their jumping because the plants grew so fast; standing tall, they made the perfect training ground. Hemp farms were immensely common and a vital part of the economy. Cannabis-derived products could be brought from Japanese drug stores until the early 20th century to treat muscle aches, pain, and insomnia.

With such a deeply embedded history, it’s hard to believe how cannabis suddenly became a widely demonised plant. In fact, after WWII, the public thought cannabis was a dangerous drug with little benefit. So, the question remains, what happened?

How Cannabis Changed After WWII

During the 1940s, the Japanese military sought cannabis to provide necessary materials for ropes and parachute cords for the Asia-Pacific war. The plant soon became classified as war material. However, after Japan’s 1945 surrender, everything began to change. Since the United States had made cannabis cultivation illegal in 1937, they planned to do the same in Japan. As the nation was under US control, they began to adopt American attitudes towards cannabis and passed the 1948 Cannabis Control Act. More than 70 years later, this law has remained untouched, controlling what was once one of Japan’s most sacred plants.

If someone is found in possession of cannabis, the punishment is a maximum of 5 years, with growers facing up to 7 years in prison. Alongside these prison sentences, the same laws apply to research. Japanese scientists must travel abroad to study medical marijuana, making it increasingly challenging to change how the public perceives cannabis products.

It’s difficult to determine the reason behind the cannabis prohibition. Some say it was a ploy to take control away from the military, while others believe it destroyed the cannabis fibre market and made way for America’s synthetics instead. Either way, US campaigns eventually changed public opinion and succeeded in turning opinion against cannabis.

A farmworker crouched in a field of crops

Where Does Japan Stand On Cannabis Now?

Japanese cannabis regulations have remained unchallenged for several decades, despite the global shift towards plant-based remedies, like CBD. In today’s political climate, introducing cannabis-related products into society or medicine is a sensitive topic. In the previous section, we discussed the Cannabis Control Act, which may see someone in prison for up to 7 years for cultivating cannabis. Since the passing of this act, some hemp cultivation has remained legal but under stringent regulations. Only licensed farmers can grow hemp, and unfortunately, the numbers show how difficult it is to obtain a valid license. In 1954, there were over 37,000 hemp farms, decreasing to just 37 in 2016.

Over the years, negative cannabis campaigns were shared across Japan and successfully changed public opinion. Despite new global research into the benefits of CBD, the current stigma around cannabis-related products is a massive hindrance for the CBD market.

Is CBD Stigmatised in Japan?

CBD is a hemp-derived compound that may trigger various effects in the body and mind. Scientific studies have suggested that CBD may interact with our Endocannabinoid System (ECS)—a cell-signalling system that facilitates cell communication. With its potential influence on the ECS, CBD may lead to better sleep, less pain, improved cognitive functioning, and reduction of mental illness symptoms—to name a few.

As CBD originates from a variation of the cannabis plant, it is often associated with the intoxicating effects of marijuana. More specifically, the compound THC. Unlike CBD, when someone consumes too much THC, it may cause a “high” sensation.

The stigma around CBD often comes from a lack of awareness around how CBD is sourced and extracted. Its association with cannabis and THC is where the stigma may overlap. That said, THC is not inherently negative, as some countries approve medical marijuana when prescribed by a medical professional.

As the laws surrounding cannabis and cannabis-based products are so severe, it is common for people to look at the plant negatively. However, attitudes towards cannabis (certainly CBD) may be changing.

Is Japan’s CBD Market Likely to Grow?

The CBD industry has been growing globally as the world focuses on sustainable, natural health remedies; but, does that mean Japan will follow suit?

There is potential for the CBD market to flourish, primarily due to the changing attitudes and long history of cannabis in Japanese culture. As most of the world embraces the unique potential of cannabinoids, more funding is directed towards cannabis and CBD research. It is easier to share the possible health benefits with people in Japan with additional studies, especially as cannabis research is currently prohibited in the country.

Between the rich history, potential new research, and possible changing laws, Japan is set to spike in the CBD industry. However, there are some challenges to address before this happens.

What Challenges Does the Japanese CBD Market Face?

There are several hurdles to jump over before the CBD industry see’s real growth in Japan. Firstly, the previously discussed stigma surrounding cannabis poses an issue as the people of Japan may not be open to introducing a cannabis-derived product onto the market. That said, as attitudes are changing, there is an increasing demand for high-quality CBD.

Since becoming legal to sell in 2016, the industry has relied on imported CBD due to strict manufacturing laws. Unfortunately, despite having a growing audience, importing CBD into Japan is difficult at the least. The Narcotics and Psychotropics Control Act regulates which substances are allowed into the country. While this law doesn’t specifically apply to CBD, it does ban THC and THC-related substances. There are regulations in the US and UK that allow a maximum percentage of THC in the final product; however, it’s a different story in Japan. Exporting CBD to Japan comes at a high cost, and unfortunately, most consumers can only afford low-strength CBD products.

Although there is some discussion that the Cannabis Control Act may change, the Japanese government has considered a new law. While the Cannabis Control Act punishes those who possess or cultivate the plant, the new law may allow arrests for anyone smoking or ingesting cannabis.

Where There Is a Challenge, There Is Opportunity

Navigating these challenges may be difficult, but they do present an opportunity. With Japan’s long, rich history of cannabis, the plant was a vital part of their culture way before the Cannabis Control Act came into play. This background presents an opportunity to educate people on the past and break down the stigma around cannabis. If we can begin to do this, it could make way for CBD market growth.

Currently, getting CBD in Japan is challenging and limited. Due to high export costs and strict laws, cannabidiol products have a high retail price making them inaccessible to the broader public. Unfortunately, the more affordable options contain such a low strength that it’s likely not to have significant results.

How Is Always Pure Organics Contributing to the Changing Cannabis Narrative?

Here at Always Pure Organics, our objective is to stimulate global acceptance of and access to cannabinoids. As we expand into the Japanese CBD market, we aim to provide Japanese consumers with the highest quality cannabidiol products and research projects. Making CBD accessible is proving to make a massive difference in many people’s lives. That’s why we have partnered with Green Zone Japan and Project CBD to help aid the rise of Japan’s CBD industry and provide accessible CBD to the people.

Japan map with Always Pure Organics logo

Setting up in Japan has provided us with a prime opportunity to change how the Japanese CBD industry operates. Not only will we be able to offer faster delivery, but we aim to make high-strength CBD affordable for the majority. While CBD is available in Japan already, strong, effective doses are expensive. This is an issue we aim to address in our partnership with Green Zone Japan. By providing the clinical trials with consistent, trustworthy CBD, we are taking a step towards a future where CBD is accessible for those in need.

Green Zone Japan Partnership

Green Zone Japan noticed the lack of CBD and cannabis research available in Japan and set out to change that. They are a Japanese medical cannabis advocacy group aiming to provide up-to-date science to Japanese medical professionals and the general public. Through social networks, their website, and seminars, Green Zone Japan plans to educate people on CBD and CBD therapeutics. In our partnership, we are supporting their project for children with intractable epilepsy in Japan.

Sleeping kid covered under cream colour blanket

In an interview, Naoko Miki of Green Zone Japan reported on a 6-month old boy with epilepsy. His mother explained that they tried CBD, but it wasn’t effective. The family contacted Green Zone Japan for advice and eventually joined the clinical trial. With therapeutic doses of CBD, the patient’s seizures stopped. We support these trials to provide continued treatment to these patients whose quality of life depends on it. This collaboration has allowed us to support approximately 30 patients since June 2020; 7 patients found their seizures completely stopped by our THC Free Distillate. With consent from their primary doctor, we support the patients’ access to therapeutic level doses of CBD at a reasonable price.

In the same interview, there was a discussion about potential government-approved trials for 2022, along with a change in criteria. The Japanese government is yet to prioritise regulations for THC levels in CBD, meaning the current guidelines are vague and hard to follow. What’s more, there are many initiatives to push CBD products into the non-medical category, including food supplements and cosmetics. This potentially significant step may open a gateway for new products and brands, stimulating market growth.

Together we hope partnerships like this help the CBD industry to grow despite high import costs. As laws may alter, CBD becomes widely accepted, helping make affordable, higher doses available to the public.

Project CBD Aims to Educate

Alongside Green Zone Japan, we are supporting Project CBD in their mission to educate Japan on the history of CBD and its potential therapeutic benefits. Green Zone Japan is creating a Japanese version of Project CBD’s website, where together, both organisations update it with new research and findings. By sponsoring these organisations and spreading the cutting-edge research to approximately 130 million Japanese-speaking individuals, we believe it could be the catalyst to make CBD popular across Japan.

It’s important to note as Always Pure Organics breaks into the market as a white label CBD company, it opens doors for high-strength and high-quality CBD to be distributed across Japan.

Final Thoughts

Japan’s CBD market may be poised for growth in the coming years, but with wavering public opinion on cannabis, strict laws, and high import costs, it’s safe to say there are some challenges to consider. That said, our partnerships with Project CBD and Green Zone Japan recognise exciting opportunities to help fund, educate and supply Japan with effective CBD.

With such a rich history associated with cannabis, it’s a shock that this heritage is mostly forgotten. These programs intend to share the country’s cannabis culture while de-stigmatising it and sharing science-led data. In all, medical CBD is the gateway to greater acceptance. It will work as a stepping stone to educate people and work towards a future where cannabis-based products are welcomed in Japan.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the history of cannabis in Japan?

Japanese culture has a long history with cannabis; at one time, it was considered one of their most important crops. Before the Second World War, people used cannabis to make paper, clothing, rope, bows, and oil. However, it wasn’t only a valuable crop; cannabis had a significant spiritual meaning in Japan’s indigenous religion. Priests would wave bundles of the plant to ward off evil spirits, women wore cannabis veils as a sign of purity and fertility, and shrines were decorated with it. Cannabis weaved its way into every fibre of society, providing practical and spiritual tools.

In the 1940s, cannabis became war material as the military created parachute cords and ropes. Although, when Japan surrendered in 1945, the US introduced new laws, and everything changed.

What are Japan’s laws surrounding cannabis?

Since the late 1940s, when the US took control, the Cannabis Control Act has been in play. This law dictates that if someone possesses cannabis, they can face up to 5 years in prison. Whereas, if someone cultivates the plant, they can face up to 7 years in prison. Anyone found to go against his law is shamed as Japanese culture perceives cannabis as a dangerous drug. Alongside this, the Narcotics and Psychotropics Control Act bans any THC or THC-related substances into the country. While it doesn’t prohibit CBD, it makes exporting CBD into Japan complicated and costly.

It’s easy to believe that with the global attitude shift towards sustainability and natural remedies, that Japan may follow suit. While there is promise for this to happen, the law prohibits cannabis research, making it increasingly difficult for the current studies to have an impact.

Why does Japan have such strict cannabis laws?

When the US took control over Japan, they began to implement their ideas and attitudes into Japanese culture. In 1948, the Cannabis Control Act passed, starting the demonisation of cannabis plants. Due to America’s enforcement, they campaigned against the cultivation and use of cannabis and eventually changed public opinion. For over 70 years, this law has remained unchallenged, prohibiting the cultivation, possession, and research on cannabis. Despite the world becoming more accepting of hemp and cannabis, Japan’s laws persist.

How is Japan’s CBD market set for growth in 2022?

Since there is such a rich embedded history and relationship with cannabis, there is a fantastic opportunity for education. Programs such as Project CBD teach people to form their own educated opinion rather than following a possibly outdated law.

CBD is already gaining serious traction across the globe. In the US, the CBD market is predicted to reach $1.8 billion by 2022, with the UK now worth £690 million. With new research developing continuously, more people in Japan are questioning their cannabis laws and joining this plant-based revolution.

What challenges does the Japanese CBD market face?

Since the late 1940s, Japan’s attitudes have changed due to US control, new laws, and negative cannabis campaigns. Over time, Japanese people adopted these values, and the post-war movements were a success. As the cannabis laws haven’t changed for over 70 years, there are a lot of restrictions and critical public opinions.

Fighting the stigma around cannabis and CBD is a huge hurdle to overcome if the cannabidiol market is to grow. What’s more, cannabis research remains prohibited, forcing Japanese scientists out of the country to study it. Finally, while CBD is not necessarily illegal, THC in all forms is. Therefore, exporting CBD products is expensive and largely inaccessible to the majority of the public.

How is Always Pure Organics contributing to Japan’s change of opinion regarding cannabis?

Here at Always Pure Organics, we aim to drive global education, research, and distribution of cannabis-derived products. This is why we partnered with organisations such as Green Zone Japan and Project CBD to supply high-quality CBD to supplement their CBD education programs and make CBD more accessible.

As we establish ourselves in the Japanese CBD market as a white label CBD company, we can provide premium-grade wholesale cannabis-based products. By sponsoring the organisations mentioned above, we are keen to be part of the movement that makes CBD and cannabis-based products accepted in Japan. As regulations change, we hope to be the number one CBD business for bulk ingredients, bespoke CBD oils and products, and white label CBD items.

 

References

https://www.globenewswire.com/en/news-release/2021/07/12/2261083/0/en/Global-Cannabis-Market-is-Estimated-to-Grow-at-a-CAGR-of-27-0-from-2021-to-2030.html

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6043845/

https://apjjf.org/2014/12/49/Jon-Mitchell/4231.html

http://www.japanhemp.org/en/shinto.htm

https://features.japantimes.co.jp/cannabis/

https://www.legalscoops.com/will-japan-change-its-cannabis-laws/

https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/cannabidiol-cbd-what-we-know-and-what-we-dont-2018082414476

https://sensiseeds.com/en/blog/countries/cannabis-in-japan-laws-use-history/#is-cbd-legal-in-japan

https://www.projectcbd.org/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bzjoH3XXmYc

https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2021/02/06/national/media-national/marijuana-law-reform-japan/

https://www.projectcbd.org/ja

https://www.statista.com/statistics/760498/total-us-cbd-sales/

https://www.analyticalcannabis.com/news/uk-cbd-market-now-worth-690-million-each-year-report-finds-313086

 

Table of Contents

Summary

The History of Cannabis in Japan

How Cannabis Changed After WWII

Where Does Japan Stand On Cannabis Now?

Is CBD Stigmatised in Japan?

Is Japan’s CBD Market Likely to Grow?

What Challenges Does the Japanese CBD Market Face?

Where There Is a Challenge, There Is Opportunity

How Is Always Pure Organics Contributing to the Changing Cannabis Narrative?

Green Zone Japan Partnership

Project CBD Aims to Educate

Final Thoughts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the history of cannabis in Japan?

What are Japan’s laws surrounding cannabis?

Why does Japan have such strict cannabis laws?

How is Japan’s CBD market set for growth in 2022?

What challenges does the Japanese CBD market face?

How is Always Pure Organics contributing to Japan’s change of opinion regarding cannabis?

References

Summary

As with most CBD markets, Japan’s CBD market is still recovering from historical stigma. Although the compound has certainly made strides in the wellness sector, many consumers remain uncertain about its purported benefits. Nonetheless, the CBD market has emerged among the most promising in Japan. Despite stringent regulations, the Japanese market is showing signs of growth, and, more importantly, public opinion is slowly shifting in favour of CBD. This article looks into the Japanese CBD market, its history and its future.

Always Pure Orgnics white label CBD cosmetics surrounded by ingredients and flowers

Experts estimate the global cannabis industry will be worth approximately $19.89 billion in 2021, with CBD, or cannabidiol, being a significant part of this sector. In 2019, the CBD market was valued at about £2.8 billion, with experts predicting it to reach £80 billion by 2026. The US and UK are among the largest CBD markets to date, with many people turning to plant-based supplements to benefit their well-being.

Since the 2020 pandemic, consumers are taking a more holistic approach to health, including mindfulness, nutrition and exercise. In addition to this, cannabis-derived products are thought to provide a natural way to self-soothe. Consumable CBD, such as gummies, oil, capsules and tinctures, has become a popular choice for reportedly reducing symptoms of anxiety, depression, pain, and sleep improving sleep disorders.

Here at Always Pure Organics, we have taken steps to introduce wholesale and white label CBD into the Japanese market and to educate the public on the potential benefits of CBD. Alongside organisations such as Green Zone Japan and Project CBD, we hope the public will consider a future where CBD is welcome.

It may come as a surprise that Japan has a rich history associated with the cannabis plant despite strict laws and varying public opinions. In this article, we outline why Japan’s CBD market is expected to grow despite having some of the strictest cannabis laws in the world.

The History of Cannabis in Japan

Before the prohibition of cannabis and Japan’s defeat in World War II (WWII), hemp, a variation of cannabis, was a sacred plant used across many mediums. The earliest use of cannabis dates back to the Jomon Period (10,000 BC – 300 BC), where archaeologists discovered seeds and fibres in the west. These specialists suggest that people used cannabis fibres for clothing, fishing lines, and bowstrings. In fact, many experts would say that cannabis was one of the most important crops in Japan.

Cannabis held deep spiritual significance in Japan’s indigenous religion, Shintoism. Hemp signified purity and fertility; people would use the plant in various ceremonies and rituals. For instance, brides wore cannabis veils to showcase their qualities, and priests would wave bundles to ward off evil spirits.

Some other uses of cannabis included making ropes, paper crafting, eating hemp seeds, and making oil. Interestingly, Ninjas would jump over cannabis plants to improve their jumping because the plants grew so fast; standing tall, they made the perfect training ground. Hemp farms were immensely common and a vital part of the economy. Cannabis-derived products could be brought from Japanese drug stores until the early 20th century to treat muscle aches, pain, and insomnia.

With such a deeply embedded history, it’s hard to believe how cannabis suddenly became a widely demonised plant. In fact, after WWII, the public thought cannabis was a dangerous drug with little benefit. So, the question remains, what happened?

How Cannabis Changed After WWII

During the 1940s, the Japanese military sought cannabis to provide necessary materials for ropes and parachute cords for the Asia-Pacific war. The plant soon became classified as war material. However, after Japan’s 1945 surrender, everything began to change. Since the United States had made cannabis cultivation illegal in 1937, they planned to do the same in Japan. As the nation was under US control, they began to adopt American attitudes towards cannabis and passed the 1948 Cannabis Control Act. More than 70 years later, this law has remained untouched, controlling what was once one of Japan’s most sacred plants.

If someone is found in possession of cannabis, the punishment is a maximum of 5 years, with growers facing up to 7 years in prison. Alongside these prison sentences, the same laws apply to research. Japanese scientists must travel abroad to study medical marijuana, making it increasingly challenging to change how the public perceives cannabis products.

It’s difficult to determine the reason behind the cannabis prohibition. Some say it was a ploy to take control away from the military, while others believe it destroyed the cannabis fibre market and made way for America’s synthetics instead. Either way, US campaigns eventually changed public opinion and succeeded in turning opinion against cannabis.

A farmworker crouched in a field of crops

Where Does Japan Stand On Cannabis Now?

Japanese cannabis regulations have remained unchallenged for several decades, despite the global shift towards plant-based remedies, like CBD. In today’s political climate, introducing cannabis-related products into society or medicine is a sensitive topic. In the previous section, we discussed the Cannabis Control Act, which may see someone in prison for up to 7 years for cultivating cannabis. Since the passing of this act, some hemp cultivation has remained legal but under stringent regulations. Only licensed farmers can grow hemp, and unfortunately, the numbers show how difficult it is to obtain a valid license. In 1954, there were over 37,000 hemp farms, decreasing to just 37 in 2016.

Over the years, negative cannabis campaigns were shared across Japan and successfully changed public opinion. Despite new global research into the benefits of CBD, the current stigma around cannabis-related products is a massive hindrance for the CBD market.

Is CBD Stigmatised in Japan?

CBD is a hemp-derived compound that may trigger various effects in the body and mind. Scientific studies have suggested that CBD may interact with our Endocannabinoid System (ECS)—a cell-signalling system that facilitates cell communication. With its potential influence on the ECS, CBD may lead to better sleep, less pain, improved cognitive functioning, and reduction of mental illness symptoms—to name a few.

As CBD originates from a variation of the cannabis plant, it is often associated with the intoxicating effects of marijuana. More specifically, the compound THC. Unlike CBD, when someone consumes too much THC, it may cause a “high” sensation.

The stigma around CBD often comes from a lack of awareness around how CBD is sourced and extracted. Its association with cannabis and THC is where the stigma may overlap. That said, THC is not inherently negative, as some countries approve medical marijuana when prescribed by a medical professional.

As the laws surrounding cannabis and cannabis-based products are so severe, it is common for people to look at the plant negatively. However, attitudes towards cannabis (certainly CBD) may be changing.

Is Japan’s CBD Market Likely to Grow?

The CBD industry has been growing globally as the world focuses on sustainable, natural health remedies; but, does that mean Japan will follow suit?

There is potential for the CBD market to flourish, primarily due to the changing attitudes and long history of cannabis in Japanese culture. As most of the world embraces the unique potential of cannabinoids, more funding is directed towards cannabis and CBD research. It is easier to share the possible health benefits with people in Japan with additional studies, especially as cannabis research is currently prohibited in the country.

Between the rich history, potential new research, and possible changing laws, Japan is set to spike in the CBD industry. However, there are some challenges to address before this happens.

What Challenges Does the Japanese CBD Market Face?

There are several hurdles to jump over before the CBD industry see’s real growth in Japan. Firstly, the previously discussed stigma surrounding cannabis poses an issue as the people of Japan may not be open to introducing a cannabis-derived product onto the market. That said, as attitudes are changing, there is an increasing demand for high-quality CBD.

Since becoming legal to sell in 2016, the industry has relied on imported CBD due to strict manufacturing laws. Unfortunately, despite having a growing audience, importing CBD into Japan is difficult at the least. The Narcotics and Psychotropics Control Act regulates which substances are allowed into the country. While this law doesn’t specifically apply to CBD, it does ban THC and THC-related substances. There are regulations in the US and UK that allow a maximum percentage of THC in the final product; however, it’s a different story in Japan. Exporting CBD to Japan comes at a high cost, and unfortunately, most consumers can only afford low-strength CBD products.

Although there is some discussion that the Cannabis Control Act may change, the Japanese government has considered a new law. While the Cannabis Control Act punishes those who possess or cultivate the plant, the new law may allow arrests for anyone smoking or ingesting cannabis.

Where There Is a Challenge, There Is Opportunity

Navigating these challenges may be difficult, but they do present an opportunity. With Japan’s long, rich history of cannabis, the plant was a vital part of their culture way before the Cannabis Control Act came into play. This background presents an opportunity to educate people on the past and break down the stigma around cannabis. If we can begin to do this, it could make way for CBD market growth.

Currently, getting CBD in Japan is challenging and limited. Due to high export costs and strict laws, cannabidiol products have a high retail price making them inaccessible to the broader public. Unfortunately, the more affordable options contain such a low strength that it’s likely not to have significant results.

How Is Always Pure Organics Contributing to the Changing Cannabis Narrative?

Here at Always Pure Organics, our objective is to stimulate global acceptance of and access to cannabinoids. As we expand into the Japanese CBD market, we aim to provide Japanese consumers with the highest quality cannabidiol products and research projects. Making CBD accessible is proving to make a massive difference in many people’s lives. That’s why we have partnered with Green Zone Japan and Project CBD to help aid the rise of Japan’s CBD industry and provide accessible CBD to the people.

Japan map with Always Pure Organics logo

Setting up in Japan has provided us with a prime opportunity to change how the Japanese CBD industry operates. Not only will we be able to offer faster delivery, but we aim to make high-strength CBD affordable for the majority. While CBD is available in Japan already, strong, effective doses are expensive. This is an issue we aim to address in our partnership with Green Zone Japan. By providing the clinical trials with consistent, trustworthy CBD, we are taking a step towards a future where CBD is accessible for those in need.

Green Zone Japan Partnership

Green Zone Japan noticed the lack of CBD and cannabis research available in Japan and set out to change that. They are a Japanese medical cannabis advocacy group aiming to provide up-to-date science to Japanese medical professionals and the general public. Through social networks, their website, and seminars, Green Zone Japan plans to educate people on CBD and CBD therapeutics. In our partnership, we are supporting their project for children with intractable epilepsy in Japan.

Sleeping kid covered under cream colour blanket

In an interview, Naoko Miki of Green Zone Japan reported on a 6-month old boy with epilepsy. His mother explained that they tried CBD, but it wasn’t effective. The family contacted Green Zone Japan for advice and eventually joined the clinical trial. With therapeutic doses of CBD, the patient’s seizures stopped. We support these trials to provide continued treatment to these patients whose quality of life depends on it. This collaboration has allowed us to support approximately 30 patients since June 2020; 7 patients found their seizures completely stopped by our THC Free Distillate. With consent from their primary doctor, we support the patients’ access to therapeutic level doses of CBD at a reasonable price.

In the same interview, there was a discussion about potential government-approved trials for 2022, along with a change in criteria. The Japanese government is yet to prioritise regulations for THC levels in CBD, meaning the current guidelines are vague and hard to follow. What’s more, there are many initiatives to push CBD products into the non-medical category, including food supplements and cosmetics. This potentially significant step may open a gateway for new products and brands, stimulating market growth.

Together we hope partnerships like this help the CBD industry to grow despite high import costs. As laws may alter, CBD becomes widely accepted, helping make affordable, higher doses available to the public.

Project CBD Aims to Educate

Alongside Green Zone Japan, we are supporting Project CBD in their mission to educate Japan on the history of CBD and its potential therapeutic benefits. Green Zone Japan is creating a Japanese version of Project CBD’s website, where together, both organisations update it with new research and findings. By sponsoring these organisations and spreading the cutting-edge research to approximately 130 million Japanese-speaking individuals, we believe it could be the catalyst to make CBD popular across Japan.

It’s important to note as Always Pure Organics breaks into the market as a white label CBD company, it opens doors for high-strength and high-quality CBD to be distributed across Japan.

Final Thoughts

Japan’s CBD market may be poised for growth in the coming years, but with wavering public opinion on cannabis, strict laws, and high import costs, it’s safe to say there are some challenges to consider. That said, our partnerships with Project CBD and Green Zone Japan recognise exciting opportunities to help fund, educate and supply Japan with effective CBD.

With such a rich history associated with cannabis, it’s a shock that this heritage is mostly forgotten. These programs intend to share the country’s cannabis culture while de-stigmatising it and sharing science-led data. In all, medical CBD is the gateway to greater acceptance. It will work as a stepping stone to educate people and work towards a future where cannabis-based products are welcomed in Japan.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the history of cannabis in Japan?

Japanese culture has a long history with cannabis; at one time, it was considered one of their most important crops. Before the Second World War, people used cannabis to make paper, clothing, rope, bows, and oil. However, it wasn’t only a valuable crop; cannabis had a significant spiritual meaning in Japan’s indigenous religion. Priests would wave bundles of the plant to ward off evil spirits, women wore cannabis veils as a sign of purity and fertility, and shrines were decorated with it. Cannabis weaved its way into every fibre of society, providing practical and spiritual tools.

In the 1940s, cannabis became war material as the military created parachute cords and ropes. Although, when Japan surrendered in 1945, the US introduced new laws, and everything changed.

What are Japan’s laws surrounding cannabis?

Since the late 1940s, when the US took control, the Cannabis Control Act has been in play. This law dictates that if someone possesses cannabis, they can face up to 5 years in prison. Whereas, if someone cultivates the plant, they can face up to 7 years in prison. Anyone found to go against his law is shamed as Japanese culture perceives cannabis as a dangerous drug. Alongside this, the Narcotics and Psychotropics Control Act bans any THC or THC-related substances into the country. While it doesn’t prohibit CBD, it makes exporting CBD into Japan complicated and costly.

It’s easy to believe that with the global attitude shift towards sustainability and natural remedies, that Japan may follow suit. While there is promise for this to happen, the law prohibits cannabis research, making it increasingly difficult for the current studies to have an impact.

Why does Japan have such strict cannabis laws?

When the US took control over Japan, they began to implement their ideas and attitudes into Japanese culture. In 1948, the Cannabis Control Act passed, starting the demonisation of cannabis plants. Due to America’s enforcement, they campaigned against the cultivation and use of cannabis and eventually changed public opinion. For over 70 years, this law has remained unchallenged, prohibiting the cultivation, possession, and research on cannabis. Despite the world becoming more accepting of hemp and cannabis, Japan’s laws persist.

How is Japan’s CBD market set for growth in 2022?

Since there is such a rich embedded history and relationship with cannabis, there is a fantastic opportunity for education. Programs such as Project CBD teach people to form their own educated opinion rather than following a possibly outdated law.

CBD is already gaining serious traction across the globe. In the US, the CBD market is predicted to reach $1.8 billion by 2022, with the UK now worth £690 million. With new research developing continuously, more people in Japan are questioning their cannabis laws and joining this plant-based revolution.

What challenges does the Japanese CBD market face?

Since the late 1940s, Japan’s attitudes have changed due to US control, new laws, and negative cannabis campaigns. Over time, Japanese people adopted these values, and the post-war movements were a success. As the cannabis laws haven’t changed for over 70 years, there are a lot of restrictions and critical public opinions.

Fighting the stigma around cannabis and CBD is a huge hurdle to overcome if the cannabidiol market is to grow. What’s more, cannabis research remains prohibited, forcing Japanese scientists out of the country to study it. Finally, while CBD is not necessarily illegal, THC in all forms is. Therefore, exporting CBD products is expensive and largely inaccessible to the majority of the public.

How is Always Pure Organics contributing to Japan’s change of opinion regarding cannabis?

Here at Always Pure Organics, we aim to drive global education, research, and distribution of cannabis-derived products. This is why we partnered with organisations such as Green Zone Japan and Project CBD to supply high-quality CBD to supplement their CBD education programs and make CBD more accessible.

As we establish ourselves in the Japanese CBD market as a white label CBD company, we can provide premium-grade wholesale cannabis-based products. By sponsoring the organisations mentioned above, we are keen to be part of the movement that makes CBD and cannabis-based products accepted in Japan. As regulations change, we hope to be the number one CBD business for bulk ingredients, bespoke CBD oils and products, and white label CBD items.

 

References

https://www.globenewswire.com/en/news-release/2021/07/12/2261083/0/en/Global-Cannabis-Market-is-Estimated-to-Grow-at-a-CAGR-of-27-0-from-2021-to-2030.html

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6043845/

https://apjjf.org/2014/12/49/Jon-Mitchell/4231.html

http://www.japanhemp.org/en/shinto.htm

https://features.japantimes.co.jp/cannabis/

https://www.legalscoops.com/will-japan-change-its-cannabis-laws/

https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/cannabidiol-cbd-what-we-know-and-what-we-dont-2018082414476

https://sensiseeds.com/en/blog/countries/cannabis-in-japan-laws-use-history/#is-cbd-legal-in-japan

https://www.projectcbd.org/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bzjoH3XXmYc

https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2021/02/06/national/media-national/marijuana-law-reform-japan/

https://www.projectcbd.org/ja

https://www.statista.com/statistics/760498/total-us-cbd-sales/

https://www.analyticalcannabis.com/news/uk-cbd-market-now-worth-690-million-each-year-report-finds-313086

 

CBG: How it Works

The CBD market is booming, products are getting better and prices are getting lower. Regulations such as Novel Foods are being introduced and the industry is becoming more popular with every passing day. As a result of this rapid industry expansion there are already people looking forward for the next big thing within the Cannabis industry and the general consensus is that CBG is a likely candidate. Cannabigerol is typically only found in minute amounts in normal Cannabis plants compared to the ‘major’ cannabinoids CBD and THC.

Cannabigerol was discovered in 1964 but hasn’t been studied in the same detail as THC or CBD, mainly due to its relative scarcity within the Cannabis plant – typically only 1% of its total mass. The reason for its low presence is also the reason for the nickname of ‘Mother of all Cannabinoids’. CBG is the product of decarboxylation of CBGa (its acid form), which is itself the starting point for production of THC and CBD within the plant. As a side effect of consistently selecting for strains of Cannabis that have high THC or CBD content, the percentage content of CBG has suffered as a result, making it harder and more expensive to produce specific CBG products.

Though more difficult to produce than the two major cannabinoids, CBG has still been studied to a reasonable degree. The recent increase in popularity of cannabinoids from the public has aided this in recent years, likely due to an improved availability and subsequently more favourable pricing. This has, in turn, led to an increase in knowledge of the potential uses of CBG. One such example is in its ability to promote appetite, demonstrated in rats for both a chemotherapy context (Brierley